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A small quantity of these articles, at limit to their purchases of these artipresent, finds its way to Bombay, and cles, except the amount of their sales thence to Europe, while the larger of ivory, gold, &c. The profits of proportion goes up the Red Sea to the Banians would, indeed, be dimiEgypt, and some is consumed in Ara- nished, but the honest manufacturer bia and Persia.

would be a gainer in an equal proporThe Samaulies, who inhabit the tion. coast from the Straits to Cape Garda- It is a well-known fact, that even fui, have a kind of navigation act, by in India the muslins of British manu. which they exclude the Arab vessels facture find a considerable market ; from their ports, and bring the pro- and a few pieces of checked pattern, duce of their country either to Aden, which I had in Arabia, were univeror Mocha, in their own dows. Aden sally admired. It is probable, thereis so much better situated for trade fore, that if these were sent out to Awith Berbera, in consequence of both den, they would find a ready sale ; as monsoons being favourable for passing would, I have no doubt, our printed and repassing, that the greater part of and quilled calicoes. The different the myrrh and gum-arabic is carried articles of hardware, which are much to that place, where the Banians of wanted by every uncivilized nation, at Mocha have each a partner establish- present only reach the eastern coast ed, to conduct their business. By of Africa, by the way of Bombay and these means à monopoly is establish- Mocha, though the estimates that I ed, and the trade is loaded by them have before made, respecting the rewith the most enormous profits, tho' turn of Arabian articles to Europe, they profess to clear only 50 per cent. show equally, that British manufac

From the fair of Berbera, Arabia tures could be carried to Mocha at å draws her supplies of ghee, and a little more than half the price they great number of slaves, camels, hor- at present obtain. ses, mules, and asses; but the profit on these articles is much less than on the sale of India goods, which is the return made to the inhabitants of Afri. Address to the Public, on the Accident ca, for the whole produce of the

at the MEIKLE FERRY, near Dora

NOCH * country thus brought to Berbera. Many chiefs of the interior, and par

Dornoch 25th August 1809. ticularly the sovereign of Hanim, THE melancholy event which hapwho lives twenty days journey west

pened near this place on Wednesof Berbera, send down caravans of

day their own, to purchase, with gold and ivory, the manufactures of India. It is much to be regretted, that the

* The following account of this dis. sale is at present clogged by the letter. “ I have to relate one of the

mal accident is contained in a private unreasonable profits of the Banians, most awful and the most melancholy which of course greatly diminish the accidents that ever occurred in this part consumption. Were a regular trade of the world. Last Wednesday, being carried on at Aden, whose sovereign the fair day at Tair, the ferry-boat, in would rejoice at the adoption of any crossing from that side to the south side, plan that would increase his small re

sunk, and the whole on board perished, venue, and the profit reduced to about amounting to upwards of 120 souls, aforty or fifty per cent. the consump- Mr John Leslie, merchant, and Isobel

mong whom were Sheriff M'Culloch, tion would probably increase ten fold, his sister, &c. There were upwards of for, at present, the Africans have no 20 from the town and 63 from the pa

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day the 16th inst. when the passage the public, and having previously colboat from the Sutherland side of the lected the most correct and authentic Meikle Ferry sunk, with upwards of information of which the case appeared one hundred persons on board, has al- to admit, they submit the following ready been intimated to the public.

facts to the consideration of a geneIt is impossible to convey, by descrip- Qus public :tion, an adequate picture of the heart- 1. That of all the persons on board rending scene which followed in this the fatal boat only twelve were saved ; parish and vicinity, upon which the and that, besides a group of strangers, calamity chiefly fell. There is scarcely whose number and names are unknown, a family which has not to lament a above. 100 persons are ascertained to parent, child, or other relative; many have perished, belonging to this and have by this misfortune become desti- the neighbouring parishes. tute widows and orphans, and several 2. That of this last number there aged parents are bereft of their support were many heads of families, all of and hope, through the loss of their whom (with the exception of Mr grown and useful children.

M'Culloch, late Sheriff Substitute here) Penetrated by the cry of a distress being of the lower class of society, left so affecting and extensive, and witnes- families in extreme poverty. sing the mourning crowds searching th 3. That the present calamity is shores by night and by day for the marked by circumstances of unexammangled remains of the objects of their pled severity. The unfortunate suftenderest affection, and famishing their ferers had been on their way to a pub: persons, as well as endangering their lic fair, which then held at Tain, and lives, by adventurous efforts, though had with them any money they could hitherto with very partial success; some glean for the occasion : but this is not Gentlemen here, no longer able to re- all, they consisted chiefly either of main silent spectators of this scene of small traders who had cash or bills to woe, met this day with a view to im- remit to their correspondents ; of maplore the humanity and compassion of nufacturers, having to purchase leather

and other articles for their respective

occupations ; of removing tenants, who rish. It is easier for you to conceive had converted their stock into cash, to than for me to describe the awful situa. be lodged in the Bank of Tain ; and tion of the whole town.

