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READING NOTICES. Wanted.-Man of ability, energy, good address, to handle high grade publication. Exceptional opportunity to party meaning business. Address at once, Harper & Brothers, 1308 N. Capitol Ave., Indianapolis, Ind.
Query.-Where can I get a Century Calendar?-Reader. Answer.-Send 10 cents to Centuries Calendar Company, Crawfordsville, Ind., for a 36-century calendar, by mail, postpaid.
During the first two weeks of August the Columbia School Supply Co., of Indianapolis, Ind., received orders for their complete Cabinets of Physical Apparatus to be placed in the following schools: Lenox, Iowa; New Milford, Conn.; Susquehanna, Pa.; Anaconda, Mont.; Mayville, N. Y.; Wolcott, N. Y.; Warners, N. Y.; Manlius, N. Y.; Auburn, N. Y.; St. Joseph's Academy, Lockport, N. Y.; Academy of Our Lady of the Angels, Elmira, N. Y.; St. Joseph's Academy, Sherman, Texas; Academy of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart, Corsicana, Texas; Academy of the Sacred Heart, Waco, Texas. This complete equipment for the physical laboratory is growing in favor very rapidly. The five schools last mentioned came as a single order with the promise of two additional orders within a few weeks.
D. C. Heath & Company, publishers, Boston and Chicago, announce A Beginner's Algebra, by Prof. Webster Wells and Claribel Gerrish. This book assumes that the pupil has such knowledge of arithmetic as is usually obtained in the seventh or eighth grade of the grammar schools. In its plan and development it departs radically from previous beginners' books. It is not a high school algebra cut down and simplified, but proceeds along new and original lines, connecting the pupil's knowledge of arithmetic with the language of algebra in such a way as to make an easy transition, and to secure thorough mastery of fundamental principles, so that when the pupil comes to the study of the larger book in the high school he will be prepared to study intelligently the theory
upon which the processes of algebra are based and to continue the study of their applications.
"TUSCAN SCULPTURE,” which Messrs. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. announce for publication in March, is Volume 11 in the Riverside Art Series. The book gathers material for a survey of Tuscan Sculpture consisting of pictures of masterpieces and brief accounts of the artists. The famous old works -the "St. George" and the "Equestrian Statue of Gattamelata” of Donatello; the “Madonna" of Lucca della Robbia; the "St. Francis and St. Dominick" and the “Bambino" of Adrea della Robbia are reproduced, together with Antonio Rossellino's “Tomb of the Cardinal of Portugal,” Donatello's "Heraldic Lion of Florence," and others, making in all sixteen pictures. To these Miss Hurll has added brief biographical sketches of the artists, an essay on Tuscan Sculpture of the Fifteenth Century, and an Historical Directory of the works in this collection. The price of the book is 75 cents, net (postage 8 cents), for the Library Edition; 50 cents, net, postpaid, for the School Edition in linen, and 35 cents, net, postpaid, in paper.
The publishers will receive subscriptions to any four consecutive issues of the School Edition in paper binding at $1.25, and in cloth binding at $1.80.
TEACHERS' MANUAL FOR COOK AND CROPSEY ADVANCED ARITHMETIC, by W. P. Morgan, A. B., Indiana State Normal School. The work is a complete handbook of solutions for all the problems in the Cook and Cropsey Arithmetic, based on definitions, principles and axioms with references. The work has been carefully supervised by Prof. 0. L. Kelso, head of the department of mathematics in the State Normal School. The purpose of this book is to define the subjects of arithmetic, give underlying principles, and state the general axioms. The work has all the freshness of modern methods of teaching arithmetic, and the student or young teacher will find that its use will help him to form correct mathematical thinking. The book is bound in fine linen, and is typographically perfect. 302 pages; price, $1.00. The Inland Publishing Company. Terre Haute, Ind.
