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FUNERAL OF LORD VISCOUNT Hospital were thrown open to admit NELSON.
the crowd that pressed for entrance.
-A proper force of volunteers and poCHE funeral obsequies of the illustri- lice officers were stationed to prevent a stile of magnificence and grandeur, that were to be suffered to pass at a time, does equal honour to the memory of who, having indulged their curiosity, the departed Hero, and to the feelings were directed to go out at an opposite of a grateful nation. The preparations gate, while an equal number should for the ceremony were ordered, by spe- succeed them. This order, however, cial royal authority, to be upon a scale was rendered unavailing, from the overthe most splendid and extensive possi. whelming crowd impetuously rushmg ble to be accomplished, and the public forward, and bearing down every thing have participated in the same senti- in its way. The scene now became very ments of regard for martial virtue, when alarming. The most frightful female they contemplated with admiration the skricks assailed the ear. Several pere most solemn, sublime, and affecting sons were trodden under fout, and greatspectacle they ever witnessed. The ar- ly hurt. One man had his eye literally ticle, though long, will be perused torn out, by coming in contact with one years hence with considerable interest. of the gate posts. Vast numbers of La.
dies and Gentlemen lost their shots, On the 4th of December, ihe Vic. bats, shan's, and the Ladies fainted in tory, Capt. T. M. Hariy, arrived at every direction. When those alarming Portsmouth from Gibraltar, with the perils were surmounted, the crowd h.d remains of the immortal Nelson. It another difficulty to overcome before was intended by Lord Coilingwood to they could gratify their eager curiosity, have sent home the body by the Eurya- naniely, to ascend the great fight of lus frigate; but the crew of the Victory steps which lead into the Painted Hali, remonstrated with his Lordship against where the solemn scene is exhibited. parting with so precious a relick, and Happily no accident happened here their feelings on such an occasion were during the whole of the day, which may kindly gratified. On the appearance of be accounted for by the good conduct the Victory at St Helen's, all the ships of the efficers and privates belonging to there and in the harbour lowered the Greenwich volunteers. Every obflags half-mast, and fired minute guns. stacle being overcome, the crowd passed As the ship had only jury-masts, and re- upinto the Painted Chamber on the right quired other repairs, it was not till the hand side, and returned on the left. 12th that she sailed for the Nore, where The hall was hung with black cloth, she arrived on the 28th. Next day and lighted up with 28 silver sconces, the body was put on board one of the with two wax candles in each. AscendKing's yachts, and carried up to Green- ing seven steps, (at the upper end of wich hospital, where most extensive the hall) the coffin appeared placed on a preparations were made in the Painted bier, covered likewise with black vel. Chamber for its lying in state.
vet, and very fully adorned with gilt On Sunday the 5th January, conform nails. The foot of the coffin only was able to official orders issued from the uncovered. At the head appeared the Secretary of State's office, the public senatorial robes, &c, belonging to the exhibition of the illustrious Nelson ly- deceased. ing in state, accordingly commenced. The inside coffin is composed of a At an early hour in the morning, the fragment of the mainmast of the great road from the metropolis was covered French ship l'Orient, of 120 guns, which with carriages and foot passengers of blew up in the battle of the Nile on the every description, as was also below ist of August 1798. It was picked up bridge the River with boats filled with by order of Sir Edward Berry, and preanxious spectators, and by nine o'clock sented to the Admiral, 'who accepted the town of Greenwich was crowded and carefuliy preserved it for the purwith visitors of every rank and degree. pose, as his Lordship declared, of being 'It was not however till 12, after divine made his coffin. The intention has service, that the great gates of the been actually fulfilled. This inside cof. Jan. 1806.
fin is put into a leaden one, which is No. 10. Is placed at the foot of the soldered up, and the whole placed in a coffin; it is a Naval Trophy of approlarge coflin of elm. Altogether it was priate composition. computed to weigh more than four cwt. No. 11. Is affixed on the right side of
The following were the principal or- the coffin, towards the foot; it reprenaments and devices un the external sents a Dolphin. coffin :
No. 12. Is the order of St Joachim, The Head-Piece (No. 1.) is a cor- transmitted to him by the Emperor rect copy of the allegorical engraving, Paul, as Grand Master of the Knights lately published to the memory of Lord of Malta, with its Motto, “ Junxit nos Nelson.
