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relating of themselves. To record what lay fellowships were first established, he was they have observed of oihers is on the whole again elected to that for law, and received an easier task, and in most cases more the unsolicited office of legal adviser to the likely to benefit those for whose service or College.” He was afterwards made a King's approval they undertake such labour. All Counsel. Having acquired a competent books must have some merit of this kind, fortune by his profession, he purchased an and that may be called a decent autobiogra- estate, married, and, apparently to gratify phy, which has a good deal of it. This his wise, went to reside in London,+ whither praise cannot be denied the work before us, also, at a later period, his son-in-law, meagre and defective though it be in many Gawin Hamilton, of Killileagh, “whose foressentials. We shall proceed to give a brief tune, like that of many Irish gentlemen, account of it, passing in review the most had need of nursing," thought proper to renoted events of a life cast in stirring times, tire; and where, accordingly, ARCHIBALD and chequered by unusual vicissitudes of HAMILTON was born, on the 12th of May, good and evil fortune. We should observe | 1751, 0.$. that the memoir was written by Mr. Rowan Mr. Rowan's whig predilections and asfor the use of his own children, and that it sociates, as well as his rugged independence is marked throughout by the utmost frank- of character, appear to have had not a little ness of sentiment and plainmness of style. There is not the slightest trace of any clared by the Londoners, that they would never straining at effect, or attempt on the writ- submit to be robbed by any single man, whatever er's part to appear other than he was. might be attempted by an Englishman, but by an Much as the reader may regret the scanti- Irislıman the thing was impossible. This declaraness of the details, he can hardly avoid place character. Mr. Rowan, upon this, determined to

tion was followed by numerous jests on the Irish ing the most implicit reliance on everyihing put their vaunting to the test. On the last day which the modest autobiographer has but one of their journey, he pretended to have thought it expedient to tell him.

some business to transact with a person who lived Mr. Rowan's memoir commences, as it is a short distance off the high road, and said it natural that the life of an estated gentleman he would be able to rejoin them the next day, by

would not occupy him more than an hour, and that should,—with some account of his ancestors. hiring a horse for one stage. He waited until But with this we have nothing to do, unless dusk, then pursued the coach, stopped it, and to remark that the families of Hamilton, and made them deliver their effects; (I have the inkof Rowan, were both Scottish by origin, and horn which served him for a pistol,) and on the

next morning at breakfast he rejoined them. owed their location in Ireland to that (by a During the day the jokes were entirely on Mr. certain class of writers) much lauded mea- Rowan's side, as he insisted it must have been his sure of James I., ycleped the plantation of countryman who had robbed them; and they were Ulster. The Hainiltons struck deep root obliged to borrow cash from him to discharge

their bills. After dinner, however, he insisted on immediately, and spread their branches far giving them a bottle to drink the health of his and wide. The Rowans doubtless throve countryman. He then put their effects in his hat, also, though in a quieter way, as less ap- acknowledged the trick, and laying it on the ta

The pears to be known of their lot in the land of ble, desired every one to pick out his own. their adoption. Williain Rowan, however, party continued their journey in apparent good

humour ; but when they arrived in London, one of a sturdy scion of the race, was intended for them slipped out of the hotel at which the coach the church, and sent in consequence to Tri- stopped, procured a constable, and gave him into nity College, Dublin. Here, though elected custody, charging him with a highway robbery. a fellow, he refused to fulfil his father's in- The frolic might have cost him dear, had he not tentions, and resigned his fellowship rather who was an intimate friend of Sir Robert Walpole, influence in directing the early tendencies | fellow of Peterhouse College. This gentleman of his grandson and heir, who tells us :- then possessed two livings near Cambridge, which

been known to the uncle of the Rev. Mr. Lovatt, than take the oaths necessary for ordination. and by his interest procured his discharge.” “ He then attached himself to the study of + He had a house in Rathbone-place, of which, the law,* and some years after, when the and the free and easy lives of its inhabitants, his

grandson supplies us with the following reminis. * Of this period of his life his grandson tells the “Rathbone-place at that time was the extrefollowing characteristic anecdote:-

mity of London, on that side. A large reservoir, “When going to London to keep his terms, he which supplied a corn-mill, lay at one end of it, engaged a seat in the stage-coach from Chester. and there was only a foot passage by it from LonHis fellow-travellers were five Londoners, return- don, which was closed every night. The ground ing from Chester linen fair. In the course of on either side of this reservoir was then divided conversation, they soon became aware of the into several stripes of gardens, fenced from each birth-place of their companion. The conversation other by treillages, and occupied by Irish emi. turned, as usual, on highwaymen, and a report grants, who then abounded in Soho, and were acthat there was an Irishman who infested that road, customed to spend the evenings in singing, dancand who let nothing pass him. It was then de- / ing, and other amusements of their own country.”


