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ed the west part of the garrison in a man- A list of the killed and Wounded, and of those
who Died of their Wounds or of Disorders, or ner equal to the north, they were more
were Missing. exposed to our fire, because of the remoteness of the garrison from town. Here
REGIMENTS, &C. they attacked the west lunette; which was also defended with great bravery. Comp. of artillery
1670153 The enemy, however, in the midst of King's regiment
17 70142 fire and smoak, regardless of the loss of Royal Welch fufileers
Col. Cornwallis's men, made themselves masters of a four. Lord Effingham's
16711712 gun battery: but were obliged to aban. Capt. Scroop's men don it again, with infinite loís; a con.
Total 7113011251017 Aant fire being made from the Princess Lieut. Armstrong dead of his wounds. Carolina's lunette, sustained by some of Lieut. Francis lost his arm. our piquets. The survivors fcd with Lieut. Young wounded in the heel. great precipitation over the palisadoes, Capt. Hobby killed. and few back to the town, Lt. Col. Capt. Sir Hugh Williams Nightly wounded. Jeffreys was made prisoner in this at Major Godfrey wounded by a shell.
Lieut. Whitehead killed by a small ball. tack; and Major Cuningham (xviii. Major Cuningham wounded, by a sword, in the 646.) was wounded. On the south side
hand. of the garrison (next the sea) the ene. The strength of the four regiments at the beginning my came in boats, and attacked the
of the fiege. garrison with scaling ladders, but were King's regiment 610 foon repulsed. The boat with scaling Royal Welch fusileers 608
Total 2460 Jadders was taken, and others sunk. Col. Cornwallis's
605 This post was maintained by very few Lord Effingham's
637 men ; but such was the zeal of the fol. Abstrait of all the ammunition expended in the fiege diers, that some of the fick and wound from April 30. to June 30. 1756. ed came out of the hospital to join in Shells.
Inch. Num. defence of this quarter. At this time 1972
12 3 Carcasses of 121 the Marlborough fort was attacked by 1385
7 3 Ditto of
86 700 men, led on by a prince of the
5 3 blood, the voluntier already mention
Total 200 ed; who were repulsed with great loss, 1032 hand-grenades by a captain and 50 men,
When day appeared, the enemy, fatigued with 28250 Total the night's encounter, beat a parley ;
Grape phot. when our men forbore their firing Weight. Number.Weight. Number. with such reluctance, that our officers 32 pounds 400132 pounds
206118 were obliged to stop them with me
171 18 17600 12
19 paces sword in hand. We had about
37 40 killed and wounded, and the enemy
13 Thus did four regiments and one com
556 3 pany of artillery maintain the garrison,
53 against such numbers of the enemy by
Total 327001 sea and land for such a length of time, as can perhaps scarce be parallelled in
Double-headed foot. Barrels of powder. history. The terms on which the fort was Weight. Numb, Barrels. 16. at last furrendered, by a handful of men,
152 3157 49
1551 fo ditressed, harassed, shattered, and nego
3 Reduced into pounds, Jeeted, remain a lasting monument to
make their honour, and the dilgrace of those 3
9353,639 pounds and 13 by whom they ought to have been fup.
Gent. Mag. ported. [xviii. 350.]
A , ,
le JOURNAL of the Proceedings and Debates in the POLITICAL
CLUB, continued from vol. xviii. p. 643. The debate on the motion for a bill for the could have pressed but very few of the encouragement of seamen, &c. continued. moft worthless fort of seamen; or otherThe speech of C. Decimius.
