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which he possessed beyond any man land ; and his first employment was, now living
the herding of cattle, after which He possessed in a high degree he was sent to Paisley, co serve his the talent which distinguishes man, apprenticeship to the weaving busi. and the genius that elevates him ; ness, Perhaps owing to the reving nor was he without a portion of that nature of his former employment, he yirtue which is superior to them both. was not very fond of that sedentary As Mr Burke has observed, and occupation, and even, on one occawhen he was in intimate friendshipsion, left it abruptly. From Paisley with him, his faults, though they he went to the neighbourhood of might tarnish the 'lustre, and some Hamilton, in the capacity of a joure. ţimes impede the march of his abi- neyman weaver. Afterwards he relities, were not formed to extinguish moved to Glasgow, and was a clerk the fire of virtues. In his for some time to a silk mercer. With faults there was no mixture of de. the assistance of some friends, he beceit, of hypocrisy, of pride, of fero. gan, and carried on business for macity, or complexional despotism.
ny years, in the linen yarn branch. In all situations and circumstances, In this situation, he imported French he was dear to his friends ; those who yarn from Flanders, and sold it with have known him longest appear to great advantage to the manufacty. have loved him best, and it is a re- This laid the foundation of his markable circumstance, that those fortune, Sir Richard Arkwright hava who attended and wept round his ing successfully put in practice his death bed, had been, among many great improvement of cotton spinning others, the companionsof his youth, machinery, an agreement was made and the friends of his whole life. between him and Mr Dale to erect
In short, Mr Fox was among the works adapted to it on the Clyde ; distinguished characters which na. and mechanics were sent to Eng. ture seems to have prepared and ri, land, and there instructed in the pened to become one of the orna. business. Thus originated the wellments of the present reign. We la. known Lanark Mills. But Sir ment that the country is deprived of Richard having lost the monopoly of such a man.
that business, the connection was dissolved ; and Mr Dale erected and
carried on the business of the Mills Biographical Account of Mr DAVID entirely on his owo account. The DALE.
first mill was accidently burnt soon
after it was built ; but he heard the M R DALE, whose death we have intelligence with the greatest com.
recorded, was born January 6, posure, and persevered in his design, 1739, in the town of Stewarton in till, mill after mill arising, a cluster Ayrshire, where his father was a of these wonders of Art adorned a shop-keeper, who dealt in groceries, most romantic situation, greatly imyarn, &c.
His remote ancestors, proving the country around, and however, had been farmers, accord giving employment to thousands. In ing to a family tradition, importing, consequence of the success of these that, till about 100 years before his works, and their obvious advantage ţime, a particular farm in the neigh to the landed property, many land. bourhood of Stewarton had been in holders applied to Mr Dale to erect their possession for 300 years. He such works on their estates ; and received that education which is usu, some were accordingly erected. Of allý given in the small towns of Scoi. these, the most successful were those
established in the valley of Catrine, the Firth of Dornoch, in Sutherlande on the banks of the river of Air, up- shire. At an early period of life, on the estate of Claude Alexander, he was religiously disposed, attended Esq. of Ballamyle. Besides these prayer.meetings, and went to Cam. cotton spinning concerns, Mr Dale buslang, at the time of the striking manufactured large quantities of cot. revival of religion there. Dissatisfied ton cloth-in concert with another with the Established Church, a few gentleman, he established the first friends united with him in founding works in Scotland for dyeing cotton a Church on the Independent plan; Turkey red-w -was a partner also in a
and he became one of the preachers. manufactory of incles or tapes (which In this capacity he continued to still has in its possession the original officiate statedly till his last illness. lo-m that was brought from Holland) With no fluency of eloquence, he was and imported cotton wool from a. a plain, serious, and very scriptural broad. By these means, with great preacher. To enable him the better natural sagacity, and an enlarged be to expound the Bible, he received nevolent mind, the little herd-boy some instructions in the Hebrew and came in course of time to ride in his Greek languages. In his own têmown carriage, was visited by the great, per and conduct, appeared much of and extolled by the learned. At the the humble, meek, and forgiving mills which Mr. Dale bad erected on spirit of Christianity. When only the banks of the Clyde, great num- a journeyman weaver, it has been bers of destitute children were enga. said, that he appropriated a part of ged for - certain terms of years, for his earning to the poor. When his their board, cloathing, and lodging; resources were greater, during a time besides which, by employing a num. of scarcity, he imported a large quanber of teachers, he carefully attended tity of meal, and sold it to the poor to their education and religious in- at a low rate. That he was the gestruction. In viewing the mills no neral patron of generous and laudable particular was more pleasing to a undertakings, the Glasgow Infirstranger than the excellent order in mary, and Missionary and Bible Sowhich the boarders were kept. A cieties, among many other public invessel, freighted with Highland fa- stitutions, can thankfully bear testi. milies from the Hebudes, emigrating mony. We have much pleasure in to America, being driven by foul adding, that Mr Dale has left at weather into Greenock, Mr Dale least 100,000). to his family, after sent agents there, and engaged the having appropriated, in his life time, most of them to settle at his Mills ; more than twice that sum to pure where they were comfortably provid. poses of the purest benevolence. ed for. And he built a great number of houses, to accommodate such Highland families as conld' not find CELESIAL PHENOMENA for OCTOBER employment in their own country.
