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produce an important effect on public morais, and thus tend, in some degree, to bring the nation nearer to a state in which we
riday in these awful times, hope for the continuance of the Divine protection and bleosing.”
MISSION TO TARTARY. We proceed, agreeably to our promise in the last number, to lay before our readers some extracts from the letters of the missionaries from the Edinburgh Society in Tartary. Feb. 1, 1810—“You will be surprised to hear (writes Mr. Paterson) that most of us had been obliged to leave Karass, and go to reside at Georghievsk. The movements of the Tcherkisians (i. e. Circassians) made this necessary. In the months of October and November, we had to watch every night, from evening till day-light; and notwithstanding our utmost vigilance, a number of our best cattle were stolen from us. Yet though we were twice fired on by robbers, none of us received any injury. As soon as General Bulghakotf arrived at Georghievsk, and was made acquainted with our situation, he had the goodness to appoint us a guard of thirty-six soldiers and cozaks : and since that time we have been secure. Two Tartar chiefs offered me their protection, if I chose to go and reside in their viliages; but I did not think it necessary to leave the settlement: and all of us are now returned to Karas, except Mr. Brunton and tile children.” March 1.-The missionaries write, “Since last suuuler, we have had but little communication with the Kubane. The Beshelby village, which we formerly mentioned, was almost wholly destroyed by the Mohammedans, a short time after we wrote you; and we are sorry it is not in our power, at present, to give auy more particular account of the tribes in that quarter. “We frequently hear about the Wahabees. The Mohammedans, in this neithbourhood, think them powerful and bitter enemies to the pilgrims who go to Mecca. The people here abhor them ; but we do not think that their opinions are inbibed by any of the Inountain tribes. A few only of the tribes are Mohammedans, and these being powerful, use violence in converting their neighbours to Islanisin. What the religion of the tribes in general is, we cannot particularly say, though we are inclined to think, that it is a mixture of Paganisin and Christianity. They keep fasts, and cross themselves with the sign of the cross. In ruany places of their country, there are ruins
of churches, and sepulchral monuments built of stone.” The missionaries then give an account of three persons belonging to their settlement having been enticed away by the natives. Only one of their baptized, however, had left them, and he, it seems, had not been prevailed with either to use the prayers or to profess the religion of the Mohammedans. Of several of their converts they speak very favourably, and particularly of Katagerry. the young Sultan, formerly mentioned. “Though at a distance from then, being in Georgia, in the Russian service, he frequently corresponds with Mr. Brunton, and appears exceedingly anxious te spread the knowledge of Christianity, wherever he can circulate tracts, or speak in its favour. He writes to Mr. Brunton, that if there were peace between Russia and Turkey, he could circulate any number of books on the frontiers of the latter, and send them to Erzerum and other large cities. In one of his letters, he says to Mr. Brunton. “Ever since I got into friendship with you, I have esteemed the letters which I received from you, that they might remove me from folly, and correct my judgment. It is for this purpose that I desire to receive letters from you. The world is wide, and mankind numerous; but I au convinced that I have not yet net with one benevolent and true friend but yourself; and if I should, he would not continue long so. I now with my heart and soul wish that I could see you, and hear your good conversation. God did not give me judgment to live along with you, therefore I am far from you. Yet I am hopeful the Most High God will place me along with you before I die.” In another letter to Mr. Brunton he mentions, that for some services he had done to the Tartars in Georgia, when they were collected on a particular occasion, they offered him five oxen as a present, which he refused. “On that occasion,” he says, “I told them Insay things from the Gospel of Jesus. I shewed then that their miseries arose from their false religion, the wickedness of their priests, and the oppression of their rulers," against one of whom he had procured redress for them from his colonel. “The whole assembly then cried out, - It is a truth, Sir: our rulers and priests have nothing in view, but to enjoy our money.'" “Concerning Sultan Islain Gerry, whose death was formerly noticed, Mr. Fraser, who calls him “their highly respectable and truly laidented friend, thus writes: * “‘One of our coi.verts, a sensible and friendly woman, about thirty-six or thirtyseven years of age, lived from her infancy with a family related to him, in the Kabardian country. Not many years ago, she attended a sister of his, for whom he had a particular regard, on her death-bed. Circumstances of this kind made Islam Gerry take a pleasure in talking frequently with this woman about himself and his family. He told her, a short time before he died, that he had read the books of the Moslems from his infancy, but that he could not endure to look on them after reading the English people's books, and hearing their conversation; and that, had it not been for the opposition of his wife, and the tyranny of the people, we and his children would have professed the Christian religion. Like all the branches and members of the Crinu Sultan family, he was a man of great judgment, and was wont to say many interesting and affecting things to those with whom he conversed." : The missionary settlement at Karass consists, according to the latest account, of fiftyseven individuals, old and young.
