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I think of death, I tremble and shud- tie the strings,” he assisted in drawder; therefore if you observe any ing down his shirt so as to uncover thing like firmness in my conduct, his neck and shoulders, and then again attribute it to the right cause, to the replaced his head on the block, and mercy of God, who effects a miracle pronounced his last words, which in my behalf. I have, in truth, no were,
“ Maria mater gratiæ, mater resolution, but God strengthen me misericordiæ, tu nos ab hoste protege, with his powerful support.” He then' et hora mortis suspice;" and then, put his hand in his pocket to take out “ in manus tuas," &c. &c. His arms a handkerchief to bind over his eyes; appeared to tremble while he was exbut having drawn it out half way, he pecting the stroke, which was given put it up again, so that none observed on the highest part of the neck, too it but those that were with him on near to the head, which being only the scaffold. He then very gracefully half severed, the body fell on its back advanced, and requested those below on the left side of the block, the face to throw him one, and immediately upwards, and the legs and hands two or three being thrown up to him, feebly moving. The executioner athe took one of them, and expressed tempted to turn it round, so as to his thanks, adding, that he would finish what he had begun, but frightpray for his benefactors in heaven, not ened by the cries and exclamations of having time left him to do it on earth. those around him, he gave three or The executioner then came to bind on four hasty blows on the throat, and the handkerchief, but did it very awk, thus cut off the head, which remained wardly, so that the corners of it hung on the scaffold. down before his mouth, but he turned The executioner, having stripped the them up himself, and fastened it more body, carried it, covered with a cloth, commodiously. Having done this, he into the coach which had brought laid his head on the block (which one them. With it he also placed that of of the attendant Jesuits had wiped with Monsieur de Cinq-Mars, with their his handkerchief, it being wet with heads (the eyes of both being still blood), and asked whether he lay in open), particularly that of Monsieur the right posture ?--when being de- de Thou, which appeared as if living. sired to put his head a little farther From thence they were carried to the forward, he did so. At the same Fueillans, where Monsieur de Cinqtime, the executioner, perceiving that Mars was interred before the high the strings of his shirt were not loos- altar. The body of Monsieur de Thou ened, began to untie them, which, was embalmed and placed in a lead having felt, he asked whether his shirt coffin, to be conveyed to the buryingmust be taken off also ? and on being place of his family. told “ No, it is only necessary to un
3 who were affold with s cloak folde
eeing the e rom him, a ying, “A re my obliga ou wilt bris 'heaven!" i t of the meaning ple, and the hich fell a ing-Mars discourse iz
essor, he ng off his dis repeated the li
ch he purple
d voice ano
LESLIE versus HEBREW.
Tacired to readily.com
peale Trend Aitheri
and list friends knelt do himself and de ly reques
kissed his n
Dublin, Jan 20, 1820.
sion. The professorial dictum alluded In a trifling composition I sent you to is this: " The oriental nations apsome time ago*, it was asserted that pear generally to have represented the Professor Leslie had thought proper to numbers as far as one thousand, by dipass a heavy censure on the Hebrew lan- viding their alphabet into three disguage, in his Philosophy of Arithmet tinct classes ;-but the Hebrew, the ic, though, as I added, it could be rudest and poorest of all written lanproved from his own writings, nay, guages, having only twenty-two letters, from the very passage that contained could advance no farther than 400, and the charge, that he is ignorant even of to exhibit 500, 600, 700, 800, and the alphabet of the language on which 900, it had recourse to the clumsy he thus presumed to offer an animadver- expedient of addition, by joining 400
the il ied whet!
d on his e
5 own opt
tier, let it mile, adure said, “Ge waru. W
* Our correspondent alludes to a beautiful Latin version of the first fitte of Chevy-Chace, See No. XXXII.
