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regret we have been informed, that of an inch covered ; and as that part
; it actually died in consequence of the is always filled up with dust, a conhouse not being repaired ! Now that siderable portion of light is thus exwe are on this subject, we must to the cluded, and the health of the plants above misfortune add, as our opinion, consequently affected. that an extremely fine specimen of On a late examination of the Bothe Laurus Camphora, a plant which tanic garden we observed soine acquiwe have not seen in this island, of sitions of exotics, which appear to be such magnitude, will, in all likelihood, thriving well; in particular excellent in the course of the ensuing winter, specimens of some of the PALMÆ. ; experience the hard fate of its old com- Chamærops humilis, Coryphaumbraculipanion the Ficus Stifularis, unless the fera, Phænix dactylifera, Cycas circinameans are speedily employed to repair lis, and some fine plants of the Mimothe very frail abode in which it at pre- sa nilotica, or gum-arabic tree, most of sent vegetates.
which we have noticed in fluwer. ArAdjoining to the green-house, tists who teach drawing of flowers eastward, is situated the largest stove- ought to avail themselves industriously house in this garden; a portion of of such a favourable opportunity of which contains a specimen of the Dra- making drawings from nature of these cinea Arborea of Wildenow, nearly 40 rare plants. feet in height, unrivalled for its excel. The soil of this garden is by no lence and beauty in Britain. That means good : vast pains must have part of the stove which is occupied by been bestowed on it to produce what this plant has been two or three times has been done. The situation, which partially heightened, and attention to
at one period may be admitted to have it is again demanded ; else in the been favourable, is now indifferent, and course of another year, or two at far- is daily becoming worse, -from the rathest, the beautiful top of the plant, pid encroachment of building, and the pressing against the glass, being first blasting effects of an Iron-foundry on injured, will in the next place destroy the opposite side of Leith walk.the glass, which a little necessary re- We would also remark, that this garpair at present would completely pre- den is on far too contracted a scale ; vent: Let the roof be raised while indeed from the manner in which it the weather is warm.
is already crammed with hardy shrubs The stove towards the northern and plants, it is utterly impossible, as boundary of the garden, is constructed it stands, to extend the collection. with a double bark-bed, and is cer- We would therefore suggest, that as tainly well adapted for the culture and the Meadows, or Hope-park, is now preservation of young stove-plants, to be drained, application should be but it would be much improved by a nade to the Right Hon. the Lord new roof: here we remarked the Provost, Magistrates, and Council, for Nymphea Cerulea, in flower, Brucea a grant of the western half of the ferruginea, and some other equally meadows for the purpose of establishtare and good specimens of thriving ing the Botanic Garden. The variety young plants.
and quality of soil, and the advantage We must observe the very injudi- of the adjoining common for the circious manner in which the glass is fit. culation of air, is very obvious, not to ted in the frames : each pane ought mention its proximity to the College. to cover the next one, perhaps, about As the argumentum ad judicium, it one-eight part of an inch, not more : may be observed, that on the scheme now, in this garden we observe one- now projected being carried into exehalf, and in many places three-fourths cution, the site of the present garden
could be readily feued, for either streets an address of the Hon. House of or a square, at a very great price; in- Commons, dated the second June, One deed so much so, as in our opinion, thousand eight hundred and nine. even to warrant the Magistrates to carry forward the improvements, should Ordered by the House of Commons to it be found that “ the powers that be”
be printed.) rejected an application to thein for assistance , wàich we can hardly conceive THE
THE Commissioners, pursuant to , likely to be the case.
an address of the 2d of June, Should this scheme however be con
presented to His Majesty by the di
rections of the Hon. House of Comsidered as fraught with difficulty; or rather should no one be found disposed mons, do lay before the House an acto take some little trouble on the oc
count of such proceedings as have been casion, we would anxiously advise, had by them under and in execution . as an improvement in the present garation of justice in Scotland, and con
of the act concerning the administraden, to grub up all the large trees on the west side, which would afford cerning appeals to the House of Lords. room for a collection of shrubs; and
A warrant, under his Majesty's sign these
we would recommend to be manual, dated the 2d day of Nov. arranged agreeably to the Linnæan 1803, appointing the Commissioners
under the Scots judicature act, was resystem. These hints we have presumed to
ceived in Scotland, by Sir Ilay Campsubmit to the notice of your readers, bell, Bart. upon the 22d day of the and we earnestly hope, that altho'they same month. Immediately on its ar
. may not be productive of much service rival, the Lord President of the Court directly, yet we trust that this discus of Session, the Lord Advocate, and sion may stimulate abler individuals Sir Ilay Campbell, being three of the to prosecute the subject : and we may lated a requisition, for assembling the
Commissioners, subscribed and circuhere add, that on enquiry we have been informed, that a sum not exceed
persons named in the commission upon
the 30th of November. ing L.1000, would accomplish all the improvements now suggested for the
At the general meeting of the Com
missioners, held in consequence of this present garden,
“ Other fine arts may be perverted, requisition, which was fully attended “ to excite irregular, and even vicious
by all the members then in Scotland, "emotions; but gardening, which in the Lord High Chancellor of Great “spires the purest and most refined
Britain was appointed Preses of the s pleasures, cannot fail to promote Bart. was named Vice-Preses, in order
Commissioners, and Sir Ilay Campbell, 66 every good intention.”
that he might preside at such meetings Si quid novisti rectius istis
as should be held in Scotland. It was Candidas inperti, si rron his utere mecum.
then furtheç resolved, that, for metho, 2
dising the business committed to their 15 June 1809.