We notice among the recent decisions of the Jury of Awards, at the Charleston Exposition, the conferring of a gold medal upon the Spanish School Publications of Silver, Burdett & Company. As the jury has been exceptionally careful and conservative in its announcements, this award, the highest in its power to bestow, may be regarded as a mark of pre-eminent merit, and a high commendation of the texts of Messrs. Silver, Burdett & Company, which has so successfully "followed the flag" to Cuba, Porto Rico, Hawaii and the Philippines.
scene. There are eleven chapters in the Primer, and the lesson on each page is complete in itself, but the continued story is there to lure the reader on. Many of the lessons are cast in dialogue form as an aid to dramatic reading, and there is an average of only three new words to the page. The eighty-six illustrations are by Miss Bertha L. Corbett, the “Mother of the Sunbonnet Babies," and they are all printed in four colors in the flat poster style. The book is as attractive as any of the expensive holiday books for children, and yet sells for only forty cents.
E. M. Chaplin & Son, Warsaw, Ind., can furnish teachers and boards of education the following books which are recommended in the Indiana course of study for commissioned high schools: Brewer's Reader's Handbook, $3.50. Brewer's Historic Notebook, $3.50.
The Macmillan Company, New York and Chicago, have had a remarkable sale of Mr. Chas. Major's new novel, Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall, as over 100,000 copies have been sold since its publication in April. It should be read by every teacher. The indications are that it will be read as extensively as the author's other famous work, When Knighthood was in Flower.
A. Flanagan Co., Chicago, have recently published “The Ideal Word Book," by E. E. Smith, A. B., B. S. This work is a complete and carefully graded spelling book, Part I teaching the printed and written forms of words, and Part II emphasizing the teaching of word structure, meaning, accurate use, interpretation, and construction. The words are presented alphabetically, and due attention is given to pronunciation and the use of diacritical marks. Teachers will appreciate these merits of the work as they have not the time to teach the use of the diacritical marks solely from the dictionary. Correct spelling is best taught by concentrating attention upon the printed forms and by persistent drills in reproducing them.
The Ideal Word Book should be exam by every teacher, as it is so rich in suggestion to both pupil and teacher. Introduction price, 17c; exchange, 9c.
“GOVERNMENT IN STATE AND NATION,” by J. A. James and A. H. Sanford, pp. xv and 383, New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1902.
Teachers of American government in secondary schools will welcome the appearance of the above book by Prof. J. A. James of Northwestern University and Prof. A. H. Sanford of the State Normal School at Stevens Point, Wisconsin. There has been remarkable progress in the teaching of civil government in schools and colleges in recent years, and this book by Professors James and Sanford represents the best modern practice.
In the first place the arrangement of the work is logical. The first part contains a discussion of the various forms of local gov.
"THE SUNBONNET BABIES' PRIMER" has just been published by Messrs. Rand, McNally & Company, of Chicago and New York. Here is a school book with the text made up of a continued story, with the two heroines, Molly and May, always on the
ernment, while the second is devoted to a comprehensive view of the National Government with a detailed analysis of the Constitution. This is the order of the growth of our institutions, and is consequently the logical method of presentation. Sufficient attention is given to the origin and early development of our forms of government to enable the student to comprehend the process of growth; yet the main object of the book is to make a study of our institutions as they now exist. John Fiske's book on Civil Government presents the historical origins of our institutions in a masterly way, but is inadequate in respect to the actual working of our local and national governments. In this latter respect the book by Professors James and Sanford is particularly strong, and it is here that the emphasis properly belongs. The student should know in preference to all things else the actual working of the institutions under which he lives.
The strongest feature of the work is its comprehensiveness. Many of the older textbooks contain simply an exposition of the Constitution; yet it is a well-known fact that there are many phases of our institutions to wlich no reference is made in that document. The book of which we are speaking contains discussions of Elections, Political Parties, Public Finance including Taxation, Trials, Charitable and Penal Institutions, Educational Systems, Labor Legislation, Congressional Procedure, Money, International Law, Arbitration, and similar topics not ordinarily discussed. These matters are of the utmost importance to the American citizen.
The references show a thorough mastery of the literature of the subject. They are short, well selected, and well classified.