1806, His exertions in behalf of the High. landers were not confined to the
Wednesday, October 1. sphere of the Lanark Mills--for he THE planet. VENUS will be in.com made various attempts to introduce
witho the cotton manufacture in the High: the third magnitude. The nearest lands--particularly, in concert with approach of their centres will be some other patriotic gentlemen, by 19.48", and the planet will pass to erecting a mill at Spinningdale, on the south of the star,
Tuesday, October 7th.
About 7 o'clock in the same even The planet VENUS is at present si- ing the second and fourth satellites of tuated in longitude 55..230.11..54", Jupiter will be in conjunction on the and latitude 10..27' north. Her de eastern side of his disc. The first is clination is 49,2' north, and she will situated on the same side but nearer come to the meridian at 45 minutes Jupiter, and the third is invisible, after 10 o'clock in the morning.
being between the Earth and Jupiter. On the same day, about 45 mi- Saturday, October 18th. nutes after 6 o'clock in the evening, The planet MERCURY will arrive the second and fourth satellites of Jupi. at his superior conjunction with the ter will be in conjunction in the east- sun at 3 o'clock in the morning. ern side of his disc. The first is sia
Sunday, October 19th. tuated on the same side nearer Jupi- The longitude of JUPITER is at ter, and the third on the same side at present 98..20..45'..4", and his lati. a greater distance.
iude 6 minutes south. His dechua. On the same day the planet VE- tion is 23o. 32' south, and the time NUS will be in conjunction with B of his southing 4h..30'in' the afterVirginis, a star of the second magnitude. The distance of their cen
Monday, October 20th. ters at the time of conjunction will The second satellite of Jupiter will be 46 minutes 12 seconds, and the emerge from behind his shadow at planet will pass to the north of the 30 minutes after 6 o'clock in the
Friday, October 24th.
The Sun will enter the sign Score in longitude 6%..25o..30.4", and la. pio at 6 minutes after 2 o'clock in the titude 32 minutes north. Its decli- morning.
D.B. nation will then be 90..22' south, and it will south a few minutes after 12 o'clock noon.
Memoirs of the Progress of MANU.
FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE,
and the FINE ARTS.
. western side of his disc. The second sac have published the results and fourth are situated on the other
of some interesting experiments made side of the planet, the fourth being They selected for this purpose large
at Naples, with the raja torpedo. at the greatest distance. On the same day the planet Sa..
and lively subjects. They received TURN will be situated in longitude
a shock on touching with one finger a 69..290..52 55".. and latitude 20.
single surface of the electrical organs, 15' north. His declination will be
or on laying both hands at once on 99..21' south, and the time of his
both surfaces, the upper and the unsouthing 12h.30' noon.
der; and it is a matter of indifference
whether the person so touching tle Friday, October 17th.
torpedo be insulated or not. if an The Moon will be in conjunction, insulated person touches the raja with JUPITER at 7 minutes after 1 with only one finger, the touch must o'clock in the afternoon.
be immediate. No shock is felt if On the same day the first satellite any conducting body, any metal for of Jupiter will emerge from behid instance, intervene between the finger his shadow at 57'.-24" after 5 o'clock and the organ of he fish. And if in the evening
a torpedo be laid upon a plate of
be carried in one hand ficient to cover the whole. Boil thert with impunity. The hand does not together for two or three hours, adfeel any commotion when another in. ding more water from time to time, sulated person irritates the fish, al. to supply the place of what is wasted though convulsive motions of its by evaporation. Take out the cloth breast-fins indicate the strongest dis. thus prepared, wring it, and hang it charges of its electrical matter. up to dry without rinsing When On the contrary, if the plate on the cloth is to be dyed, it must be which the fish lies be held in one rinsed carefully in cold water and hand, and the upper surface of the put into a well-tioned copper with electrical organ touched with the cold water, and a small quantity of other, a vehement shock is felt in brazil, and then boiled gently for both arms.