with his private pupils in the university, formed “My grandfather's plan for my education was, the chief of his income. His wife, Miss Talkingthat after receiving my early schooling I should ton, possessed sentiments, political and religious, be sent to Westminster; but not before I should similar to his own, and she agreed with him in enter the upper school. Accordingly I was sent to the propriety of throwing up those livings, rather a then famous school, kept at Marylebone, by a Mr. than, as he expressed his feelings on the subject, Fountain; and it was my grandfather's custom to 'to act a lie weekly in the presence of the God of send for me every Saturday, to see what progress truth.' I was making. Either he expected too much, or “ On throwing off his ecclesiastical gown, he I was idle, for I was generally sent back on Mon retired to Leyden, where he studied medicine, and day with a letter, disapproving of their mode of obtained the degree of M. D. To this most exeducation. A Monsieur De Morand, an emigrant, cellent man's care, or rather patronage, I was was French tutor. He had taken a fancy for me, committed ; and I am proud to say, that though I whom he called son petit Malebranche, and fre- deviated considerably from the line of conduct quently has he gone over my lessons with me pre- he pointed out to me, I retained his friendship and vious to my weekly examinations by my grand- correspondence to the last year of his life.” father. “I now passed two years in my grandfather's

Both at Westminster and at Cambridge, house ; he was of a choleric habit, while I was Rowan appears to have lived just like the giddy and negligent, and therefore this time passed other young men of the time; with someheavily enough ; but by his instructions I was pre: what more freak and adventure, perhaps, pared for the upper remove of the fourth form at Westminster, of which the head master, who af- than is the fashion of our demurer day; and, terwards became Archbishop of York, was the we dare say, with a proportionate advantage son of his old chum, Major Markham. While I in health and happiness both of mind and resided with my grandfather, .I do not recollect body. Had we space ad libitum, and time his having ever urged any particular religious doc- and an attentive audience at the back of it, trine. His chief object seemed to be, to give me good principles, and leave the rest to myself. I we could endite an interesting dissertation attended the Established Church ceremonies with on the growing disuse of vivacious (and pugMr. Rowan ; and the chief squabbles which oc- nacious) amusements as an ingredient in curred between him and Mrs. Rowan were, that education. We would not desire a better he did not enforce her religious principles upon me with the same energy that he did my scholas- text than parts of the volume now before us. tic exercises.

Of all forgotten inventions, or arts as old as “ The opinions, however, which had influenced the creation, there is surely none which men him to decline taking orders when first elected could not better afford to lose than the art of fellow of Trinity College, seemed never to have been shaken, for his will commenced thus:- In being alive, and yet none appears at present the name of the one only self-existent Being. In in such danger of being forgotten. Hamilton the same instrument he made me his heir, and ex- Rowan, however, seems never to have been pressed himself as follows:- From personal af- in danger that way. fection, and in the hope that he shall become a him, written by Mr. Topham, and published

A pleasant notice of learned, sober, honest man, live unbribed and unpensioned, zealous for the rights of his country, in the “World,” a fashionable paper of the loyal to his King, and a true Protestant, without time, after dwelling with affectionate banter bigotry to any sect, I give my property to Archi- on his early character for enterprise and inbald Hamilton. He also ordered that I should trepidity, concludes in the following terms:bear his name in addition to that of my father ; that I should be educated at one of the British “But all this capability of usefulness and fair Universities, and should not go to Ireland until I fame was brought to nought by the obstinate abwas twenty-five years old, or should forfeit the surdity of the people about him. Nothing could income of the estate during such time as I should wean them from Westminster. His grandfather remain there.

