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mistake the footing upon which this over- extension in operation, but not in prin. ture places the subject ; and I venture to ciple) by the orders in Council of Nobelieve thar, in any other view, there is lit- vember, was founded (as has been aldie room for doubt.

ready repeatedly avowed by his Majes. “ If, as I propose, your Orders should be ty) on the “ unquestionable right of his embargo rescinded as to Great Britain, the Majesty to retort upon the enemy the effect of these concurrent acts will be, that

evils of his own injustice ;” and upon the commercial intercourse of the two coun

the consideration, that “ if third parties tries will be immediately resumed ; while, incidentally suffered by those retaliatory Ö France should adhere to her maxims and measures, they were to seek their reconduct derogatory to the neutral rights of dress from the power by whose origithe United States, the embargo continuing nal aggression that retaliation was ocas to her, will take the place of your Or- casioned." ders, and lead with an efficacy, not merely His Majesty sees nothing in the emequal to theirs, but probably much greater, bargo laid on by the President of the to all the consequences that ought to result United States of America, which varies from them. “ On the other hand, if France should

this original and simple state of the concur in respecting those rights, and com


If considered as a measure of imparmerce should thus regain its fair immuni. ties, and the law of nations its just domi- tial hostility against both belligerents, pions, all the alledged purposes of the Bri- the embargo appears to his Majesty to tish Orders will have been at once fulfill- have been manifestly unjast, as, accorded."

ing to every principle of justice, that MR CANNING TO MR PINCKNEY.

redress ought to have been first sought

from the party originating the wrong. Foreign Office, Sept. 28. And his Majesty cannot consent to buy The undersigned, his Majesty's Prin- off that hostility, which Ainerica ought cipal Secretary of State for Foreign Af- not to have extended to him, at the exfairs, has the honour to inform Mr pence of a concession, made not to APinckney, that he has laid his letter be- merica, but to France. fore the King, and he is commanded to If, as it has more generally been reassure Mr Pinckney, that the answer to presented by the Government of the the proposal which Mr Pinckney was United States, the embargo is only to instructed to bring forward, has been be considered as an innocent municipal deferred only in the hope that the re• regulation, which affects none but the newed application which was understood United States themselves, and with to have been recently made by the Go.. which no foreiga state has any concern ; vernment of the United States to that his Majesty then does not conceive that of France, might, in the new state of he has the right to make any complaint things which has arisen in Europe, have of it, and he has made none. But in met with such a reception in France, as this light, there appears not only no rewould have rendered the compliance of ciprocity, but no assignable relation behis Majesty with that proposal consis. tween the repeal by the United States tent as much with his Majesty's own of a measure of voluntary self-restricdignity, and with the interest of his peo- tion, and the surrender by his Majesty ple, as it would have been with his Ma- of his right of retaliation against his enejesty's disposition towards the United mies. States. Unhappily there is now no long- The Government of the United States er any reason to believe that such a hope is not now to be informed, that the Ber.. is likely to be realised, and the under- lin decree of November 21. 1806, was signed is therefore commanded to com. the practical commencement of an atmunicate to Mr Pinckney the decision, tempt, not merely to check or impair which, under the circumstances as they the prosperity of Great Britain, but utstand, his Majesty feels himself com. terly to annihilate her political existence pelled, however unwilling, to adopt. through the ruin of her commercial proge

The mitigated measure of retaliation perity; that in this attempt almost all announced by his Majesty in the orders ihe powers of the European continent in Council of the 7th January ; of the have been compelled, more or less, to further extension of that measure an co-operate, and that the American

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embargo, though most assuredly not in. These considerations compel his Ma. tended to that end, (for America can jesty to adhere to the principles on which have no real interest in the subversion the orders in Councii of the 7th January of the British power, and her rulers are and the inth November are founded, so too enlightened to act from any im. long as France adheres to that system pulse against the real interests of this by which his Majesty's retaliatory meacountry,) but by some unfortunate con- sures were occasioned and justified. currence of circumstances, without any It remains for the under signed to hostile intention, the American embargo take notice of the last paragraph of Mr did come in aid of the biockade of the Pinckney's letter.-There cannot exist, European continent, precisely at the on the part of Mr Pinckrey, a stronger very moment when it that blockade could wish than there does on that of the unhave succeeded at all, this interposition der.signed, and of the British Govern, of the American Government would ment, for the adjustment of all the difmost effectually have contributed to its ferences subsisting between the two

countries. His Majesty has no other To this universal combination, his disposition than to cultivate the most Majesty has opposed a temperate, but friendly intercourse with the United a determined retaliation upon the ene. States. The under-signed is persuaded my, trusting that a firm resistance would that Mr Pinckney would be one of the defeat this project, but knowing that last to imagine, what is often idly asthe smallest concession would infallibiyserted, that the depression of any other encourage a perseverance in it.

