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Such poor, such bare, such lewd, such mean at- Had his great name profaned with their scords ; tempts',
And gave his countenance against his name, Sach barren pleasures, rude society,
To laugh at gybing boys, and stand the push As thou art match'd withal, and grafted to, Of every beardless vain coinparative': Accompany the greatness of thy blood, 5 Grew a companion to the common streets, And hold their level with thy princely heart? Enfeoft'd himself to popularity :
P. Henry. So please your majesty, I would, 1 That being daily swallow'd by men's eyes,
To loath the taste of sweetness, whereof a little Myself of many I am charg'd withral :
10 More than a little is by much too much. Yet such extenuation let me beg,
So when he had occasion to be seen, As, in reproof of many tales devis'd,-
He was but as the cuckow is in June, Which oft the ear of greatness needs must hear,- Heard, not regarded; seen, but with such eyes, By smiling pick-thanks' and base news-mongers, As, sick and blunted with community, I may, for some things true, wherein my youth 15 Afford no extraordinary gaze, Hath faulty wander'd and irregular,
Such as is bent on sun-like majesty Find pardon on my true submission.
When it shines seldom with admiring eyes: K. Henry. Heaven pardon thee!-yet let me But rather drowz’d, and hung their eye-lids down, wonder, Harry,
Slept in his face, and render'd such aspect At thy affections, which do hold a wing 20 As cloudy men use to their adversaries; Quite from the flight of all thy ancestors. Being with his presence glutted, gorg'd, and full, Thy place in council thou hast rudely lost, And in that very line, Ilarry, stand'st thou : Which by thy younger brother is supply’d; For thou hast lost thy princely privilege, And art almost an alien to the hearts
With vile participation; not an eye Of all the court and princes of my blood: 25 But is a-weary of thy common sight, The hope and expectation of thy time
Save mine, which hath desir'd to see thee more; Is ruin'd; and the soul of every inan
Which now doth what I would not have it do, Prophetically does fore-think thy fall.
Make blind itself with foolish tenderness. [lord, Had I so lavish of my presence been,
P. Henry. I shall hereafter, my thrice gracious So common-hackney'd in the eyes of men, 30 Be more myself. So stale and cheap to vulgar company;
K. Henry. For all the world, Opinion, that did help me to the crown,
As thou art to this hour, was Richard then Hlad still kept loyal to possession';
When I from France set foot at Ravenspurg; And left me in reputeless banishment,
And even as I was then, is Percy now. A fellow of no mark, nor likelihood.
35 Now by my sceptre, and my soul to boot, By being seldom seen, I could not stir,
He hath more worthy interest to the state, But, like a comet, I was wonder'd at:
Than thou, the shadow of succession: That men would tell their children, “This is he;' For, of no right, nor colour like to right, Others would say, 'Where? which is Bolingbroke?' He doth fill fields with harness in the realm ; And then I stole all courtesy from heaven", 40 Turns head against the lion's armied jaws; And dress'd myself in such humility,
And, being no more in debt to years than thou, That I did pluck allegiance from men's hearts, Leads ancient lords and reverend bishops op, Loud shouts and salutations from their mouths, To bloody battles, and to bruising arms. Even in the presence of the crowned king. What never-dying honour hath he got Thus did I keep my person fresh, and new; 45 Against renowned Douglas; whose kigh deeds, My presence, like a robe pontifical,
Whose hot incursions, and great name in arms, Ne'er seen but wonder'd at: and so my state, (lolds from all soldiers chief majority, Seldom, but sumptuous, shewed like a feast; And military title capital, And won, by rareness, such solemnity.
