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probable reports are to be credited, 1 more prejudicial than profitable to the even promotion to the highest spi- | wholesome work of reformation. ritual dignities, if he would only On this ground, every distinction consent to the recal of bis doctrines. of his person displeased him: to menWith the same abstinence he often tion here an example or two ;-he did renounced such extraneous advan- not approve, that the adherents of the tages, the possession of which he purified doctrine should be called might have permitted, without doing after his name; nor was he pleased any violence to his conscience. More with Melancthon, who ordered the stuthan once he declined considerable dents at Wittenburg to shew him moro presents, which were offered him by external honours than to the other the Elector John the Constant; and, academic tutors. generous and disinterested, he dis | It was this modesty which made tributed among the necessitous not him unceasingly industrious, because only what presents he received, but he never thought he had done enough. also supported many helpless and in- Even the few hours of recreation, in degent persons from his own moderate which he reposed from his various lainoome.
bours, were employed in various useHis magnanimity was a consequence ful employments. The lathe, music, of his active love of mankind. Full of and horticulture, afforded him that the sublime thought, that nothing less recreation, which he used for the colthan unwearied activity to promote lecting of new powers, and for the the true welfare of mankind would maintenanee of the serenity of his bring him nearer to his object, he did ever active mind. not need any external motives to un- Particularly, he amased himself dertake good and general useful ac- with gardening and music, because tions ; neither the indifference nor the the former appeared to him to repreingratitude of his contemporaries,could sent the picture of the fruitfulness of drive him from his honourable career, I his popular endeavours, and the latter because he did nothing for himself, raised his heart to a foretaste of beabut every thing for the good cause of venly joys. He affirmed also from religion. He therefore willingly for- hence, that (much to the beneficial ingave personal insults, and what only (fluence of religion) music could conconcerned himself, and evinced this tribute the most to the moral improveplacability sufficiently, by his beba- ment of man; because, before the en. viour towards the visionary Carlstadt, chantment of her barmony, dissatisand the malicious Agricola. With a faction and heaviness of mind, as well zeal never to be cooled, he withstood as bad and dangerous thoughts, must the enemies of the purified doctrine, I give place. In short, we meet in him, and the authors of the dangerous divi- leven in bis hours of recreation, and in sions amongst the adherents of the his innocent amusements which he Reformation, because he considered | permitted to himself, the great man both the enemies of God, and, accord-l again, who, in every one of his seeming to bis own conviction, was obliged ingly unimportant actions, had relerto refrain from all connection with lence to the high object to which ap them, and from all regard in his con- I had devoted all his industry. duct towards them. * With Luther's All these beautiful and exaltea magnanimity, and active love of man- I traits in Luther's character, received kind, his discretion stood in the exact-new lustre from his undissembled tear est connection. He never made a merit of God. He was pious; but, .. upon the strict fulfilment of the du- | piety was not that something, which ties of his calling; he never imagined often is the case with the common himself at the mark, which he endea man, the work of mean fearfulness youred to reach by his honourable en- or foolish superstition; both. deavours; and by the greatest efforts mities which found no place m of his popular activity, he always be- (for the age in which he lived). lieved much remained to be done. I and unprejudiced mind. A chil Hence his indifference to the equivo-confidence in the paternal good cal praises of short-sighted men ; his of his Creator, sentiments of that noble displeasure at the external tes-' | fulness and love towards the eter timonies of honour, which had no Benefactor of the human race, raises value for him, and, in his eyes, were him above all parthly ciroumstances
and left him to seek his highest hap
ON OUR REDEMPTION. piness in an intimate communion with If Christ by death to Death, death had not God.
given, From hence his high opinion of the Clos' were th' eternal gate that leads to use and efficacy of prayer, with which
heaven. he always commenced his day's work, and in whose beneficial influence he
| If Christ by death, to Death, death had not
given, took his refuge with the happiest effect, Life's gate eternal never had been riven. in all the troubles which met him in all the dejected hours which broke upon his otherwise accustomed serenity.--
IMPROMPTU, Hence his heroic faith, which bade de
ON A POUTING BEAUTY. fiance to all human violence and per-| ELIZA dear! thou fairest of the fair, secution, to every tempest which threat With bright blue eyes and finely curling hair, ened him and the whole work of refor
How am I charm'd thy smiling face to see, mation with ruin, and let him not only
As then it looks good temper’dly on me.
But when thou pout’st, oh dark reverse of fate, anticipate a joyful eternity, as the
Thou turn'st my love almost to deadly hate. sure reward of his virtues, but also Thus the bright sun, the glorious orb of day, the blessed progress of the Reforma Shines on our path with a benignant ray; tion in the Church, undertaken by
But when eclips'd, the Mexican turns pale,
And tells of dire events, a dreadful tale. him, even after his death,
No more then pout, my charming, blooming [To be concluded in our next.]
