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observations seem deserving of atten- enterprise of its two first seitlers, it has tion.

risen into eminence with a success un

paralleled in any other village in simiThe absolute necessity of an exemp- lar circumstances. It now contains a. tion from duty for all salt used in the bove 2000 inhabitants. The commerce fishery, in order to encourage this ri which it carries on, enables the neighsing and most lucrative manufacture, bourhood to exchange the commodities has induced the legislature to allow the it can spare, for !hose it stands in need fisheries to enjoy this privilege. But of; the wealth acquired for this barter in order to obtain this exemption, it is ' has given an additional value to the necessary to go through so many trou

ground for some miles round, and addi. blesome and expensive forms, that a tional cultivation to it; and the people poor fisherman is often disappointed it has collected together have relieved when he least expects ir. Besides, he

the adjoining district of any excess in must go so far to the custom house, its population. Remarks, p. 184. (often forty or fifty miles) to perform all the requisites for obtaining the ex- One of these modes was simply to emption, that before he can return, the collect the people into fishing villages, fish may have left the ground where leaving them, in a great measure, to Their appearance made him prepare him- their own exertions for future success. self for the adventure. If he should It was adopted by Lord Scaforth on fail in the minutest tittle of the multifa. the estates of Kintail and Lochalsh. rious Custom House regulations, he Upon the latter, a village was establish. forfeits his claim, which very often is ed at the opening of Loch Duich, in a attended with his ruin. This most ef- situation extreniely favourable for the fectually deters him and those of the fishery of the Minch, at a place called neighbourhood who hear of his misfor. Plock, with the view of providing for tune (the justice of which they have the tenantry of the estate a new source perhaps the misfortune to be dull e.

of emulative industry, which might nough not to apprehend) from again serve to draw off from an unskilful and embarking in so perilous an undertak.

too subdivided agriculture, the super. ing.

Remarks, p. 174. fluity of persons employed as farmers The same author instances else. on their own account. The village of where.

Plock was planned in 1793 ; and so ra.

pid has been its success, that it now The inhabitants of Kenmore profit contains many settlers possessing deckmost amply of the advantage of their ed vessels engaged in the fishery, who situation : curing the whole fishing sea. are in the way of accumulating consideson, their attention is exclusively be. rable wealth, and thereby holding cut a stowed upon that lucrative employ. proof, that the possession of a farm is ment; from which, and from the pro- not the sole source of a comfortable duce of their looms, they have acquired maintenance. Another similar institua considerable capital. They have im. tion has been formed at Dornie, on the proved also a great deal of excellent estate of Kintail, upon the shore of the ground which formerly produced no- same Loch ; but as it is less favourably thing but heath. The town of Loch- situated (being more remote from the Gilphead, in the same district of coun. Minch) ihis village is less advanced in try, which at present affords very pro

its progress than Plock. There exists, mising prospects of becoming a place however, no doubt of its ultimate and of great importance, might also liave complete success. Remarks, p. 188. satisfied him, that where attempts are properly_made they will not fail As we never could doubt of the of success. But of all the omissions benevolent and patriotic intentions of which are met with, the total silence the Highland Society, so we have with regard to Oban, can least of all be accounted for. Begun about 40

the satisfaction to find, that their years ago, evithout any very pecu- regulations for the accommodation liar advantages except the possession of of passengers are by no means so a custom house, and the abilities and unreasonable as we had been led to



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suppose. The space required for the rate of 61. for each passenger. In
each individual is stated to be not the year 1801, the rate of freight to Ame.
snuch greater
than that which is fix.