and 100, 400 and 200, 400 and 300, 400 letters to supply the defect. I am and 400, and 400 with 400 and 100.” pretty sure he does not know the Philosophy of Arithmetic, p. 218. source from which they were borrow
The rudest and poorest of all written ed; and he may perhaps be somewhat languages! By my troth,Mr John Les- astonished that these three letters were lie, these be bitter words! but the latter lent to the rich Greeks by the poor part of the sentence, by displaying the Hebrews; Bau, (6), Koppa, (90), and utter ignorance of the Professor, happi- Sanpi, (900), being only Vau, +Koph; ly renders the railing of the former per- and Tzaddi." It may be also new to fectly innocent. Indeed, so much ig- him, that the two mathematical words norance and impertinence combined, of eastern origin, Sepher (p. 112.) and will hardly be found, in so short à Karatha, (p. 133.)-the only two oricompass, in the works of any other ental words of any consequence, I be writer of the smallest literary charac- lieve, which he quotes--are Hebrewter. The merest smatterer in Hebrew 90 numeravit, and
secuit. many one who had read the first page of a grammar-could have informed They may be Arabic also ; but to enMr Leslie, that the Hebrews had not ter into the controversy respecting the recourse to the clumsy expedient of comparative superiority of Hebrew and which he accuses them, and that their Arabic, for the edification of Professor alphabet supplied them with harac- Leslie, would be as profitable as to set ters sufficient for expressing numbers about demonstrating the seventeenth as far as a thousand. It is clear that proposition of Euclid's twelfth book the Professor was totally unacquainted to a person who did not know a right with the letters of the language he was line from a curve, much less a polycriticising, or he would have known hedron from a sphere. that the five finals (technically called I do not well know how to account *Camnephatz) are used to express the for this pique. The only reason the five last hundreds; and therefore, that learned Professor seems to assign, is the glory of inventing the expedient, the smallness of the alphabet ; certainwhich he describes with such impos- ly a very characteristic objection for an ing minuteness of detail, is due entire arithmetician, who values every thing ly to himself. So much for his quali- by number. But though this princifications to decide on the merits of ple may look very well in the golden Hebrew.
regulations of the rule of three, I am But it appears to me that he has a inclined to think it does not succeed peculiar pique against the language, altogether in languages; for thus the that his censure arises as much from dialect of Homer could be calculated spleen as ignorance ;-for the Roman to be far inferior to the Romaic, and method of notation is still more clum- the tongue of his Majesty, the emperor sy than this fancied Hebrew system of all the Russias, would take lead of not only their hundreds but their tens, the other languages of Europe by a and even their units, being formed by considerable majority. We must look, repeated and often very cumbrous ad- therefore, for some other reason ; and ditions; and yet Mr Leslie does not perhaps we may find it in the unhappour forth the vials of his wrath on py circumstances in which Hebrew is the language of Latium, nay he even placed it is the language of the Old finds, in this unwieldy notation, "a Testament ;-the language, as a philosample of a philosophic language,” (p. sopher like Mr Hume, or a partizan of 210.) Nor is he angry with the Greeks Mr Hume's, would say, dedicated to (whose system he highly panegyrizes, superstition, and is therefore, like p. 11, &c.) although he knows that every thing else connected with such a their alphabet is as insufficient for the cause, to be attacked by that tolerant purposes of notation as he supposed and equitable sect per fås et nefas. But Hebrew to be, and that they are, in in doing so, I may be permitted to reconsequence, obliged to borrow three mark, there should be some little
700 ; 77
800 ; Y.
