Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

men, but

er.

lands in this county; tho' these, with has recently been devised, by which their property, have since been trans. these obstructions are avoided. Unferred to more northern districts. fortunately however, like many good The titles of Home and Marchmont Scottish undertakings, it has been (the latter of which is at present the stopt in the middle, for want of funds. subject

of a plea) are now the princi- Only the part from Berwick to Ayton pal in Berwickshire. The number of has been completed, by which howegentlemen's seats is estimated at 92, ver, a very heavy ascent over the hill of which 69 are in the Merse, and 23 of Ayton has been avoided. The forin Lammermoor and Lauderdale. mation of this road, every thing in

Mr Kerr now enters into a great cluded, has cost a thousand pounds a variety of matter, which will be ex- mile. About 9001. was awarded as tremely interesting to professional compensation to proprietors. It is ex

very
little

So, and indeed pected that the remaining part from hardly intelligible, to the general read- Ayton to Dunglass will be executed

It relates to the mode of tenure, at much less expence. the farm buildings and offices, the cul- charge of maintaining the post road is tivation of all the different species of at present upon an old contract, only grain, the rearing of the different kinds 61. per mile, but must soon be sl.of live stock, and all the technical de- There is another post road by Kelso tails of husbandry. On the subject and Lauder. Besides these, there are of enclosing he mentions several in- 108 miles of turnpike road, which are stances of the division of extensive supported at 77. per mile, and 490 of commons among the proprietors. Of parochial road which are supported at these the most considerable was Col. 31. 10s. The last however, is so dingham moor, about 6000 acres, greatly inferior, that it were to be which took place about 1777. The wished that the turpike road were result however did not answer expec- considerably farther extended. tation; the ground was found to be so Berwickshire possesses no manufacextremely bad, as to defy all attempts ture, except that of paper, which is at converting it into arable. Mr K. carried on at Broomhouse, Ayton, and thinks it a subject of regret that the Allanbank. These three, it is suppomoney thus vainly wasted, should not sed may give employment to 200 inhave been spent in enclosing and plant-, dividuals, and may produce to the vaing the whole. Since that time, Chim- lue of upwards of 25,000l. It does side common, consisting of nearly not seem altogether easy to account 2500 acres,

has also been divided. for so entire an absence of this branch After discussing subjects purely a. of industry. In general, the rich ag, gricultural, our author proceeds to ricultural counties of Scotland are not others connected with the general ob- manufacturing. The country may not jects of political economy. Of these, yet have capital to carry on at once roads certainly are the most intimate- both branches at the same time. Uly connected with his subject, since pon the whole, though manufactures without the facilities of transporta- ought not to be checked, there is no tion which they afford, agriculture good policy in attempting to force will never make any considerable pro- them, where the circumstances of any gress. The grand post road between district appear adverse to their estabLondon and Edinburgh passes thro'lishment. this country, and is supported by two Fisheries are a somewhat greater toll bars at its northern and southern object. The salmon fishery on the extremities. As this line of road is led Tweed employs 70 boats, and nearly over some very steep hills, a new line 300 fishermen. The salmon packed

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

inice at Berwick, and sent to London If both calculations be currect, a by the smacks.

small increase will have taken place, The commerce of the county is which is not to be despised, in a counconceived by our author to be so trif- try so exclusively agricultural. ling, that he does not devote half a The income tax for the county a. page to it. We must remark howe- mounted, in 1801, to L.10,837, 198, ver, that without this simple com- 11fd ; in 1807, to L.33,000. The merce, Berwickshire would with diffi. assessed taxes in the former period were culty subsist. By it she is enabled to

L.5692 ..

16s 0;d; in the latter export the surplus of her rude pro- L.9277 55 3d. Unredeemed duce, and to receive in return the ne- land tax, in the former L.1387 .. 175. cessaries of coal and lime, foreign lux. 4d; in the latter L.1293 .. 19s. uries, and manufactured commodities. 31d. County taxes in the former

The population of Berwickshire by L.528 .. 158. .. 54sd; in the latter the last returns, amounted to 30,621. L.743 .. 8s .. 70. Mr John Home, ten years ago, estima- There are no agricultural societies ted it at 29,708, in regard to which in Berwickshire. Accidental meethe formed the following curious table, ings, at market or elsewhere, afford to

farmers the only opportunities of dis1. Class.- Landed Interest.

cussing subjects connected with their 1. Resident proprietors or heritors, profession. Neither is there any agri

with their families and ser- cultural library, which is certainly a

vants, 2. Clergy and school masters of all

1,479 want, though many of the farmers are denominations, with ditto,

said to be intelligent, and to procure

460 3. Tenants, with their families and

individually the best books on the sut. in.door servants, .

ject.

3,240 4. Labourers of the land, with their

By some statistical notices in the fimilies,

15,455 appendix, it appears that the value of 5. Agricultural artizans, and their

landed property in Berwickshire has families,

2,400 risen, since 1794, from 118,000 1. to 6, Brewers, and household trades, with their families and ser.