It represents a monument Amor.” supported by Eagles, the emblems of No. 13. In the centre, on the left victory, with the portrait of the de. hand, are again Britannia and Neptune, ceased Hero in basso relievo, surmount riding triumphant on the Ocean, drawn ed by an Urn, containing his Ashes; by Sea horses, &c. as before. over which reclines the figure of Grief. No. 14. Is the Order of the Grand At the base are seen the British Lion, Crescent, which was transmitted to the with one of his paws laid on the Gallic Noble Admiral by the Imperial Sultan, Cock, Sphinxes, and other trophies, in- after the glorious battle of the Nile. tended to commemorate the memorable No. 15. Is a Sphynx, the emblem of victory which the gallant Admiral ob. Egypt. tained on the shores of Egypt, and to No. 16. At the the head of coffin indicate, that he might fairly claim the other naval and military trophies, with sovereignty of the Ocean.
his Lordship's arms on a shield. No. 2. Is a Viscount's Coronet.
The plate on the coffin was of solid (Nent follows the plate with the in- gold, 13 inches by 9, and contained the scription.)
following inscription :No. 3. Is the first crest granted to
DEPOSITUM. him by his Majesty after the battle off The Most Noble Lord HORATIO Cape St Vincent, when his Lordship
NELSON, boarded and took the San Josef; the Viscount and Baron Nelson of the Nile, motto is “ Faith and Works."
and of No. 4. Is a weeping Figure, a cast Burnham Thorpe, in the County of from an antique, wrapt up in drapery,
Norfolk; &c. The face is hid, and it is alto- Baron Nelson of the Nile, and of Hil. ther one of the most chaste and exqui- borough in the said County ; site symbols of grief that we have ever Knight of the Most Honourable Order seen.-All the foregoing ornaments and
of the Bath ; devices are on the lid of the coffin. Vice-Admiral of the White Squadron No. 5: Is affixed to the left-hand side
of the Fleet; of the coffin next to the head ; it re
and presents the British Lion holding the Commander in Chief of his Majesty's Union Flag.
Ships and Vessels in the Mediterranean: No. 6. Is the Most Honourable Order
Also of the Bath, with the motto Tria Duke of Bronte in Sicily ; juncta in Uno.”
Knight Grand Cross of the Sicilian Or. No. 7. Which is directly in the cen- der of St Ferdinand, and of Merit; tre, is a beautiful composition of Bri- Member of the Ottoman Order of the tannia and Neptune, riding triumphant
Crescent ; on the Ocean, drawn by Sea-horses, and Knight Grand Commander of the Order led by Fame, while Neptune is point
of St Joachimi. ing to a shield, which bears this motto, Born September 29, 1758. “ Viro Immortali."
After a series of transcendant and heroic No. 8. Is the Order of St Ferdinand, Services, this Gallant Admiral fell which he received from the King of gloriously in the moment of a brilliant Naples, with its motto, « Fide et Me. and decisive victory over the Comrito."
bined Fleets of France and Spain, off No, 9. Is à Crocodile, an attribute Cape Trafalgar, on the 21st of Octoof the glorious victory of the Nile.
Six Gentlemen from the College of perhaps, the most brilliant of all the Arms were seated near the coffin, in gems that ever decorated the Naval full dress, bags and swords, two at the Crown of England. head and four at the foot, who were oc- Tuesday being the third day, the casionally relieved by six others. crowd of spectators was still greater Naval officers in their uniform were als and more eager for admission than on so stationed round the body as mour- the former days.
But the Governors of ners, and the whole area was lined by the Hospital had the precaution to get the Greenwich volunteers, with arms a large party of the King's life guards, reversed, &c.
who were judiciously posted in different At a few paces from the coffin were divisions at the several avenues, which placed ten flags, emblematical, with the prevented the impetuosity of the multi. word Trafalgar in the centre of each. fude, by which the former serious acci, At the foot of the coffin was a smaller dents had happened.