TRANSLATIONS OF THE LATIN LINES,
INSERTED COL. 479.
Strictures on Mr. Mac Millan's
TRANSLATION of the lines, by the late TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL Professor Porson, inserted in col.
MAGAZINE. 479, by
Lector. Sir,—The spirit of bigotry seems, in Unless the death of Death to death,
your quarter of the kingdom, to be · Death, by his death, had given;
confined almost exclusively to that Mortals had found that shut to them
class of churchmen who are not imHad been the gate of Heaven.
properly styled semi-papistical. The
case, however, is widely different with A regular subscriber of Leeds, ob- us who live in the northern part of serves as follows:
the island. While the moderate party I read the Latin thus
of the church of Scotland are quiet Mors, mortis, morti, mortem mihi si morte
spectators, the evangelical party, in dedisset,
general, look upon dissenters, espeÆternæ vitæ janua clausa foret.
cially the Methodists, with no small LITERALLY TRANSLATED.
degree of jealousy, and occasionally Death would be the gate of eternal life. shut | treat them with a considerable portion against death, if in death it gave to me the death of asperity. Although the Seceders, of Death.
Independents, Baptists, and Relief, THE ABOVE VERSIFIED.
are sufferers in common with the MeWhen Death by death o'ercome, falls van thodists; yet they have not, by this um. quish'd in the strife,
circumstance, learned the needful Tis then “ the portal to eternal life.”
lesson of shewing mercy to others.
While they are from certain reasons, From D.B, H. of Thetford, we have less supercilious than churchmen, they received the following.
are, from other reasons, more effective As you requested a translation of in their opposition ; deeming it a duty the Distich, which appeared in col. incumbent upon them, equally to 179, where it is erroneously attributed check the spread of Methodism, as
the great Porson, I beg leave to to stem the torrent of iniquity. sei
ad you a literal one. This Latin Mr. Mac Millan, minister of the Distich, I remember to have seen in Relief Church in this city, has lately u old collection of epigrams, epi- appeared, both in the pulpit, and As, &c. printed probably before from the press, as a resolute chain
pion of Calvinism, and an inveterate
the Professor was born:
foe to Arminianism. His first pam- doctrines in question are false and phlet consists of extracts from the damnable. writings of Dr. Owen and President On the 53d and 54th pages of Mr. Edwards, principally on the doctrines Mac M.'s former pamphlet, are conof eternal election, and particular re-trasted with each other, two accounts demption. A few remarks upon his of“ Redemption by Christ;" the one pamphlet were lately published by said to be the “ Arminian Account," Mr. Ward, a Methodist preacher. and the other, the “ Scripture AcMr. Mac M. has since ushered into count.” Mr. W. charges Mr. Mac the world another volume of extracts, | M. with a want of the fear of God, chiefly taken, as he says, from the and of justice to his fellow-creatures, “ best evangelical authors." The sub- for palming on Arminians an account jects treated in this volume are, “ Jus- of redemption, which not one of them tification by the imputed righteousness believes. “ And,” says Mr. W.“unof Christ, Efficacious Grace, Perse- less he will produce direct evidence verance of the Saints, Original Sin, that the account of Redemption, imand Free Will.” Mr. Mac M.'s la- puted to the Arminians, in his pambours, however, are not to terminate phlet, is in truth their account, or with this work, for, in its preface, we make a public acknowledgment that are informed, that he has, in a state he has done wrong, ‘Father, forgive of preparation, a reply to Mr. Ward's him, for he knows not what he does.”
blasphemous pamphlet.” My in- p. 11. In my opinion, Sir, a high tention in sending you the present degree of penetration is not requisite communication is, to lay before your to discover, that the sin which Mr. W. readers a few remarks on the gross prays the Father to forgive, is, not the misrepresentations which are found publishing of the doctrines contained in Mr. Mac M.'s second publication. J in Mr. Mac M.'s publication, but the
The world has already been inform- “ palming upon Arminians an account ed, from high authority, that Calvinism of redeni ption which not one of them is a soil bigbly genial for the growth / believes ;” or, rather, not publicly acof Radicalism. This sentiment, how- knowledging his error, if he fail to ever severe, displays soundness of prove, that the account of redempjudgment, and breathes the spirit of tion attributed to Arminians is gecandour, compared to or with our nuine. Editor's opinion of Arminian doc- ! Having enervated one part of his trine: “ doctrine," says he, “ which I argument, I proceed to examine the believe to be subversive of true reli- other. gion, and even of the very being of In supporting an inference which God," page 5. Our Editor does not he makes on the 26th page, Mr. W. acquaint us, whether these awful con- quotes the sentiments of President sequences are stubborn facts, or only Edwards, from Mr. Bromley's Essay logical inferences. Proof, however, on Divine Prescience, along with Mr. of such an assertion, would certainly Bromley's remarks. The paragraph, have been acceptable to some of his which has proved the occasion of Mr. readers.
