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ANECDOTES OF FRENCH CHARACTERS CONNECTED WITH
THE REVOLUTION. T!
HE following anecdotes of per- Cygne. Her husband was a member
sons connected with the French both of the National Assembly, and revolution are interesting, and as they the Convention, and the incimate and appear authentic, we transcribe them particular friend of the Duke d’Orleans, from a London monthly publication. since known by the name of M. EgaDUMOURIER.
lite.- The wife was the preceptress of DUMOURIER poffeffes singular ac- the Orleans family, and is allowed to quirements : he is a good orator, an have inspired the young men with noble able politician, an excellent writer, and ideas. She always inculcated, that one of the beit generals of his age. His birth was accidental, hereditary dif father, also, was a man of talents, and tinction transitory, and that the only by insisting that he should never learn things which a good man can deem cerany thing by heart, prevented him, ac- tain, are his knowledge and his virtue, cording to his own account, from ever Both her pupils conducted themselves forgetting any thing!
like heroes at the battle of Jemappe, It has been generally supposed, that and are now the martyrs of their father's he acquired an immense sum of money crimes. Along with Madame Genlis during the resolution ; but he folemnly and Dumourier refides cases. declares this to be a cruel and unjust
M. VALENCE, algersion; and boasts that he is now in- who rose to the rank of Lieutenantdebted to his pen, as he was formerly to General. His forehead is scatted with his sword, for his support.
wounds, one of which, inflicted by an He has an uncommon facility at com. oblique stroke of an Austrian huffar's position, writes with elegance upon all scymitar, peeled off the skin in such a subjects, and is intimately acquainted 'manner, as to roll it like a bandage with every thing relating either to the over his eye. This occurred when he
the politics or the wars of Europe. He reo was crachment of cavalry. He is a ceived a sum equal to 500l. of om moel of a
enemy, at the head ney, for his life, from a bookseller at brave soldier; and, although the ac. Hamburgh, in the neighbourhood of tions of Pichgru and Jourdan have obwhich city, and within its territory, he literated, in fome degree, those of Dunow resides, with
is 9514 x mourier and Valence, the two latter MAD. GenlissILLERYBR ULART, must be allowed to haverrformed the who pecupies part of the fame house, troops that have fince acquired the forand, like himf, is employed in writ mer, most, if not all, their glory. It ing. This celebrated lady is well known was in the fame manner that Philip preas an author, and has lately publiked pared for the diaries of Alexander. ja new work, relative to the 6s
ABBE DE CALONNER chivalry," called Les Chevaliersgida al The Abbe, who enjoyed great inVol. LVIII.
fluence, while his brother held the high fufficient for the maintenance of her own office of Comptroller-general of the ti inhabitants; and that the whole public nances in France, is at present the edi- debt, contracted by the emiffion of the tor of the Courier de Londres, formerly assignats, now converted into mandats the Courier de l'Europe. He possesses territoriaux, might be cancelled for aa portion of the talents so conspicuous bout one-third of what the last campaigo in his family.
assert i 195 cost this country muse anbringini M. de CALONNE. • This
voor AM. DI VERNOIS,". ci-devant Comptroller-general, is not only a native, botua scitizen, of who still terms himself " ministre d'état," Geneva, terms not bitherto, fynonyacquired much celebrity both before and mous,
but which have become the same Since the revolution. His talents raised since the last revolution in this little, but him from a subordinate situation, to a interesting republic as which, during its place of high trust and confidence un- troubles, has been likened, with more der
he monarchy. He was a great wit than liberality, to a puddle in a storm! favourite with the Queen, and is ac. He afferts, that the depreciation of af. cufèd, by his enemies of having ad. fignats will occasion the rain cof the reministered to the dissipation of her Ma- public, and the re-introduction of mojefty, and the King's brothers, parti- narchy. cularly the Count d'Artois, who now MIRABEAU, MIRANDA, WELKES. affumes the title of Monfieur, or first These three very celebrated men met Prince of the blood. The deficit, first one day by invitation at the house of a publicly pointed out by Necker, sprung respectable gentleman ilio Chesterfield-, from frequent hoftilities without, and a street, May-fair. Mr H. after dinne. contaminating and debasing corruption expected great entertainmeot from hir within, the kingdom. Calonne's peace guests; but, unfortunately for him, ths administration, and Necker's war with, orator and the general had a violent dife out taxes, necessarily led to the affemb. pute relative to some trifling subject, ling of the Notables. The notables bea which rendered the nearly part of the gat the States-general, the States-ge. evening uncomfortable. To complete neral begat the National Assembly, the the mortification, they both foon after National Affembly begat the Constitu. attacked John Wilkes on the barbarity ting Affembly, and that begat the re- and inhumanity of the English nation, public.
