Abbildungen der Seite

quaintance with Mrs Johnson (the lady were truly polite; and whoever had celebrated by the name of Stella) at the pleasure of conversing with her for Sir William Temple's ; that she was a quarter of an hour, were convinced the daughter of Sir William's steward ; that she had known a more genteel walk and that Sir William, in his last will, in life than her present situation con. left her 1000 l. as an acknowledgment fined her to. She was not so happy of her father's faithful services: that she in her person as her mind; for she was was married to the Dean in 1716; and low of Atature, and rather fat and thick, his never owning her for his wife is im- than well shaped : get the imperfection puted, by Lord Orrery, to his pride, of her fhape was fully compensated by which made him disdain an alliance a set of fine features, and an excellent with one descended from so mean a fa- complexion, animated by eyes that permily; though others impute it to the fectly described the brightness of her common rumour, of her being Sir Wil- genius. She was, in few words, the liam's natural daughter, as Swift was fame among women, that Sir William said to be his son. She died (says Lord Temple was among men. Is it surpri. Orrery) absolutely destroyed by the pe. fing, then, that such similar perfections culiarity of her fate. His Lordship like- fhould attract each other's notice ? wise declares Swift's pride to have been This gentlewoman was the widow such, as to have induced him to refuse (as she always averred) of one Johnson, all reconciliation with his fifter, for ha. a merchant, who having been unfortuving married a tradesman, though in nate in trade, afterwards became magood circumstances, and with the ap- ster of a trading floop, which ran beprobation of her uncle and relations. tween England and Holland, and there [xiji, 621, 3, 4.].

died. He left her, as the said, three But I am certain, Lord Orrery will children. The eldest, a daughter, was be pleased to be convinced that these brought up in London, and there maraccusations are false. Dr Swift would ried one Filby, a baker, by whom she have laid down his life, could it have had eighteen or nineteen children ; and preserved his Stella ; that Stella, who living in a genteel manner, he was soon was no otherwise related to Sir William ruined, and was sent by their friends in. Temple’s steward, than by her mother's to the west of England, as a salt-officer; marriage with him many years after whither she accompanied him, with such the death of Sir William. And as for of her children as lived. The fecond his cruelty to his fifter, it is well known, of her children was a son, Edward that he maintained Mrs Fenton many Johnson ; who was pat to school at years, when a widow; and that she Farnham; and, when of a proper age, used to fhew his picture to her visitants was sent abroad, in order to qualify him with expressions of the highest grati. for trade; but he died there young. The tude and affection. That I may how. third and last was her daughter Esther ; ever leave no room for doubt, permit who only, of all her children, was perme to oppose to these imputations the mitted to reside with her at Moore Park; trae history of Miss Johnson, better where she was educated : and her ap. known to the world by the name of Stella. pearance and drefs fo far exceeded the

When Sir William Temple left Sheen rank and fortune of her mother, and to reside at Moore Park in Surry, he the rest of the children, that the world brought down with him, one summer, soon declared Miss Johnson to be Sir à gentlewoman, in the character of a William's daughter. But had drets housekeeper, whose name was Johnson. fewn no distinction between her and She was a person of a surprising genius: the rest of her mother's children, nature few women ever exceeded her in the had already diftinguished her fuficient. extent of her reading; none in the ly. Her mother and brother were both charms of conversation. She had seen fair ; her sister is said to have been the The world; her address and behaviour {ame. The boy was faid to be like his


father ; he therefore must be fair too, as and his great favourite, as her woman, the boy was fo to an uncommon degree. or housekeeper, or perhaps in both caYet Ether's, or, as she was usually call- pacities. Upon Lady Gifford's death, ed in the family, Miss Hetty's eyes and the retired to Farnham, and boarded hair were of a most beautiful black; and with one Filby, a brother of her daughall the rest of her features bore so strong ter's husband; and some time after ina resemblance to those of Sir William termarried with Mr Ralph Mose, a perT-; that no one could be at a loss fon who had for a long series of years to determine what relation she had to been intrusted, as fteward, with the afthat gentleman. And could the stri. fairs of the family, and had successiveking likeness have been overlooked, Sirly served Sir William Temple, Lady Gif. William's uncommon regard for her, ford, and Mr Temple. He was a wiand his attention to her education, must dower, and his first wife had been cook have convinced every unprejudiced per- to Sir William Temple. Upon the death son, that Miss Hetty Johnson was the of Mr Mose, she went to board with daughter of one who moved in a higher Mrs Mayne of Farnham, a gentlewosphere than a Dutch trader. ~ The man, who had a particular esteem for respect that Sir William affected to spew her; and at length retired to Mr Filby's the child, induced his family to copy again, and there died, not long after his example; and the neighbouring fa- the year 1743. I saw her myself in the milies behaving in the same manner, autumn of 1742 ; and although far adThe early lost all that servility that must vanced in years, she still preserved the have tinged her manners and behaviour, remains of a very fine face. had the been brought up in dependence, The reader may wonder, as numbers