The book also contains a series of pertinent questions. Their use must tend to stimulate thought and further investigation.
The style of the book is definite and lucid. In short, the work contains all of the features of a thoroughly modern text-book, and I believe that it is the best book upon the market to-day for use in secondary schools.
T. F. MORAN. Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind.
the following excellent publications: Elementary Physical Georgraphy, by W. M. Davis, of Harvard University. Competent critics have pronounced this book the best on the subject for high schools, both in content and method. It contains nearly two hundred specially prepared wood cuts, six charts in color and nineteen full-page halftone plates from rare photographs.
Academic Algebra, by Professor Beman, of the University of Michigan, and Professor Smith, of Columbia University. The aim of this work is to cover particularly the subject with sufficient thoroughness to prepare the pupil for college.
Nature Study and Life, by Clifton F. Hodge, Assistant Professor of Physiology and Neurology in Clark University, Worcester, Mass. With an introduction by Dr. G. Stanley Hall. 12 mo., cloth, 514 pages, illustrated. List price, $1.50.
This work has twice formed the basis for nature study courses in the Clark University Summer School, and it has further stood the more practical test of teachers' institutes in various states.
Our readers and educators generally will be pleased to learn that Mr. Francis W. Halsey has become the literary advisor of the progressive firm of D. Appleton & Co. He has been a member of the staff of the New York Times, the famous lit ary daily of New York City, for over twenty years, and his literary criticisms have attracted much attention. He is recognized as an editor of superior ability and is considered a literary leader. In the publication of textbooks especially the critical judgment of an editor who has such an extensive knowledge of literature is very essential.
It is evidently the aim of D. Appleton & Co. to excel in the publication of twentieth century text-books. Their success has been commented upon very favorably. The fol. lowing publications may be considered thor. oughly representative: Adam's Commercial Geography, 12mo, cloth, $1.30; A History of the American Nation, by Andrew C. McLaughlin, University of Michigan, 12mo, cloth, $1.40; Animal Life, by David Starr Jordan, President Leland Stanford Junior University, Vernon L. Kellogg, 12mo, cloth, $1.20.
Within the past few months Ginn & Co., Boston, New York, and Chicago, have issued
STATE BOARD QUESTIONS FOR
AUGUST, WITH ANSWERS.
PRYSIOLOGY AND SCIENTIFIC TEMPER
3. What preparation would you make for bringing
this purpose within the comprehension of a fifth
roader pupil? 4. Do you think it better to take one complete selec
tion, such as Ruskin's King of the Golden River, than to take parts of several equally
good productions in the same time? If so, why? 5. What is the effect on the reading, of being directly
conscious of every word on the page? Of being conscious of the letters, pronunciation marks,
etc. 6. Which is the more rapid, silent reading or oral
reading? Why? 7. Why should the teacher of reading be able to read
well himself? 8. What is the value of committing to memory choice
pieces of poetry and prose?
1. What is the chemical composition of alcohol? 2. Wbat is the base of the proteid matter of which
the tissues of the body are mainly built up? 3. What are the most common dangers from the use
of impare water? 4. What impurities are apt to find their way into
"surface wells"? 3. What is the principal function of the water taken
into the body? 6. Wbich, in general, is more wholesome, soft water
or bard? Why? 1. What are the physiological benefits of cleanliness
of person, of dress and of surroundings? 8. What is the capacity of the lungs? How much air
is taken into the lungs in an ordinary inspiration?
Answers. 1. The chemical composition of alcohol is C, H, 0. 2. Proteids are complex compounds of nitrogen, Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, with a small percentage of sulpbur, iron and phosphorus. It is believed that they form the principal basis of all living protoplasm in all its forms.
3. Water is often a fruitful source of infectious diseases by reason of the germs which it contains. The further away from the source of impurities, the better is the water for drinking purposes.
4. Gerns which cause malarial affections, typhoid fever and cholera, are apt to find their way into shallow wells and eisterns.
5. It dissolves certain food substances, and gives inidity to the blood, lymph, and secretions enabling them to perform their functions properly.