an instance of which they gave, in the After selling a most superb collection execution of several young men for trifling of pictures for the common cause, M. offences, in the course of that very morn. de Calonne still supports it, and his ing! The hoarya patriot retorted the brother by means of his writings in the charge, and turning towards Mirabeau, Courier de Londres. un Mon frere,” (it was before the revoluţion )s farcasti-C says he in his last able pamphlet,“ eft cally afced him, what he thought of the du nombre des émigrés qui travaillent pour very humane mode of breaking on the fubfifter. Il eflipré à une corvéé faf- wheel, as, practised at the Gredes when tidieuse, afin de n'étra charge à personne, the moblese were accustomed to bespeak Loin de rouger d'en dire réduit lay on featsi at particular windows," as if they doit s'en glorifier."-I u to work. Chad been going to a comedy !!!" Among a number of important (some,
M. DEMORANDEasiliere gongar perhaps, may be inclined to think them was formerly editor of the Courierinden paradoxical) affertions, he inlilts, that Londresas He came loverido this coângus France, fill posseffes nearly three times tiry, and published a Bookthat mada the quanity, of circulatiggr fpecie, .ingreat noife, called 'Le Gartefier Curaffe*, Great Britain, that the rajses, communis vuit *1 La Gazetier y Cuirafle:" bott Anecdotes fcanes bus annis, one eighth earn more than's Holeuses de la cour de Drancez "simprimé a cént ?
containing a variety of fcandalous anec. tertained a violent disike to Briffot, dotes of the mistresses of that very con- whom he hated both personally and potemptible and debauched monarch Louis, litically, and endeavoured to injure him XV.
in the elteem of his countrymen, but The Freach coure being determined without effect. This circumstance perupon revenge, sent over an exempt, with haps, and this alone, faved his life unorders to spare neither trouble nor ex der the monarchy of Robespierre. He pence to secure the 'libeller, and convey now repairs daily to the palace royale on him to the Baltilleri On his' arrival in crutches, and, being a man of some eloEngland, in the character of a gentle. quence, entertains those around him man who had fed from perfecution, te with his opinion of the events of the found means to get introduced to M. time, and the great men of the day. Demorande, and affecting to compal
Brissor. fonate his situation, as a person exo
celebrated man, while in fed to the malice and intrigues of the England, lodged in Brompton-row, in French miniltry, proffered him the loan the second or third house on the right of a sum of money. This was accepted hand side. On his publishing a very, byr Demorande with many expressions, able dissertation on Criminal Law, he of gratitude ; but he completely out- sent a copy to Mrs Macauley Graham, witted his countryman, although one of who invited him to her house, had him the most szilfal officers belonging to the often at her table, and entertained a police of Paris, for he applied to Sir J. great esteem for him." From that reFielding, and so frightened this satellite spectable lady, he received a letter of of Madame du Barré, that he was hap- introduction to General Washington, by py to escape re infe&ta.