Mac M.'s blundering, is not in Mr. Alluding to Mr. Ward, he says, Ward's, but in Mr. Bromley's words, “ This reverend gentleman in his re- and is as follows: (p. 27.) “ But the marks on my publication, declares as worthy President allows it is best there much as that the most of all contained should be moral evil, yet, in page 373, in it is false and damnable doctrine; he informs us, that God's hatred to for he prays the Father to forgive me sin is infinite, by reason of the infinite for publishing such doctrine; and contrariety of his holy nature to sin.' again he earnestly prays from such | Let the reader put these two statetheology, good Lord, deliver us,'” p. 6. / ments together, and he will see before Hence it appears, that the charge / him this monstrous inconsistency, preferred against Mr. W., is bis insi- | that the infinitely wise and benevolent nuating, that the greater part of wbat | Jehovah infinitely hates what is for is contained in Mr. Mac M.'s pam- | the best, and what is an essential part phlet, is false and damnable doctrine. of his own wise and good system! The proof adduced, is said to be con- | From such reasoning --from such tained in two prayers offered up by theology,- good Lord, deliver us. Mr. W., denoting his belief that the | Bromley's Essay, p. 110. It wou
be a mark of trifling to attempt provenian creed, which says, “That justifiing, that the theology prayed against, cation is an act of God, by which, for is not the theology found in Mr. Mac the sake of Christ, he freely and fully M.'s pamphlet, but the theology con pardons the sinner, and accounts him tained in these words, “ It is best there righteous, on his believing in Jesus should be moral evil.” It is also ob Christ.' So that according to both vious, that the person who prays to these, believing in Christ is the probe delivered from such theology, is per justifying righteousness, and the not Mr. Ward, but Mr. Bromley! righteousness of Christ is only that
Not content with saying that Mr. which purchases and procures the W.“ declares as much as that the most way for God to justify sinners on of all contained in” his pamphlet" is condition of faith and sincere obefalse and damnable doctrine," he adds, dience. If, by saying that the “ obe“he can yet boldly tell us that all that dience of Christ is the procuring cause D. Owen, that great and good divine, of justification, Arminians make way has written concerning our redemp- for asserting that sinners are justified tion by Christ-that all he has written on condition” or (as our Editor concerning eternal election being the means) by virtue “of faith and sincause of holiness in the people of cere obedience;" it would certainly God and that all that Jonathan Ed- have been an easy matter, and a wards has written concerning eternal satisfactory method of proving his election, and the sovereignty of God- point, to have given us the name of that all this is most false and perni- the person who asserts such a proposicious." If this is not a specimen of tion, and the place in his writings wilful misrepresentation, it is, at least, where the assertion is to be found. If a proof of our Editor's incompetency I wait till our Editor produce such an to fulfil the duties of an author. He assertion from the writings of Mr. continues, “whereas the truth is, that Wesley, I am confident I shall never what these great and good men have have occasion to appear in Mr. Weswritten upon these subjects, is nothing ley's defence. but purely the doctrine of holy Scrip- I am inclined to think that our ture." So says Mr. Mac M.; but Editor will find some difficulty in exwho is obliged to submit his judg- tricating himself from the charge of ment to the authority of our Editor's inconsistency : for he says that Armiipse dixit?