, to three committees, to each of which
should be referred a separate and peReport by the Commissioners appointed culiar department of the investigations
under the Act, entitled, ' An Act con- prescribed by the commission, with incerning the Administratim of Justice structions to report to a general meetin Scotland, and concerning Appeals ing, so soon as they shall have collectto the House of Lords,' pursuant to ed the information necessary to en
Edimburitos. }' Quoth, Timon. charge, the Commissioners resident in
portant point of their duty, have held May 28. IN the afternoon it sud
able them so to report, a detail of the neral meetings have also been occuprogress which cach committee has pied in receiving communications from made in the separate objects of its re- their several committees, and giving search and discussion, as hereinafter sta- directions for their procedure. ied. It was thought proper to reserve
(To be continued.) the question concerning the introduction of the trial by jury in civil cases into the law of Scotland, for the con. Monthly Memoranda in Natural Hissideration of general meetings only:-
tory. And the Commissioners, on this im.
denly became very cold; nine general meetings in Scotland, be- the wind easterly, with rain. This tween the thirtieth of November One change was rendered exceedingly strikthousand eight hundred and eight, and ing to the senses, owing to the prethe eighteenth of March One thousand vious warmth. eight hundred and nine. At each of 29. A heavy fall of snow these the introduction of the trial by and hail has rendered the whole counjury in civil cases, its probable advan- try around Edinburgh quite white.tages or disadvantages, and the mode The snow and hail continuing at in-of engrafting it upon the Scottish form tervals on the 30th and 31st, in some of law proceedings, have been consi- places, to the south of this, they lay dered. At the meetings of the twen- on the ground a foot and a half deep. ty-eight of January and fourth of June 1. The snow has been sucFebruary One thousand eight hundred ceeded by violent rains, with strong and nine, in particular, the Commis- easterly breezes. Such severe and unsioners seriatim, and at great length, genial weather has produced, at this delivered their respective sentiments period of the season, much havock in upon that matter; and Sir Ilay Camp- gardens, frustrating the expectations bell and the Lord Advocate having raised by many a fine shew of blossom. expressed their opinions in writing,
12. Notwithstanding the lodged copies of the same in the hands unfavourable weather, strawberries of the clerk of the commission. But were brought to market this day.though the judgment of those Com- They sold at 8s. a-pint. The cultimissioners who reside in Scotland bas vation of this fruit is perhaps nowhere been thus collected, it was determined so well understood, or so extensively that no resolution should be formed practised as in this neighbourhood.until the opinion of the English Com Some of our strawberry farmers have missioners should also be obtained. from twelve to twenty acres under
At a meeting of the Commissioners, crop. They water the crop regularheld at Westminster on the eighth of' ly, especially when ripening off, by this month, it was determined, that means of water-carts; and they send the written opinions of the®Lord Ad- them to market on small waggons vocate and Sir Ilay Campbell should hung on springs. be printed and circulated (as they have
15. Pease appeared on the since been) among the English Com- stalls of the green-market, and were missioners, for their consideration, pre- sold at 12s. per pint. After much vious to a subsequent meeting to be rain, excellent dry weather seems te held pursuant to adjournment, and have set in. means were agreed upon for procuring
17. New potatoes were exfor the English Commissioners, the posed at the rate of L. 1. 45. a-peck. sentiments, in writing, of the other Edinburgh,