1 church-yard is one scene of graves, and of recruiting parties having their all aall yesterday carts were einployed in bout them, except their destitute wives carrying the dead bodies to the town. and families. Hence it appears that Few of those belonging to the town it is not the loss of useful lives alone have been yet found; but I am hope. that is to be deplored in the present ful a number will be found this day, as case, but the loss of much property, we have get a net, and are going to try stripping the miserable surviving fawhat we can do. The boat was over. loaded, and as soon as they left the land, milies of all they had possessed in the began to sink. The blame has been world. much laid on Sutherland, the ferryman

4. That not presuming to anticipate on the south side, who has suffered, as any resolutions or measures which the he happened unfortunately to be on this county may be pleased to adopt, when side that fatal morning. The day was they have a convenient opportunity, quite calm. Thank God, none of our nearest relations were among the suffer. the information of such persons at a

the present statement is intended for ers, but I feel for the situation of my dear neighbours. Good God, what a

greater distance, as moved by the sinhavock in one parish--whole families gular magnitude and pressure of the cahave perished!” Aug, 17, 1809. lamity, may be disposed to contribute



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to the relief of so many wretched ob- terrible blow which has struck you, jects, many of whom require instant and how often also has the desire support.

which I felt of writing to you been 5. That for the purpose of carrying restrained by the impossibility of knowthe object of their meeting into effect, ing whither my letters ought to be the Gentlemen present have nominated addressed. Yours, which I have just Captain Robert Sutherland in Dornoch, received, causes me infinite joy ; I lose Chairman ; William Taylor, Sheriff not a moment to answer it. Clerk of the County, Secretary ;

and I am wholly ignorant whether you the Rev. Mr John Bethune of Dornoch, be innocent or guilty ; but after the Treasurer ; who are authorised, in con- good opinion which I have of you, I junction with Bailie Boog, Captain will own, that I have been as much John Munro, Messrs. Hugh Leslie surprised as afficted, to read in the and Angus Fraser, or any two of them, journals what you are accused of. to adopt such measures as are neces- When I attempted to defend you, I sary, until a general meeting of Sub- was told that you had ruined Prussia, scribers take place, and which meeting and had availed yourself of your emis to hold at Dornoch on the 8th Sep- pire over the King to make palaces tember next to nominate a Committee and treasures he bestowed on you. of general management.

I could only answer ;

" She has then 6. That the names of Subscribers greatly deceived me.” for the above charitable purpose shall However it may be, fear not that be regularly published in the Inverness I should abandon you, and should reJournal ; and Subscription papers re- fuse you those consolations which evemain with the following Gentlemen ry man has a right to expect from 'in the North ; viz.

his fellow. What mortal has a right The Rev. Mr Bethune, Treasurer to judge another mortal, and to cast a to the Fund, and


him. He must litMr A, Fraser, Postmaster, Dornoch; tle know his own heart, who says, MrH.M.Pherson, merchant, Brora, that he would not be offended by that Major M-Leay, of Wick,

look, even though he were guilty.Mr George Douglass, Sheriff Clerk Although therefore you should have of Thurso,

to reproach yourself with all the Js. Innes, Esq. Bank Agent in Tain, wrongs, all the faults, even the crimes Mr Henderson of the Customs at which are imputed to you, I would Cromarty,

still say, “Humble yourself before Mr P. Hay, Postmaster of Ding- the divine justice; submit to the puwall ; and,

nishment which is intlicted to punish At Inverness, with Mr Young, you; but dread not the wrath the Publisher of the Journal.

beneficent Being who created you.R. SUTHERLAND, Chairman. Those who paint him as a God of venWM TAYLOR, Secretary.

geance, are madmen, or hardened sin. ners, incapable of forming an idea of

perfection. Believe me, banish fear, Letters from LAVATER to the Countess resume hope ; the Being of Beings eof LICHTENAU.

ver holds out his arms to the penitent

sinner. Prom Memoires de la Comtesse de Lich. tenau,” (Londres 1809.)

But I will suppose that men do

you justice and acknowledge your inLETTER I.

nocence ; you ought not the less to HOW row often have I groaned, dear render thanks to the Eternal for the and unhappy friend, over the trial which he has permitted, which


he has wished that you should undergo; ought even to change these pains in-
for many appear innocent in the
eyes to pleasures. Think less of


misa of mortals who are guilty before Him. fortunes, than of Providence which

, Men are subject to error; God alone sends them ; regard them as an effect is infallible. What he permits, he of its ineffable goodness, and as the permits in wisdom, and we ought to most precious gift which it can bestow. reckon even our misfortunes in the Far from seeking to hasten the moment number of his benefits. Those sad, of your deliverance, rather employ those solitary days, which afflict you yourself in rendering your captivity now, will gladden you hereafter, and profitable. I know that one of the you will prefer them to those which first weaknesses of humanity is to sigh you have spent in the whirlpool of the after the end of our sufferings; but, world. Yes, my friend, to-morrow believe me, it is wiser to allow the perhaps, you will exclaim, “ God a- powerful hand which guides us to act ; lone knows more than all men toge- it never leads us astray. ther. I forgot him in my grandeur, One word more. Ought the pahe has thrown me from it, that I may tient to reject the remedy from which return to himself."

he expects health ? No: he must take Courage, my friend, courage ! seek it with patience, however bitter resources in your own mind; form Cease then all murmuring: thank Prowise projects for the future ; read use- vidence, when it shall ordain, your liful books; make fervent prayers, per-' berty will be restored. form meritorious actions: and, God

John Gasper Lavater.
coming to your aid, a new life will Zurich, 10th December 1798.
begin for you.

