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Friday, May 30.

what were wanted. Recourse was had New MILITARY SYSTEM.

to penalties of rol. then of zol. All The House resolved itself into a Com. these measures were so many confesmittee on the mutiny bill, when sions of the want of the power and

Mr Windhum rose and adverted, first, means of recruiting. So many schemes to the clause containing the form of the having faile i, it was evident thatäthere oath to be taken by the person enlist- was no remedy but going back to the ing: He was to swear that he was of ordinary means of recruiting. By the the proper age : that he did not belong high bounties, and various other modes, to any regiment. of militia, or to the a necessity had been created for doing navy; and that he proposed to serve his that which was now called a wanton inMajesty for the period of seven years, novation, and it was necessary to adopt and further as his Majesty should direct, a total change. The only question was pot exceeding three years ; such service as to the fittest plan. He thought that was to terminate at the end of six all the good sense upon this subject lay months of continued peace, subsequent in a narrow compass. He had stated, to the expiration of the seven years ; when he opened the outline of his mili. and there was to be a direction in the tary plan, that ali the option which na'act, that if the person was under 18 ture furnished was force or choice. when he enlisted, so many years should He was therefore willing, in the first be added to the term as would make place, to try the effect of voluntary en. the seven years commence from his age listment; and, to encourage it, he knew of 18 years. There were other clauses, no way but to make what was offered pa:"icularly that every soldier entitled worthy the acceptance of those to to his discharge, who should be serving whom it was tendered, and having done abroad, should be sent to Great Britain so, all had been done that could be free of expence, and be entitled to have done. If afterwards it was found that and receive marching money, and be

a sufficient number of the community allowed the usual number of halting could not be taught to think that the days till he reached the place where he condition of a soldier was preferable to was first attested. These clauses con- any other, then certainly recruiting by stituted the most material alterations in voluntary service was impossible; the the bill. The House was already in army must be left unrecruited, or repossession of the subject. He trusted course must be had to compulsion.he had by this bill securrd what he What was to be done? You could not wished that while the contract with change your population, but you might the soldier was secured to the public, change the nature of your service. If the soldier also had the pledge of Par- any thing was in the power of Governliament for its performance. A power ment, it was that of effecting a change was still left to the Executive Govern. in the capacity of those it retained in its ment to vary the contract after a cer. pay. True it was, that Government tain number of years." It was imprac. could not make a soldier's life a life of ticable, upon a subject so varied, to ease, plenty, or great profit ; but in provide before hand for all possible every age, and every period, motives cases. Something must be left to be had not been wanting to draw men into regulated at the discretion of the instant. that honourable station. If those moHe referred to the measures adopted tives alone were not sufficient, other prior to the present war for recruiting advantages must be called in aid. One the army, and pointed ouț their ineffic advantage was, the stripping the service cacy. The plan of the supplementary of the impediment of enlisting for life, militia, which to have raised or for an indefinite term. It had been 100,000 men, was one of the first adopt- said, that if the service was not eligible ed. Could any one suppose that a for life, how could it be expected to be ineasure so oppressive would have been so for seven years? He thought it un. resorted to, if the ordinary method of necessary to argue, that the option of recruiting had not failed! It was at. quitting a station was a reason for entempted to raise the militia by the force tering into it. It was certainly an adof ballot, but it was well known, that vantage to a man, that if upon trial he the number fell considerably short of did not like service, or any change hap.