The result will be the · half an hour or more, according as same if the fish be laid between two the tint is to be deeper or lighter. metal piates, the edges of which do If too much brazil be used, the dye pat join, and the plaies laid hold of will have a violent bue. When it is with both hands at once. But if taken from the fire, the cloch is to be there be an immediate communica. rinsed in cold water. Care must be tion between the edges of the two, taken that none of the common mdr. plates, no shock is communicated.' dants, either saline or astringent, are From experiments made with the elec. used, for they would alter the co. trometer and condensator, it appear. lour. ed that flame is not a conductor of Dr Westring has found that the the electricity of the torpedo. bark of the Scotch fir is an excellent
Gum Arabic is successfully used tonic, and may be successfully used as a remedy in France for pulmona. in several convulsive discases, even ry complaints.
epilepsy, and that it may be substiM. Guyton gives the following as tuted for the cinchona. lo some a suré specific against the effects of parts of Sweden it is made into bread, contagion :--Take four ounces of which is said to be nutritious and salt, six grains of oxide of manganese, palatable. water two ounces, and sulphuric acid Mr Nicholson has in his Journal two ounces. The manganese in pow. given directions by which a person der is mixed with the salt in an' may save himself from drowning, if cartben vessel, the water is then ad- he chance to fall into the water. The ded, and afterwards the sulphurio results of Mr Nicholson's reasonings acid. One fumigation is sufficient if are, that if a man fall into decp wa. the chamber be not inhabited; but ter, he will rise to the surface by if there be patients, it must be repeat- floatage, and will continue there, if ed three or four times.
be does not clevate his hands, and that Dr Westring, physician to the the keeping them down is essential King of Sweden, has obtained excel to his safety. If he move his hands lent dyes from different species of under the water in any way he pleases, club-moss, lycopodium. The follow. his head will rise so high as to allow ing is the method which he has him free liberty to breath. And if found to be the most simple :-Take in addition, he move his legs exactly a quantity of this moss, dried and as in the action of walking up stairs, chopped, nearly double the weight his shoulders will rise above the wa. of the cloth to be dyed. Put them ter, so that he may use less exertion into a proper vessel, a stratum of the with his hands, or apply them to other moss between every fold of the cloth, purposes. He has himself been witand pour 'on a quantity of water suf Aess to the success of the experiment.
Ceremonies observed at opening the It is ordered there be no shooting,
that day, neither displayingo of en-
the first sessions of each para 'state (noto being noble meo) ride in
... vants in their coate bare headed usher The noble mens lackeys have over the way ithes commissioners, from their liveries, short velvet coats, with shires two and two. The officers of their badges, crests, and mottos, done state, (pot, noble men) are next in in plate or embroidered, on their back order. The lords and barons of parand breast. liament; the bishops, the viscounts, The great officers of state, ride up
and the two archbishopss from the abby, the king's palace, all of them, two and two: Next are about half an hour before the caval. four trumpeters in their coats bare. cade, in their robes, attended with headed, two and two six heralds in their friends on horseback, waiting theię coats, bare-headed. I wo and two ; in the parliament house : when the the gentlemanusher bare headed; Lyon commissioner enters the house, the king at arms, with lui
his coat, and robes, lord chancellor takes his own purse, and foot mantle, and his battoon in his and ushers him from the bar to the hand, bare-headed; the sword of state, throne: when the king is present, the scepter, and the crown, carried the lord chancellor receives his majesby three of the anticntest of the nobi- ty at the door of the parliamenta lity;
; on each side the honours, three house, and ushers him up to the mace-bearers bare headed; a noble throne.
shers him man bare beaded, with a purse, and
The whole members of parliament in it the lord high commissioner his wait on the high commissioner in commission. Then last of all the the great hall; the noble men in their lord high commissioner, with the robes. dukes and marquesses on his right. They return in the same order back and left hand: When the king is to the palace ; only the constable and present, the master of the horse rides mareschal ride on the commissioners casie, but a little aside.
right and left hand, with caps of perSept. 1806.