230,000). This prosperity however

has been confined to the landed intervants,

250

est : almost every other branch of inTotal of the landed interest, 23,275 dustry has been either stationary or on

the decline. The linen manufacture, 2. Class, - Remaining Inhabitants. which never extended beyond mere 7. Papermakers and their families, 220 consumption, is now almost entirely . Weavers and other manufactu. stopt by the scarcity of Max. The pa

fers and artizans, nut agricul. per manufacture has also suffered from tural, with their families,

900 scarcity of materials and fluctuation of 9, Salmon fishers and their fami.

prices. lies, 10. Ssit water fishers and their sa

Mr Kerr has given a very curious milies,

table of the Berwickshire fiars from

325 11. Inhabitants of towns,

4,629

1689 to 1808, from which we copy 12. Sundries nondescript,

139 the following abstract. It is the ave.

rage price, for the different periods, Total of these, 6,433 of the Winchester quarter. General total, 29,708

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

220

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Reca

Sept. 1809.

Recapitulation of the average prices of Grain in the County of Berwick, for 120 years, from 1689 to 1808, both

inclusive, divided into periods.

[blocks in formation]

Merse.
Barley.

Merse.
Bear.

Merse.
Oats.

Peas. .

Oat-meal,

moor ditto

moor ditto.

L. S.

ed. There is a good deal of extra-
a style as could reasonably be expect-
judgment, and is written in as good present work is meant as the materials
extensive information, considerable "ficulty of distinguishing, and that the
Upon the whole, this Report displays neous matter; but considering the dif-

too much than too little.
of future works, it was safer to give

d. L. s. d. L. s. d. L. s. d. L. s. d. L.s. d. L. S. d. L. S. d. 1st 12 years,1689_17001 7 2 none

0 14 2 10 12 1 10 10 10 10 9 2 10 18 11 10 11 2 2d 11 - 1701-171111 1 1

10 11 0 0 10 0 0 8 4 10 7 5 10 13 4 10 7 10 3d 11 1712-17221 1 6

10 11 1 10 10 20 8 11 10 7 11 10 15 7 10 8 3 4th 8 1723-172011 :5 1

10 13 1 10 12 0 0 10 0 10 9 3 10 12 2 10 8 5 5th 10 1731.-174011 4 5

O 12 3 0 10 9 10 9 10 10 8 11 10 17 1 10 8 7
6th 10 1741–175011 3 1

10 11 5 10 10 0 0 9 6 10 9 3 10 13 6 10 8 0
7th 10 · 1751.-176011 6 9 0 13 5 0 12 8 10 11 1 10 12 0 10 11 0 10 19 4 0 9 11
8th 10 1761-17701 10 1 0 14 10 0 13 7 10 12 9 10 12 10 10 11 91 0 9 10 12 5

9th 10 1771-17801 13 10 0 15 6 10 14 3 0 13 6 10 12 8 0 11 5 10 17 8 0 10 10
10th 10. 1781-17901 17 8 0 18 00 17 5 10 16 5 10 14 10 10 13 01 4 10 10 12 8
11th 10 1791-1800/2 16 2 1 9 8 i 6 2 1 6 10 11 3 0 1 0 6 1 19 3 10 19 3
11th 8. 1801-1808/3 4 01 19 7 1 10 0 1 11 1 11 5 8 1 3 10 12 2 4 0 19 8

Averages

Of the Highest, 3
whole Lowest, 1
120

Average, 2
Years.

4 () i 1971 10 01 11
1 1 0 13 5 10 11 0 10 10
2 6 1 6 6 1 ( 6 1 0

11

5 8 1 3 10 2 2 4 10 19 8
010 8 4 10 7 5 10 13 4.10 7 10
6 10 17 0 10 15 7 1 7 10 10 13 9

[ocr errors]

/

II. New Theory of the Formation of the substance of his lectures has been

Veins, with its application to the repeatedly published, in a very incorart of working Mines. By Abra- rect and defective state, and announham Gottlob Werner. Translated ces his intention of beginning a grand. from the German. To which is course of geology, orieiology

and added an Appendix, containing other branches of the science. This notes illustrative of the subject. plan however has never been execuBy Charles Anderson, M.D. F. R. ted, and the present work reinains the C. S. &c. 8vo. 259 pages, 9s.- only written production of Werner. Constable and Co.