If I can be useful to you, I am ready.
Write me as often as you can. Use' of Nopal as an Antiscorbutic in
I will speak to you neither of the

hot Climates.
misfortunes of Switzerland, nor of the
French who, at this moment, possess

IN the East Indies the succulent Zurich. Here below, all is but va- leaves of the Cactus cochinillifer nity. John Gaspar Lavater. have of late come into great repute as

a preventive and cure of scurvy.Zurich, 23d June 1798.

They are known by the name of nopal.

It appears that a plant of the Cactus LETTER II.

cochinillifer having been sent by Sie My dear and good Countess, Joseph Banks, from the Royal Gar

M. and Mile Chappuis gave me den at Kew to Madras, for the nouyour letter the day before yesterday; rishment of the cochineal insect, Dr I am strongly interested in what they James Anderson, physician general, told me of you, but however disagree- has fortunately discovered that it may able your present situation may be, it be applied to the more important puris less painful than I believed, and poses already mentioned. It does not less unhappy than that of many other possess any specific virtue; but acts persons, and particularly of the inha- like any other esculent vegetable in bitants of Switzerland.

preventing or removing scurvy; and You have been, it is true, a prey to its excellence seems to consist in the the most frightful calumnies ; but the facility with which it may be kept testimony of your innocence ought to fresh for several months, or during the give you the strength necessary to sup- longest cruizes generally undertaken port all your

Religion in hot climates. It requires merely September 1809.

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to be strung upon a line, stretched on useful in Bowel complaints, beyond
each side or the beams of the deck, or what can be expected from water
in any situation where a circulation gruel or conjee, on account of its mild
of air takes place. In this state, far and mucilaginous qualities.
from rotting, it not only remains fresh, (Signed)

J. Anderson.
but continues to grow. Dr Ander-
son has cultivated nopal to a great ex-
tent at the Public Garden at Madras,

Further Remarks on the Second Exhiand has procured plantations to be bition of Scottish Paintings. made in various parts of the peninsu

To the Editor. la, as well as at St Helena. The following account of the pro

SIR, perties of nopal has been drawn up by 1 Take the liberty of transmitting

I Dr Anderson, and transmitted by him

for insertion, in the Magazine unto an eminent physician in this city.

der your charge, the following re

marks on the second exhibition at E. Advantageous Properties of the Nopal dinburgh, of paintings, &c. by artists

as a sea store in long voyages. in Scotland. 1. That it is found to keep fresh in

When I commenced this task, it dry wholesome air, an indefinite length was addressed to you, whom I observe of time.

with much pleasure to take a lively 2. That it is equally procurable interest in all things connected with every day of the year at all seasons the arts ; but as my sole object in this whereas other vegetables are only pro- undertaking was to do justice to the curable at a certain season, whether merits of the artists, and as I conceipompions, cucumbers, or onions, &c. ved that this end would in some de

3. That although the potatoes and gree be more speedily obtained by yams may be preserved a great length bringing the subjects discussed under of time, yet at length they vegetate the immediate notice of the inhabiand

grow, and are no longer palatable. tants of this place, I sent the critique Whereas every shoot that the Nopal to the Edinburgh Star Newspaper, puts forth is a valuable addition to where it was printed in Nos. 74, 75, the parent stock.

and 76. This however I cannot con4 That in its raw state it is equal. sider as a permanent record ; and as at ly palatable with any kind of green some future period these “ Remarks"

" fruit, and in this way has been compa- may perhaps serve to point out the red to apples.

growth of this branch of art, I use the 5. That it is perfectly wholesome freedom of submitting them to you. and nutritious-Twenty large Sechell One of those unhappy individuals, Turtles have been fed solely with No

-Who in despite pal, for years together, without a sin- “ Of nature, and their stars will write, gle accident of death or sickness. has lately published a galimatias, in

6. That in Soup the most fastidi. the shape of a half-crown pamphlet, ous palates have made no exception to “ full of sound and fury signyifying it, and when previously cut into small nothing," which he has fancifully depieces, have declared that they belie- nominated “ Strictures on the Reved it to have been some delicate and marks.” Had the author confined tender kind of Bean or Pea.

the circulation of his work to this 7. That when boiled to a pulp, it place, I should have suffered it to gives broth or soup that kind of con- sink into its natural insignificance ; sistence, which in Scotland is called but as we learn by the title page that lithing—and used thus, will prove he has had the hardihood to submit

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