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Mastodon, too, was an inhabitant of this period, and though unknown to History, he is stereotyped over a large part of the earth in his crypts.
This tertiary period teems with mammalian life, in variety, probably equaling that which greeted man upon his advent, and has accompanied him in his career.
We have thus traced the manifestations of life from its origin upon our globe, through all the intervening periods, up to man, but in each of the periods thus partially referred to, there are thousands of interesting details that will amply reward the enterprise of any student, who may master them.
There is a law of life, however, that is too important to be omitted. It dawned with life, and has ever attended it. We allude to the law that limits life to special geographical ranges. Every form of life, in ocean, air, or land, except that of man, has its specified localities.For instance, the animals and vegetables of North and South America, now differ as widely as though the two countries were in different hemispheres, and fossil remains show that this has been the case from time immemorial. Australian fauna and flora differ widely from the fauna and flora of South America, and the Australian fossils differ from those of South America in the same degree. But almost univer. sally the fossils of the fauna and fora of a given district are the types of the existing fauna and flora of that district. Thus the extinct Mo. gatherium and Glyptodon, the gigantic Sloth and Armadillo, of South America, are the very types of the peculiar animals of that country, and those types are found nowhere else. The living fauna and flora of Australia are the anti-types of the fossil remains of that region, and neither are found elsewhere. And thns it is all over the earth, and ever has been in all its changes.
We have thus traversed a vast chain of being and link by link connected the earliest life of the globe, with that which immediately preeeded man's advent. When the earth became through its wondrous. revolutions fit for his abode, it was accepted as the footstool of Omnipotence, and its entire relations demand our study. There are few histories of the earth, of more profound interest than those written in fossil crypts, and to their lessons we earnestly invoke your attention.
While the terrestrial earth was undergoing its mutations, the changes of Oceanica were equally great. Its ancient bed has been upheaved into continents, and continents, have been swallowed up by it. The islands of Polynesia, spread over the Pacific continent, change, wondrous, and in every variety, is written everywhere. Byron sings to the Ocean :
“Thy shores are empires, changed in all save thee
Gs. Thy waters wasted them when they were free,lotno od bipada 0.72 mnta And many a tyrant since; their shores obey 17274 je 3190 3. Salt E to go to pomalu The stranger, slave, or savage,-their decay! My itp ceket er to se ci ha 7 Has dried up realms to deserts :--not so thou to 56700
Unchangable, save to thy wild waves play-
Such as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest now." This is true of the waters of the Ocean, but not of its life. Time, the tomb builder, has been as busy with oceanic as with terrestrial lise, and has strewed his monuments thickly over every ocean bed.
We have thus presented before you the objects, the utilities and enjoyments of Natural History studies. They are worth worlds of the paltry gewgaws of low and selfish ambition. Science gives peaceful light to the inward eye; breathes joy and peace over all the scenes of life ; lifts the soul above all the tumults, the havoc, and pomp of ambition, and bids it dwell in harmony with all the works of nature, amidst the manifestations that all things are ordered for good. While thought is purified, under the ministrations of science, memory is hallowed in its work, and it is one of the most glorious achievements of human nature to build up a memmory that perpetually summon delightful recollections, that is unstained by sin, unsoiled by wrong.Such a memory strengthens in weakness, vivifies in decay, solaces in sorrow, and gives the soul the peaceful slumbers of happiness. Such was the work of the illustrious Neibuhor, whose long life was spent in building such a memory as this. Old age and blindness overtook him on his journey of life. His son in a beautiful account of his father's last days, says:~"He once spoke much and in great detail of Persepolis, and described the walls on which he had found the inscriptions and bass-reliefs exactly as one would describe those of a bailding, visited within a few days, and familiarly known. We could not conceal our astonishment. He replied that as he lay in bed all visible objects shut out, the pictures of what he had seen in the East continually floated before his mind's eye, so that it was no wonder he could speak of them as if he had seen them yesterday. With like vividness was the deep intense sky of Asia, with its brilliant and twinkling hosts of stars, which he had so often gazed at by night, or its lofty vault of blue by day, reflected in the hours of stillness and darkness on his inmost soul; and this was his greatest enjoyment.” Such, too, were the sights that rose in Milton's memory when physical vision failed him, recalling all his vast treasures of knowledge, and pouring them forth in the divine melodies of Para. dise Lost.
The student of Science may have his solitary enjoyments, but he
should be careful to cultivate those of a gregarious kind too. Saadi the poet of Persia, gives a fable that is not without its meaning-two friends enjoyed themselves in a rose garden in full bloom—one was content with admiring the colors of the tribes of the Queen of flowers, and the enjoyment of their fragrance; the other carried home a pack. age of the petals, and not only prolonged his own pleasures, but increased them by regaling his family with the delightful perfumes that had pleased him. Thus it should be with the devotee of Natural History-he should consider his own pleasures in study as subordi. nate to the delights he may impart to others. Old Bishop Burnet specifies “ towards the formation of an idea of God, the perceptions we have to make other persons wiser and better."
No kind of excellence can be obtained but by labor. It has been well said that “acts are but resolutions full grown," but it is unfortu• nate that most good resolutions die in early infancy. Heaven has be. neficently ordained labor as a means of happiness, for it is impossible that any enjoyment can exist with inertness. A writer upon the pleasures of literature has urged as an incentive to labor, that even the heavenly manna had to be gathered. In the wilderness of life, the food of the understanding is bestowed upon the same conditions, and appetite is alike obtained and rewarded by exercise.”
