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are, in the author's opinion, the joys where trees with musical voices are that should grace a

simple home.

the performers, and mn9ss roses are the In illustration of this, he introduces chief dancers ! He next describes, an episode of his friend Edwin, who his feelings when absent from home: having become bankrupt, went in we shall give them in his own words. search of riches, &c. Through va.

must remind the reader, sious parts of the world ; but failing that altho', to make his ideas appear in the acquisition, was at last ship- more clear, we have extracted them in wrecked, by an odd accident, near the the form of prose, yet in the title page very spot from wlience he first set out, of the book they are denominated preand where his sweetheart was sitting try." Perhaps my Enma drops an'an"beneath a beechen grove," sighing « guislied tear: On me, perhaps, a for her Edwin. This circumstance, suffering cherub calls--I start10 doubt, both amazed and pleased “the lights are dim, the banquet the poor fellow ; and the author "palls; wit pains me ; laughier sickmakes him even question its reality : “ens if I strive with sadness---if 6. Can this be real? sure enchantment

“ morecheering thoughts revive;--yet, reigns ;

" ceased the boson's animated tone, For sees he not, entranced, his native “ the charm, which gives to joy its plains?"

"joy, is gone." A prospect from Whether the poor girl had sat in the the window of his house next presents situation described during the time itself, which we are confideri must of her lover's travels, is not posi. please every reader of taste and lover tively asserted; but from nothing of novelty. The waving corn is seen being said to the contrary, it is more spreading its chearful green ; the ripe than probable the author means she grass is requiring the mower to cut it did. We do not mean to question down; the city of Edinburgh"rears his veracity by doubting of this cir:: 6s its castled crest on the sunny breast cumstance; but we cannot help ex- of Lothian," and the Frith of claiming, in the emphatic language Forth is moving, with all conveni. of Dr Young, “ O what a miracle ent speed, os to wed, fair stream, the of love is here !” The discovery to Eastern Main." The author leads Edwin of his real situation, and an us next to the West Indies, Africa, assertion that riches cannot contribute &c. in imagination, (by the bye avery in the smallest degree to happines, cheap and pleasant way of travelling,) concludus part second.

till he commands his thoughts to re" The frantic chace of riches I disclaim; turn from their excursion ; and after Love needs them not, to feed his holy a twilight view of various objects, fame,

be presents to us the moon, and many Love needs them not. Let Fortune's gifis depart;

other fine objects. At last, "słumber Himself suffices to a faithful heart."

bekconing bids his revels cease," and In the third parts the author intro. he concludes with the following verduces us to his Emma and her home, ses, the first couple of which well and gives us a concert and ball

, characterises his whole production :
as Is this a dream, unauthorised and vrin,
The light and worthless coinage of tbe brain ?
As well to chace the ills that earth deform,
Controul the whirlwind, and chastise the storm,
May man pretend, as hope the power to find,
Of opening ceasless sunshine on the mind,
Of binding base desires in Reason's chain,

Or calming the rough waves of passion's main ;
June 1806.


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Ah, yet, even so, yet better hopes arise,
That scorn the earth, and ask their kindred skies ;

that upon a firmer basis rest,
Than the weak counsels of the human breast.
When Man shall quit his frail abode of clay,
Earth shrink with heat, and sun and moon decay ;
When Ruin, grasping stern the starry frame,
Shall, plunge them in th’abyss from which they came ;
The Sire of being, with paternal care,
Shall for his chosen, fit retreats prepare,
From earth ; from those bright worlds whose myriads roll,
In fair disorder o'er the mighty pole ;
From stars remoter, whose unwearied light
Has striven in vain to dawn on mortal sight;
From planets, which their tremulous orbits trace
On the dim boundary of formless space ;
The heirs of bliss, from every stain refined,
Their sorrows and their frailties left behind,
Shall, at his voice, that calls to glory, come ;
Enter the gates of day, and find in Heaven their home.”


Such are the three divisions into where do I recollect to have seen it “ which Home, a poem,” are arrang- better exemplified than in the present ed. On the propriety of the plan which work. Our ancestors, poor silly souls, the author has chosen we will not were content to be pleased, if they hazard any opinion. It may be what could conceive an author's meaning Milton calls a regular confusion ;" without notes; and find feelings and but from not being able to compre- sentiments, expressed in simple lanhend it, I do not absolutely say so. guage, and without violating probaIt is certainly novel in some degree, bility, or transgressing against nathough many former writers, both But it is another thing to be in 'prose and verse, have contrived to pleased in these enlightened days.puzzle their readers as to the mean. Poetry has well been denominated ing and purpose of their works. O. an art; and as such, it should exhibit liver Cromwell was a great states. as little of undisguised nature as posman, though it is related that in his sible. With regard to the present parliamentary speeches bis meaning poem, though it may be in many could not be guessed at. In like places dubious, in others dark, yet manner, the author of “Home” may candour makes us allow that it may be a consummate poet, though even

be “ dark with excessive bright.” an intelligent reader may not be able to distinguish whether his book be

