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United Kingdom. These may be [The report then proceeds to state elassed under the following general the particular circumstances attend. heads:

ing each of the foregoing heads.]
1. The improvement of the Bri- The following then is che mode of
tish fisheries., 2. The promoting of distribution of the funds iminediate-
agricultural and other improvements. ly disposable, which your Committee
3. The construction of the harbours beg to submit to the consideration of
on different parts of the coast of the House :
Scotland. 4. Canals. And 5. Mis.
cellaneous articles.

Prio. Int.
To the society for extending the British

To the Highland Society of Scotland,

burdened with the annuities payable to
the officers of the late Board of Annex.
ed Estates

800 for 10 yrs.
For the erection of the Courts of Justice

at Edinburgh (the Court of Exche-

For the Lunatic Asylum there


L. 7,500

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Li 47,800 The above exceeds the sum of but will also defray any expence like. 46,4541. now disposable by 13461.- ly to be incurred in carrying the a- . but it has been already observed, bove-mentioned plans into effect. that 12501. of interest will be due by Your Committee also beg to ob. the city of Edinburgh on the 6th of 'serve, that, besides the sums above July, and 8921 by the Royal Banks mentioned, there remains the princiof Scotland on the 26th of June ; pal sum and the interest due by the and as the whole of the sums propo- proprietors of the Crinan Canal, and sed to be granted will not be imme- the reversion of sool. per annum, diately required, the above and the proposed to be granted for ten years accruing interests are not only fully to the Highland Society of Scotland, adequate to the surplus of 13461. burdened with the annuities payable



to the remaining officers of the late manners do not reign in France; ge. Board of Annexed Estates. The nerally speaking, we prefer with reasums are reserved as a fund, whence son our own houses, and the meeting other useful objects, which Parlia. of a few friends, to these excesses ment may afterwards be disposed to which degrade humanity. This cha. encourage, may receive public aid.

racter, this urbanity, this elegance, this generosity, which makes us be

loved when we go among foreigners, Parallel between the FRENCH and cannot be compared to the English ENGLISH National Character. character, which some have attempt.

ed in vain to introduce among us. From the French of Sabatier.

I shall admire always the useful in.

stitutions of England, which tend all Fas est et ab hoste doceri.

to the prosperity of the inhabitants. CHE French character, and the I shall admire the public spirit of

beauty of the climate, naturally this nation, and its devotion to the dispose the inhabitant to pleasure, common welfare; but never, in what and consequently invite him to pro. concerns private life, shall I prefer cure daily enjoyments of every kind, the English to the French national to multiply and vary them as much character. as possible, and even beyond his Was there ever at Vienna and in all means. Do we enjoy what is called the kingdoms and principalities which a fortune? Do we occupy a distin. compose Germany, at London and guished place? we like, we even think in all England, at Madrid, and in all ourselves obliged, to appear in the the Spains, at Amsterdam, and in all world in a manner suited to our situa. Holland, in Switzerland, in Italy, tion ; every thing in our houses is in &c. &c. Was there ever, I say, harmony with our appearance in the Frenchmen who have gone to inha. world. This manner of living oc- * bit these countries, is equal number casions a very great internal consump. with the foreigners whom we have tion, and of consequence multiplies seen flowing into our territory? Did within the profits and the returns of we go abroad before the revolution ?

every one agrees that it was very The silent and reflecting character rare to find French families estab. of the English people has a very lished voluntarily in any of these different effect; it is only by starts, countries. at fixed hours, and with an excess If, on the contrary, the foreigner which cannot suit us, that they came into France, he could very abandon themselves to pleasure, and easily meet families of his own nacarry it even to satiety.

tion, domiciliated, nay naturalized The tavern, where each pays his among us, allied to our families, and reckoning, is in England, the place who, by the pleasures which they most frequented by the rich, and enjoyed, had lost all desire of re. those who occupy the most distin- turning into their country. Even guished rank in the world. There, the English, notwithstanding their removed from their wives, their antipathy against the French, are children, whom they never, even in perhaps the people who, by numerous their own house, admit to a partici. establishments upon our soil, have pation in their pleasures, they give most frequently attested the truth themselves up to every kind of excess, of what I here advance, and belied and never quit the party while they by the sentiment, and the interest are able to continue in it. These which leads them thither, the vain