country is necessary or serviceable to The struggle has been viewed by 0- the prosperity of this. The prosperity ther powers, not without an apprehen- of America is essentially the prosperity sion that it might be fatal to this coun. of Great Britain, and the strength and try. The British Government has not power of Great Britain are not for hero disguised from itself that the trial of self only, but for the world. such an experiment might be long and When those adjustments shall take arduous, though it has never doubted of place, to which, though unfortunately the final issue. But if that issue, such as not practicable at this moment, nor unthe British Government confidently an. der the conditions prescribed by Mr ticipated, has providentially arrived Pinckney, the under-signed, neverthemuch sooner than could have been hop. Jess,confidently looks forward, it will per: ed; if “ the blockade of the continent,” haps be no insecure pledge for the coure as it has been triumphantly styled by tinuance of the good understanding bethe enemy, is raised even before it had tween the two countries, that they will been well established ; and if that sys- learn uly to appreciate each other's tem, of which extent and continuity friendship, and that it will not hereafter

were the vital principles, is broken up be imputed to Great Britain, either, on I into fragments, utterly harmless and the one hand, that she envies American

contemptible, it is nevertheless impor industry, as prejudicial to British coin.
tant, in the highest degree, to the re- merce, or, on the other hand, that she
putation of this country (a reputation is compelled to court an intercourse
which constitutesgreatpart of her power,) with America as absolutely necessary to
that this disappointment of the hopes of her own existence.
her enemies should not have been pur- The undersigned is commanded, in
chased by any concession, por that a conclusion, to observe, that nothing is
doubt should remain to distant times of said in Mr Pinckney's letter of any in.
her determination and of her ability to tention to repeal the proclamation by
have continued her resistance, and that which the ships of war of Great Britain
no step which could even mistakenly be are interdicted from all those rights of
construed into concession, should be ta- hospitality in the ports of the United
ken on her part, while the smallest link States, which are freely allowed to the
of the confederacy remains undissolved, ships of his Majesty's enemies. The
or while it can be a question, whether continuance of an interdiction, which,
the plan devised for her destruction has under such circumstances, amounts so
or has not either complerely failed, or nearly to direct hostility, after the wil-
been unequivocally abandoned. lingnessprofessed, and the attempt made


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biy his Majesty to remove the cause on ed by Bonaparte, becomes every day more which thuit measure had been originally' manifest. The fag of the former is vos founded, would afford but an inauspici. longer respected by the French cruizers. ous omen for the commencement of a

They make prize of American vessels system of mutual conciliation; and ihe

wherever they nieet with them. Two ves-,

sels which had sailed from New York for omission of any notice of that measure,

the West Indies in October, under the Prein ihe proposal, which Mr Pinckney has.

sident's licence, were met with on their rebeen instructed to bring forward, would

turn home by three French privateers, who have been, of itself, a material defect in took out their whole cargoes, consisting of the overtures of the President,

dollars to a considerable amount, rum, suBut the undersigned is commanded gar, coffee, and stript the ships of their prono further to dwell upon this subject, visions, and their crews of their cloaths; than for the purpose of assuring Mr

after which they sunk one, and let the other Pinckney, that on this, and every other go. To all representations and remonstranpoint in discussion between the two Go.

ces against the injustice of such proceedvernmenis, his Majesty earnestly desires ings, the constant answer is, “ An embargo the restoration of a perfect good under:

exists in America, and no vessel can legally s-anding, and that his Majesty would, ther an impostor, or have broken the laws

depart from thence. You are therefore ei. decl be no measure for the attainment of your own country, and under these cirof that object, which should be compa-. cumstances are a fuir object of capture." wile wi'h his own honour and just Bonaparte has also licely shown a disposio' rights, and with the interest of his peo- tion to make American seamen contribute ple. (Signed) George Canning," to his purposes in the same way that he has

the inhabitants of the countries he has over. At a general meeting of the Federal re- run, to his military strength. The crews publican young men of the city of New of several American ships that have been York, convened by public notice, on Satur.

carried into ports subject to France, have day the 12th November, the following re

had the option given them, either to be solutions were unanimously agreed to.

considered as prisoners, and treated as such, * Resolvéd, That the embargo is an op- or to enter on board the French ships of pressive and ruinous measure, operating on-,

Several of them have preferred the ly with destructive energy on ourselves, latter. Against these atrocious and tyran. while it has rendered us objects of the con

nical proceedings, Gen. Armstrong is un. tempt and ridicule of that nation against derstood to have strongly, but ineffectually which it was invidiously directed, but whose

remonstrated. interest it now particularly subser ves. “ Resolved, That its continuance, in the