6. The best drinking water is that which is clean, soft, colorless, without odor even after boiling, with just enough salt, air, carbon dioxide in it to make it palatable. Water that is very bard is unwholesome on account of the excess of minerals in solution.
7. Cleanliness of person enables the skin to perform its functions more perfectly; cleanliness of surroundings prevents disease for where dirt is, there will disease be also, and cleanliness of dress not only adds to one's comfort and appearance but it often prevents transmissions of disease by the germs that are found about the clothing.
8. It is estimated that the extent of the surface of all the sacs of the lungs is about 2,600 square feet. The capacity of the lungs in a single inspiration varies greatly, ranging from 60 to 120 cubic inches.
Answers. 1. It is taken from The Chambered Nautilus. The autbor, Oliver Wendell Holmes, ranks among the most popular of the American men of letters. The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table is one of his best known works, Elsie Venner, The One-lloss Shay.
2. The idea that life means growth.
3. The poem should be carefully studied by the teacher in order to enable him to present it to a fifthgrade pupil so that it would appeal to him in an interesting manner and be led to work it out within the realm of bis own experience.
4. While the first plan is a desirable one and gener ally can be followed successfully, yet the variety of the second often enlists interest from pupils when the others will not. Both have merit.
5. (a) It makes the reading unnatural. (b) It takes the attention from the information or the lesson to be gained and places it upon the artificial side of the process of reading.
6. (a) Silent reading. (b) Because the eye interprets words much more rapidly than the organs of speech can pronounce them.
7. This of itself will give the child a proper ideal in reading such as the teacher in conduct, etc.
8. It stores the mind with the choice literary gems that become matters of very great satisfaction when the child enters the reflective phase of human life.
1. Are north-south lines upon the earth straight?
Are they parallel? Are east-west lines straight?
Are they parallel? 2. Locate the region on the opposite side of the earth
from Indiana. 3 Why is northern Indiana level and poorly drained
and southern Indiana hilly and well drained? 4. Name and locate the two largest rivers in the
world. Why are they near the equator? 5. What are canyons? Mesas? Buttes? Cliffs? In
what part of the United States are they most
numerous ? 6. Locate the line of the Siberian railway. By whom
is it being built? For what purpose ? 7. Where and what are Capetown, Samoa, Panama,
the Bosphorus, Aden? 8. What grand division contains more than half the
people in the world?
*Baild thee more stately mansions, O my soul,
As the swift seasons roll!
Leave thy low-vaulted past!
Till thou at length are free, Leaving thine outgrown shell by life's upresting sea!” 1. From what poem is the foregoing stanza quoted?
Tell what you know of the author. Name some
of his best known productions. 2. What is the purpose of this poem?
Answers. 1. The north-south (meridian) lines on the earth's surface are neither straight nor parallel. The eastwest (parallel) lines are not straight, but are parallel
2. The region on the opposite side of the earth from Indiana is a portion of the Indian Ocean about the intersection of 40° 8. lat., and 94° E. long.
3. Northern Indiana is level and poorly drainod because the glacial action so recontly made the surface over, filling up lower places and leveling higher. The absence of this glacial interference bas left in southern Indiana the results of former ages in the matter of drainage and topographical forms.
4. The two largest rivers of the world are the Amazon, in South America, lying almost under the equator as it crosses the continent, and the Nile, in Africa, almost under the 30th East meridian, from the oquator to the Mediterranean Sea. Because the greatest rainfall occurs here.
5. Canyons are deep gorges between high, steep banks, worn by streams. Mesas are high table-lands, especially isolated flat-topped forms of mountainous size. When small they are called buttes, especially when they are only detached from the neighboring highlands. Cliffs are high steep rocks or precipices. These occur in the highlands of the western United States.