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shew of their affected contempt. racter will always revolt against such
But did the opulent men of France a diversion.
go to expend their revenues in Eng. Cock fightings also are very much
land? Generally speaking, when we followed in Enyland ; they give oc-
travelled abroad, even in England, casion to very considerable wagers.
notwithstanding the attentions which They arm these aniinals with long
were paid to us, and which were due spurs of iron ; they make them fight
to the pleasures afforded by our so- in arenas surrounded by amphithea.
ciety, did we not tire to return to tres ; the interest of the wager is
our homes?

not that which animates the specta. The nature of public shews con- ters, they attend to the animals them. tributes not a little to determine the selves ; to the degree of their courage progress of civilization among a peo. and address. These sort of spectacles ple. I shall enter into some detail are not suited either to our tastes or on this subject.

our characters. The spectacles which charm most I do not mean to depreciate Engthe English people, and in which land; I know that great knowledge rich men throw away enormous sums, may be acquired by travelling thro' are those of horse-racing; it draws that country, and frequenting the sotogether an immense crowd, and ciety of tbe learned men, whom it lasts commonly eight successive days: possesses in very great number. I in France, before the revolution, and have even done to its adınioistration at Paris only, some wished to intro- the justice which is due to it under duce this kind of amusement; they many relations. The multiplicity of could not succeed, for though they

the canals and roads of this country, took care to announce it several days the perfection of its industry and before, the spectators were much agriculture, the extent of its comless numerous there than in England. merce, its public spirit, the gene- . Truth however obliges me to admit, rosity of its inhabitants towaràs the. that these races, so long as they do unhappy, the general abundance dif. not degenerate into a vain show of fused among a laborious and instructbarren luxury, are in the eyes of ed people, are advantages peculiar well-informed men, a means not to to it, and which cannot be coo much be rejected of rearing valuable horses; admired and even envied. But its an object which in France demands civilization in certain particulars is all the care of administration, not carried so far as ours ; they have

But scenes much more blameable, not yet in their cities multiplied enand which also attract many specta- joyments for all classes of society, as tors in England, are the different we have done in France ; its climate kinds of fighting. Pride, and a sort is not 60 agreeable as ours; it does of susceptibility arising from it, mul. not engage the foreigner to make sa

tiplies duelling in the higher classes, long a stay.
and boxing in the lower.

They have finally come to make
of this last a sort of game, equally Description of an EAST INDIAN Thea-
repugnant to reason and humanity; trical Ripresentation. By J. Les.
above all, when its object is only a CALLIER.
simple wager, and its effect often
cruel and constant sufferings, or death.

(From Memoires de l'Institut National) The people flock in crowds to these Shall give the description of these sort of spectacles, which appear to spectacles so far as I could judge be their delight. The French cha- of them, without kuosing the lan.


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guage of the actors, and with only an ed on an ox, with his wife before imperfect explanation by interpreters him. The head of this ox is artifiof the words of their songs."

cial, with an oval frame or sash, The scene is in the open air: the which supports a long muslin petti. whole labour and expence of its con- coat, and forms the rump of the struction consist in a great cloth, or ox; the whole fixed to the body of curtain, which two men hold extend the two actors; the limbs of the two ed to the height of their head, to actors form those of the animal ; conceal the performers during the in- they thus ride rapidly about, and tervals between the acts, and while make various evolutions upon the they are changing their dress. They stage, accompanied by a thousand lay this cloth or curtain flat upon grimaces. the ground, when the actors are to In another scene, the great Mo. appear upon the scene.

gul appears in all his splendour; he These representations take place arrives, wearing the aspect of domiduring the night, and are lighted by nion and severity ; a dancing girl aptwo men carrying each a torch or pears and displays her talente and flambeau, at the side of the perform- graces before him. The monarch is ers, advancing or retreating along affected, insensibly loses his dignity, with them, and following rapidly all and, to please the fair one, he sends their movements, so that a bright her first a shawl, then his own girlight may be constantly thrown upon dle, and concludes by stripping himthem.

