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Historical Affairs.

T'July,.codcains aspeeches from the

ITALY.

this galling fire, which bore directly on HE London Gazette of the 29th the landing place.

“ A second convoy, with the IntreSidney Smith, giving an account of his pid, placed the garrison beyond the imoperations since he took the command mediate want of any thing essential, and at Sicily. Were they less worthy of the enemy from advancing his nearest himself, we should be held inexcusable, approaches within 250 yards, was redid we present in a mutilated or abridg. duced to the defensive in some degree ed form any thing from the pen of the dreading one of those sorties which the heroic defender of Acre the interest. Prince of Hesse had already shewn him ing historian of its siege--the conqueror

his garrison was equal to, and which, of Bonaparte. The dipatches are ad

was became a much safer operation, dressed to Lord Collingwood, and are as

now that the flanking fire of eight Neafollow:

politan gun boats, I had brought with

me, in addition to four his Highness had Pompee, at anchor of Sealia, May 24. already used so successfully, would co“My Lord,-I arrived at Palermo in ver it, even to the rear of the enemy's the Pompee on the 21st of last month, trenches. Arrangements were put in and took on me the command of the train for this purpose, and according to squadron. I found things in the state a wise suggestion of his Serene Highthat may be well imagined on the Go- ness, measures were taken for the emvernment being displaced from its capi- barkation of a small party from the gartal, with the loss of one of the two rison to land in the rear of the enemy's kingdoms, and the dispersion of the batteries to the northward. army assembled in Calabria. The ju. · I confided the execution of the dicious arrangement made by Captain naval part of this arrangement to Capt. Sotheron of the ships, and the position Richardson, of his Majesty's ship Juno, of the British army under Sir John puting the Neapolitan frigate and gun Stuart at Messina, had, however, pre- boats under his orders. His Serene Highvented further mischief.

ness possessing the experience of Euro. “I had the satisfaction of learning pean warfare and a most firm mird, hav. that Gaeta still held out, although as ing no occasion for further aid on thespot, yet without succour, from a mistaken I felt I could quit the garrison without idea, much too prevalent, that the pro. apprehension for its safety in such hands, gress of the French armies is irresistible. with the present means of defence, and It was my first care to see that the ne. that I could best co.operate with him cessary supplies should be safely con by drawing some of the attacking force veyed to the Governor; and I com- off for the defence of Naples. I acmunicated to his rene Highness (on cordingly proceeded thither, with the the breach battery, which he never Pompee, Excellent, Athenienne and Inquits) the assurance of further support trepid. to any extent within my power, for the The enemy's apprehensions of atmaintenance of that important fortress. tack occasioned them to convey some Things wore a new aspect immediately of the battering train from the trenches on the arrival of the ammunition; the before Gaeta to Naples. The city was redoubled fire of the enemy with red-hot illuminated, on account of Joseph Boshot into the Mole (being answered naparte proclaiming himself King of the with redoubled vigour) did not prevent Two Sicilies ! --The junction of the the landing of every thing we had Eagle made us five sail of the line, and brought, together with four of the it would have been easy for their fire to Excellent's lower deck guns, to answer have interrupted this ceremony and August 1806.

whes

shew of festivity ; but I considered that and the garrison allowed to march out the unfortunate inhabitants had evil and pass over to Naples with every ho. enough on them; that the restoration nour of war, after the interment of their of the capital to its lawful Sovereign brave Commander, with due respect. and its fugitive inhabitants would be no We thus became masters of this impore gratification if it should be found a heap tant post. The enemy not having been of ruins, ashes, and bones; and that, as allowed time to bring two pieces of I had no force to land and to keep or- heavy cannon, with their ammunition, to der, in case of the French army retiring Capri,the boat containing them, together to the fortresses, I should leave an opu. with a boat loaded with timber, for the lent city a prey to the licentious part construction ofgun boats Castellamare, of the community, who would not fail took refuge at Massa, on the main land to profit by the confusion the flames opposite to the island, where the guard would occasion. Not a gun was fired; had, hauled the whole upon the beach ; but no such consideration operated in I detached the two mortar boats, and a my mind, to prevent me dislodging Gaeta privateer, under the orders of the French garrison from the island of Lieutenants Faliverne and Rivera, to Capri, which,from its situation, protect- bring them off, sending Mr Williams, ing the coasting communication south. midshipman of the Pompee, from the ward, was a great object for the enemy squadron, on purpose to let the Neapoto keep, and by so much one for me to litans have the credit of the action, which wrest from him. I accordingly sum- they fairly obtained; for, after dislodg. moned the French Commandant to sur. ing the enemy from a strong tower, they render. On his non-acquiescence, I di not only brought off the boats and two rected Capt. Rowley, in his Majesty's thirty-five pounders, but powder (twen. ship Eagle, to cover the landing of ma ty barrels) from the magazine of the rines and boats crews, and caused an tower, before the enemy assembled in attack to be made under his orders. force. That brave officer placed his ship judi. “ The projected sorties took place on ciously, nor did he open his fire until the 13th and 15th in the morning, in a she was secured, and his distance mark. manner to reflect the highest credit on ed by the effect of musketry on his the part of the garrison and naval force quarter-deck, where the 1st Lieute- employed. The covering fire from the nant, James Crawley, fell wounded, and fleet was judiciously directed by Capts. a seaman was killed ; although Capt. Richardson and Vicuna, whose conduct Rowley regretted much the services of on this whole service merits my warmthat meritorious officer in such a criti. est approbation. I inclose Captain cal moment, he has since recovered. Richardson's two letters, as best detail.