To be continued. prose or verse. The ideas he endeavours to give us of many things might no doubt exist clearly in his General result of Experiments made on mind, though they

" leave not a the Temperature of the Waters of the wreck behind" in the conception of Sea.-By M. PERON. any

who may give the work a peru- From Annales du Museum National." sal. But I do not blame the book

HE Incomprehensibility is a prominent beauty in modern poetry ; and no at noon, than that of the atmosphere


S. E. observed in the shade at the same the sea, far from the banks, at what. hour.

ever depth it is observed, is in geneIt is constantly higher at midnight. ral colder than that of the surface.

In the morning and evening they This refrigeration appears to bear commonly approach to a state of e- a certain relation to the depth, since quilibrium.

the greater the depth at which the Taking the average of a number observations are made, the greater it of comparative observations between is found to be. the temperature of the atmosphere The two preceding results are and that of the surface of the waves, found equally exact, amid the frozen repeated four times a day, at six in the waves of the two poles and the burnmorning, at noon, at six in the even. ing heat of the equator; only at equal ing, and at midnight, in the same depth, the proportion of cold is much seas ; the temperature of the waters greater towards the polar regions. of the sea is constantly higher, in The results of every observation whatever latitude the observations hitherto made on this subject unite may be made ; at least I myself have in proving, that the deepest abysses of never seen an exception to this rule, the sea, as well as the summits of our from 49° North, to 45° South. highest mountains, are cternally fro

The average temperature of the zen, even under the equator. waters of the sea on their surface, and Pursuing a comparison, exact in all at a distance from continents, is there. its relations, between the temperature fore higher than that of the atmos. of the gulfs of the ocean, and that of phere with which its waves are in the highest peaks of our continents, contact.

it follows, that in the former, as well The relative temperature of the as in the latter, a very small number waves is increased by their agitation, of vegetables and animals must live. but their absolute temperature is al.

Results similar to those which we ways diminished.

have observed in the bottom of the The temperature of the sea rises in sea, have shewn that the same degree proportion as the observer approaches of cold existed at great depths in the to continents or large islands. principal lakes of Switzerland and

Other circumstances being equal, Italy. the temperature of the bottom of the The observations of Georgi, of sea, along the coasts, and in the vi. Pallas, of Gmelin, of Lcdyard, and cinity of continents, is higher than in of Patrin in Siberia ; chose of the ce'the middle of the ocean.

lebrated and rigorous observer SausIt appears to rise the nearer we sure in Switzerland, seem to prove, come to continents and large isles. that the case is the same in the boom

The heat of the lands five times of the earth wherever the observations more considerable; the smaller depth have been made far from mides. of the bed of the sea, the concen. Similar results have been lately obtration of the solar rays, and the tained in America, by Shaw, Maccurrents, must apparently be regard. 'kenzie, Umphraville, and Robson. ed as the essential causes of this phe. Ought not the union of so many

facts to throw some uncertainty upon It appears not improbable, that the the theory so generally received, and animals and vegetables, which cover otherwise doubtful, of a central fire the bottom of the sea, may contribute maintaining an uniform and constant to this, by the higher temperature temperature of about 10° in the which they appear to enjoy.

whole mass of our globe, whether li« The temperature of the waters of quid or solid.



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May we not one day be forced, by where all who approach to pay their new experiments upon this subject, to respects are ranged according to their return to that ancient principle so na- station and favour. All is attention tural and otherwise so conformable to his countenance; if he asks a ques. to all the phenomena which pass every tion, it is answered with the turn that day under our eyes ? The only source

will please him: if he asserts, all ap. of the heat of our globe is the great plaud the truth : does he contradict, star which enlightens it; without it, all tremble : a multitude of domestics without the salutary influence of its appear in waiting, as silent and imrays, soon the whole earth, frozen on moveable as statues. This is the ceres all sides, would be only a liteless inass

monial of paying cont. I speak not of ice and snow. Thus the history of the Durbar as the tribunal of jos. of winter in the polar regions would tice: there injuries must cry alcud, be that of all our planet.

or will not be heard.