rica was iol. per passenger; and it is

supposed the traders had a profit of ac ed by act of Parliainent for the

least si, on each. But in 1802, from a African negroes and though it be

competition among the traders, the somewhat more than is generally al. freights were reduced so low, as to be, lowed for the military, yet, when we at an average, from 5l. to 6).; and the conpare the slovenly and dirty ha- rate was similar in 1803. The traders, bits of the Highlanders (increased however, by crowding immense numas they must be by their new situa. bers of passengers in small ships, the tion,) with that cleanliness which melancholy effects of which are but too

well ascertained, still continued to draw forms an indispepsible part of the

a profit, varying from 20s, to 5os. 2 soldiers duty, we shall see clearly the head. Since the passing of the act, the necessity of making some distinction rate has been, for 1804 and 1805, at gl. between them. As to the large al. per passenger. lowance of animal food, this is a less But Rabbi, the modern Moses, is to bulky article, and it is one to which deliver the Highlande:s out of the house the Highlanders are said to be much

of bondage, and carry them to the wil.

derness of Prince Edward's, without the accustomed at home.

beneåt of manna, or any other supernaIf the statements in these pamph- tural assistance, for 61. a. head. If he lets be correct, it appears to us more is equally prudent with the rest of his clearly than before, that there is no brethren, it is presumed, notwithstand. necessity for such an interference on ing the regulations of the act, his carrythe part of government as Lord' ing of emigrants will not prove a losing Selkirk recommends. In our num.

speculation. On the contrary, he will

have a profit of ros. A-head on the pasber for April last, we introduced a table of Mr Browo's, from which it Strong and Company of Leith and some

sengers ; as I know that Messrs James appears, that by far the greatest other merchants, have chartered their number of emigrants now

direct ships to him at 5l. 1os. per passenger, their course

to the British settle allowing at the rate of two tons regiments. The stocking a transatlan- ster for each passenger, with the other tic estate with emigrants is said to

statutory provisions.

Strictures, p. 99. have now become a lucrative concern, in which individuals engage By this means, the business of with a view to their private emolu- emigration seems to be placed on a

much more satisfactory footing than Several vessels sailed from the north


The persons who used to of Scotland last season with emigrants, take the lead on these occasions and some are preparing to leave it in were the captains of vessels, who the course of the ensuing summer. A had no other object than the profit Mr Rabbi of London, broker and agent which was to be made on the pas. for James Hodges, Esq. of the house

sage. The worse, therefore, that of Bouchea, Hodges, and Co. Cheap

the stow, Monmouthshire, has engaged se.

fared, and the more

passengers veral cargoes of emigrants in Mull,

that died by the way, the greater Skye, and other districts, for Prince was their profit. Arrived in Ameri. Edward's Isle, to whom he has sold ca, they found no one to take any many thousand acres, in thirty. three interest in them, or afford them the and other lots, in that island, at a rate of least assistance. The only resource 500 per cent. above the London whole

often proved to be that of selling sale prices. From a copy of his contract of agreement, in my possession, I themselves as slaves at least for a find that he is to give the passage, fur certain period of years ; which gave mish provisions and every requisite, at rise to what ie called the white slave


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trade. But when emigration is con- tive language a refinement to which ducted by proprietors who wish to it was before a stranger. But the stock their own estates, it must be present writer seems io '

have studia their evident interest, both that the ously and exclusively selected every emigrants should be safely conveyed thing that is mean, vulgar, and dis

to America, and that they gusting in the language and sentishould be furnished, when there, ments of the lowest peasantry. That with the means of subsistence, till this statement is not exaggerated they have cleared ground sufficient for must, we think, appear from the foltheir own accommodation.

lowing specimen : Upon the whole, we are disposed to think, that emigration, in its pre

Adam. Rise up, man:- It's a sin and

shame to sleep seni state, forma no exception to the geveral rule of leaving every thing to

In time o' prayers : up, ye lazy sheep! take its natural course.

Oh, sirs! your corrupt nature:-whan

ye eat,
I never see ye noddin' at your meat ;

Na faitha! but fu' aften ane, alas,
II. The Falls of the Clyde, or the May see folk sleep in time o' prayer and

Fairies; a Scoitish dramatic Pasto. Waesucks! your corrupt wahre!t-Ka--
ral, in five Acts. Wiin ihree Preli- trine, thou
minary Dissertations. 8vo..55. Hast gotten a base trick o' rising now,

THIS appears to be the produc- Trae prayer, to steer llie
tion of a man of very consider-


Deed. I could not able learning and genius, and who is Do less, for they were sticking to the well qualified both for instructing set in the supper, Ann.