“An hour's fire from both decks of the ing these affairs, and a list of the killed Eagle, (between nine and ten o'clock) and wounded on the 12th. with that of two Neapolitan mortar “ On the 19th ult. the boats of the boats under an active officer, Lieut. Pompee, under Lieut. Beacroft, brought Rivera, drove the enemy from the vine. out a merchant vessel from Scalvitra, yards within their walls; the marines near Salerno, although protected by a were landed, and gallantly led by Capt. heavy fire of musketry: Bunce; the seamen, in like manner, “On the 23d, obtaining intelligence under Lieutenant Morrell of the Eagie, that the enemy had two 30 pounders in and Lieut. Redding of the Pompee, a small vessel on the beach at Sealia, I mounted the steps ; for such was their sent the Pompee's boats in for them. road, headed by the officers, nearest to the But the French troops were too well narrow pass by which alone they could posted in the houses of the town for ascend. Captain Stannus command. them to succeed without the cover of ing the Athenienne's marines gallant. the ship. I accordingly stood in with ly pressing forward gained the heights, the Pompee, and sent a message to the and the French Commandant fell by his inhabitants to withdraw; which being hand. This event being known, the done, a few of the Pompee's lower deck enemy beat a parley; a letter from the guns cleared the town and neighbouring second in command claimed the terms hills, wbile the launch, commanded by offered, and a capitulation was signed, Lieut. Mouraylian, with Capt. Oats, of

the

and

the marines, and Mr Williams, drove ties at the taking of Capri were, Lieut. the French, with their armed adherents, Crawley, of the Eagye, four seamen, from the guns, and took possession of six marines wounded; one seaman and the castle and of them. Finding, on my one marine killed. landing, that the town was tenable Notwithstanding, however, all the against any force the enemy could bring supplies and assistance afforded by the against me from the nearest garrison, in British fleet, the gallant garrison of a given time, I took post with the ma Gaeta has been at length under the nerines; and, under cover of their posi- cessity of capitulating to the French ar.' tion, by the extreme exertions of Lieut. my under Massena, after a most noble Carrol, Mr Ives, master, and the petty defence of five months against an army officers and boats' crews, the guns were of 16,000 men. For eleven days the forconveyed to the Pompee, with twenty tress was baitered by 125 pieces of hea. two barrels of powder.

vy artillery, which destroyed a great I have the honour to be, &c. part of the town, and effected two prac(Signed) W. SIDNEY SMITH.” ticable breaches. On the 13th of July, Accompanying the above dispatch while the brave Governor, Prince Fre: are the correspondence which passed derick of Hesse Phillipstall, was giving with the commanders at Capri, the ca. directions on one of the batteries, he pitulation, and Capt. Richardson's ac. was so severely wounded by a splinter count of the two sorties from Gaeta, in from the wall, as to oblige him to relin. substance as follows:

quish the command, and to be carried The object of the first sortie (on the on board an English frigate in the bay 13th of May) was to destroy a battery, for surgical assistance. Col. Francesco of four guns, which the enemy had Holz, the next in command, finding erected on the Point of La Madona the place no longer tenable, proposed a della Catterra. Sixty men from the capitulation, which was readily granted, garrison were embarked in four fishing and on the 19th, the garrison (about boats, and landed undiscovered in the 1300 men) embarked in transports for rear of the enemy's work. The enemy Palermo, with their arms, eight field fled, and before they could return with pieces, and provisions for jo days, and a reinforcement, the guns were spiked, engaging not to serve against France or the carriages destroyed, and the troops her allies during one year and a day. re-embarked without loss. The second Massena's army, after the surrender sortie took place on the 15th of May. of Gaeta, was ordered immediately to It was covered by the English and Nea. Calabria, where we are informed the politan gun-boats, in three divisions, insurgents were still in considerable and was completely successful. The force. They had been supported by a Neapolitan troops drove the enemy out body of English troops, which landed of their trenches, carried the Serapo in the bay of Euphemia, and the French battery, spiked the guns, and returned troops under Gens. Regnier and Ver. into the garrison with little loss, carry. dier were not strong enough to attack ing with them a Captain of engineers, them, and several other prisoners. The loss The new King Joseph made his pubof the garrison is not known. The lic entry into Naples on the 20th May, boats had four men killed and five guarded by a strong body of French wounded. The enemy must have suf- troops, infantry and cavalry. It does fered considerably, as more than 100 not appear that he finds his royal permuskets were brought in. On the night son in perfect security among his new of the sth of June, the boats of the subjects. Almost all the principal no. A pollo frigate brought out of the Gulph 'bility have been banished out of the of Tarento a French brig, laden with Kingdom, and their estates confiscated. six brass 24 pounders, with their shot Many of those had previously accomand carriages, intended for the new bat- panied the royal family to Sicily. The teries of the Pharos. She was gallantly celebrated Cardinal Ruffo and his famicarried under a heavy fire of musketry, have been likewise exiled. His emi. aided by a large field piece. We had nence went to Rome, where he had a only one man wounded. The casual long conference with the Pope.

Qur

Our army in Sicily has been reinfor- Austria should take no further steps ced by the 39th regt. from Malta, and towards dispossessing the Russians of this the 78th from Gibraltar. It now con-. position; trusting, we presume, that sists of 10,000 men, and Sir John Stuart by the treaty of peace betwixt France is also raising a Sicilian Regiment. Sir and Russia, the evacuation of the post John, in General Orders, highly praises will be stipulated for. the general good conduct of the Army, In the mean time, the French army but laments, that, in some instances, in- in Dalmatia, under Gen. Lauriston, ocebriety (induced by the cheapness of the pied Ragusa : And the French official wine,) had betrayed some of the men Journal gives a long detail of the opeinto excesses, every instance of which rations in this quarter.

It states in he threatens to punish with the utmost substance, that in the month of June rigour. Two soldiers having resisted a considerable body of Russians disemtheir serjeants in the execution of their barked at Cattaro, and were joined by duty, and fired at and killed one of 10,000 Montenegrins. General Lauris. them, they were both executed on the ton, who had only 2000 men to oppose sea shore, in presence of the whole line. them, shut himself up in Ragusa, which

On the 29th of June, a large convoy was invested by the united force of the from Ireland, with the Hanoverian bri. enemy. The siege continued for nearly gade on board, and the Chiffonne frigate three weeks, but was at length raised by from Portsmouth, with Gens. Sir John Gen. Molitor, who advanced with a Moore, Sherbrooke, and Mackenzie, considerable force, attacked and routed arrived at Gibraltar. And on the 5th the Montenegrins; forced the Russians of July, the frigate with Sir John Moore, to retreat to their ships, and took 29 and several transports with De Roll's pieces of cannon, six mortars, a number German regiment, which has been long carronades, and a great quantity of quartered in that garrison, sailed like. ammunition, and all this with the loss wise for Sicily.

of only two killed and seven wounded, CATTARO.-The occupation of the During the siege, the Montenegrins are Mouths of the Cattaro by the Russian stated to have committed the most army (as stated in our Mag. for May) dreadful barbarities on the inhabitants has occasioned much altercation among the Province of Ragusa. The offi

. the parties. The Emperor of Austria cial account of these operations contains has been so beset' by the threats of a tacit reproach on General Bellegarde Bonaparte, that he has implored the and the Austrians, for having quietly re. Emperor Alexander to evacuate the po mained at anchor, without taking any sition, that it may be delivered to the part in these affairs. French, in terms of the treaty of Pres. Notwithstanding the peace conclud. burg. This we understand the Empe- ed with Russia, the affair of Cattaro ror of Russia has agreed to do, in order still affords a pretext to Bonaparte for to relieve the former from the danger of keeping a large French army in Geranother war. On the 17th of June ac many, to be maintained at the expence cordingly, a body of Austrian troops of the Empire. Napoleon, we are po. sailed from Trieste under Gen. Belle- sitively assured, has demanded of the garde to take possession, and to deliver Court of Vienna, no less than one it up to the French army in Dalmatia. million sterling (24,000,000 francs) as On their passage they were met by the the Emperor's contingent of this exRussian and English squadrons cruizing pence; a sum which the Austrian finan. in the Adriatic, who informed the Au ces can very ill afford at present to de strian commander, that they may put burse, but which demand we are told back again, as the port would not be has been made peremptorily. delivered up, in consequence of the The lady of Spencer Smith Esq; forGreeks and Montenegrins having joined merly Envoy at Stutgard, and brother the Russians, and insisted on retaining of Sir Sidney Smith, was lately arrested possession. Bellegarde disembarked at Venice by order of the French Com. his troops on the islands of Curzola and mandant there, and ordered to be sent Lessina, and sent intelligence to his to the Castle of Valenciennes. She