and without any knowledge of her real have done before, that a woman of her 5* condition. When or where Sir Wil. refined sentiments and exquisite taste,

liam thought proper to acquaint her Thould marry such a man as Mose. Mawith the hiltory of her birth, we profess ny have been the conjectures upon the not to know; but that he did inform occafion. Perhaps her eldest daughter's her of the secret, we have reason to distress might make her defirous of reg presume from the following circumstan. lieving her with the spoils of the old ces. As soon as she was woman enough steward; or Mose might be privy to to be intrusted with her own conduct, certain secrets that she was unwilling to she left her mother and Moore Park, and have divulged ; and therefore she might

went to Ireland to reside, by the order not dare to reject his proposals, for fear but of Sir William, who was yet alive, She of drawing his resentment upon her. It labore was conducted thither by Swift. But was certainly a match of policy, and

of this I am not so positive, as I am, the most refined sensibility was in her that her mother parted with her as ope sacrificed to one who had not the least who was never to see her again. idea of delicacy. The lady to whom

Here let me leave the daughter, and I am obliged for many of these anecreturn to Mrs Johnson, her mother ; dotes, afiüred me, that she had heard who continued to live at Moore Park Mrs Mose, in her freer hours, declare, till the death of Sir William Temple. that she was obliged, by indispensable nc

Soon after which the resided with Lady ceflity, to marry the man whose servile * Gifford *, fifter to Sir William Temple, manners her soul despised; but that re

ligion taught her to fulfil every duty that * Miss Temple, Sir William's favourite fs could poflībly be expected from the most til fer, was a lady of uncommon merit and good- affectionate of wives. She had fre

ness. She was addressed by Sir William Gifford; who dying during the courtship, he begged the ment of his large eftate. And that she might noć young lady to bear his name; and to enable him shew herself unworthy of his esteem, he made a to leave her his estate, as a proof of his affection, vow, (though in her tender youth), never to mar. {he was married to him on his deathbed, by sy any other man, but to live bis widow: and which means face becamus intitled to the enjoy this he faithfully performed.


[ocr errors]


quently rejected his offers, but was com On the night destined to deprive pelled at length to acquiesce.

the world of one of its most distinguish. Were I to attempt to describe her at ed ornaments, (for robbery and murder full length, I might be thought guilty are terms synonymous there), Stella had of the highest adulation, fo extraordina- dismissed her woman for the night; and ty was the woman that was destined to not finding an inclination for seep, she please Sir William Temple. Pomfret, took a book, and read for fome time, in his little poem called The choice, is said being all undressed, with only a wrapto have given an exact description of ping gown over her. When she had Moore Park; to have delineated Sir read a while, the removed the candle to William in the account of his own fan- its place for the night, as she always kept cy and taste; and to have taken his pic- a light burning; and kneeling by her ture of the female friend and companion bed-side, the was more than once dif. from Mrs Johnson: to that piece there- turbed by a noise at her window. She fore do I recommend my reader. performed her devotions, however, with