315.htmesi and amusing the publie ; yet we are

Ann, going to the dresser, sorry to say, that its merit does not

has lick'd the milk; at all correspond with what might

Is there nae mair? be expected from these qualifications. Esteeming, as we do his talents, we Adam, I saw her 'at it in the time o' should be sorry to give him pain by prayer. our criticisms; yet as he has alluded,

Catherine. Could ye nae spoken then with much complacency, to future works of which this is only the fore. Adam. I threw my bonnet at her, runner, it becomes of the utmost im. which did miss, portance to point out without re- And cried, hiss tae cat! plague on ye! serve the rocks on which he appears

hiss ! DOW to have split.

She stood a bonny wee, then ran away, That the Scottish language may But how can cat or dog religion mind,

But cam' again when I began to pray: be employed with advantage, both Whan till’t sae little we're oursells inin dramatic and descriptive poetry,

clin'd ? has been abundantly proved by the First set a good example, than I trow productions of Ramsay, Burns, and Ye'll hae a douce and soberg horse an' Macniell. But we must observe that

cow; these writers made only a judicious Nor cat and dog will quarrel at the fire,

But will reign in stabie, barn, and and distinguishing use of it. They

byre. selected such expressions only as were

****** Ann, in some degree, elegant and expres. sive ; and by applying these to inter

* Felis Catus cauda elongata, fusco. esting and pleasing objects and pas. annulata.--Lyn; Syst. Nat. p. 67. Cåtus, sions, have communicated to our na. -equis arborum.Klein. Quad: pi750*



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ne'er annoy ;

P. 125.

Inn. What's this amang the sweers? have some highly poetical descripno, sure it's not!

tions of Fairy Land. My father's thrown his bonnet in the

For fairy-land (say poems) is an isle, It's buried here

Where nature

an everlastin' sweens, sae

smile ;
That nought o't but the tappin's to be

Peacefu' it lies, mid ever placid seas,
Or scarcely ruffled by the western

breeze ;
Adam. Waesucks, my bonnet ! Plague Where sweetly dashin water-falls are
be on the cat!

Hae, there's a wand, rax her a gowf wi’

P. 106.
An' bow'rs, an' groves o' everlivin'

P. 12I.

Such is the elegant dialogue, which
is continued through the greater part

Our dwalling's i' the moon a seat o'

joy, of this drama. Yet the characters of

Where cares ne'er come, an' troubles Adam and Catharine, and the scenes where they appear, are declared There domes arise, and gardens o' deby the author to be his own favour. light, ite; which proves clearly, if any

And scenes o' bliss transport the wonproof were wanting, how completely Immortal bow'rs, unsubject to decay,

derin' sight; unfit an author is to judge of his

Unfald their bosoms to ihe rosy day; own productions. The preference while balmy breezes fan the happy isles, of these passages may have arisen, And waft frae every fow'r its fragrant from their calling to his recollection spoils. the happiness of that period in which the characters were knowo and deli.

The songs of the Fairies (a diffi. neated, (for we are informed that cult subject ) are extremely well exe. some part of this pastoral was a boy. cuted, and, with a great deal of fine ish production,) but to us, on whom imagery, unite that wildness which such as

ations have no influence, is to be expected from their visionthe effect is far different. He states

ary natures.
also that the characters of Adam and

A Fairy (alone.)
Catherine were drawn from particu-

See the silver moon on high,
lar life, and he was afraid, by soften-

Glidin' through the azure sky! ing the features, of destroying the

Gleamin' on the roarin' floods, resemblance. But here we can apply

Beamin' on the silent woods ;

Shinin' on the mountains steep, his own rule against himself, for, as

On the sleepin' lambs an' sheep. he justly observes, “ it is not nature Fairies : now's the time to sing, that is to be copied, it is select na- And trip it nimbly in a ring;

Trip and sing these woods among! But tho'the greater part of the po

Silence is the friend of song. em be of this description, or little bet.