Throughall the kingdoms that acknowledgeChrist: The skipping king, he ambled up and down 50 Thrice hath this Hotspur Mars in swathing cloaths, With shallow jesters, and rash bavin' wits, This infant warrior, in his enterprizes Soon kindled, and soon burnt: carded his state; Discomfited great Douglas; ta'en him once, Mingled liis royalty with carping' fools;
Enlarged him, and made a friend of him, Mean attempts are unworthy undertakings. Lewd does not in this place barely signify wanton, but licentious. " ? i. e. officious parasites. i. e. True to him that had then possession of the crown. * This is an 'allusion to the story of Prometheus's theft, who stole fire from thence; and as with this he made a man, so with that Bolingbroke made a king. 'Rash is heady, thoughtless: barin is brushwood, which, fired, burns fiercely, but is soon out. The metaphor seems to be taken from mingling coarse wool with fine, and carding them together, whereby the value of the latter is diminished. The king means, that Richard mingled and carded together his royal state with carping fools, &c. Tocard is used by other writers for, to mix. 'i.e. jesting, prating, &c. The quarto 1598, reads cupring fools. i. e. made his presence injurious to his reputation. 'Meaning, of every boy whose vanity incited him to try his wit against the king's. Comparative, means equal, or rival in any thing. "To enfeof is a law term, signifying to invest with possessions.
To fill the mouth of deep defiance up,
The eleventh of this month, at Shrewsbury: And shake the peace and safety of our throne. A mighty and a fearful head they are, Andwhat say you to this: Percy,Northumberland, If promises be kept on every hand, The archbishop's grace of York, Douglas, Mor- As ever offer'd foul play in a state. [to-day : timer,
5 K. Henry. The earl of Westmoreland set forth Capitulate against us, and are up.
With him my son, lord John of Lancaster; But wherefore do I tell these news to thee? For this advertisement is five days old:Why, Harry, do I tell thee of my foes,
On Wednesday next, Harry, thou shalt set forward: Which art my near’st and dearest' enemy? On Thursday, we ourselves will march: Thou that art like enough,--through vassal fear, 10 Our meeting is Bridgnorth: and, Harry, you Base inclination, and the start of spleen,
Shall inarch through Glostershire; by which acTo fight against me under Percy's pay,
count, To dog his heels, and curt'sy at his frowns, Our business valued, some twelve days hence To shew how much thou art degenerate. [so: Our general forces at Bridgnorth shall meet.
P. Henry. Do not think so, you shall not find it 15 Our hands are full of business: let's away; And heaven forgive them, that so much have Advantage feeds him fat, while men delay. sway'd
[Exeant Your majesty's good thoughts away from me!
The Boar's-head Tavern in East-cheapBe bold to tell you, that I am your son:
Enter Falstaff and Bardolph. When I will wear a garment all of blood,
Fal. Bardolph, am I not fallen away vilely And stain my favours in a bloody maski,
since this last action? do I not bate? do I not Which, wash'd away, shall scour my shame with it. dwindle? Why, iny skin hangs about me like an And that shall be the day, whene'er it lights, 25 old lady's loose gown; I am wither'd like an old That this same child of honour and renown, apple-John. Well, I'll repent, and that suddenly, This gallant Hotspur, this all-praised knight, while I am in some liking ; I shall be out of heart And your unthought-of Harry, chance to meet: shortly, and then I shall have no strength to reFor every honour sitting on his helm,
pent. An I have not forgotten what the inside of 'Would they were multitudes; and on my head 30 a church is made of, I am a pepper-corn, a brewMy shames redoubled ! for the tiine will come, er's horse*; the inside of a church :-Company, That I shall make this northern youth exchange villainous company, hath been the spoil of me. His glorious deeds for my indignities.
Bard. Sir John, you are so fretful, you cannot Percy is but my factor, good my lord,
live long. To engross up glorious deeds on my behalf: |35| Fal.Why, there it is:--come, sing me a bawdy And I will call him to so strict account,
song; make me merry. I was as virtuously giveu That he shall render every glory up,
as a gentleman need to be; virtuous enough: Yea, even the slightest worship of his time, swore little; dic'd, not above seven times a week; Or I will tear the reckoning froin his heart. went to a bawdy-house, not above once in a quarThis, in the oame of God, I promise here: 40 ter--of an hour; paid money that I borrow'd, The which if he be pleas'd I shall perforin, three or four times; liv'd well, and in good comI do beseech your majesty, may salve
pass: and now I live out of all order, out of all The long-grown wounds of my intemperance: compass. If not, the end of life cancels all bands;
Bard. Why, you are so fat, Sir John, that you And I will die a hundred thousand deaths, 45 must needs be out of all compass; out of all reaEre break the sinallest parcel of this vow. sonable compass, Sir John. K. Henry. A hundred thousand rebels die in Fal. Do thou amend thy face, and I'll amend this:
iny life: thou art our admiral, thou bearest the Thou shalt have charge, and sovereign trust herein. lanthorn in the poop,--but'tis in the nose of thee; Enter Bloni,
50 hou art the knight of the burning lanıp. Ilow now, good Blunt? thy looks are full of Bard. Why, sirJohn, my face does you no harm.