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pened in his circumstances, he should its success. The system would have
be at liberty to quit it. The universal the effect of raising the character of the
practice of other countries had been to soldier, and consequently would raise
give men that option. He expatiated the facility of recruiting. The usual
on the preference which was deservedly method which was resorted to for sup-
given, in almost every country but our plying the deficiencies in the uriny was
own, to recruiting for limited service. by obtaining convicts, men who, trom
Men went into the army for various temporary distresses, or in the moment
-reasons: Sometimes because they did of intoxication, were induced to list,
not chuse to stay at home; or they and boys. By such means the general
wished to see the world, to witness those character of the army was brought into
great scenes they had heard of; to be. disrepute, and the necessity for strict
hold the deaths of heroes in the service and severe discipline created. The
of their country, or they might be anxi- whole experience of the service would
ous to talk of them after they had seen operate against such means of recruiting.
them. To give such men an opportu. The real question to try was, whether
nity of roaming the world and indulg. the service would not be in the general
ing their feeling, was the only way to estimation better. A soldier would be
procure soldiers for the army, provided no longer a sort of reproach, as for per-
their ardour was not weakened by the sons to say, when he enters the army,
idea that they were never to have the “Oh! he is gone, and done with!".
option of returning. The inconvenien. There was another amelioration, which
cies of limited enlistment came under might be the subject of future discus-
three heads—Its effect on the character sion, and which was in contemplation'
of the soldier-its operation on coloni. to adopt, uamely, that of giving to the
al service--and the loss in the numbers soldier civil privileges, ne meant elec-
of the army, by discharging the men tive franchises in counties in England.
at the expiration of their periods. This, he trusted, would serve to raise
*He proceeded to argue these three into repute the service, and tend, in ad-
points, referring particularly to the dition to the other benefits, to a perma-
troops of France, Switzerland, Aus- nent supply. The Right Hon. Gentle-
tria, and the Continent in general, man concluded with an amendment to
to shew that enlisting for a limited the oath in the mutiny bill, which a-
period had no effect upon the charac. mendment will go to alter the term of
ter of a soldier. He contended that service.
there was no real cause of apprehen: Sir James Pulteney said, there were very
sion that any danger to the service few men, who would enter for the mere
would be the consequence of discharg- purpose of obtaining glory, and would
ing men at the expiration of the pe- not prefer hume to colonial service.--
riods for which they were enlisted, and The great inducement would be the
that it was not probable the number of bounties. It was a fact, that men who
men discharged would be great. They were enlisted under the additional de.
would, like the merchants and the agri. fence act, afterwards volunteered for
culturists, feel the benefit and interest general and unlimited service. With
resulting from a perseverance in their regard to experience, we might take
different pursuits, and wish to continue that of Prussia, France and Russia, who
in them. The India Company, who were decidedly against such a system,
enlisted men for a period of five years, with the exception of Prussia in certain
kept the most perfect good faith with cases, who enlisted strangers for unli.
them, and yet they never wanted a sup- mited service. The last ordonnance in
ply until stopped by Government, be- France, previous to the revolution, de-
cause it interfered with the recruiting creed, that those men who were enlist-
for the army.

This was a strong in. ed for limited service should not be disstance to prove the real utility of the charged during the war. The effect of plan. These were the inconveniencies discharging men during the war would to which it had been said the system be. this, that as their period of service was liable, and which were to be set a. was near expiring, they would become gainst the reasonable hope which his less the soldier and more the citizen. Majesty's Government entertained of The general effect would be to impair

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and injure the home service, as well co. vailed from 5775 to 1779, and was then lonial or foreign. If, however, the put an end to. MrYorke then entered Right Hon. Gentleman was determined into a comparison of the produce under to try the system, he would recom-. the present system, at three different mend the regular recruiting to be con- periods of the war. The ordinary retinued.