Chorus of Fairies.
ter, there are some passages in a differe,

Oh how happy, happy, we,
ent stile,which redeem the cbaracter of Little fairy bodies be.
the author, and shew that he has fail.

Another Fairy
ed, not from want of genius, but from Free from every mortal ail,
its misapplication. These are chiefly Light we trip o'er hill and dale;
the passages in which he shakes off Without stockin', without shoe,
the Scottish dialect, and rises to a

Through the grass and through the

dew. higher tone of poetry. The represen

Hurry! hurry! quick and fleet tation of natural scenery is the sub

Are our little nimble feet, ject.on which his powers have most Hurry ! hurry! forth we go, happily displayed themselves. We Winds to follow are too slow ; June 1806.



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P. 129.

Dance on the sand of ocean green,

Nor are his humorous songs un. And yet no marks of footing seen. pleasant.


I'm o'er
I'm o'er

young, Farewell where we did reside,

Im o'er young to marry yet ; Rocky caves of Mouss and Clyde !

I'm o'er young --'twad be a sin, Never m-ir, by lunar gleam,

To tak' me frae my mammy yet." Frae Bonniton we'll tread the stream, Down to where the Corra lin

It's better in a father's house, Tumbles o'er wi' rumbling din;

To live in ease, and be his pet; Nor down its fall, tho' wild it rave,

T an grane opprest wi' marriage cares, We'll sail, nor jump up to the cave ;

An fash'd wi mony a whinging get. The cave in the round rocky wa',

I'm o'er g'oung, &c. The cave that overlooks the fa'.

Blest as I am, what need I haste,, Hemton! Hamten!

In ither state to enter yet; Never more on earth we'll stampen! To lie in winter nights frae hame, Never, never mair we'll swim,

In 'roth I darena venture yet! On Douglas' wild and savage stream ; I'm o'er young, &c. Where the chieftain's castle stood, Who warm'd it with invaders blood : The poetical part, however, constiNever, hastening down the Clyde,

tutes only about a third of this voWe'll track its passage to the tide ;

lume. We have first long dissertations Down Stonebyres, at midnight hour, And passing Bothwell's massy tower,

on pastoral poetry, and long notes

on these dissertations, which To where Dumbarton's castle steep,

occupy Frowns upon the glittering deep :

nearly half; and we have also notes Never up the Leven take

of considerable length on the poem Our course to lovely Lomond's lake. itself. The abstruse and ostentatious Hemton ! Hamten!

learning which these display, forms Never more on earth we'll stampen!

a curious contrast with the rudeness of the poetical part of the work.

We have no doubt of the author's Hasten : hasten! let us go

learning, but we would willingly have Wither! fairy bowers below!

rested satisfied with less elaborare Scotia, country of my birth, Dearest, dearest land on earth!

proofs of it. Writers of every time, Scenes from which I must depart, and on every subject, ancient and For every scene now tears my heart; modern, philosophers and poets, are Scenes where pleasd I want to dwell, all brought in to contribute their Native land! Farewell: Farewell"!

mice ; and united, form a kind of

patch - work, in which the nriginal We were in general pleased with part serves only to fill up the interstihis songs.' This, it appears to us, is

ces. Of the defects of this stile of com. the only way in which he uses the position no one seems more sensible Scottish dialect with advantage. The than the author himself, who declares following stanza has a good deal of that the use of it is absolutely hos. the spirit of Burns,

"stile lo simple and elegant conípo.

- sition." We never met with a more Wi' thee in woods where ne'er a step complete example of the

Has trodden down the grass sae green, Where torrents fa’ are never heard,

Video meliora, proboque, And flowers spring never to be seen ;

Deteriora sequor. Where lonely horror reigns, and ne'er Was heard o’ birds the cheerin' song; able to discover our author's own

It was some time before we were Wi'thee I there could live my dear! Nor think the passin' hours were long. composition from amid the load of

quotations under which it is birried.



P. 192•

P. 115.

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