500; 0, 600;
'; } + Koph is 100; but as the Greeks borrowed Tzaddi final for 900, they were compelled Plse some letter different from Tzaddi for 90, and they took the next to it, p.
ut we ccting a obrers Protes
the strength of these qualifications he word, I thought that a poem, in a dia
knowledge of the ground displayed. quitting his usual studies to meddle la
It is not good generalship to intrust with mathematics. So easy is it to
even the details of a siege to a blunder- perceive the “presumptive dogmatism” burma
ing gunner or a rash volunteer. And of another, and to overlook our I must consider the Professor as a
most unfortunate, though perhaps a You perceive I have not said a word the pu
courageous enfant perdu, after this in defence of the Hebrew language; specimen of his skill, although he I thought it would be ridiculous to may be enlightened enough, in other offer any against such an assailant.-respects, to be entitled to sneer at the I shall, however, add, that those who
credulity of Luther, the dreams of the are acquainted with it know, that for 1123
Christian fathers, and the “ fancies”. simplicity of construction, regularity of Saint John, (p. 230.)
of derivation, conciseness, perspicuity, Professor Leslie's mistake, it may and force, it is not equalled by any be said, is a mere trifle, not worth the language in the world --but on this paper employed in exposing it. It is occasion I need not appeal to Hebrew true, indeed, that as no man is actual, scholars. He who reads the Bible in ly bound to know Hebrew, there is no his vernacular tongue will agree with great disgrace in making an erroneous me, that the man who attributes the assertion concerning this language ; extreme of rudeness and poverty to but I assert, that no man has a right to the language of the sublime lyric efpass a dogmatical and insolent judgment fusions of Isaiah, the energetic drama on any branch of knowledge whatever, of Job, the unrivalled pastoral of Ruth, of which he is so wretchedly ignorant not to mention other splendid passages as not to know its first elements. Mr of Scripture which instantly crowd Leslie would look, with deserved on the memory, must be satisfied to contempt, on him who should vena lie under the imputation of pitiable ture to call Euclid a poor mathema. ignorance, or still more pitiable pretician, if the very sentence which con- judice. veyed the charge furnished also a Apologizing for the length of this proof that that critic was ignorant of letter, which has grown to a much the definitions of geometry; and how greater size than I intended, I am, are we to look on the professor him- sir, your most obedient servant, self? He may believe me when I tell him, that in the eyes of those who know any thing on the subject, he *** Your printer has made me makes as awkward a figure as the break Priscian's head sorely in the most deficient digit he ever* " caused translation of Chevy Chace, by printmodify;"
He may also assure him- ing me hic occursum ire, for mê hic self that the rule, ne sutor ultra cre occursum ire. (Chevy Chace, verse 9.) edia pidam, is truly a golden one. He is, I should not mention such a trifle, but
perhaps, a mighty respectable third that I wish to say that my translation or fourth rate mathematician, a re was not intended to be quite Augusfrigerator of any rate he pleases—and tan. There are many rough passages an arithmetician scarcely second to in it, which are given as imitations of Cocker himself; but when on the the rusticity of the old ballad. In a thinks fit to step into philosophy, or lect almost as remote from the idiom to invade the province of critics and of modern England as Mr Kirkman scholars, nothing can be more pitiful. Finlay's, would be most accurately And yet (p. 232.) he blames Joseph translated in a style somewhat resemScaliger (whose name as a man of bling the un-latinity of the Musa learning is rather higher than Mr Edinenses ; but I was afraid to venLeslie's 'as a mathematician,) for ture quite so far as they have done.
cason assiga i
1 suara thus calculated Tais
a phila Ttizag de
cated a re, lit h suche tolerant zs. But d tomato
* An elegant phrase of Mr L.'s. .“ To transform the ordinary characters, (says he, p. 117.) therefore, into deficient digits, I have caused modify their shape thus ;" and a very wise and pretty modification it is. For the puzzle it occasions you need only look into the work.
Let me for once describe her once,--for she
I said ; and her thick-tresses were
TO THOMAS CAMPBELL, ESQ.
An Expostulatory Epistic occasioned by the following passage in his Specimens of English
• Stevens celebrated hard drinking, because it was the fashion and his songs are now
seldom vociferated, because that fashion is gone by.” Specimens, Vol. VI. p. 437.
Sir, in your last work you the logic display
Four logicians. The first as honest a fellow as ever filled a pipe ; the other three were mode and figure men.