nians believe we are justified by virAs surprise must have been excited, tue both of faith and sincere obediwhen reflecting on our Editor's mis ence; and yet he infers, from this conception of the plainest statements, supposed belief, that faith itself is our so will the same emotion be brought proper justifying righteousness. into exercise, on discovering his in- It is equally surprising to me, how genuity in perverting the most un- Mr. Mac M. could, from the foreequivocal propositions. He says, going definition of justification, infer. (page 7) “But all that Arminians that the author of it meant that sinseem to mean when they say that sin- ners are justified upon condition of ners are justified by the righteousness sincere obedience, seeing that no of Christ, is that they have the benefit allusion is made to obedience of any of Christ's obedience ; that his obe- kind. It would appear that he has dience is the procuring cause of their been led to draw the inference, that justification; and in this manner they “ believing in Christ is the proper make way for asserting that sinners justifying righteousness," &c. from are justified on condition of faith and those words in the definition which he sincere obedience. This seems plain has marked in italics. However, infrom these words of Mr. Wesley, com-stead of proving that the inference is menting on Jer. xxiii. 6. He shall unfairly deduced, I shall merely prebe called, the Lord our Righteousness. sent to your view a definition, accre
Is it not the plain indisputable mean-dited by our Editor, and given in his ing of this scripture,' says he, “He pamphlet, p. 11. I shall mark in itashall be what he is called, the sole lics the words which I consider as purchaser, the sole meritorious cause, corresponding with those marked in both of our justification and sanctifi- the foregoing definition. Justification ation?' The same thing is evident is “ a gracious sentence of God, om the seventh article of the Armi- whereby a sinner, antecedently guilty
in his sight, is upon his believing in law is considered as the ground of a Christ, acquitted from guilt, accepted sinner's justification ? Certainly not. as righteous, and entitled to all the Mr. F. was better acquainted withi benefits of the covenant of grace, on the human heart than to imagine, that account of what Christ has done and any unrenewed, and consequently suffered for him.” It is obvious, on unjustified man, could obey even this the slightest inspection, that if the substituted law. Keeping this remark former definition is faulty, the latter in view let us read Mr. F.'s own is equally so: and if the latter defini- words. “Should Mr. Hill ask if the tion requires mending, our Editor is Christian perfection, which we contend obliged to correct one of his “best for, is a sinless perfection, we reply: Evangelical Authors,"on a subject, with Sin is the transgression of a divine law,and regard to which, the author thought men may be considered either as being that he had given “a just and clear under the anti-evangelical, Christless, view of the doctrine before him!” remediless law of our Creator; or as
A Note on page 29 next claims our being under the evangelicai, mediatorial, attention. “Mr. Fletcher,” says he,“ a remedying law of our Redeemer; and great leader of the Arminians, calls the question must be answered acthe moral law, or the law of the ten cording to the nature of these laws," commandments, the Creator's anti p. 128. What question ? The mode evangelical, paradisiacal law of in- of a sinner's justification? or, the exnocence ;' and the Gospel, he calls 'an tent of a believer's sanctification? evangelical law-a milder law, adapt- The latter, most evidently. ed to our present state and circum- Again: “For there neither is nor stances.' He allows that sinners could was any man born into this world not be jastified by the strict moral who could say, I am clear from sin, i.e. law of the Creator, but he comforts I fulfil the Adamic law of innocence, simers by telling them of the Gospel except Jesus Christ: and in that sense, being a milder law, adapted to their we have all reason to pray with imperfect state, and that this milder [justified] David, Cleanse thou me law will justify them on condition of from my secret faults ; for if thou wilt faith and sincere obedience.” Every | mark what is done amiss, Lord, who may candid reader of Mr. Fletcher's works abide it? If thou wilt judge us aécordwill join with me in praying, Father, ing to the law of paradisiacal perfecforgive him.
tion, what man living shall be justified In Mr. Fletcher's Last Check to in thy sight? But Christ bás so comAntinomianism, vol. vi. pp. 128, 129, pletely fulfilled our Creator's parawe have the above-quoted words, but disiacal law of innocence, which in a connection, and with a design, allows neither of repentance nor of vastly different from what our Editor renewed obedience, that we shall not would make his readers believe. The be judged” (at the last day]“ bý that subject under discussion, is not the law; but by a law adapted to our mode of a sinner's justification, but present state and circumstances, a the extent of a believer's sanctifica- milder law, called the law of Christ, 1. C. tion. To prove this, nothing more is the Mediator's law, which is, like him. necessary, than giving the passages self, full of evangelical grace ana in their connected form. It may not, truth,” pp. 129, 130. It must be ents however, be improper in this place to dent to every candid reader, that remark, that Mr. F.'s opponents Mr. F. means that the sinner, on his grounded their opposition to the doc- believing, is, in consequence of Christ's trine of Christian Perfection on fulfilment of the Creator's law, ex man's present inability to obey the empted from its claims, and placed law of God, in the degree of perfec
I the degree of perfec- | under a new law, a law that admits tion in which Adam obeyed it before repentance and forgiveness (see Job the fall. Mr. F., admitting the force lii. 1. and Rev. iii. 19.) a law wbose, of their argument, obviated their obu | fulfilment consists in the obedience of jection by stating, that it is not the love, Rom. xiii. 10. It, therefore, relaw given to Adam, but the law of love mains for Mr. Mac M. to prove,... given to Christians, that is the stand- Mr. F. “comforts sinners by tels ard of Christian holiness. Does it them of the Gospel being a mild follow from such a sentiment, that law, à law which will justify them 9 sincere obedience to this substituted condition of faith and sincere obedience.