By the experience they have Isad of

Europeans, they deny us all pretestMANNERS of the INHABITANTS of

tions to politeness. Our familiarities INDOSTAN.

appear shocking to their notions of From Orme's Historical Fragments.

awe and respect; our vivacities quite

ridiculous to their notions of solem1. Moors.

nity. I shall be pardoned for giving Domineering insolence towards an instance of this.

all who are in subjection to thein, The gentlemen of one of the E:1 ungovernable wilfulness, inhumanity, ropean factories in Bengal were invitcruelty, murders, and assassinations, ed to see the ceremony of a sacred deliberated with the samecalinnessand day at the Nabob's palace, where all subtlety as the rest of their politics ; the great men of the city were to be an insensibility to remorse for these assembled. The Europeans were crimes, which are scarcely considered placed near the Nabob's person. The otherwise than as necessary accidents scene was in a large area of the pain the course of life, sensual excesses lace; in the middle of which, direcio which revolt against nature, un- ly opposite to the Nabob, a fountain bounded thirst of power, and a rapa- was playing. The Moors who enterciousness of wealth equal to the es- ed approached no nearer than just travagance of his propensities and before the fountain ; there made obeivices, this is the character of an sance, and retired to their seats. A Indian Moor, who is of consequence man of some distinction added a step sufficient to have


character at all. two too much to his retreating We find among the Moors, the bow, and fell backwards into the ceremonies of outward manners car- cistern of the fountain. I question ried to a more refined pitch than in whether half the foreign ambassadors any other part of the world, except of any cont in Europe could have China. These manners, are become suppressed their mirth on such an a fundamental of their education, as occasion; our foreign visitors burst without them a man would, instead of into repeated peals of laughter, and making his fortune, be liable to lose flung themselves into all the attitudes his head.

which, usually accompany, the excess An uncivil thing is never said a- of it. Not a muscle was changed in Dionyst cquals; the most extrava. the countenance of any


person gant adolation, both of gesture and, in the assembly. The unlueky man words, is lavished upon the superior. went out with great composure to The grandce is scatid in the Durbar, ehange his raiment; and all the at.




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tention of the company was diverted tu relieving the necessities of from him upon the boisterons mirth strangers : and the politeness of their of the strangers, which became real behaviour is retined by the natural matters of astonishment to these nice effeminacy of their dispositions, so as observers of decorum.

even to exceed that of the Moors. In Indostan, every man may liter. The sway of a despotic governally be said to be the maker of his ment has taught them the necessity own fortune. Great talents, unawed of patience, and the coolness of their by scruples of conscience, seldom fail imagination enables them to practise of success : trom hence all persons of it better than any people in the distinction are seen running in the world. They conceive 'a conteinptible

The perseverance ne- opinion of a man's capacity, who be. cessary to attain his end, teaches trays any impetuosity in his temper. every man to bear and forbcar con

Slavery has sharpened the natural i:ary to the common instincts of hu- fineness of all the spirits of Asia : from. man nature ; and hence arises their the difficulty of obtaining money and politeness.

the greater difficulty of preserving it, An expression of indignation bas the Gentoos are indefatigable in cost a considerable officer his life, business, and masters of the most exthree months after he had betrayed quisite dissimulation in all affairs of himself to the apprehensions of his interest. They are the acutest buyers superior, who never after thought and sellers in the world, and preserve himself secure from the resentments of through all their bärgains a degree a man, whose violence was capable of of calmness, which bafiles all the arts transporting him to a public manises that can be opposed against it. tation of disgust; in the interim, no- The children are capable of assistthing but the utmost complaisance ing them in their business at an age and respect has subsisted between when ours scarce begin to learn. It them. Just as the rash man tas is common to see a boy of eleven thought his peace was made, he has years enter into an assembly of confound his destruction determined. siderable men, make his obeisance, I cannot ask credit for the multi

deliver his message, and then retire
plicity of facts of this nature which with all the propriety and grace of a
I could relate. How many princes very well-bred man.
have been stabbed in full durbar?
How many princes have been poison-
ed in their beds ? Chiefs of armies cir- Defence of the EDINBURGH Debating
cumvented and cut off at conferen.

ces in the field ? Favourite courtiers
strangled without previous notice of

-Mutato nomini, de te
their crime ; 'or whilst they thought

Fabula narrature

Hor. themselves on the eve of destroying

SIR, their masters. A century of the politics of Indostan would afford A CERTAIN Gentleman, (thro' more examples of this nature than the medium of your useful Miscan be found in the whole history of cellany of August last, p. 503,) has Europe since the time of Charle. made a puerile attempt to amuse magne.

the public, by ridiculing our Socie. 2. Gentoos.

ty. The Gentoos are very affectionate

The fact is, from 20 to 30 of us; parents, and treat their domestics with industrious tradesmen, meet every great mildness. They are charitable, Saturday night at 8 o'ciock, to exer

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