Ful. No, I'll be sworn; I make as good use of Blunt. So is the business that I come to speak of. it as many a man doth of a death's head, or a meLord Mortimer of Scotland hath sent word, mento mori: I never see thy face, but I think upon That Douglas, and the English rebels met, 55 hell-fire, and Dives that liv'd in purple ; for
'i. e. make head. "Dearest here means mostfatal, most mischievous, and should be spelled dorest. s Futours mean soine decoration usually worn by knights in their helmets, as a present from a mistress, or a trophy from an enemy.
* Mr. Steevens conjectures, that a brewer's horse does not, perhaps, mean a druy-horse, but the cross-beam on which beer-barrels are carried into cellars, &c. and that the allusion may be to the taper form of this machine; while Mr. Tyrwhitt thinks, that “ Falstaff does not mean to point out any similitude to his own condition, but, on the contrary, some striking dissimilia tude. He says here, I am a pepper-corn, a breuer's horse ; just as in act II. sc. iv. he asserts the truth of several parts of his narrative, on pain of being considered as a roguema Jewan Ebreos Jew -a bunch of radish--uhorse."
there he is in his robes, burning, burning.--- If will you make a younkers of me? shall I not thou wert any way given to virtue, I would swear take inine case in mine inn', but I shall have my by thy face; my oath shiouid be, By this fire: but pocket pick'd? I have lost a seal-ring of my thou art altogether given over; and wert indeed, grandfather's, worth forty mark. but for the light in thy face, the son of utter (tark- 5 Host. O, I have heard the prince tell him, I ness. When thou ran’st up Gad's-hill in the night know not how oft, that the ring was copper. to catch my horse, if I did not think thou had'st Fal. How! the prince is a Jack, a sneak-cup; been an ignis fatuus, or a ball of wiid-lire, there's and, if he were here, I would cudgel him like a no purchase in money. 0, thou art a perpetual dog if he would say so. triumph, an everlasting bontre light! Thou hast 10 Enter Pris:ce Henry, and Poins, marching; and Falstaf saved me a thousand marks in links and torches', meets tbem, playing on bis truncheon, like a fife. walking with thee in the night betwixt tavern Ful. How now, lad? is the wind in that door, and tavern: but the sack that thou hast drunk me, i faith? must we all march? would have bought me lights as good cheap?, at Bard. Yea, two and two, Newgate-fashion'. the dearest chandler's in Europe. I have main-15 Ilost. My lord, I pray you, hear me. tained that salamander of yours with fire, any time P. Henry. What say'st thou, Mrs. Quickly! this two-and-thirty years: Heaven reward me How does iliy husband? I love him well, he is an for it!
honest man, Bard. 'Sblood, I would my face were in your Flost. Good my lord, hear me. belly!
20 Fal. Prytbee, let her alone, and list to me. Ful. God-a-mercy! so should I be sure to be P. Henry. What say'st thou, Jack? heart-burn'd.
Fal. The other night I fell asleep here behind Entor Hostess.
the arras, and bac
my pocket pick'd: this house
is turn's bandy-house, they pick pockets. How now, dame Partlet the ben'? 'have you en-25 P. Henry. it hat didst thou lose, Jack? quir'd yet who pick'd my pocket?