CONTINUANCE OF THE EMBARGO. present state of the world, will tend to the The latest intelligence from America complete prostration of the agricultural was brought to England by the Chesterand commercial interests of our country. field packet, which left New York on

" Resolved, That, dreading the conse- the 15th December. No hope can now quence of seeking redress of our grievances be entertained of the adjournment of in any other than a constitutional way, we pledge ourselves to each other, and to our

the present differences. suffering fellow.citizens, to use all our zeal, tion continued for several days. It was

***The debate on Mr Chittenden's moinfluence, and activity, to promote a change, of men, by which alone we can expect a

at length decided by a large majority of change of measures."

Congress, for the continuance of the A private letter from New York, says, embargo. A Committtee of the House “So general is the expectation that Con- of Representatives had proposed to the gress will soon raise the embargo, that all House the passing of a non-intercourse the produce of the country is now coming act, prohibiting for a time to be limited, into this city: Already the stores are full, the entrance of any armed or unarmed and many of the wharfs are loaded with immense piles of beef, pork, &c. Not less

vessel, belonging to Great Britain or than 100 sail of vessels are now loading hibiting the admission of goods or ma:

France, into the ports of America--prohere. We have before us a list of American

nufactures, the produce of the two counvessels taken by the French under circum- tries, or their colonies; and, in fine, putstances of peculiar aggravation. The con- ting an end to all intercourse with them. tempt, indeed, with which the policy of the The Committee declare, that it is not Goveroment of the United States is view. for the dignity of the United States to




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submit to the decrees and orders in reported, it has been ascertained that there. Council of the belligerent Powers. were only 35 at the Court of Persia. Who

On the other hand, a report of the they are, or of what rank or description, Committee appointed by the Massachu

we have not been able to learn; but from setts Legislature. to consider the expe- nation, it is to be feared it will he matter

the known intrigues and activity of their diency of adopting measures for the re. peal of the embargo, laws, has been pub- end

of much difficulty to counteract their influ

It is clearly the policy of Persia to Jished. After a long detail of the rea

keep on good terms with the power at the sons by which they are influenced, the

head of affairs in India, without making ito Committee, in two resolutions, recom: self a party in any contest of rival Euromend most strongly, that the represen- peans. Still there is considerable appretatives of Massachusetts, in Congress, hension that the baies held out by the be instructed to oppose the continuance French, though delusive, may at first sight of the embargo, and deprecate the pro- be so alluring as to procure a co-nperarion. Jongation of a war with any country U

To Gen. Malcolm's ability we trust for repon a mere point of diplomatic usage or

presenting that such a co operation, if sucequivocal right.

cessful, would tend only, as it has invariably The Embargo and non-importation

done in Europe, to establish a power which

would evince its gratitude to those that asacts, have, however, become more pala

sisted in its elevation, only by making table to the people, since a great majo- then the first objects of humiliation and sity of both Houses of Congress have oppression." declared in their favour, Mr Maddison kad been elected President, and Mr Clinton Vice President, by vast majo

TURKEY. rities; and as they are, both supporters of Mr Jefferson's politics, the above

The late revolution in Turkey holds out acts are to be enforced under the most

a very flattering prospect, not only for this rigorous penalties. Ships applying for chief actor in it, is a bold, shrewd, enter.

country, but for Europe. Bairacter, the coasting licenses must grant bond for prising man, equal to the times in which treble value of ship and cargo to per- he has appeared, and the situation he has form the voyage,--the failure in which attained. It is supposed he has been chosen would be followed by levying the penale and elevated by the great religious Counries without any mitigation. Ships which cil, which in fact possesses the power of the were loading in hopes of the removal of State, as a fit instrument in their hands to the embargo, had begun to unload. resist the plans of partition of the Turkish Smuggling with Canada, is prohibited Empire, which have come to their knowalso under severe penalties. In short, of France, as well as of Russia. Bairacter

ledge, and to defeat the ambitious designs all intercourse is at an end between A

declares it his wish to be at peace with all merica and Europe, except by establish the world, and that his greatest object is to ed packet boats for the carriage of leto preserve inviolate the integrity of the Emters.