While the mother thus spent her hours great calmness and attention; a duty under the most painful restraint at Farn- that the never omitted ; and then ari. ham, the daughter made surprising ad- fing, and advancing towards the place vances towards perfection under the tu from whence the found proceeded, she ätion of Dr Swift. In her poem, dated saw, through the fash, a man who seemNov. 30. 1721, intitled, Stella to Dr ed to itand upon a ladder, and to be Swift on his birth day, we see, that she waiting for her putting out the candle, attributes all that was excellent in her to begin his enterprise. The sex in geto his instructions. It is not surprising neral, upon fuch an occasion, would that her affection towards the Dean have fainted, screamed out, or attempt. should be so great, when we recollect, ed to have run out of the chamber. Nor that it commenced from her earliest age, so the daughter of Sir William Temple. at a time when the thought that affec- She knew the cruel temper of the vol. tion entirely innocent; that it was in- gar Irish, and took not the leaf appa. creased by Sir William's often recom rent notice of the thief; but seeming to mending her tender innocence to the look for something, she went directly protection of Swift, as she had no de- to her closet; from whence she returned clared male relation that could be her immediately; and throwing up the safh defender. It was from Sir William's with her left hand, and drawing out a own leffons that she received the first piftol from under her loose wrapping rules for her future conduct, which were gown with her right, the fired at the afterwards continued by the Dean. And villain ; who immediately dropped from thac the world may know what was the the ladder. She then called up the fa. result of the joint labours of these two mily; and the watch coming soon after exalted geniuses, I shall relate a little a. at the noise of the piftol, his confede. necdote for which I have undoubted au. rates were obliged to fly, and never af. thority.

terwards attempted to difturb her. In When Stella, or Miss Johnson, refi. this case Providence seems to have afded at Dúblin, her noble air, her gen. fisted her in an extraordinary manner : teel appearance, and the visits of many for had fhe gone to bed at her usual persons of distinction, foon gave rise to time, or had the not employed an hour a report, that she had a large fortune, or two in reading, the cenforious world and that she kept in ber lodgings cash, would never have had it in their power jewels, and furnisore, to a very great to attribute her death to the pride of value. Such a report in Ireland could Dean Swift. not fail of attracting the notice of indi. Lord Orrery thinks this accomplished gent villany. Stella had no male ser- lady fell a sacrifice to the peculiarity of want in she house, and ..o resistance could her fate. I cannot oppose this opinion be expected from a few timorous wo- of his Lordship: a person of her deli


[ocr errors]

her ;

[ocr errors]

cate sensibility might be greatly affect- who could not be that wife. Could fo ed by her frequent reflections on her dis- turbulent a temper be easy under such a agreeable situation. But was it in Swift's mortification? Let those judge, who power to prevent it?

have been so happy as to have seen this When Stella went to Ireland, a mar. Stella, this Hetty Johnson; and let those riage between her and the Dean could who have not, judge from the following not be foreseen; but when she thought description.-Her shape was perfectproper to communicate to her friends ly easy and elegant; her complexion the Dean's proposal, and her approba. exquisitely fine; her features were regution of it, it was then become absolute- lar, with the addition of that nameless

ly necessary for that person, who alone something, that so often exceeds the g!

knew the secret history of the parties moft exact beauty, and which never concerned, to reveal what otherwise fails to add to it when they meet togemight have been buried in oblivion. ther. Her teeth were beyond compariBut was the Dean to blame, becaufe he son; her eyebrows and hair, of the was ignorant of his natural relation to most glossy black; and her eyes Stella? or can he be justly censured, but those i pretend not to describe ; her because it was not made known before mien and air were equal to the rest of the day of marriage ? —He admired the piece. Such was her exterior ap

he loved her; he pitied her; and pearance: her mind was yet more beauto when fate had placed the everlasting bare tiful than her person, and her accom

rier between them, their affection be- plishments were such as to do honour to

came a true Platonic love, if not fome. the man who was so happy as to call 48 thing yet more exalted. I do not deny, her daughter.

but that she might lament the particular Can we wonder, after reflection up

oddness of her fate; nor do I deny; but on the foregoing passages, that the Dean To that Swift's natural temper might ac- and Stella always took care to converse to quire an additional severity and morose- before witnesses, or at least a third percih ness from hence, and that he might vent fon, from that time when they recei

his paflion, and revenge himself on the ved the proper notice of the secrets of é rest of mankind. But his affection for the family, even though they had never

Stella became truly fraternal ; and when- taken such precautions before? Can we

ever she lamented her unhappy fituation, wonder that they should spend one day pt the friend, the tutor, the husband, all in the year in fasting, praying, and

in one, mingled his fympathetic tears tears, from this period to her death? di with hers, and foothed the sharpness of Might it not be the anniversary of their ped her anxiety and sorrow. But he de- marriage ? But it would be unnecessary plod spised her family. Was Swift's repu- to say more, since every unprejudiced

ted father then fo noble ? and to whom person must be convinced from the preen did the Dean declare the secret of his ceding circumstances, that Hetty Johnsoul?