6. The Siberian Railway is being built by the Russian government. It will, when finished in 1905, connect at Samara on the Volga various Russian lines which form a network of railways over Russia in Europe. From Samara it runs east by way of Omsk and Irkutsk to Tchita where it divides, one line runping down the Amur part way to the sea and then to Vladivostok; the other running southeast through Manchuria and reaching the sea at Nin-chwang and Port Arthur. It will serve military and political purposes as well as commercial ones.
7. Cape Town is the capital of Cape Colony in southern Africa. Samoa is a group of islands in the southern Pacific near 14° 8. and 172° W. Panama is a town on the south side of the Isthmus of Panama in Colombia, S. A. The Bosporus is a strait connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmora. Aden is a town in southern Arabia on the Gulf of Aden.
8. Asia contains 55% of the population of the world.
1. (a) Simple; (6) Declarativo.
in-procession, adverbial phrase, modifying came:
to-seashore, adverbial phrase, modifying driving. 3. (a) Soon is an adverb of time and modifies came.
(6) came is a verb, irregular, p.p. are come, came, come; intransitive, indicative mode, past tense. third person, plural number; women is its sub
ject. (c) neighboring is an adjective, modifying hamlets
and farms. (d) their is a pronoun, personal, third person,
plural number, possessivo case, depending on
the noun goods. (e) goods is a noun, common, plural number,
neuter gender, objective case, object of the par
ticipal driving. 1. (a) It is said that he wong not at home.
(6) A teacher who has fresh kenowledge will interest
(c) I wonder where the birds go. 5. (a) Is corroct if ono speaks of the committee as a whole; (b) if one means the individuals composing the committee. 6. (a) Whistling girls are all right.
(6) The flower, crushed by the careless foot, glves
off its fragrance.
(d) The road being heavy, we made little progress. 7. Shall and will are used with the infinitive to form (1) the future tenses of all verbs and (2) verb phrases indicating intontion or obligation. In (1) shall is used with the first person, will with the second and third persons; in (2) just the opposite use obtains. The distinction between cases in (1) and (2) is often a delicate one, but it can be mastered. Subordinate clauses give the most trouble. In such clauses use the same auxiliary as if the clause were a direct quotation. In questions use the same auxiliary as is expected in the answers. The distinction is an artificial one, not older than the eighteenth century, and though generally regarded as the result of imporfoct education, will probably never be observed more than it now is.
8. With respect to meaning adverbs are classed as adverbs of time, as novo; of place, as here; of manner, as quickly; of degree, as much; and modal adverbs, as perhaps.
ARITHMETIC. Absoluto accuracy in processes and answers required. County Superintendents should grade accordingly. 1. State how you would teach a child to determine
by "inspection' the prime factors of 32; of 70;
of 96. 2. I paid $2,075 for sugar, and sold it for 18 of what it
cost me, thereby losing * dollar per barrel.
How many barrels were there in the purchase? 3. What will it cost to plaster a hall 90 feet long, 70
feet wide, and 30 feet high at 55 cents a square
yard? 4. From a wagon of bran I lose 50%. I sell 25% of
what is left, what per cont, of what I lost do I
have left? 5. What profit does a paperbanger realize on his salo
of 1,000 rolls of paper costing him 8 cents a roll if he sells 80% of it at 80% profit, but the rest at cost?
“Soon o'er the yellow fields, in silent and mournful
procession, Came from the neighboring hamlets and farms the
Acadian women, Driving in ponderous wains their household goods to the seashore.
--Longfellow. 1. What kind of a sentence is the above (a) with re
spect to its structure? (b, with respect to its
use ? 2. Classify the phrases according to use and tell what
they rospectively modify. 3. Parso (a) soon, (6) came, (c) neighboring, (d) their,
(e) goods. 4. Construct sontences containing (a) a noun clause,
(6) an adjective clause, (c) an adverbial clauso. 5. Justify the construction of the verbs in the follow
(6) The committee have lost the building. 6. Write sontences using the participle (P) attribu
tively, (b) appositively, (c) predicatively, and
(d) absolutely. 7. Discuss the use of the futuro auxiliaries, shall and
will. 8. How are the adverbs classified with respect to
meaning? Give an examplo of each class.