Rowan, or Rohan, fellow of Trinity College, and “After my grandfather's death, (in 1767,) I afterwards King's Counsel in Ireland, resided in was sent to Westminster, and my father quitted Rathbone-place, possessed of great wealth, tenahis house in Brook-street, and took one from cious of his opinions, and absolute nonsense was his Bonnel Thornton, in the neighbourhood of the conduct to his grandson. He persevered in the school. Mr. Thornton was a man of wit, and an school; where, if a boy disaffects book knowledge, intimate friend of Charles Churchill and Robert his books are only bought and—sold. And after Lloyd, to whom he introduced my father, and who Westminster, when the old man died, as if soliafterwards became frequent visitors at our house. citous that every thing about his grave, but poppy These, with Doctor Charles Lucas, from Ireland, and mandragora, should grow downwards, his. and several opposition English members, formed will declared his grandson the heir, but not to inhis political circle, and no doubt had an influence herit till he graduated at Cambridge. on my early sentiments.

“ To Cambridge therefore he went; where hav.. “ The time for my entering one of the universi- ing pursued his studies, as it is called, in a ratio. ties having arrived, and my father's affairs requir- inverse and descending, he might have gone on ing his presence in Ireland, he determined on send from bad to worse; and so, as many do, putting a ing me to Cambridge, and procured letters of re- grave face on it, he might have had his degree. But commendation to the Rev. John Jebb, then a his animal spirits and love of bustle could not go

off thus undistinguished; and so after coolly at- “From the time I first mounted epaulettes, tempting to throw a tutor into the Camo-after I paid but little attention to either college shaking all Cambridge from its propriety, by a night's frolic, in which he climbed the sign-posts, rules or exercises; and merely kept the neand changed the principal signs, he was rusticated, cessary terms." Indeed so little solicitous till the good humour of the university returning, does he appear to have been on that head, he was re-admitted, and enabled to satisfy his that one summer he accepted the office of grandfather's will !

" Through the intercourse of private life he is private secretary to his friend, Lord Charles very amiable. The same suavity of speech, cour- Montague, (brother of the Duke of Manteous attentions, and general good-nature he had chester,) then going out as Governor of when a boy, are continued and improved. Good South Carolina ; and here he witnessed one qualities the more to be prized, as the less, proba of those political skirmishes which in so many ble from his bold and eager temper, from the turbulence of his wishes, and the hurry of his pur- quarters of the colonial continent, gave notice suits.”

of the approaching storm. The reader is greatly mistaken, if he lonies were becoming serious when we left Eng

“The bickerings between England and the Coimagines from this, that our hero allowed

land. These were aggravated by many trifles himself to be kept moping at Cambridge soon after our arrival in Charleston.

A from one end of the year to the other. "Tis statue of Mr. Pitt had been erected opposite the true, what time he spent there, he diversi- Court House in Charleston, which was surrounded fied by occasional outbreaks of the kind items of expenditure, had voted £45 (?) for paint

by an iron railing. The Assembly, among the above described, and so made it pass more ing the rails of it. This vote was looked upon by pleasantly. But all these, and doubtless Lord Charles as a direct insult to the Governthey were much more numerous than there ment; and after endeavouring in vain to prevent any record of, could not satisfy his thirst for that sum being included in the account of general

expenditure, he dissolved the assembly. The adventure. He was not long matriculated

manner of dissolving it was thus:-A peace offiwhen he took a trip to Holland, and some cer, preceded by a drummer, bore the proclamatime after accepted a commission in the tion of the Governor, which was read in the Huntingdon Militia, which appears to have house, and the dissolution took place thereon. led him into not a little extravagance. There writs were issued for a new election to take

Each member now returned to his colony, and were, at the time he entered it, half a dozen place. The people returned the same members lords among the officers of the regiment, that they had before elected. These persons beand though we are told significantly enough, ing now aware that if their conduct was not that “when the American war broke out, would take place, ordered the doors to be closed,

agreeable to Government, a second dissolution and the militia was put on permanent duty, and passed the same vote as before, refusing the the lords retired,” they appear to have re- others entrance. The drummer beat, and in vain mained long enough to give Mr. Rowan the officer read the proclamation in the street; the such a taste for exceeding his income, that members within passed all the bills, and then he was obliged to borrow money on annuity opened their doors and were dissolved according

to law. The only resource the Governor now had at six years' purchase. He also tells us,- was to refuse his sanction to them, so that the

whole year's expenditure of the state was thus

left unprovided for. • Dr. Drummond says it was a coachman, and not a tutor that he flung into the Cam, (if indeed ton, I got å passage to England, on board the