cruiting had produced annually 10,780 ; Mr Yorke said, that the more he con. with the addition of limited service, sidered the subject, the more he was 19,470 ; and, with the whole of the ad. convinced that it was built upon theory. ditional means of recruiting, 28,470, It was not necessary to apply to Par. The Right Hon. Gentleman, after mak. liament for the adoption of a measure ing some further calculations, contendwhich Government might adopt under cd, that the last measures had produced the sanction of his Majesty. What was an acidition of 50,000 men to the army. the reason of coming to parliaroent ? He then contrasted the situation of the Was there any fear that Government army now and in the American war, could not keep faith with the soldier? from which he drew-inferences in fa Had not his Majesty an undoubted right vour of the present system. With re. to exercise his prerogative? In order spect to India, it was necessary to keep to shew the beneficial effects of the up, in time of peace, an army of 25,000 present system, he would state from Europeans, and contended, in oppostdocuments on the table the amount and tion to the Right Hon. Gentleman (Mr condition of the army, with the defects, Windham), that it was not probable and what had been done to remedy those many men would be inclined to enlist defects. The amount of the army is for colonial service. 150,000 men, excluding the artillery, Mr Foxsaid, it was the constitution of foreign corps, local corps, and militia. this country that the army should be esThe numbers wanting on the 26th sentially under the controulof Parliament, June, to complete that force, was and not wholly under the influence of the 44,846. Since that time, a considerablé Crown. A Right Hon. Gentleman said, accession has taken place, and the pre- that we had been meddling, not with sent deficiencies do not amount to more the King's army, but with that of Párthan 30,000. The casualties on an a- liament; here was a strange distinction, verage of the three years, 1803, 1804, for he considere: the unlimited forcé 1805, by reference to the papers, would the Royal, and the limited, the Parliabe about 16,746. The total number to mentary, army. He considered the gebe supplied, after making the calcula- neral principle of the system the best rions, would be 33,000 men. Would that could be brought forward, and the Right Hon. Gentleman's system dwelt for a considerable time on the produce a supply to that amount ?- great political advantages which the esThe enlistment for the army has been tablishment of a large disposable force the same since the time of King Willic in this country would produce to Eu. am, with an exception in two instances rope. He wished for the restoration of --one in the reign of Queen Anne, peace upon any terms consistent with when it was proposed, in a similar way the honour of the country, not by givto the present, to enlist for three years. ing up our connections with the beligeA clause was introduced by Lord Bor rent powers. That object, however, is lingbroke into the mutiny bill to that not to be attained easily. We were effect, but it did not continue more than placed, not in an unfortunate, but in an two years. On the accession of the ungracious situation, a situation which House of Hanover, this clause was 0. no splendid victories or gallant archievmitted ; a strong proof of the wisdom of ments could easily remedy. It must be our ancestors, who were not in the alone obtained by taking long views practice of indulging in fanciful theo. by looking to distant periods by gain. Tries. The other instance was during ing a different"sort of army. *the administration of Lord North. An With respect to army, he entertained order was issued from the Secretary at the sanguine hopes that it would be War, by command of his Majesty, for placed, by the proposed alteration in its recruiting the army for three years, or system, upon the most respectable footduring the rebellion, That system pre- ingAs to the navy, he had such a

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high opir.ion both of the skill of its of. Popularity which they might have, by ficers, and of the great reputation it had refusing to take these opinions into gained (a reputation which would do consideration, But, Sir, let us recollect more than any thing else to preserve that it is our duty, as his Majesty's serits superiority), that he felt confident , vants, not to temporize with popular that France and Spain could never equal opinions. If we do our duty to the it.--He therefore differed much from country, we shall not follow any such some of his Hon. Friends on the sub- rule, because, at every step we take, ject of invasion. He by no means dread. we shall certainly risk our popularity. ed invasion. He thought we had in the We must endeavour, by persevering in first place a powerful security in the what appears to us the right track, to superiority of our navy; and in the se- restore the country to its ancient system. cond place, in the spirit of the British He that swerves from that road acts nation, which he was convinced was like a political coward. If he gives up abundantly sufficient to triumph ulti. his own opinion, he deserts his duty as a mately over any army that could invade sworn servant of the King, to whom he this country. When he was asked then, is bound to give the best advice within Why do you want a greater army? he his power. He is not true to the people,

We have enough, and nor faithful in his discharge of his duty more than enough.” So far from think- a Member of Parliament, nor will ing the number too few to defend the his efforts either redoun to his own country, he would state most distinctly, honour,or conduce to the general good. that if he saw any prospect of recover. The call for the question became exing for Europe what had been lost in ceedingly clamorous as soon as Mr Fox the late unfortunate campaign, he should concluded. At four o'clock in the have no objection to risk a part of the morning, the House divided on the fol. army we possess in the attempt. He lowing clause," that the first enlist. thought that we should think of acting ment of seven years should be extended offensively in the war, as far as our to ten years in time of war, or to fix powers extended. Although the dis- months after the conclusion of peacema poseable force of this country bore but that whatever may be the inferior age a small proportion to the French ar- of the recruit, his term of service shall mies, yet it did not follow that we not commence until he arrive at eigh. should not be able, at some future pe- teen years of age and that those serriod, to give a powerful and effectual ving abroad shall return free of expence, assistance to some of those nations and receive marching money to the place which France, in her ambition for ex- where they were originally enlisted.”. tending her power, may hereafter chuse Ayes, 254—noes 125. A scene of rather to attack. He was always an eager and a new kind took place after the divi. ardent friend of peace, and he was still sion. Most of the strangers, supposing a friend of peace. He indeed wished that an immediate adjournment would for such a peace as could be made on take place, went away. The ministers, tolerable terms, but the character of the however, moved, that the clause be read peace he wished for was, that it should a first time; this was opposed by Lord preserve our connections with the Con. Castlereagh, who moved that the Chairtinent of Europe, and not give up any man report progress. A warm debate thing which the point of honour for- ensued, and no less than seven divibade us to give up. If such a peace sions 'took place, four of which were were made, he hoped the nation would upon a repetition of the motion, that not uselessly retain the passions of war the Chairman do now leave the Chair." in a time of peace.