At the steps fing, and on a direct line, at the plat- leading to the entrance of the great form, appeared one of the same descrip- hall, the pressure was at one time su tion, but of much larger proportion. To great, that several ladies fainted, and do justice to the crowd, they were not were carried out. No other mischief wanting in respect. Every countenance occurred. A great number of the noexpressed, more or less, the most be- bility and of military gentlemen attend coming feelings on the occasion. ed this day to pay their respects to the
Not withstanding the immense num- 'memory of departed heroism. A small ber of people who were gratified this alteration was made in the arrangement day by admission to the solemn spec of the funeral saloon. The sable pall tacle, and many other thousands of was cast from the coffin, which was fulwhom went away unsatisfied, at finding ly exposed to view, with the cushion an entrance wholly impracticable ; the bearing the coronet placed upon it. concourse on Monday was even greater, At four o'clock on Tuesday afterand from nine in the morning, until noon, a brig arrived at Greenwich from four in the afternoon, the rushing tor. Chatham, with a chosen band of 60 rent of the multitude was so impetuous, seamen and marines, belonging to the that numbers experienced similar disas- Victory, under the command of Lieut. ters, and in many instances severely un. Brown, who were intended to join in fortunate; many were crushed 'in a the procession. Lord Hood, the Godreadful manner, in the competition for vernor, being informed of their arrival, entrance through passages so narrow; immediately proceeded to the north others were beaten down by the impe- gate, accompanied by a party of the tuosity of those who rushed forward river fencibles, armed with their pikes, from behind, and were severely trampled and ordered the heroes of Trafalgar, to -in many cases almost to death.Shoes, come on shore. The brig hauled apattens, muffs, tippets, coat-sleeves, longside the quay, and the brave tars skirts of pelices and gowns, without jumped ashore, amid the warmest acclanumber, were despoiled from their ow. mations of an immense multitude. His ners, and trampled in the mud : and, Lordship desired them to stow their though the guards were more numerous, baggage in a ward of the Hospital, (each more vigilant and peremptory, than on of them having a hanımock), and they Sunday, still it was scarcely possible should be gratified with a view of their to check the impetuosity of the multi-, heroic Leader's body lying in state, tude, or prevent the entrances to the which he was sure, however, wou id be great hall from being carried by force. to them no pleasant sight. The brave
Within, however, all was conducted fellows bowed assent to this rerrark. with order. The volunteers posted in The hall being entirely cleared of stranthe area of the elevated saloon, round gers, they were accordingly conducted the farther end of which the spectators to the furieral scene. They eyed the passed to view the coffin, continued to Goffin which contained the remains of urge onward the multitude at a quick their beloved hero, with melancholy ad. pace; so that none could indulge more miration and respect, while the manly than a short and sorrowful glance at tears glistened in their eyes, and stole that mournful casket which contained, reluctant down their weather - beaten
cheeks. On the return of this brave the barges, the drums and trumpets band to the parade in front, they were balting, and continuing to play. received by the river fancibles with The body being placed on board the presented pikes, while a deep and af. State Barge, the several members of the fecting silence reigned throughout the procession took their places on board crowd during their march.
their appointed barges, when the Lord PROCESSION FROM GREENWICH TO THE
Mayor of London, Corporation, &c.
proceeded from the Pamted Chamber, ADMIRALTY,
uncovered, to the River side, and Wednesday the sth being the day ap- appropriately decorated for this solemn
went on board their respective barges, pointed for the public funeral procession; occasion, the great bell over the south at an early hour in the morning the road from town to Greenwich exhibited
east colonade chuiming a funeral peal the a numerous train of mourning coaches,
whole time, each drawn by four horses, in progress
The ceremonial for the public funeral from the Admiralty to Greenwich, in procession having been arranged at the which were the Admirals, Naval Of Herald's office, by command of his Macers, and Pursuivants at Arms, and jesty, and published in the London Ga. other officers in the solemn procession. Zeite, the solemnity accordingly took These were shortly afterwards followed place in the following order :by the Lord Mayor and Corporation of First Barge--covered with black clotb. the City of London, with the Master, Drums-- Two Trumpets, with their Wardens, and Officers of the several
banners in the steerage. companies, all in mourning, and in The Standard at the head-the Guidon their res, ective carriages. The whole (borne by Captain Durham,) and sup. arrived at the western gite, in succes- ported by two Lieutenants of the sion, about eleven o'clock, and were Royal Navy, in full uniform coats, set down in order at the Governor's with black waistcoats, brecches, and house.
stockings, and crape round their arms The Life Guards, who had arrived and hats. at a much earlier hour in the morning, Two Pursuivants of Arms, in close were posted at the gates; and persons mourning, with their tabards over not connected with the ceremony were their cloaks, and hatbands with scarfs. not permitted to enter.
Servants of the deceased in mourning. At twelve, the whole of the persons appointed to attend the ceremonial be
Second Barge--covered with black cloth. ing arrived, a pun was fired from one
Four Trumpets in the steerage. of the River Fencible boats, as the ap.