“ Having spent nearly three months at Charlesit were not both, on different fitting occasions,) Swallow, taking with me a racoon, an opossum, incurring thereby the penalty of rustication. was not improbably during its continuance,” re- I landed at Portsmouth, my racoon dead, my

and a young bear. After a very rough passage, marks the worthy Doctor, “that he found a re- bear washed overboard, and my opossum lost in treat where his time might be profitably spent, the cable tier, and I returned to Cambridge.” under good Dr. Enfield, in Warrington Academy. This, however, is only offered as a conjecture." (A conjecture confirmed by Mr. Rowan himself, istic of that fondness for pets, which, amid

This last passage is pleasantly characterin a subsequent part of the memoir.) “ But it is certain that he was at that celebrated all his trials and peregrinations, never forsook academy, rather as a visitor than as a resident our hero to the latest moment of his life. pupil, though the precise time has not been ascer- There was one part of his grandfather's tained. He has been heard to say that Letitia will, which Mr. Rowan appears, most layAikin, afterwards Mrs. Barbauld, was his first love !"

dably, to have felt no compunction in breakWhat think you of that, dear reader? Hercules ing, and that was the prohibition to visit Ire. and Omphale were a laughing-stock to the an- land. The following sketch of an acquaintance cients; but (our Irish) Hercules and Goody Two which he made on his return from one of Shoes !-even heyday of her prettiness, these excursions, introduces us to a remark'Tis too ridiculous. We are inclined to think A. H. R. was mystifying the Doctor or his infor- able specimen of the adventurers of those mant.

days-a class not without their own peculiar

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chivalry, and whom we should greatly “While on the road, they were overtaken by an wrong if we judged of them by their dege- express which brought an account of Lord Lyttle

ton's death. Mr., now Lord Lyttleton, offered to rate successors, in any rank of that in these reconduct O'Byrne to London, and invited him to days (like the rest) over-wrought and over- reside in his house until he could procure him a crowded profession.

commission in the British service, and promised

to assist his promotion. For about one year he “Notwithstanding the injunctions in my grand remained Lord Lyttleton's guest, and inade several father's will, I made more than one trip across the friends by his constant good humour and wellChannel, to see Ireland, during my minority placed eccentricity; but my lord seemed to have Parkgate was the usual port from which passen- forgotten his promises, and o'Byrne felt himself gers sailed for Dublin. Those who chose to go in a state of dependence from which he determined by Ilolyhead hired horses at Chester, which cost a

to relieve himself. Count Belgioso, the Austrian moidore each; but they only set out when six or ambassador in London, had commanded the regieight passengers assembled.

ment in which O'Byrne had served; he waited on “At the ferry of Conway an old woman had a him, candidly laid his state before him, and cabin, where she lighted signals for the ferrymen through his interest with Lord Rochfort, the to come over from the town. To get to the boat Count procured him an ensigncy in the 13th regiyou were obliged to take guides along the shore, ment. In that capacity, with a light wallet, and which they said abounded with dangerous quick- a lighter purse, he marched with a recruiting party sands, changing with every tide. This was the to Brighton, and quartered at Shergold's. first day's journey; the next day you had to cross "A Mr. Salvador, a rich Jew merchant, young, another ferry to reach Bangor, and then cross gay, fond of company and play, was confined to over Penmaen Mawr; or if the tide was out, you his room then by a fit of the gout. He desired went along the coast. In one of those journies I Shergold to invite the officer, who had come with met Matthias O'Byrne, whom I esteemed, till his the recruiting party, to dine with him. Salvador death, as one of my earliest and most sincere was pleased with his companion; they chatted, friends. He was of an old Catholic family, and they drank, and they played, and in a short time had been sent to Germany in his youth, to acquire O'Byrne returned to London in a chaise and four, that education which was then refused to a Catho- with about £1000 in his purse. With this nestlic at home. His father, who was a wine-mer- egg he obtained leave to recruit in London—was chant in Dublin, died during his absence, and all proposed at most of the fashionable clubs, where his property was divided (according to law in he met numbers whose society he had cheered those days) among his family at his death. He while he was a visitor at Lord Lyttleton's. He had entered the Austrian service, and on his fa- continued to play with the most constant success, ther's death he came over to Ireland to receive his nor did I ever hear a whisper against his integrity. share of the property; but his elder brother was a He took a house in Pall Mall, and was both inbon vivant, and had dissipated almost the whole of vited by, and entertained persons of the highest the old man's money.