At length the business terminated by It had been insinuated that Ministers the Speaker's suggesting that an amend. were acting against the opinions of per- ment should be proposed, pro forma, so sons of the highest authority, that it as to admit of a further discussion of was necessary they should not lose any the principle of the clause.

HIS July 1806.

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HOLLAND.

and ventures to hope, that the sceptre THE new King and Queen of Hol- confided to yoar Majesty's foresight

land arrived at their palace, the House and wisdom, will restore its happiness in the Wood, near the Hague, on the and quiet. 17th June. They passed under illumi- “ Peace, Sire, is the greatest of Eunated triumphal 'arches, and the road rope's wants. It is especially so. of through the wood was lighted by tor

Holland. May Ithe powerful genius of ches. They were escorted by French Napoleon the Great, give tovus, one troops. The Dutch papers give a dry, day, this invaluable blessings cold account of the procession.

Nos “ Sire, a nation celebrated for its thing is said of any public rejoicings; no- temperance, delights to contemplate in thing of any acclamations of the multi- you the model pf: all the virtues, and tude. Not a huzza seems to have dis- gives itself up to the consoling hope, turbed the mournful silence with which that the paternal care of your Majesty they stole by night into the palace of for its true interests, will, under the the Nassaus. The arches were erected sacred guidance of Providence,h invi. by French troops ; and the King and gorate its industry and its commerce, Queen, instead of being conveyed by and renovate its ancient glory and their new subjects to their residence, splendour. Thus will the present get were escorted by the soldiers of the ty: neration and their posterityl hail your rant who has elevated them to the regal Majesty as the regeneratór of the pubdignity. The procession had' the air lic prosperity.”

grindai ir and appearance of a funeral the fu- After the audience of his Majesty, neral of Batavian freedom.

their High Mightinesses were present: HAGUE,-Fune 20.

ed to her Majesty the Queen. The

President addressed 'her Majesty as Yesterday his Maj-sty gave an audi. follows : 1st ence to their High Mightinesses, when 36. Madam-With the confidence in. every solemnity of ceremonial was ob- spired by the graces and affability of served. They were introduced in the your Majesty, the Assembly of it most regular form by the Marshal Go- High Mightinesses eagerly entreats to vernor of the Place, Noguez. The present to you their homage band respeech delivered by Mr De Vos Van spect. it is! Steenwyk Tot Den Hogenhof on the “ Permitius Madam, to join your occasion was of the following purport : Majesty in the vows, and congratula

“Sire-The Assembly of their High tions we have just borne to his MajesMightinesses, in whose name I have at ty the King. 1 present the honour to speak, is come "May the general welfare, which

a body to offer their obedience will be the constant object of the cares to your Majesty, and to felicitate you of his Majesty, your august spouse, upon your accession to the throne of long prove his happiness, and the bap. Holland. In acquitting themselves of piness of your Majesty, and of all the so solemn a duty, they entreat you, Royal Family.” Sire, to receive favourably the senti- Both these speeches were received in ments of a deserving and every way re. the most gracious manner by their Ma. spectable nation.

jesties. The Administration of the de***.* The concurrence of events and cir- partment of Holland, the Deputies of eumstances which have overthrown the several other local Administrations of political system of Europe, has at length the kingdom, and the Staff Officers of involved our country. After sustain- the navy, had also a formal audience of Sing a multitude of shocks, the nation his Majesty. looks for a term to its long agitations, i On the 23d of June their Majesties

made

their

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9.

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