whom he was well received, and so fond Soon after the commencement of the was he of the Atlantic continent, that, American war. Demorande received a to the day of his unjust execution, he pension from Lord North of about 300l. always wished that he had been born a-year, in consequence of which he re- the son of an American peasant. While ligned the editorship of the French in England, he wrote many articles in newspaper, and retired to Stanmore, in the Courier de Londres. M. Briffot reMiddlesex, where he took a small house tained his ancient fimplicity of manners. in the cottage Style, and cultivated a He was never intoxicated with power, beautiful flower garden, which was fur. nor did he ever suffer his mind to be nished with a fine collection of foreign debased by avarice. Robespierre and
his associates, "knowing what effect such When the French revolution took a charge would have upon the people, place, he returned, after a long absence, accused him of wallowing in riches : to Paris, and publifhed a weekly ga. when his wife was arrested, the was Zette called PLArgus Patriote. He en- employed in mending his linen, and nurlicüer de la Bapitle, à l'enfeigne de la liberté fing their offspring ! MDCCLXXI. From this, which has been
DUKE DE HARCOURT. come a scarce tracto Ithall here give a quos This nobleman, who has founded
a tation, in which the author expresses a with friendly asylum at Nuneham, under the that has since been in part yerified; I fe+ hospitable roof of an English peer of the rait bien à fouhaiter en France qu'il y eut fame name ; is defcended from one of quelques milliers de moides en uniforme de grevadiers; & quelques centaines d'abbés & the most ancient families in France. leur tête; ils rangient plus utiles à l'écar avec. Previous to the Revolution, he was un mousquet, pugn hoyau à la main, lqulaq v Lieutenant-General of the province of vec le goupillon cilies." Note, p. 15.
arrosent les imbes Normandy, and it was owing to his in
OLDS Sophecy that Madame du Barré. would parith by the hands of fluence, that Cherbourg, which was lic the executioner, has proved but too truco inis tuated within bis goveromeat, became a VOL. LVIII.
port of fome confideration. He also flattering. What artist could delineate
the inner hara
à gigantic mass Dumourier commits an error when he of 'stone, encircled, and fapported by terms him a Peruvian ! Notwithstandmeans of immense woodenribs, and iog the jealousy with which the Spanimaffy iron cramps. The scheme in part ards were accustomed to treat the nafailed, but it was grand and sublime tive Americans, this gentleman found France, at the peace, will undoubtedly means to obtain a Colonel's commission, complete the original out-line. and was employed by the Governor of
The Duke was a great favourite at Guatimala, in several confidential situathe court of Louis XVI. and poffeffed tions. He is thought very early in life the confidence of that monarch. Being to have entertained the generous refoa man of great knowledge, and attach- lation of emancipating his countrymen ed to literature, his Majesty, with the from thraldom, and to this is attributQueen's confent, for he never did any ed his precipitate retreat from New thing without confulting her) appoint- Spain. Since that time, he has been, ed him governor to the Dauphin. Ke until of late, literally a WANDERER. was lucky enough escape with his In the course of his 'travels, he has vi. whole family at the beginning of the sited every part of Europe, and been troublés, and has remained in England more than once in England." Being ever since.
poffessed of tafte, learning, and a claffiDUCHESS DE POLIGNAC, cal style, he was enabled to collect, and Gabrielle-Yellande Martine de to nárrate a variety of anecdotes and Palastron, afterwards fo celebrated as observations relative to the maoners, Duchess de Poligoac, and confidante to policy, laws, learning, and above all, the the Queen, was one of the most beauti military establishments of every nation. ful women in France. Marie Antoi- No sooner had the French Revolu. Mette loaded her own and husband's fa- tion taken place, and foreign war bemily with penfioas, places, &c. and come inevitable, than he repaired to Pawhen in her company, her Majesty was ris from St Petersburgh, where he was accustomed to exclaim, " Je ne suis in great favour with the Empress, who plus la reines je fuis moi !"