Fal. Wilt thou believe me, Halt three or fout Host. Why, Sir John, what do you think, Sir bonds of forty pound a-piece, and a seal-ring of John? Do you think I keep thieves in my house: my grandfather's. I have search’d, have enquir’d, so has my husband, P. Henry. A trille, some eight-penny matter. man by man, boy by boy, servant by servant: the 30 llost. So I told him, my lord; and I said, I tithe of a hair was never lost in my house before. heard your grace say so: And, my lord, lie speaks.
Fal. You lie, hostess; Bardolph was shav’d, most vilcly of you, like a foul-mouth'd man as he and lost many a hair: and I'll be sworn, my lis; and said, he would cudgel you. pocket was pick’d: Go to, you are a woman, go. P. llenrit. What! he did not?
llost. Who,I? I defy thee: I was never call'd 35 Host. There's neither faith, truth, nor womanso in mine own house before.
hood in me else. Ful. Go to, I know you well enough.
Fal. There's no more faith in thee than in a Ilost. No, Sir John; you do not know me, Sir stew'd prune®; nor no more truth in thee, than Jolin: I know yell, Sir John: you owe me mo- in a drawn fox": and for woman-hood, maid ney, Sir John, and now you pick a quarrel to be- 40 Marian may be the deputy's wife of the ward to guile ine of it: I bought you a dozen of shirts to thee. Go, you thing, go.
Host. Say, what thing? what thing? Fal. Dowlas, filthy dowlas: I have given them Fal. What thing? why, a thing to thank God on. away to bakers' wives, and they have made bolters Host. I am no thing to thank God on, I would of them.
|45|thou should'st know it ; I am an honest man's Host. Now, as I am a true woman, holland of wile: and, setting thy knighthood aside, theu art eight shillings an ell You owe moner here be- la kinave to call me so. sides, Sir John, for yo:is dict, and by-irinkings; Fal. Setting thy womanhood aside, thou art a and money lent you, four-and-twenty pound:. beant to say otherwise.
Ful. He had his part of it; let him pay. 50 Host. Say, what beast, thou krave, thou?
Ful. How! poor? look upon his face; what P. Il nry. An otter, Sir John? why an otter? call you rich“? let them coin his nose, let them Fal. Why? she's neither fish, nor tiesh; a man coin his cheeks; l'il pot pay a denier. What, Iknows not where to have her.
* Mr. Steevens remarks on this passage, that in Shakspeare's time, (long before the strects were il-. luminated with lampa) candles and lan: horns to let, were cried about London. 2 Cheap is market, and good cheap therefore is a bon marché. From this word East-cheap, Chep-stow, Cheap-sidi, &c. are derived.
3 Dame Partlet is the name of the hen in the old story-book of Reynard the For. * A face set with carbuncles is called a rich face. •A ymunher is a novice, a young mexperienced man easily guild. To take mine case in mine inne, was an ancient proverb, not very different in its applicalion from tliat maxim, “ Every man's house is his casile;" for inne originally signified a house or habitation. ’i. e. as prisoners are conveyed to Neirgate, fastened two and two together. •Meaning a bawd; a dish of stew'd prunes being not only the ancient designation of a brothel, but a constant appendage to it, as has been before observed. 9 A dlruten for may perhaps mean, a fox drawn orer the ground to exercise the hounds, Maid Marian is either a man dressed like a woman, or the ady who atteds the dances of the morris.
Host. Thou art an unjust man in saying so; thou P. Henry. It appears so by the story. or any man knows where to have me, thou knave Fal. Hostess, I forgive thee: Go, make ready thou!
breakfast; love thy husband, look to thy servants, P. Henry. Thou say'st true, hostess; and he and cherish thy guests: thou shalt find me tractable slanders thee most grossly.
5 to any honest reason: thou seest I am pacify'd.Host. So he doth you, my lord; and said this Stills-Nay, I prythee, begone. [Exit Hostess. other day, you oughi bini a thousand pound. Now, Hal, to the news at court: for the robbery,
P. Henry. Sirrah, do I owe you a thousand lad,-How is that answer'd ? pound?
P. Henry. O my sweet beef, I must still be good Fal. A thousand pound, Hal? a million : thy 10 angel to thee:-The money is paid back again. love is worth a million ; thou ow'st me thy love. Ful. O, I do not like that paying back, 'tis
Host. Nay, my lord, he call'd you Jack, and la double labour. said he would cudgel you.