CHINA. A letter has been received from Mr. Morison, dated at Canton, December 4, 1809. He is diligently proceeding with his translation of the Scriptures into Chinese ; but has no prospect of being able to Isake his way to Pekin.
Mr. Adam, a missionary, has taken up his abode at Port of Spain, the principal town of Trinidad, in the hope of being able to coinmunicate religious instruction to the poor slaves in that island. A subscription has been raised there to assist in building a place of worship. The English, French, and Spanish languages are in use among the slaves; and Testaments in all these languages have been sent thither by the British and Foreign Bible Society.
Mr. Wray, the missionary, writes, that the people are more and more desirous of learning the way to heaven. The congregations increase. On Tuesday and Friday evenings the place of worship is generally fullThe whites are becoming more favourable to the instruction of the slaves. Mr. Wray transmits the copy of a letter written to him by one of the planters, which incidentally throws some light on the state of society inv our sugar colonies. “I am informed,” he says, “ that you consider my Driver, Apollo, and his wife, as nearly prepared to receive baptism. You have my free consent to baptize them when you please. He is a dutiful. good driver, and studies to give me satisfac. tion, and more so since he attended your chapel.”
The latest accounts of the nission at Betheldsdorf, under Dr. Vanderkemp, state, that during the year 1809 tour Hottentots had been baptized. The public exercises of religion continued to be well attended; and a native preacher had been assiduously employed in preaching to the people. A knitting school has been established: it consists of thirty children; and the demand for stockings and night-caps is greater than can be supplied. General industry has increased. The settlers manufacture hats, and coffee baskets, for sale: they make soap ; saw timber; and cut wood for waggons, &c. They also trade in salt. Cultivation has greatly extended; and a large crop of wheat, besides some barley, rye, Indian corn, beans, peas, &c. is expected. The settlement contains 97.9 persons, being an increase of 200 in the course of last year. Dr. Vanderkemp observes, that the earthquakes which had happened at the Cape in December had tended to produce great seriousness of mind; and that multitudes, under the impression thus excited, thronged to hear the word of God.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. – so
SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.
Nothing has transpired during the present mouth to alter the view which we have been disposed to take of the state of these kingdous. The French opened their fire on Aloueida on the 26th of August, and on the
following day it fell, owing, as is said, to the explosion of a powder magazine. This event took place within the hearing, and almost within the sight, of our army. We cannot but believe, that this circumstance is strongly indicative of the very superior force of the French. It seems otherwise wholly in
credible, that we should have permitted then to proceed, without any molestation, to erect their batteries within a few miles of our lines, against a place which is admitted to have been an important barrier of Portugal. We have no doubt that Lond Wellington has acted the part of a wise general in the course he has pursued; but then we must admit that the odds were fearfully against him; and these odds will, of couise, be increased y the reduction of this fortress. No movements of any noment have since taken place in either army. Soult (the Duke of Dalmatia) has published a most sanguinary decree, in which, desiguating the Spaniards armed against France as robbers, he orders that every Spaniard taken with arms in his hands shall be tried by a military columission, and shot, and that his house shall be burnt to the ground. The Regency have, in consequence of this, issued a letaliating decree, in which they order, that for every Spaniard proved to have been murdered in obedience to Soult's decree, three Frenchmen taken in arms shall
be hanged without tail; and for every house
which may be burnt in obedience to the same decree, the three first persons belonging to the French army who are taken shall be hanged, and as many for every one who may have perished in the flames; that Soult himself, should he be taken, shall be treated as a robber; that hencesorward the French armies shall be called by no other names than those of robbers and assassins; and that this ordershall be circulated in the French armies and throughout Europe, that all who have children, relations, or friends, in the French armies, may see the inevitable fate prepared for them by the cruelty of the unonster who is at their head.