wise a great deal of bloodihed would, I
am convinced, have ensued; for the mob Mr President,
in that country do not content thema S the Hon. Gentleman who fpoke selves with clubs and bludgeons, but that the pressing of seamen into their and other mortal weapons, as they can country's service, is authorised, not only pollibly come at, and we know that our by common law, but by express statute; press-gangs are not furnished with arms and as the statute mentioned by him, is a proper for encountering such a mob: statute that extends to Scotland, as well therefore, without the alliitance of the as to every other part of the British do- military, no press-gang could have venminions ; I have no occafion to say any tured to search for, or press any seaman thing in juftification of the practice it. who was a favourite of the populace. self; and therefore I rise up only to And of this we had a remarkable inrectify some mistakes which an Hon. ftance at one of the little sea-ports in Gentleman fell into, with regard to the Scotland, where a press-gang went to late exercise of this power in Scotland ; look for seamen, at first without any and which, I am fure, he would not have party of soldiers, and could find in the mentioned at all, or would have stated it whole town but three ordinary feamen; in quite another light, had he had a full but being afterwards informed that there and true information of the matter of were certainly a great number of seamen fact. This, I may affert with the more in that town, they went a second time, confidence, from the knowledge I have attended with a fufficient detachment of of the Hon. Gentleman ; and because, the military: by this they were enabled from the nature of the office which I to make a strict search, and they found have the honour to hold under his Ma- no less than threescore of as able and jefty in that part of the united kingdom, expert mariners as most in the British Í must have heard of it, if any thing had navy: been done there, which was contrary to I know, Sir, that before the union law, or inconsistent with the privileges there was never any such thing in Scotenjoyed by the happy inhabitants of this land as prefling seamen into the navy; island; privileges which the subjects of and the reason is very evident, because no other kingdom upon the face of the they never had any navy, unless a friearth are intitled to, and which cannot gate or two could be called a navy. But be juftly said to have been in the least this is so far from being against, that, violated, ever since the happy accefion upon this occasion, it was a reason for of the present illustrious family to our employing the military to protect the throne.
prets-gangs in the performance of their As to the employing of the military, duty; because the populace in all counSir, upon the present occasion, my Hon. tries are apt to resent, and even to rebel friend has already fufficiently explained against the exercise of any act of power it. They were employed, not to press, which they have never been accustomed but to protect those who had a legal au. to; though, to fenfible and thinking thority to press. And every one who men, that act of power may appear to knows any thing of the nature of the be absolutely necessary for the public people in that country, muit allow that service, or perhaps for preventing those it was absolutely necessary: for if the very people who oppose it, from beco
press-gangs had not in several places ming a prey to their enemies. How 8
been attended by a party of Soldiers, they happy would it have been for Scotland, I
in the year 1745, if all their feamen had figate, that he was more likely to ruin, been pressed into the public service, in than provide for his family; and that order to man a few guardships, for pre- even his wife, though she had signed the venting the landing of thole who at that petition, had privately begged that he time railed such a flame in the country? might be taken away from her. As all and yet I believe, that a press could not this was confirmed, by several persons of then have been carried on without the the same village, I examined the wife alifance of the military. In short, Sir, if apart; and then the confeffed, that she preffing be a legal and a neceffary act of had signed the petition, because, had the power, as I think it has been fully pro- refused. and he had afterwards got loose, ved to be, an officer with a press-warrant he would have murdered her ; but that in his pocket has as good a right to be he was so far from asisting to provide effectually protected by our government for his family, that he had often robbed in executing that warrant, as a constable her of the money she had earned by hard in executing any warrant from a justice labour, for maintaining hertelf and her of the peace.; and if this cannot be done fix children; that he sometimes sold or by the civil, it must be done by the mi- pawned her childrens cloaths for money litary power : but this will always be the to spend at the alehouse, and that he case, when the polè comitatus, or those beat her unmercifully if he ever dared whole duty it is to assist the officer or to complain. constable, are the very people that are Let gentlemen judge, Sir, whether I er.gaged in the sedition or riot: and if could order such a fellow to be discharthe pole comitatus should be called for, or ged. Are not all such fellows liable to the hue and cry raised in any country be pressed ? Ought they not to be presied where there were soldiers, they would either into the fea or the land service? be obliged, as his Majesty's subjects, to If we had in this country any such thing assemble and march to the asistance of as galleys, they ought to be made galleythe civil officer ; but am sure it would flaves for life. From this instance we be much better, and safer, to have them may judge of the oppressions complained assemble and march, upon such an oc. of, with regard to the preling of men casion, under the command of their offi- into the sea-service : for I am persuaded, cers, than to have them afiemble and that many of them, if closely examined, march without any such command; for would appear to be of much the same it would be of the most dangerous con nature with this; because the regulating fequence, to accuftom the foldiers of our captains are always very ready to hear, army to assemble in any mobbish or tu- and as ready to redress any complaint multuous manner.