self entirely in her favour. His va. The parts of the women were play, let also gives all the effects of his ed by men in disguise, and loaded master to second his generous dispofrom head to foot, with all the orna- sition.. ments of pearls and trinkets, which Another time, we see a governor are worn by opulent women and dan. arrive to take possession of his emcing girls.

ployment. He makes an account of These performers are of the cast the territorial revenues be given to of the Bramins; and as they mingle him by the receiver or farmer ; he always something of their religion in blames them for having given half of these farces, the condition of an ac. the produce to the cultivator, and tor is very much respected among for having paid that part which, acthese people, because it belongs to cording to the law of the country, the first cast, to many individuals of belongs to the pagoda. You should which it furnishes a means of subsist. have taken the whole, says be. But

women are spoken of, or they apAt these plays and spectacles, pear on the scene; then this man, there appear through different inter- lately so covetous, spares nothing to rupted scenes, women who advance obtain or to satisfy them. Some time and fall back, perform the circuit of after, the conduct of this governor the stage with a rapid motion, which draws upon him the reproaches of is a kind of dance, singing words as his sovereign : be is degraded and companied by music. Sometimes a arrested, and falls into a state of dise distracted woman, who comes to seek grace, meanness, and contempt. Then a lover whom she has lost, or to de. (doubtless by means of money) he plore his infidelity and injustice : succeeds in justifying himself, and farcical characters are mixed to enli- in being restored to his place. He ven the scene.

then resumes bis empire, his insoAnother time appears Siven, one lence, and his severities. of the gods of the Gentiles, mount

A young princess, loaded with all




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a lash.

the ornaments, jewels, necklaces, and A fourth woman comes up; she rings, which are used in the country, is the first, the most beautiful ; she appears on the scene, apparently ex- is the most frequent and constant fatended along a bed; but there is invourite; she has just quarreled with fact only the upper part of her body her divine husband ; she laments her which has the attitude of a person fate ; she uses every means of perextended on cushions; and though suasion. Finding mildness unsuccesso the bed appears to be carried, it is ful, she at last begins to threaten and herself who walks.“

reproach her rivals, she even whips She laments, singing and gesticu. them with a long tail or tress of her lating : she has been carried off by a hair, which she wears tucked up uprobber whom she does not know, on her shoulder, and which serves as from the castle of her father, who is a powerful king; she was shut up Her divine 'lord and master is in. there in à tour, within seven enclo- sensible to all her attempts ; she at sures, rising in stages above each o- last spares neither reproaches, nor inther. Yet, notwithstanding her besults, nor threats to himself; and ing so well guarded, means were driven, as a last resource, to employ. found to surprize her, in her sleep; the mediation of a Bramin, and of she was transported into a solitary some other ludicrous agents, she sucwood without knowing how, nor ceeds at length, after many difficulwhere she is, nor the name of her ra- ties, delays, and different trials, in visher! her complaints turn upon recovering the good graces of her the happiness which she enjoyed, and dear Vichnou. upon the dishonour which her mis.

These plays last commonly whole fortune will cause to her father, and nights, in consequence of frequent to all her family.

repetitions, and of the slowness and
At every change of actors, the patience which form the basis of the
cloth is raised ; it is lowered at eve.

Indian character.
ry new appearance of them; and to
cause more lustre, and produce an
illusion, they throw upon the two
flambeaux, then very near to one an.

other, and to the cloch, an inflamma- and John, in behalf of themseives,
'tory powder, which inflames the air, and a; representing the whole body
and makes the actors shine with light of Christian names now used in the
at the moment of their entrance op BRITISH EMPIRE,
the scene.
The most beautiful, the longest,

HUMBLY SHEWETH, and the most complicated of these

HAT it has been the common scenes or acts, is when Vichnou, their god, appears with three of his derably upwards of 1000 years, to wives, of whom he is said to have prefix some of your petitioners or sixteen thousand. One of them is their constituents to the family dis. jealous of the caresses which he tinctions called surnames; that this makes to the other ; he seeks to practice has been attended with the calm and re-assure her; and to pre. most beneficial effects to all parties serve peace between them (a difficult concerned, and has been the cause, in -business, he lavishes on them alter- particular, of much good in many nately the most eager

caresses, families.

In illustration of their which delight and enrage them by claims the petitioners shall beg your turns.

patient hearing of the following facts. Sept. 1806.




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