fon was neither daughter to Sir William We are sometimes told, that upon Temple’s steward, nor could Sir Wila the Hanoverian family's succeeding to the liam leave her 1000l. as a reward for

throne of G. Britain, Swift renounced her father's faithful execution of his of. all hopes of farther preferment; and fice, when that steward was not marthat his temper became more morose ried to her mother till long after the deand more intolerable every year. I ace cease of Sir William. He must be conknowledge the fact in part; but it was vinced also, that Swift had more forci. not the loss of his hopes that soured ble reasons for not owning Stella for his Swift alone. This was the unlucky e- wife, than his Lordfhip has allowed ; pocha of that discovery, that convinced and that it was not his behaviour, but the Dean, that the only woman in the her own unhappy situation, that might world who could make him happy as a perhaps shorten her days. wife, was the only, woman in the world I have yet a word to say, with reVOL. XIX.

4 Q



[ocr errors]


spect to Mrs Fenton, the Dean's sister.

H IS TO Rr. He is said by Lord Orrery, to have refused all reconciliation with her, on the

[The other European foreign affairs arc defer. account of her marriage. But why red, to make room for those of Gerniany.] with a tradesman, any more than her tiation being on the carpet for a going to service ? She lived many years speedy pacification of affairs in Gerwith Lady Gifford, as her woman; and MẠNY; but the armies have continued although it is probable that the Dean to keep the field, and some things of might disapprove of the match, as her great importance have happened since husband, Fenton, was an extravagant our last. - The plan of operations con. careless fellow, and a notorious drunk- certed foon after the convention of Ha. ard; yet, atter her husband's and La- nover appears to have been chis. The dy Gifford's death, she retired to Farn combined army was to drive the Prus. ham, and boarded with Mrs Mayne, fians out of Saxony, while the Austrians Mrs Mofe boarding there at the same were to employ their whole force to re. time, with whom she lived in the great conquer Silesia. M. Richlieu was to eft intimacy; and as she had not enough remain a check upon the army of obserto maintain her, the Dean paid her an vation, and at the same time overawe annuity as long as she lived ; neither the electorate of Brandenburg. A di. was that annuity a trifle.

verfion was to be made in Pomerania If these anecdotes prove agreeable to by the Swedes, while the Ruflians were the public, or should they incite any o. to ravage Pruffia. -We left part of the ther persons, who are possessed of proper Austrians in Silesia laying fiege to materials, to throw a new light on these Schweidnitz, under the Generals Petez. transactions, hitherto fo extremely mis- zi and Nadafti, while their main army, represented; I shall think myself fortu- commanded by Pr. Charles of Lorrain nate in having contributed something and M. Daun, was near Breslau on the toward so generous an attempt, as that left of the Oder, and the Prince of Be. of acquitting the innocent from the im- vern, with most of the Pruffian troops, putation of guilt.-Yours, &c.

occupied a strong camp on the right of C.M.P. G. N. 5. T. N. 8. that river, near the same city. -Se.

veral kirmishes and attacks of small

posts happened between the opposite On seeing a BUTTERFLY light upon a gaily- lides; and the Prussians sent parties into dressed YOUNG LADY.

Upper Silesia to raise contributions, and :

hinder the Austrians from drawing subWith thy likeness thou hast met; fiftence thence, which obliged the Au. Couldīt thou but with language greet her, Sure your thoughts would nicely hit.

ftrian generals to reinforce their light Constant whirl, and empty pastime,

troops in those parts. In the mean time Gaudy objects are your joy ;

the trenches were actually opened be. The eye to take, and idly waste time,

fore Schweidnitz O&. 26, and next day Is the whole of your employ.

the Austrians began to throw into it Gay and giddy, both alike;

bombs and red-hot bullets, by which Alike your end will quickly come; the town was at different times set on But let this thought the fair-one Itrike, fire in several places. The garrison What will after be her doom.

W. S.

made a good many successful fallies, in

one of which they said they killed 700 E P I G R A M.

men, and made 250 prisoners. At CR "Ries Ned to his neighbours, as onwards they length, on the 11th of November, the

prelt, Conveying his wife to her place of long rest,

besiegers made a general affault, and af. Take friends, I befeech you, a liccle more leisure, ter a very vigorous resistance carried the For why should we thus make a til of a plea works. The governor had thrown up Jure? intrenchments on the great market-place,

« ZurückWeiter »