N. Commissioners in Scotland. The ge- 220 June 1809.
Account of FORFAR GARDEN. species; Trifolium, no fewer than 60 ;
Hieracium 44. It were needless to THE
HE existence of a garden and enumerate more. The botanist will
flower-nurseries at Forfar, which, form a due estimate of this collection for the number, diversity, and rarity of on being only told, that he may here the hardy plants cultivated in it, are see upwards of 60 species of Carex perhaps scarcely to be surpassed in Bri- flourishing in great perfection. The tain, is a fact we believe, not generally agriculturist may here find the whole known. We think it right to give it of the hardy Gramina, carefully diswhat publicity is in our power, both as tinguished and arranged, amounting to a piece of interesting information to above 100 kinds. This season Mr botanical amateurs, and of justice to Don has introduced several hundred the indefatigable exertions of the emi- species of hardy plants, most of which, nent practical botanist (Mr Geo. Don,) we are told, have never before been who, we understand, has surmounted cultivated in Scotland. Among the many difficulties in following out his rare British plants at present in tower favourite pursuit, and in forming so ex. in this garden may be mentioned the tensive and curious a collection of live elegant little grass called Knappia ing plants. The whole of the plants are agrostidea (Agrostus minima of Dr of the hardy sort, Mr Don not posses- Smith); and the Holosteum umbellasing either green-house or stove for the tum. Among the hardy exotics now protection of such as are tendet. It in flower, the Panax quinquefolia (the is in alpine plants, and in hardy peren- root of which constitutes the famous nials and annuals, that the Forfar gar- panacea of China called ginseng,) is den excels. The garden is situated the most remarkable. There are ceron a bank which slopes down to the tainly very few living specimens of Lake of Forfar, not far from the this plant in Scotland, and we have town ; and it fortunately includes a :
not before heard of its flowering in great variety of soils, from dry sand this country. The Dalebarda fragarito peat-bog. No place could be oides, brought from North America to found more favourable for alpines and France by Michaux, and only lately imaquatics, which are in general found ported into Britain, has already found to be of rather difficult cultivation, but its way into Mr Don's collection.' It which flourish here as in their native is entirely a new plant, belonging to habitats. For hardy herbaceous plants Icosandria Polygynia, and naturally alin general, the middle parts of the lied to the Geums. The Forfar Gargarden are well adapted. To give den it must, however, in conclusion, be some idea of the extent of the collec- confessed makes very little external tion, I shall mention the number of shew, being in a great measure destispecies of several genera which are at tute of the
ornament which arises from present actually growing in this garden. neat alleys, with hedges or edgings, or Of the genus Veronica, there are 55 well laid out and well kept gravelspecies ; of Salvia 50 species; Campa- walks. It is, in fact, merely an unnula 44 ; Allium 40; Saxifraga 46, commonly excellent collection of harincluding some of the rarest ones, as S. dy plants ; and while it would doubtcæsia, petræa, rivularis, &c.; Dian- less fail to please the lover of tasteful thus, about 20 species ; Cucubalus 13, gardening, it would as certainly prove being the whole ever cultivated in Bri- highly interesting to the botanist and tain; Silene nearly 50 ; Fumaria 14; to the curious cultivator. Mr Don, the genera Ononis, Lathyrus, and Vi. we have been told, has an ample nurcia, almost complete ; Astragalus 40 sery of rare hardy plants, for which June 1809.
he receives orders from the curious in ubi, modum in mirum, per aquæ c&different parts of Britain ; and when lefactte violentiam, implet ventus ethe proceeds of these shall enable hini, mergens concavitem * barbiti, et perwe understand it to be his intention to multi feratiles tractus aereæ fistulæ improve the exterior appearance of the modulatos clamores emittunt.' I wish garden.
to know from what work this extract Edinburgh, 2
is taken ; and am,
N. 26th May 1809. $
Your constant reader,
Of the early history of the STEAM-
On the Crown - GLASS Manufacture
of SCOTLAND. : To the Editor. SIR,
To the Editor, DR Darwin, in the eleventh note
SIR, to the first part of his Botanic IN
some of the Edinburgh newspa. Garden, has informed us that Hero of
pers there lately appeared an adverAlexandria, who tlourished about 100 tisement regarding the Crown-Glass years before Christ, has described an manufacture in Scotland; from the application of the force of steam, to tenor of which, those who are ignorant produce a rotative motion, by the re- of the present state of the glass trade action of steam issuing from a sphere will naturally infer that Scotland is tomounted upon an axis, through two tally destitute of a
Crown-Glass masmall tubes bent into tangents, and is- nufactory : and that Scots głaziers and suing from the opposite sides of the glass-dealers cannot be supplied otherequatorial diameter of the sphere.» wise than by importation from EngThe sphere being supplied with land. It is a duty
, we owe to the steam by a pipe communicating with manufactures of Scotland to undeceive a pan of boiling water, and enter- the public in this respect ; and not siing at one of its poles. Bernardinus lently to suffer our country to be stigBaldus Urbinatus in his life of Hero natized for want of an article in the says---" Vir ingecio subtili, peracri, et manufacture of which it excells. The primus, Vitruvio teste, spiritalium, reputation of the window-glass manuquæ pneumatica à Græcis dicuntur, facture in Scotland cannot possibly be mirabiliumq; ' machinarum repertor.' lessened by the very strange means But I do not observe that he notic thro’ which it is now attempted to be ces such an application of steam as undermined. that which Darwin relates. Thislast There is in Scotland, and almost at has quoted no authority for what he our door, a window Crown - Glass relates.--I should be glad to know if work, not exceeded by any in the Uany account of the application in ques- nited Kingdom in extent and celebrition is to be found in any ancient au- ty in the quality of its manufacture; thor.
from which, not only the Edinburgh In the first volume of Aiken's A. glaziers, but the glaziers of Scotland thenæum, under the title of Omniana, at large, may have ready and ample it is said that Pope Sylvester II. made supplies. Instead, therefore, of being clocks and organs worked by steam, destitute of an article só essentially ne between the middle and the end of cessary as that of window glass, we the 10th century, and the following
have extract is given.- Fecit arte mechanica orologium, et orgaya hydraulica, * Probably for concavitatem,