No human being has a right to waste time. Each one is placed here for perfecting himself, and a bad stewardship of time is sinful.To those who are careless of time, it is almost incredible what monuments of human power have been built up of such moments as wasteful persons throw away.
" Sands make the mountains, mornents make the year." With the lights of revelation and science playing over our lives, from a sun that knows no setting, we may find that the studies and pursuits urged upon your attention to-night can give fruition to the hopes of science expressed by an English Philosopher, -"They may lead the inquirer through the beautiful range of harmonious and mutually dependant operations, which pervade the universe, unul he finds the last link of nature's chain fastened to the foot of the throne of Omnip. otence."
Two WONDERS.—Things are matter of daily astonishment to me-the readiness of Christ to come from heaven to earth for me, and my backwardness to rise from earth to heaven for him -S. Hearce.
MILLENNIUM. The prosecution of our contemplated essays on the Millennium commenced in this volume, was suspended primarily on the account that our brother, Professor Milligan, had commenced a Series of es. says on the subject of Prophecy, which it was expected would more or less include the subject of the Millennium. We have had no special conversation on the subject. I desired that he would freely and fully develope his views on the entire premises, as he has done; and, no doubt, with much satisfaction to many of our readers, if not to all. It is a grand theme, and most worthy of the profound and most devout consideration of all the citizens of the kingdom of heaven. The honors of our king, and the prospects of his kingdom, under the present dispensation, have long been soul absorbing themes in the whole family of God, and the burthen of their constant prayers to him who has the government of the universe on his shoulders, and the interest of his people deeply engraven on his heart.
We are deeply penetrated with the idea that christianity, being a new dispensation of the Holy Spirit to Jews and Gentiles under Christ, a dispensation not of letter, but of Spirit, must continue till the " Fullness of the Gentiles " be consummated. But this clearly intimates that it is not to be forever, or to the final consummation of the drama of Christianity. That the Redeemer shall come out of Zion and turn away "ungodliness"_impiety, the fuel of unbelief-“from Jacob,"—is an express oracle indicative of some special and glorious interposition of the Lord Jesus—which may usher in what we usually call “ the personal reign of Christ”-the subjection of all nations to him, of the moral certainty of such an interposition we should not dogmatically affirm in advance of a most cautious and prayerful investigation of both the Jewish and Christian oracles, to which we purpose to devote much attention in our succeeding volume. The essays now before our readers from the pen of Professor Milligan, are a very perspicuous and logical exhibition of the views long cher. ished by many distinguished Bible interpreters. They have, indeed, been warmly cherished by myself for many years, not, however, with the fullest assurance of understanding, or with that dogmatical certain. ty that would elose my ears, or embargo my inquisitiveness on the premises. There is an unperturbed, unprejudiced, non-committal state of mind, indispensable to the satisfactory disposition, adjudication and decision of so great a question as the prophetic destiny of the christian institution. SERIES - VOL. VI.
A new, or a hitherto apprecedented ontpouring of the Holy Spirit, on the first Pentecost after Christ's ascension; or a personal advent of the Messiah to plead his own cause, and personally administer or execute his own government on earth, are the two essential ideas permeating the views of Millennarians of all Schools, in all their ramifications. Such are my conclusions on all my readings and thinkings upon the Millennarian theories ancient and modern.
There are, indeed, a sert of Bastard Millennarians, such as my old friend Robert Owen, of Lanark, Scotland, who benevolently imagines that by changing the accidents, or the political, commercial, and conjogal relations of mankind, a golden age; which they rather facetiously or satirically call “a Millennial or a paradisaic state," would be the inevitable result.
The Mormons commenced a Millennium under the guidance of the apostate Sidney Rigdon, with whose first wicked, then lamentable career, and sad catastrophe, I am, alas! too well informed. The real Irigh-Priest of Joe Smith, he certainly was, and the available author of the Book of Mormon, as I have, at least to myself, evidences ample and satisfactory.
These are, indeed, monumental men of one category. It is not, alas! theonly one. There are the lamented Miller, and his hosts of too 'self-confident, and tou sanguine temperaments. Men, indeed, of deep.toned piety and great moral worth; but not profoundly read in the Sacred Books of Prophecy, nor in the eeclesiastic Records of the past eighteen centuries of the Christian dispensation.
We have, indeed, profited by them. We have seen the shoals on which were stranded, and the rocks on which, as theorists, they were wrecked. '"Happy the man,” said a Roman Philosopher," who learns caution from the misfortunes of others."
Prophecies cannot be interpreted a priori, or, from what has been, we cannot infalliby in all cases, learn what must hereafter be. Mod. esty sits most gracefully on oneirocritics and interpreters of prophecy. Still the prophecies were written for the people of every age; and in. tended to be understood in such a degree as the wants of every age may require. Past events are said “to cast their shadows behind them; while coming events throw their shadows before them."
The signs of the times, are in themselves, and can be found nowhere else. And do not the signs of the present time clearly indicate that the church of denominations is in the captivity of mystic Babylon? The stereotyped "Lo here" is written over the door of every synnagogue from Dan to Beersheba. And, with the exception of the Baptists, it is a specific mould of doctrine. There is a Luther, a Calvin, or a Wesley on the shew-board of a great majority of the Syn.