endeavoured, but in vain, to attach him 0: This beautiful woman, whofe large to her person and services. By means blue eyes, expreslite features, elegant of Petion, he obtained the rank of Maperfon, and refined wit, formed a ceně jor General, and very ably and effe&tutral point; around which all those who ally seconded the efforts of Dumourier wifhed to rise at court (and this includ- in Belgium. Being an excellent engied the whole body of the nobility, and neer, he displayed great military science all the dignified clergy) rallied, as to a in' the art of aitack; in short, he food conimnon centre, died at. Vienna of a became respected in the army, and pobroken heart! What terrible disaster pular in the capital. When the hero of could occafion this catáftrophe! It was Femappe penetrated into Holland, he the retreat of the Pruffians from Cham was appointed to the important compagne, a retreat whick faved her native mand of the army destined to attack country frồm fübjugation and dismem. Maestricht; the attempt indeed proved berment. Ik ont 11 C, ENA
abortive; Bur as 'this evidently proceed* A mezzotinto print of this unfortu ed Aom the negligence of the generál'at" date lady was published in 1794. The the head of the covering army, his laus likeness is not Badly hit off, but it is not rels were not blighted by the event.
The conduct of Dumouriețuias, foon other has made, a reply, equally able and as he began to experience a reverse of animated.
bosini VE fortune, became fufpicious, and his fre- No soones had the party of the Gie quent conferences with the Austrian ronde been overwhelmed by the energy General
, yhich ended at length in his of the Mountain, an energy which, alentire defection, rendered all the pa- though often unjustly, directed, must be triots in the army jealous of him. Mi- acknowledged to have fayed France, randa instantly communicated his fears thao Miranda was imprisoned. He to his friend Pegion, at that time 'a was liberated at the general goal-delimember of the committee of public safe. very on the execution of Robespierre ; ty, and orders were soon after issued to he took an active part against the secarrest the commander in chief. This tions of Paris, during the laft, infurec circumstance faved the lige of Miranda, tion, and he has once more been
put for Dumurier attributed the loss of the under arrest by order of the Directory, battle of Nerwinden to him, and fill (To be continued.) blames him in his history. To this the TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 446, LAUDER, situated near the top, or the counties of Edinburgh and Had, weft corner, of Berwickshire, extends a- dington from that of Berwick, and the bout 8 miles from North to South, upon London road passes through it, it is a the strath of Leader or Lauder water, a- bout 6 miles long, and 55 broad. Up Jong which the London road passes, and on the banks of the Leader, and in dif. about 4 in breadth. The district has the ferent straths, there may be upwards of name of Lauderdale. The number of 1500 acres in tillage.
are inhabitants are 2000, and the average moltly covered with heather, and are sent of land is from 5%..to jos. per very pleak. The land rent is about acre, and few-farms pay more than 100l. 2000!. per annum, and the number of per annum. The whole yields about inbabitangs amounts to about 600 bogol. per annum.
Near the town, which has but a poor appearance, stands Lauder Fort, belonging to the Earl of
ROXBURGH SHIRE. Lauderdale. It was built by Edward This fire is of an irregular, shape; Longshanks, about soo years ago ; in its greatest extent both from caft to the end of last century it was repair- west, and from north to fouth, is about ed, and converted into a dwelling house 30 miles. On the cat and south it is by the Duke of Lauderdale. The hills bounded by Northumberland and Cum. furnish abundance of peat and turff, berland : on the west by. Dumfries and which are the ordinary fuel here. Cop- Selkirk shires, and on the north by per ore has been found in several places, Berwickshire. The South division of but none ever was wrought. Moor- this county is sometimes called Tiviot Itone, and late of a coarse quality, a- dale, from the river, Tiviot runging bound. What are called adder stones, through it. The west and north quarters and fairy stones are found occasionally of the county are mountainous ;, the in this neighbourhood. Spanish, Scotch, South and east diviliogs are, upon the and English coios, are also found, and whole, dat and ferțile. The river -many fragments of (words, bows, and Tweed enters this shire, at the mouth
arrows pointed with fint, have been dug of the water of Ertrick, from whence - up in the parish.
bia it flows through a very comantic coun CHANNELKIRK is Gituated among the, try, washing the foot of the Eildon hills, Lammermuir hills, where they divide by the village of Dornick, where there