Oficers of Arms, habited as those in pointed signal for an immediate, assem.
the first barge, bearing the Surcoat, blage in the Great Painted Chamber,
Target, and Sword, Helm and Crest, whence the corpse was to be conveyed.
and the Gauntlet and Spurs of the
deceased. A lane of guards, consisting of the
The Banner of the deceased, as a Knight Greenwich and Deptford Volunteers,
of the Bath, at the head, (borne by was formed across the grass plat between the houses of the Governor and
The Great Banner with the AugmentaDeputy Governor, to the northern gate, opening to the River; another lane was
tions, (borne by Captain Moorsom,) also formed by the River Fencibies,
and supported by two Lieutenants armed with their swords and pikes,
habited as those in the first barge. from the Volunteer line to the entrance Third Barge-covered with black velvet, of the Painted Chamber,
'the top adorned with plumes of black At half past twelve precisely, the pro. feathers, and in the centre, upon cession began to move forwards, pas- four shields, the Arms of the deceased, sing through the lines of Volunteers, joining in point, a Viscount's Corowho received it with presented arms.
Three Bannerolls of the family The whole passed onward through lineage of the deceased, on each side, the north gate, down the steps, to the affixed to the external parts of the River side, along the causeway, and to
Six trumpets, with their banners as be- of the funeral ; the barge of the Corpofore in the steerage.
ration for improving the navigation of Six Lieutenants of the Royal Navy, ha- the river Thames; and the respective
bited as those in the other barges barges of the companies of Drapers, one on each Banneroll.
Fishmongers, Goldsmiths, Skinners, THE BODY, covered with a large Merchant Tailors, Ironmongers, Sta.
sheet, and a pall of velvet, adorned tioners, and Apothecaries. with Six Escutcheons.
The procession was flanked by gun. Clarencieux, King of Arms, habited as boats and row-boats of the River Fenci.
the other officers of Arms, and bear- bles; three of which preceded to keep ing at the head of the Body a Vis- the river clear for the line of procescount's Coronet, upon a black velvet sion, and three guarded the rear. cushion.
The coup d'æil was sublime and imAt the head of the barge the Union pressive beyond description. The
Flag of the United Kingdom borne mournful attire, more or less deep, from by Capt.
a crae on the arm, to the very diepest;
the oars painted black, the minute guns Fourth Barge-covered with black cloth. Chief Mourner--Admiral Sir Peter
of the River Fencibles, and those of the
Tower while the procession passed it, Parker, Bart.
the splendid barges of the City CompaTrain Bearer to the Chief Mourner
nies decorated with the flags of all naHon. Captain Blackwood. Supporters to the Chief Mourner--Ad- tions, but above all, the immense crowd
assembled on every side to behold a mirals, Lords Hood and Radstock. Six Assistant Mourners-Vice-Admi. sight which gave rise to sensations at rals Caldwell, Hamilton, Nugent, exalted: all these things combined, ex
once the most mournful and the most Bligh, Sir
Roger Curtis, and sir c. M. Pole, Barts.
cited ideas never perhaps before felt toFour Supporters of the Pall-Vice-Ad. gether, and impressed the mind with mirals Whitshed, Savage, Taylor,
feelings the most awful, the most suband Rear-Admiral E: Harvey.
lime, and most interesting. Six bearers of the Canopy--Rear Admi
The whole in the above order, with rals Alymer, Domett, T. Wells, Drury, the wind against them, proceeded up
the flood tide in their favour, though Sir Isaac Coffin, and Sir W. H. Douglas;
the River for London ; the boats of the
River Fencibles firing minute guns the All in mourning clokes over their respective full uniform coats, black
whole way to Whitehall stairs, where waistcoats, breeches, and stockings,
the procession arrived precisely at half crape round their arms and hats.
past three. The whole of the boats The Banner of Emblems (borne by the order of a crescent, suffering the
then drew up, and formed columns, in Captain T.M. Hardy,) and supported by two Lieutenants habited as those barge with the body to shoot a-head, in the other Barges.
and pass the stairs some short distance.
It then tacked, and brought to at the The State barge, was rowed by 24 landing place, when the coffin was landseamen of the Victory, the other barges ed and received with military honours, by picked men from the hospital. under a sable canopy, decorated with
The barge of his Majesty, and that of the armorial insignia of the deceased, &c. the Lords Commissioners for executing sent from the Admiralty for its recepthe office of Lord High Admiral, fol- tion. lowed singly; and immediately after, the The different members of the procesLord Mayor in the City State Barge, sion then landed in their order, and followed by the barges of the several formed in Whitehall Yard, in the same companies of the City of London, sin- arrangement in which they proceeded gly, according to their rank; their re- from Greenwich Hospital. The pro. spective colours half-staff.
cession was here joined by Garter PrinThe private barges which followed cipal King at arms, who took his stathe Lord Mayor's, were the barge with tion immediately after the corpse; and the Committee specially appointed by the coffin being placed on a bier, carthe Corporation of London on occasion ried by cight seamen of the Victory, the