We learn that the French am had been carried as far as Brescia, bassador åt Vienna had agreed that where favoured by the address and cou.

court.

rage

rage of a Neapolitan servant, she effected On board the Blanche, Lieut. Bastin her escape from those who had charge and three marines were wounded; none of her, and has reached Prague in Bo. killed. The enemy had 20 killed and hemia in safety.--We understand, in or. 30 wounded, ten of them dangerously. der to be freed of every risk of molesta The Guerriere is of the largest class of tion, she was to set out for St Peters- frigates, carrying 50 guns and 317 mer. burgh, and from thence take shipping She was sadly cut up. The damages of for England. She is an Austrian by the Blanche were confined to her topbirth, and daughter of Baron Herbert, masts, rigging, and sails. the Austrian intermincio at Constanti We have the satisfaction to announce nople.

the capture of another fine French friPRUSSIA AND SWEDEN.

gate by the Mars of 74 guns, Captain The differences betwixt these powers

Ř. Dudley Oliver. On the evening of still continue. While the Prussian the 27th July, while a detached squatroops are collecting on the Swedish dron of the Channel fleet, under the frontier, as if meritating an attack on

command of Captain Keats in the Su. Pomerania, the Swedish fleet, on the o. perb, was cruizing in the Bay of Bisther hand, keeps up the blockade of all cay, the Mars discovered four French the Prussian ports with the utmost ri. frigates from the mast-head, and followgour. No ship has been allowed to en.

ed them with a press of sail. Next ter or pass from the ports of Dantzick morning, at day light, he had gained or Memel for three months past, which considerably on the stern-most, which has so deranged the trade of these ports induced the French Commodore to tack with the merchants of St Petersburgh

with the other three for her support. and Cronstadt, that the Emperor Alex. But after making some signals, he made ander's mediation has been most earnest

off with the three frigates, and left her ly solicited both by the King of Prussia

to her fate. At six o'clock, after a and by the Russian merchants. 'The

chace of 150 miles, the Mars at length mediation has been accepted, and num

got alongside, and after firing one shot, berless couriers have passed between

the frigate struck her colours. She Berlin and St Petersburgh. But we are

proved to be the Rhin, Captain Chestold that the king of Sweden's indigna

neau, a fine ship of 44 guns, and 318 tion at the conduct of Prussia in the

The other frigates got into Bourlast coalition still exists to such a de

deaux, the rest of the English squadron gree, that no terms of conciliation that having lost the chase in the night. The have been proposed, have induced enemy's squadron sailed from Cadiz in im to accede to an amicable adjustment

March, and were on their return from ef the țispute.

Porto Rico.

Letters transmitted by Lord St VinNAVAL INTELLIGENCE.

cent, contain an account of a gallant atThe Greenland fishing has been inter- tack made on the enemy's shipping in rupted by the depredations of a squadron the mouth of the Garonne, by the boats of French frigates which escaped from of the squadron off Rochefort. It be. L'Orient in March. They have taken ing ascertained that two corvettes and and burnt several English vessels, and a French convoy were in the entrance, pn the 19th of June they took, off Shet. a boat from each of the line of battle land, the Sims letter of marque of Leith, ships, three from the Iris, and three of 16 guns, Capt. Kelly, which they from the Indefatigable frigates, 'were likewise burnt, and put her crew sent to attack them, under the orders board a Danish vessel they met with, of Lieut. Sibley, of the Centaur. The who landed them at Peterhead. On the boats had but just put off, when the wind first receipt of the intelligence, three unfortunately shifted to the westward, frigates, the Blanche, Phæbe, and and came on to blow very fresh, vi hich, Thames, were dispatched by Lord Keith with the tide running very strong, for the Greenland seas, and on the 30th greatly perplexed them. Nothing howof July, the Blanche, Capt. Lavie, had ever could withstand the ardour and the good fortune to fall in with the intrepidity of our officers and men. Guerriere frigate off Faro. Capt. Lavie's They boarded and carried the largest official letter briefly announces the cap- corvette, Le Cæsar, of 18 guns and 86 ture, after a sharp contest of 45 minutes. men. The conflict was severe on both

men.

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