The author begins by giving an
THE
THE name of Werner has long account of the different ineories which

been illustrious in Germany, and had been formed respecting the forpossesses now a great and increasing mation of veins. The names are alreputation in this country. A transla- most entirely German, and few of tion, therefore, of the only work which them much known in this country.has issued from his pen, can hardly Werner does not seem to have been fail to be received with avidity. It acquainted with that formed by Dr must be interesting, not only to his Hutton. He then illustrates his own disciples, who are numerous, but even theory, adduces multiplied proofs in to his opponents. The question of its favour, and replies to the various the formation of Veins is well known objections which have been urged ato be of leading importance in the gainst it. Lastly, which forms pergreat controversy between the disci haps the most important part of the ples of Hutton and those of Werner. volume, he shews the application of According as they appear to have this theory to the working of mines, been filled by the operation of fire. In order to disoover the extent, the from below, or by chemical precipita- direction, and the comparative richtion from above, the former or the lat- ness of different veins of metal, it must ter of these must preponderate. It is be most convenient to know the needless to say that the grand aim of neral principles according to which this treatise is to prove the latter posi- these repositories are arranged. The tion. Independent however of any volume concludes with a description theoretical considerations, the know- of the mining district of Freyberg. ledge of this subject is of essential use

The translaior has added an appenin the art of mining, and the practi- dix, containing some additional inforcal remarks of so excellent an obser- mation, particularly regarding the miver as Werner must be valuable in neralogy of Scotland, which was less this country, where mining, as a science known to the German professor. has been comparatively little studied. Prefixed is a preface by Werner himself, written in a very peculiar style ;

New Works published in Edinburgh. with a magisterial air, and an avowed consciousness of his own merits, to

LECTURES upon pur Lord's sermon

on the mount: by James Brewster, which we, in this country, are little

minister at Craig. 8vo. 10s. 6d. accustomed. It is accompanied how- Index Historicus et Geographicus ever with a great deal of candour, and

in Caesarein, ad Usum Tironum aceven an apparent anxiety to claim no

commodatus, Studio Joannis Dymock. more credit than is really his due ; Glasguae : Excudebant Jacobus Hedand is on the whole better than the derwick et Socii. Impensis M. Ogle. hypocritical modesty in which some of our authors think it necessary to * We must still prefer this termina. dress themselves. He complains that tion to the barbarous one of gnosy.

А

[ocr errors]

A Cure for Melancholy : being a wick. Of this curious and interesting collection of elegant anecdotes, bon work, no English translation has been mots, &c. of celebrated characters, attempted since the year 1688, when

Mr Charles Blount presented the public including many originals. 12mo. 5s.

with three of the eight books, of which the work is composed; but he never

completed his undertaking. Scottish Literary Intelligence. Dr Carey has in the press a sequel to

his English Prosody and Versification," in of the ancient and present state of taining a selection of Poetry for Schools, the Zetland Islands; including their ge- with directions for the proper utterance neral history from the earliest times; of each line. an account of their agriculture, fisher- M. Murphy, author of the Descripies, commerce, and the state of society tion of the Church at Batalha, is prepaand manners ; by Arthur Edmond ring for publication the Arabian Antiqui.

ties of Spain. The work will be printston, M. D. In two volumes, 8vo, with ed in large folio, and consist of about a map of the islands.

one hundred plates, with descriptions of the different objects, and several inte. resting particulars, relating to the Arabs,

and their establishments in Spain. Literary Intelligence, ENGLISH and The Rev. E. Nares, is preparing FOREIGN

some Remarks on the Unitarian Version

of the New Testament. DR R Mavor's great work of Voyages

Notwithstanding the numerous vo. and Travels, in twenty-eight vo.

lumes pablished respecting China, we lumes, including all works of import. know but Intle of the literature of that ance, from Cclumbus to Lord Valentia, empire. The public will consequently will be ready in a few days.

learn with satisfaction, that a work calMr Richard Cumberland proposes to

culated to add to our knowledge of that print by subscription, twelve of his hic interesting country, is in the press therto unpublished Dramas, in a quarto This is a translation of the Penal Code volume, to be ready next spring. of China, entitled in the original, Ta

Mr William Linley, brother-in-law Tsing. Leu.Lee. This body of penal to Mr Sheridan, has a novel in the press, laws, successively promulgated by the under the title of Ralph Reybridge. Chinese emperors of the reigning dynas.

Mr Hewlett's magnificent Bible has ty, and which is in full force, must be advanced to the eighth Number. uncommonly interesting to the states

The Statistical and Agricultural Sur. man, the legislator, and the philosovey of Surry, by Mr Stevenson, is far pher. It will be illustrated with notes advanced at press, and will be published by the translator, and will appear early by the Board of Agriculture early in next spring. September.

The ninth Number (which completes Mr Pitt, author of an Essay on the the second volume) of the Mathematis Philosophy of Christianity, is preparing cal Repository, containing solutions to for the press his long promised second thirty mathematical questions, and mapart of that work, comprising an appli. ny other disquisitions in various branch. cation of the preceding positions on es of the mathematics, will be ready in power, and human preference, to the a few days. scripture doctrines of divine preference Mr Bagster is printing the Chronicles and inclination ; human sin; gospel re- of Robert of Gloucester, and Peter novation ; and a future state of our ex Langtoft, with Glossaries; he intends istence.

them as a specimen of the manner in A new, and for the fisrt time, an en. which he proposes to publish the whole tire translation of the Life of Apollo. of the works of Antiquity, edited by nius of Tyanea, from the Greek of Phi. Thomas Hearne. The above Chroni. lostratus, has just been completed for cles will be followed by Hearne's other publication, by the Rev. Edward Ber. high.priced publications, as fast as par.

ticular

« ZurückWeiter »