rank. At one time his success was such, that he “O'Byrne had now nothing to rely on but a realised about £2000 per annum, and had a good sub-lieutenantcy in the German service, to which, sun at his bankers to call on. His prosperity did when I met him, he was returning. We travelled not change his character; he was never known to together to London in a stage; and having one

be denied to those who had been his early compaevening gone to Vauxhall together, we found the nions, particularly if they wanted his assistance. Rev. Mr. Bate, editor of the Morning Post, in a

I must relate one transaction as a proof of his squabble with the Honourable Mr. Lyttleton and friendly conduct towards a young man, one of his some of his party, whom he accused of having bc- acquaintances. The daughter of a rich citizen, haved impertinently to his wife and her sister. Mr. Jones, at Hammersmith, had become attached Nothing could have been more likely, as they were

to this handsome young man. On his proposal of both fine women, and Vauxhall was a place to marriage, the father asked him his means of supwhich young men were accustomed to go to spend port, to which he answered evasively; and he rethe latter part of the day in search of adventures. counted this to O'Byrne in despair. Well,' said Mr. Bate had fixed on Mr. Lyttleton, and lifting O'Byrne, ‘ you did not lose your presence of mind, his cane, threatened to strike him. This roused I hope; come along with me." He took him to O'Byrne's military feelings, which were increased his bankers, and desired the whole sum he posby the physical disproportion of the antagonists, sessed in their bands, to be laid out in the public Bate being a strong athletic figure, while the other funds in his friend's name. “Now,' said O'Byrne, presented that of an emaciated, but clegant de- take the old gentleman to the bank to-morrow, bauché. O'Byrne rushed forward, and with an and that will satisfy him.' He did so, and obejaculation, the tone of which denoted his birth- tained his consent to the marriage. Mr. Jones, place, swore, if he struck the gentleman, he would however, died suddenly, previous to the day on run his sword through his body; but added, if which the ceremony was to take place; the lady nothing but boxing would satisfy him, he would was under age, and her uncle (a lawyer) then betake a round with him. Lyttleton was by no

came her guardian ; and as there was no time to means ill-pleased to have found a substitute ; be lost, O'Byrne gave him his chaise and the moBate's ladies accepted of apologies, and O'Byrne ney to convey them to Gretna Green.” was invited to sup with Mr. Lyttleton's party. In the course of the evening O'Byrne mentioned his This, our readers must acknowledge, is a situation and place of destination. Mr. Lyttleton graphic picture in little, and of a character likewise was to set out for Vienna in a few days; his party consisted of a lady and her maid, and the 100, at once so kindly and so chivalrous, so fourth place in the carriage was offered to fertile in stratagems d'industrie, and so O'Byrne, which he accepted.

frank and generous in the use of them, that

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with all its short-comings, we cannot alto- on him, and received an invitation for us all to gether refuse it a place in our assection and dine him with the next day. On entering his room, esteem.

he made a sort of playful apology for his fare and For some years after his return from slippers. lle reininded me much of Dr. Franklin,

reception. He wore an old English bath coat and South Carolina, Mr. Rowan appears to have both in his good-natured remarks and his suavity lived much like other young men of fortune. of manners. Our company consisted of himself, On reaching the age of twenty-five, and suc- his private secretary, and two private friends. ceeding to his grandfather's property, he sold When we were collected at table, and about to

sit down, a female of middle age, plainly dressed, a large sum out of the funds, paid off his came into the room, and without noticing any of annuities, which now amounted to nearly a us, she advanced to the Marquis, dropped on ker thousand a year, hired a house on Houns- knees, received a short blessing, and was introlow Heath and lodgings in London, kept with everything else, was in the French fashion.

duced to the guests as his daughter. Dinner, hunters and a carriage, and scoured the Lord Charles and Mr. Blankett had some private country in search of amusement, taking also conference with the Marquis, and shortly after we occasional trips to the contine!t, for change took our leave. The next morning we departed of air or scene, and sometimes perhaps as a

for Lisbon. shelter from some too importunate creditor.