What a dreadful state of things do these decrees exhibit!
From the latest intelligence from this quarter which has appeared in the French newspapers, it may be inferred that the invasion of this island will, at least, be postPoued. It is stated that a large convoy has been taken by the English, the preservation of which was essential to the further progress of the expedition. The real reason probably is (provided the whole be not a feint), that, the channel between Sicily and the Neapolitan shore is rendered impassable by the British ships of war which are stationed there.
The French General Bernadotte has been chosen Crown Prince of Sweden. This ar
rangement, we apprehend, forebodes no good
either to Russia or Denmark. It is even already announced to the Swedes, that in the person of Bernadotte they have a pledge for the restoration of Finland, which, by the violation of every principle of good faith, and at the expense of much blood and misery, Russia was so lately instigated by France to acquire. It is expected that the King of Sweden will speedily resign his crown in favour of Bernadotte.
FRANCE. Bonaparte, proceeding steadily in his plans of subjecting the universal mind of the French people to his will, and with this preventing their seeing or hearing but such things as he chooses they should see and hear, has issued from the palace of Trianon the following decree: “ 1. There shall be only one journal in each of the departments, with the exception of that of the Seine. “2. This journal shall be under the authority of the prefect, and cannot be published but with his approbation. “3. Nevertheless, the prefects may provisionally authorize in our great cities the publication of papers containing advertisements relative to sales of merchandize, &c. and journals treating exclusively of literature, the sciences, arts, and agriculture. The said publications must contain no articles foreign to their object. And the minister of the interior shall, on the 1st of September next, make a report to us on the said advertising journals.” We stated in our last, that Bouaparte had announced his intention of withdrawing his Berlin and Milan decrees in November next, provided Great Britain would withdraw her Orders in Council. Another condition, however, was insidiously annexed, which we had overlooked, namely, that Great Britain should also abandon her new principles of blockade. The convenient generality of this expression Bonaparte knows will make it impossible for our government to accede to his proposal. Our orders in council, being a measure of retaliation, would fall, of course, when the deerees which gave theiu birth were rescinded. But as it iswholly impossible to meet him on this new ground,without relinquishing every advantage which we derive from our naval superiority, Bonaparte, doubtless, expects that we shall by our refusal embroil ourselves with America. We trust, however, that the good sense of America will view the matter in its true light, and see that our compliance with so vague and undefined a requisition is inpossible. BRAZILS. A treaty of friendship and alliance has been concluded between his Majesty and the Prince Regent of Portugal and the Brazils, which forms a pleasing contrast to the engagements usually entered into between crowned heads. Its objects are highly homourable to both parties. After sonne stipulations, which have in view the mutual defence of each other's dominious, the indemnification of such subjects of either government as may have suffered by the late changes, the subsistence of the fleets of each when engaged in the defence of the other, an article is inserted, by which the Prince Regent, “guided by an enlightened and liberal policy,” declares spontaneously that the Inquisition shall not hereafter be established in the South American dominions, and a hope is also held out of its extinction in Portugal. The last article is one which we have read with very peculiar satisfaction. We give it at length. “Hiis Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, being fully convinced of the injustice and impolicy of the Slave Trale, and of the great disadvantages which arise from the necessity of introducing and continually renewing a foreign and factitious population for the purpose of labour and industry within his South American dominions, has resolved to co-operate with his Britannic Majesty in the cause of humanity and justice, by adopting the most eificacious means for bringing about a gradual abolition of the Slave Trade throughout the whole of his dominions. And, actuated by this principle, his Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal engages that his subjects shall not