P. Hinry. I am good friends with my father, Ful. Did I, Bardolph?
and may do any thing. Burd. Indeed, sir John, you said so.
15 Ful. Rob me the exchequer the first thing thou Ful. Yea, if he said, my ring was copper.
do'st, and do it with unwash'd hands too. P. Henry. I say, 'tis copper: Dar'st thou be Bard. Do, my lord. as good as thy word now?
P. Henry. I have procur'd thee, Jack, a charge Ful. Why, Hal, thon knou'st, as thou art but of foot. man, I dare; but as thou art prince, I fear thee, 20 Ful. I would it had been of horse. Where as I fear the roaring of the lion's whelp.
shall i tind one that can steal well? O for a fine P. Henry. And why not as the lion?
tief, of two and twenty, or thereabouts! I am Fal. The king himself is to be fear'd as the lion: heinously unprovided. Well, God be thanked for Dost thou think, I'll fear thee as I fear thy father? these rebels, they offend none but the virtuous; I nay, an if I do, let my girdle break!
25 laud them. I praise them. P. Henry. O, if it should, how would thy guts P. Henry. Bardolph,fall about ihy knees! But, s.rrah, there's no room Burd. My lord. for faith, truth, nor honesty, in this bosom of P. Henry. Go bear this letter to lord John of thine; it is all fill'd up with guts, and midriff.
[land. Charge an honest woman with picking thy pocket! 30 My brother John ; this to my lord of WestmoreWhy, thou whoreson, impudent, iinboss'd' ras- Go, Poins, to horse, to horse; for thuu and I cal, if there were any thing in thy pocket but ta- Have thirty miles to ride ere dinner-time.. vern-reckonings, memorandums of bawdy-houses,
Jack, and one poor penny-worth of sugar-candy to make Meet me to-morrow in the Temple-hall thee long-winded: if thy pocket were enrich'd 35 At two o'clock i'the afternoon: with any other injuries but these, I am a villain. There shalt thou know thy charge; and there reAnd yet you will stand to it; you will not pocket Money, and order for their furniture. ceive up wrong: Art thou not asham’d?
The land is burning ; Percy stands on high; Fal. Dost thou hear, Hal? thou know'st, in the And either thrv, or we, must lower lie. state of innocency, Adam fell; and what should 40
[Errunt Prince, Poins, and Bard. poor Jack Falstati'do, in the days of villainy? Thou Fil. Rare words! brave world !-Hostess, may seest, I have more flesta than any other man; and
breakfast; come:therefore more frailty:
-You confess then, you 0, I could wish this tavern were my dru [Exit. pick'd my pocket?
A CT IV.
The tongues of soothers; but a braver place
in my heart's love, hatia no man than yourself : The Cump near Shretesbury.
Nay, tash me to my word; approve ine, lord. Entcr Hotspur, Il'orcester, and Douglas.
55. Doug. Thou art the king of honour: Hot. WEL ELL said, my noble Scot; if speak. No man so potent breathes upon the ground, ing truth,
But I will beard' him. In this tine age, were not thought pattery,
Hot. Do so, and ’tis well:Such attribution should the Douglas have,
Enter a Messenger. As not a soldier of this season's stainp
60 What letters hast thou there?-I can but thank Should go so general current through the world. By heaven, I cannot flatter; I dely
pless. These letters come froin your father. Hi.e. swol'n, puffy.
?i.e do it immediately, or the first thing in the morning. 3 To beard is to oppose fuce to face in a hostile or during manner.
Hot. Letters from him! why comes he not him- By some, that know not why he is away, self?
[sick. That wisdom, loyalty, and mere dislike Mess. He cannot come, my lord; he's grievous Of our proceedings, kept the earl from hence;
Hot. 'Zounds! how bas he the leisure to be sick, And think, how such an apprehension In such a justling time? Who leaus his power? 5 May turn the tide of fearful faction, Under whose government come they along? And breed a kind of question in our cause :
Mess. His letters bear his inind, not I. For, well you know, we of the offering side Hot. His mind!