“Our party now separated : Lord Charles went

to Madrid; Mr. Blankett returned to England; Mr. O'Byrne was not the only one among and I accepted the invitation of the officers of the his more adventurous countrymen, whose ac- ward-room on board a frigate, commanded by quaintance he made in the course of these Captain Murray, and going to Gibraltar, and from excursions. Of the once famons Count thence to Minorea.

After spending a O'Rourke he relates some amusing anec

few days at Port Mahon, I hired a small boat to

take me to Marseilles. In this passage I expedotes, while after a long avoidance on his perienced rougher weather and worse seas than in part, which speaks well for his discretion, he all my former voyages ; indeed I believe I never became entangled in several adventures with had been in such danger before, for the vessel the potorious George Robert Fitzgerald, and which brought me came there to be broken was at last obliged to become his second in tended excursions, by the arrival of an officer who

up. I was now diverted from some other ina duel. All these doings are recounted in had travelled from the East Indies, by what they an easy gentlemanly style, and incline us to call the overland passage by the Red Sea to Suez, regret that our author has not been more and was in great haste to reach London. He precominunicative on the scenes of his bachelor vailed on me to join him in the purchase of a ber

line, and accompany him as far as Paris. days. A life of this kind, however, has its ranging our effects in the carriage at Marseilles, weariness, and it was with alacrity that Mr. I perceived that my companion put several large Rowan accepted the ofier of a commission in bundles of papers in the trunk which was to go in the Portuguese service.

front of the carriage. I advised him to put them

in the rache; but he would not; so I let him have “ About this time (in 1777) I received a letter | his own way, which I suspect was not without from my old friend, Lord Charles Montague, say- design; for it appeared he had been recalled to ing that the Portuguese minister, the Marquis of make up the accounts for some post he held under Pombal, being anxious to obtain English oficers the East India Company, and by the time he got for the Portuguese army, had offered him the com- to the India House, all the vouchers, &c., had been mand of a regiment, with the appointment of the so much torn and rubbed in the trunk, as to be officers, and that he would appoint me his Lieute- perfectly illegible. nant-Colonel if I was inclined to join them ; but “I passed nearly a year in Paris. Being alin that case I must lose no time in returning to ways fond of boating, I had brought to Paris a England, as a war was expected between Portu- small Thames wherry, which bought from Ro. gal and Spain, and the regiment would most pro- berts,of Lambeth, from whom the Westminster boys bably be sent immediately to South America. hired their boats. I fancied I possessed superior This destination was most agreeable to my wan- dexterity in its management, and this led me to dering turn of mind, so that in the course of accompany the cortege that attended the Queen very short time, Lord Charles, Mr. Blanketi, a to the palace of Fontainebleau. My boat was innaval officer, and I embarked in the Lisbon packet, deed taken notice of, for I saw the Queen speakand arrived safe in the Tagus, in high spirits. ing to the Duke of Lauzun, and pointing it out; On entering the river we were informed that the but, alas! when I asked him what she had said, late king had died, a complete revolution had ta- he told me the only remark she made was—Que ken place in the politics of Portugal, and the Mar- cela peut être amusement pour Seigneur quis of Pombal was sent into banishment. Anglais !'Contrary to the advice of his friends, Lord Charles determined on visiting the Marquis at his

War being declared on the Continent, Mr. place of banishment, Pombal, a small village near

Rowan returned to England, and joined his Coimbra, and for that place we hired mules and regiinent, at Sonth Sea Common, where it guides at Lisbon. “ When we arrived at Pombal, we found the service in this capacity, he got his friend the

was encamped. Seeing no prospect of active Marquis had arrived only a few days before, and was lodged in a private house, having no resi- Duke of Manchester, colonel of his regidence there. Lord Charles immediately waited ment, to request of Admiral Keppel to re

In ar


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