which they find to be just, and well Now, Sir, as to the complaints men- founded. And this shews how extremetioned by the Hon. Gentleman, of men ly cautious gintlemen ought to be, of being pressed who were not liable, either mentioning any such complaints in chis by law or cuftom, to be pressed into the house, unless they have fully inquired sea-service; I mus, by the nature of my into the nature and truth of the facts, office, have heard of all complaints of and striatly examined both the parties this kind, that were regularly made; and concerned; and even then I do not I never heard bui of three. Upon two think they ought to be mentioned, when of these, the men in whole favour they they can have no other effect, but that were made, were discharged; and with of rendering a measure odious, which we respect to the third, he was not indeed muft, neceiiarily, for the public safety, what we may properly cail a seaman; often have recourse to.. therefore I lent for the officer who had And as to the complaint, Sir, of prefied him; by whom I was informed, churches being invested in the time of that the whole village where the fellow divine service, and the people disturbed lived, had delired he might be presied, in their devotion ; no such thing- ever because he was a fellow lo idle and pro- happened, but once, when a press gang,
attended by some foldiers, went into a
HISTORY. church-yard, and, I believe, did lay hold of some seamen as they came out of "Hey write from PETERSBURG, of church : but the soldiers were there acci. Dec. 16. that the King of Swedentally, or at least they had no orders den having written a letter with his own to attend, nor were they under any com- hand to the Empress of Russia, desiring mand upon that occafion; and as soon her leave to purchase corn in Livonia as the affair was heard of, strict orders and Finland, her Imperial Majesty not were given, even to the press-gangs, ne. only consented to let 60,000 muids of it ver again to attempt any such thing. be sent to Sweden from the magazines So that this must be reckoned one of that of Narva and Riga, but likewise made , fort of irregularities, which the laudable, his Swedish Majesty a present of 10,000 but misguided zeal, of some men for sacks of flour. the public service, often leads them into, The British minister at Petersburg ha. and cannot be altogether prevented in ving some time ago solicited the Emany affair of life: nay, even in religion press of Ruflia's mediation for rendering itself, we know that men are often, by a the Empress Queen's sentiments favour. misguided zeal, prompted to be guilty of able to the King of Prussia, it was revery great irregularities.
fused. That minister applied a second Upon the whole, Sir, I do not think time to the fame purpose; in what terms, that any very extraordinary methods of we have not learned; but the following presling have been lately praaised in any is given us as the answer he received on part of the British dominions; nor have the 3d of November.-" After Sir I reason to think that any such oppres. Charles Hanbury Williams, ambassador fions or misfortunes have lately been from his Britannic Majesty, had been al. thereby occafioned, as should induce us, ready told, in regard to the first propofor the sake of tempting seamen to en- fition made by him, two months ago, a. ter voluntarily into the government's ser- bout the mediation of her Majesty the vice, to resolve upon a measure, which Empress, for reconciling the court of would not only render an immediate war Vienna to that of Berlin, that her Im. unavoidable, bat make it believed, by perial Majesty did not expect such a step all the courts of Europe, that we had from him, the said ambassador will easiprovoked the war, and consequently that ly conceive, in the present situation of we ought to be deemed the aggressors. things, that the great earneftness with And that this would be the consequence which he has just reiterated the same of the bill now proposed, we have, I propofition to the ministry of this court, think, great reason to believe, as his must have so much the more astonished Majesty has not yet thought fit to re- her Imperial Majesty, as she thought she commend any such bill to our confidera- could with justice expect more regard to tion, or to order any of the French Mips what had been already declared conthat have been seized, to be condemned, cerning her resolution. Therefore the and sold, for the benefit either of the Empress orders his Excellency to be public, or of the captors ; for we must told, that as the intentions contained in suppose, that the avoiding of these two the first answer remain absolutely invaconsequences has been the chief, if not riable, consequently no ulterior propofithe only reason, why the condemnation tions for a mediation will be listened to. and sale of these prizes have been hi - As for the menaces made use of by therto delayed. And therefore, until I his Excellency, and particularly that the have reason to believe that his Majesty King of Prussia himself would soon atis resolved upon declaring war, I ihall tack her Imperial Majesty's troops ; fuch be against ordering any such bill as this menaces only serve to weaken the amto be brought in.