+ It is not worth while to print after the etymon of this word ; in Ireland it signifies a sluttish awkward woman; it is synonymous with the short word for female dog.
Come over among us, sweet bard, and I swear,
For my punch is just out and I'm ttir'd, Mr Campbell.
Reddish cloth, used by B. Jonson, Beaumont, and Fletcher, Sir W. Davenant, &c. + Tired, according to Cobbett in one of his “years residences in America," is a quaker word to express drunk. How true this is I know not; but I supplicate the gentle reader to take it here in its more usual sense.
* i.e. Post ten tumblers.
ABSTRACT OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FOR 1819.
MR EDITOR, The following abstract of my meteorological observations for 1819 will be found I hope, not altogether unintere ing. I am aware, inde ed, that of its intrinsic value, your readers and I may probably entertain very different opinions. To some it may appear a very dry morsel amidst the more exquisite and delicious viands which your monthly bill of fare contains, while my own eye will be running over the dense columns of figures with all the pride of a successful theorist, contemplating the experimental proofs of his favourite speculations. But whatever importance may attach to the subject itself, I can assure your readers that they may depend on the accuracy of the facts stated below.
The titles of the different columns, under the heads Thermometer and Barometer, are abundantly obvious. Those under the Hygrometer may, perhaps, require some explanation, particularly the three results deduced from Mr Ana derson's principles of hygrometry, The first of these is the point of deposition, or that temperature at which the air, if cooled down, would begin to deposit its humidity. The second is the absolute quantity of moisture contained in a hundred cubic inches of air, expressed in decimals of a grain, Troy. And the third is the relative humidity of the atmosphere, supposing absolute dryness to be denoted by 0, and saturated by 100; or, in other words, the quantity of moisture expressed in hundredths of what would produce complete saturation. For a farther explanation, I refer to your twenty-second Number,
Jan. 42.5 33.3 38.2 36.8|37.9 37.5 9.2 41.1||44 29.422 44 29.390 44 29.406.191).197.388 Feb. 41.7 31.9 36.9 35.6 36.8 36.2 9.8 39.3||43 29.363 43 29.371 43 29.318.104.22.1684 Mar. 48.3 36.7 43.8 40.7) 42.5| 42.2 11.6 40.947 29.669 47 29.689 47 29.6722.214.171.124 Apl. 51.0 37.9 46.5 42.3 44.5 44.4 13.1 44.3||50 29.666 50 29.657|50 29.661.084.073.157 May 57.4 43.3 52.4 46.6 50.3 49.5 14.1 48.054 29.787 54 29.78754 29.787 .082.047 .129 June 62.6 45.8 57.4 50.3 54.2 53.9 16.8) 51.7|59 29.662 59 29.675 59 29.6681.095 .088.183 July 67.0 51.9 61.7 55.5 59.4 58.6 15.1 56.463 29.867 63 29.890 63 29.879.077.070.147 Aug. 69.9 55.4 64.6 59.2 62.6) 61.9 14.5 60.7|67 29.911 67 29.899 67 29.905 .070.0581.128 Sept. 60.2 47.6 55.8 52.5 53.9 54.11 12.6 56.9||59| 29.753 59 29.775 59 29.764.110.079.189 Oct. 51.9| 40.5 47.6 45.246.2 46.4 11.4 52.2||53 29.704 53 29.739 33 29.721.093 .105 .198 Nov. / 41.9 31.6 37.3 35.6 36.8 36.5 10.3 43.044 29.59444 29.594 44 29.5941.144.157,301 Dec. 37.0 27.4 33.6 31.9 32.2 32.8 9.6 40.3|40| 29.56640 29.583 40 29.5126.96.36.199 Avr. 52.6 / 40.3 48.0 44.3) 46.4 46.2 12.3 47.952 29.664/52 29.671 52 29.6188.8.131.52 Vol. VI.