pire of the Ottomans. Hence Mr Adair
found an easy admission into Constantin-

ople, where he has been well received, a

fact which the Moniteur at first denied,

though now it admits it. About the 10th In consequence of the urgent necessity of October, Mr Adair presented himself at ef adopting the most prompt measures to the Dardanelles; to which place a rowcounteract the intrigues of the French at boat of sixteen oars canie from Constantinthe Court of Persia, Gen. Malcolm, who, ople to receive him with due form and refrom his accurate knowledge of the lan- spect. Arrived at Constantinople, he was guage and country, is far the fittest person surrounded by all the old English Dragoto be at the head of a mission to that Court, mans or interpreters, and the last accounts had set out before Sir Harford Jones, who left him highly satisfied with his situation, had been sent out from England with a confident of succeeding in his mission. The view to the same object, had.arrived at Bom- knowledge of the principles of the new Goway. We have received accounts of the vernment had induced most of the English General having landed in safety at Bushire, merchants to return to Smyrna from Maland having sent on Mr Pasley to announce ta, and great quantities of goods had been Qis approach.

sent thither. Bairacter had even carried Instead of 330 Frenchmen, as had been his system of neutrality so far, as to order


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that English ships of war should not be mo. luna advanced to the Ebro, in order to lested in attacking French ships of war in attack the army of Gen. Castanos, which any of the ports of the Archipelago. This

was posted along that river from Borja is equivalent to a declaration of war against to Calahorra. The following is the France. He has beheaded the Governor French account of their success in this of the forts of the Dardanelles, notoriously attack, which is denied by the Spaniards, in the French interest, and has put many others to death whom he suspected of be.

and is certainly wide of the truth. ing inimical to his designs. Such is his

* Aranda de Douro, Nov. 27. boldness, and the terror with which he is beheld, that he frequently seizes a chief of.

His Majesty sent off Marshal Lan.' ficer at the head of his troops, in presence

nes, on the 19th, with instructions for of whom the officer is instantly beheaded. the movement of the left, of which he He had summoned a Grand Council of all gave him the command. On the 21st, the Pachas of the Empire (Governors of the division of Lagrange, with a brigade the provinces) as well of Asia as of Europe, of light cavalry, and another of dragoons, to be held at Adrianople about the end of set out from Logrono, by the right of November. Against such as declined co

the Ebro, and Moncey's corps passed ming, with their troops too, he was imme

the river at Lodossa, abandoning the diately to send a force to displace them. Before this Council he was to lay the facts whole country between the Ebro and of which he was possessed, respecting the Pampeluna. On the 22d, at break of dismemberment of the Turkish Empire, day, the French army began to march: and to propose the necessary measures for

It took its direction to Calahorra, where self-protection. Such as opposed him it Castanos had his head-quarters the evenwas believed he would put to death on the ing before, but found both that town spot. The place of meeting marks his de- and Alfaro evacuated. On the 23d, at sign of resisting Russia. I was supposed day - break, General Lefebvre, at the some of the Northern Pachas next the Rus. head of the cavalry, met with the enemy, sian territories would decline appearing and immediately gave information to the consequence of which would be that all Marshal Lannes, who found the army the others would march against them. This state of affairs gives Bonaparte, no doubt, of the enemy in seven divisions, consistuneasiness; and hence the anxiety of the ing of 45,000 men, under arms, with its Moniteur to supply us with Turkish news right before Tudela, and its left occuof its own manufacture. Placed between pying a line of a league and a half; a Turkey and England, the Moniteur hopes disposition absolutely bad. The Ariato blind the English Government respec. gonese were on the right, the troops of ting the state of affairs at Constantinople; Valencia and New Castile in the centre, but it is itself deceived.

and the three divisions of Andalusia, which Gen. Castanos commanded more

especially, formed the left--40 pieces SPAIN.

of cannon covered the enemy's line.

“At nine in the morning, the coMILITARY OPERATIONS.

lumns of the French army began to deThe details of the Military Operations' ploy, Situations were chosen for esin this quarter continue to be highly in. tablishing batteries with sixty pieces of teresting, though we find them very con- cannon, but the impetuosity of the fused and unsatisfactory. The French troops, and the inquietude of the enemy, bulletins, as usual, are grossly exagger. did not allow time for this. The Spaated, in every circumstance; while the nish army was already vanquished by Spanish accounts are always inexplicit, the order and movement of the French and often contradictory. We have, how: army.-Lannes caused the centre to be ever, selected the most prominent artis pierced by the division of Mathieu. cles from both.

Lefebvre, with his cavalry, immediately

passed on the trot through the opening, BATTLE OF TUDELA.

and took a circuit by a quarter which It appears that after the dispersion of enveloped on the left the whole right of Gen. Blake's army in Biscay and Astu- the enemy. sias, a considerable body of the French “ The moment when half of the ene. army moved from Burgos to the left, my's line found itself thus turned and while that part of it stationed at Pampea defeated, was that in which Gen. LaJan. 1809.


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