Must keep aloof from strict arbitrement; Wor. I pr’ythee, tell me, douh he keep his bed? And stop all sight-holes, every loop, from wbeute
Mess. He did, my lord, four days ere I set forth; 10 The eye of reason may pry in upon us : And, at the time of my departure thence, This absence of your father's draws a curtain He was much fear'd by his physicians.
That shews the ignorant a kind of fear Wor. I would, the state of time had first been Before not dreamt of. whole,
Hot. You strain too far. Ere he by sickness had been visited;
151 rather of his absence make this use ;His health was never better worth than now. It lends a lustre, and more great opinion, Hot. Sick now! droup now! this sickness doth A larger dare to our great enterprize, infect
Than if the earl were here: for men must think, The very life-blood of our enterprize ;
If we, without his help, can make a bead "Tis catching hither, even to our camp. 20 To push against the kingdom; with his belp, He writes me here,—that inward sickness- We shall o'erturn it topsy-turvy down.“ And that his friends by deputation could not Yet all goes well, yet all our joints are whole. So soon be drawn; nor did he think it meet,
Doug. As heart can think: there is not such a To lay so dangerous and dear a trust
word On any soul remov'I, but on his own'. (25 Spoke of in Scotland, as this term of fear. Yet doth he give us bold advertisement,
Enter Sir Richard Vernon. That with our small conjunction, we should on, Hlot. My cousin Vernon! welcome, by my soul. To see how fortune is dispos’d to us :
Ver. Pray God, my news may be worth a welFor, as he writes, there is no quailing' now; Because the king is certainly possess'd 30 The earl of Westmoreland, seven thousand strong, Of all our purposes. What say you to it? Is marching hitherwards: with him prince John.
Wor. Your father's sickness is a maim to us. Hot. No harm : What more?
Hot. A perilous gash, a very limb lopt oll:- Ver. And further, I have learu’d, -
With strong and mighty preparation.
Ilot. He shall be welcome too. Where is his son, On the nice hazard of one doubtful hour? The nimble-footed’mad-cap prince of Wales, It were not good: for therein should we read And his comrades, that daft'd the world aside, The very bottom and the soul of hope;
140 And bid it pass? The very list', the very utmost bound
Ver. All furnish'd, all in arms, Of all our fortunes.
All plum'd like estridges, that with the wind Doug. Faith, and so we should;
Bated like eagles having lately bath'do:
Glittering in golden coats, like images':
And gorgeous as the sun at midsununer ;
Wanton as youthful goats, wild as young bulls. Hot. A rendezvous, a home to fly unto, I saw young Harry,—with his beaver on, If that the devil and mischance look big
His cuisses on his thighs, gallantly arm’d, Upon the maidenhead of our affairs.
150 Rise from the ground like feather'd Mercury, Wor. But yet, I would your father had been here. And vaulted with such case into his seat, The quality and airs of our attempt
As if an angel dropt down from the clouds, Brooks no division: It will be thought
To turn and wind a fiery Pegasus, 'i. e. on any less near to biniself. ? To quail is to languish, to sink into dejection. 'The list is the selruge ; figuratively, the utmost line of circumference, the utmost extent. port to which we may have recourse. Si. e. the complexion, the character. i. e. of the assailing side. Some latter editions read, offending. Stowe says of the Prince, “ He was passing swift in running, insomuch that he with two other of his lords, without hounds, bow, or other engine, would take a wild-buck, or doe, in a large park.” * Mr. Stecvens observes, that all birds, after bathing (which almost all birds are fond of), spread out their wings to catch the wind, and flutter violently with them in order to dry themselves. This in the falconer's language is called bating, and by Shak. speare, bating rith the wind. It may be observed, that birds never appear so lively and full of spirits, as immediately after bathing. Alluding to the manner of dressing up images in the Romish churches on holy-days, when they are bedecked in robes very richly laced and embroidered. La Cuisses, French, arniour for the thighs.
* i. e, a sup