be permitted to carry on the slave trade on any part of the coast of Africa, not actually belonging to his Royal Highness's dominions, in which that trade has been discontinued and abandoned by the powers and states of Europe, which formerly traded there ; reserving, however, to his own subjects the right of purchasing and trading in slaves within the African dominions of the Crown of Portugal. It is, however, to be distinctly mnderstood, that the stipulations of the present article are not to be considered as invalidating or otherwise affecting the rights of the Crown of Portugal to the territories of Cabinda and Molembo (which rights have formerly been questioned by the government of France), nor as limiting or restraining the commerce of Ajuda and other ports in Africa (situated upon the coast commonly called in the Portugueze language the Costa de Mina). belonging to or claimed by the Crown of Portugal; his Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal being resolved not to resign nor forego his just and legitimate pretensions thereto, nor the rights of his subjects to trade with those places, exactly in the same manner as they have hitherto done.” We rejoice in witnessing the broad admission of the inhumanity and injustice, as well as the inexpediency, of the slave trade, which the above article contains; and although the particular provisions which are agreed to fall far short of the exigency of the case, or of the requisitions which we are fairly and reasonably entitled to make on this subject, yet we sincercly congratulate the friends of Africa that so much has been done; and we trust that it is only a prelude to farther measures of restriction.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
We cannot help thinking J. M. S. a little unreasonable in his expectations. He sends wo quotations which he himself supposes “may be incorrect," and which are taken, not from the writings of the Father whom he professes to quote, but from another source: and he seems displeased that they are not immediately inserted. We have returned his paper
by post, according to his desire.
H. T.; Juvents; W. R.; W. D.; Haso's two papers; T. H.; and An April.a Ancts; been received and are under consideration.
Omro A's letter will be attended to immediately; and he is requested to inform the Editer where he may be addressed.
H. S. has omitted to send the essay on which he comments, so that no judgment can to formed of the jusitce of his remarks,
Extracts Ffroxi the CORRESPONDEnce Missio Nattles to 1 N di A. (Continued from p. 535.) E have now arrived at the period when the Society for romoting Christian Knowledge, [. known by the name of the Bartlett's Buildings' Society, began to take an active concern in the support and encouragement of the Protestant Missions to India. I have before me their first publication on this subject: it bears the date of 1718, and is entitled, “Propagation of the Gospel in the East, being a Collection of Letters from the Protestant Missionaries, and other worthy Persons in the East Indies, &c. relating to the Mission, the Means of promoting it, and the Success it hath pleased God to give to the Endeavours used hitherto for propagating true Christianity among the Heathens in those Parts, but chiefly on the Coast of Coromandel. Published by the Direction of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge.” The letters are prefaced by an address to the reader, which contains so many important observations, at least as applicable to the state of the world in the commencement of the nineteenth, as in that of the eighteenth century, that I trust I shall be excused for calling your attention to them. They will serve to shew us, how the venerable founders of this excellent society wrote and thought. Would that their descendants might ever be animated with the same spirit”! “The conversion of the Gentiles
Of the FiRST PROTESTANT
to the knowledge of Jesus Christ, is a matter of joy and exultation to all such as wish to see the church in a better and more flourishing state than that wherein she doth appear at present. Whosoever maketh the interest of our Blessed Saviour his own, and doth not act upon a principle separate from that of his Master, must needs rejoice at the enlargement of the kingdom of Christ upon earth : particularly, if the parched wilderness of the Pagan world should once begin to flourish; and the barren church of the Gentiles shout for joy, at the numerous company of children she is to bring forth.” “This glorious state of the church will then, doubtless, appear, when the fulness of the Gentiles is come in, and all Israel is saved at last. These will prove infinite accessions to the church, both in strength and beauty, and make her arise and shine, as the prophet expresseth it. But what renders still more complete the glory of the church in that time, is the wonderful order and symmetry which will then most conspicuously appear, both throughout the whole body in general, and in every member in particular. The spirit of division and rancour, of party and animosity, of strife and envy, will be altogether banished from the church, raised to that dignity: or, if it should offer to disturb her, it will soon be vanquished by that Power, which hath made her a terror to her enemies. But all this she doth not do by her own power, but by the power of her Head, to whom she is graciously united by faith. All the members are animated by oue and the same spirit, onio by the 4 F.