baffador's proposals, to confirm ftill
more, were it posible, the Einpress in (This Journal to be continued.] her resolutions, to justify them to the
whole world, and to render the King of These advices add, that within a few Pruslia more blameable in her fight.". days preceding the date of them, several According to some private letters from covered waggons, loaded with coined Petersburg, Sir Charles Hanbury Wil. money, had arrived at Dresden from liams could not disguise his diflike of this Berlin. His Prussian Majesty has directe answer, that minister being too frank in ed, that all men in the electorate of his disposition, to conceal his sentiments Saxony between the age of eighteen and by a borrowed outside, so customary to thirty-two, capable of bearing arms, politicians in general.
shall be registered, except apprentices Letters from SWEDEN bear, that the and journeymen employed in necessary exportation of corn to that kingdom trades. from the maritime provinces of Rusia Late accounts from Naples say, they having been refused, contrary to trea are repairing the fortifications of moft of ties; a resolution had been taken to de. their maritime places, removing artillemand it in a formal manner, and if the ry, and forming magazines, as if they refusal were perfisted in, to send 30,000 were upon the eve of a war; which furadditional troops into Finland, in order nishes matter for variety of conjectures ; to act on that side, so soon as the season more especially as it is well koown, that would permit. From what is before said, the court of Naples never takes any step it appears, that the Empress of Russia of this kind but in concert with another has removed this ground of difference. power.-On the 27th of December,
-On the 28th of November, his Swe. fifteen persons employed in digging adish Majesty published an ordinance, mong the ruins of Herculaneum, sud. prohibiting, under very fevere penalties, denly disappeared, by the earth's giving the making of any spirituous liquors way under them, falling into a cavern from corn.
fifty fathoms deep. When this account Advices from Hanover, dated Jan. was written, which was the next day, 1. tell us, that Count Schmettau, a lieu. none of them had been got out. The tenant-general in the King of Prussia's rest of the labourers were so much aservice, was arrived there, in order to larmed, that none of them then had the form the troops destined to act in con- courage to continue their work. junction with those of his Prussian Ma Letters from FRANCE advise, that the jesty, in case the French make an irrup- comptroller of the finances having sent tion into Westphalia. It is added, that to the parliament of Pau in Guyen, a orders were said to be received from declaration about raising the twentieth London, for raifing fix new regiments penny to be registered, they returned it in that electorate.
with a letter, containing in substance, Advices from Dresden bear, that in That on the inspection of the declaraconsequence of advice that a large body tion, the parliament did not so much as of Austrians had advanced to the fron. think it necessary to deliberate whether tiers of Lusatia [xvisi. 612.], the King of they should register it, since it was absoPruffia had sent several regiments from lutely imposible for the province to pay Saxony to reinforce his troops in that that new subsidy. It is added, that the part; and that two of those regiments comptroller-general sent the same declareturned to Dresden on the 29th of De- ration a second time, and they returned cember, the officers of which affured, it again purely and fimply. We have that they saw no enemy in Lufatia ; and not yet heard how the court relished the that all the reports of actions and skir. freedom of this procedure. mishes in that country, consisted only of On the zoth of December the grand a design of the Austrians to plunder the chamber of the parliament of Paris requarters of a company of the Prussian paired to Versailles, with representations husfars, but that the husfars being ap. concerning the chambers of inquests and prised of it, foon repulsed the aggreffors, requests. The King put them off with some of whom they took prisoners, the following answer. “ I am fatisfied