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sures which he assalls, that the whole ruin.' That, in the case before us, or the greater part of the country, there was rather more of questionable should be proved to have been in a forbearance than of censurable temeristate of actual insurrection. No one ty on the part of government, will be ever insinuated any thing so absurdly acknowledged by all who, in their esalarming, or which, in the reality, timate of the game of revolution, do not would have been so fatal to the pros- forget to reckon its cost and its perils. perity of the commonwealth. The Nor will their conviction be greatly mighty interests which are bound up staggered by recollecting, that the same with the preservation of the public amazing wiseacre who has recorded tranquillity require, that we should his mockery of the alarms of 1819, has watch the smallest dot on the horizon, also, with singular felicity, revived his indicative of the coming storm. The long, buried joke about " the Magaministers would be traitors to their zine in the foot of an old stocking," of country, who could permit sedition to 1817, just when some of the owners increase in boldness and in strength, till, of that Magazine, with a few kindred with the erect front of actual rebellion, spirits, were quietly assembled in Cato it should dare to grapple with the laws. Street, over a Magazine a little more The conflict must be begun ; a decis- various and formidable, and were comive blow must be struck; while there mencing the proof of their innocence is yet an immeasureable inequality be- amid the emblems of conspiracy ratwixt the contending parties, or the pidly to consummate it in assassinawarfare can close only in disgrace and tion and blood.

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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

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Jameson's Geognosy. Professor Jame An Institution is about to be formed in son's elementary work on geognosy, will Glasgow for the Encouragement of the appear, we understand, in the month of Fine Arts. It is proposed to have apartMay. A work of this description is at pre ments for the display of productions of sent rather a desideratum in our mineral Painting, &c., and an annual exhibition. ogy, and is more particularly demanded at Much may be expected from this, considerpresent, as the publication of the learned ing the well-known liberality and intelligence Essays of the distinguished President of the of the Glasgow public. Geological Society of London has, we be Cadmium..Dr Clarke of Cambridge has lieve, induced many, through want of at discovered the metal named Cadmium, in tention to the scope of Mr Greenough's the radiated blende of Derbyshire. views, to abandon this important and beau Imitation of Cameos, Agates, fc. There tiful branch of natural history as vague and is something very curious in the conception, unsatisfactory.

and very fortunate in the success, if it be at Discovery of the Oriental Emerald Mines. all equal to what is reported of an attempt It is very interesting to learn, with accu to imitate cameos of different colours as racy, the situation of the oriental mines of they appear in certain antique gems. It the emerald, to be able to explain where has occupied the attention of M. Dumerthe Greeks and Romans found this mi san of Paris, and his endeavours have sucneral, as they could not be acquainted with ceeded. This amateur has long been conthe only place where they are now found in versant with divers branches of antiquities; Peru. From the latest accounts, M. Ca- particularly with medals and engraved stones. liot, who has been sent by the Pascha of E. After having taken impressions by means gypt to look for the ancient emerald mines, of moulds, from the original cameos, he has been so fortunate as to discover them in gives them the various colours of agates and the neighbourhood of the Red Sea, which sardonyxes, by a faithful imitation of the pretty nearly agrees with their site as given layers of colouring matter interposed, or by ancient writers.

even superposed, with their clouds and New set of Rocks discovered in Iceland. other accidents. Under a glass these copies Menge, a German mineralogist, has dis- represent their originals so perfectly as to covered in Iceland an extensive formation deceive the eye ; and connoisseurs may now of rocks, resembling basalt on the one hand, indulge themselves, not, as before, with and cava on the other, and which he proves simple impressions, but with fac similes of to have been formed by the agency of hot these antiquities. The inventor has formed springs.

an extensive collection ; and sells selections,

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more or less numerous, at the pleasure of their neighbourhood. To this principle. I the purchaser:

give the name of " Zoogene.” Eurthquake at Copiapo.-Three dreadful The editors of the Giorn. Fis. state, that earthquakes took place at Copiapo, on the they have seen the substance obtained by 3d, 4th, and 11th of April. The whole M. Gimbernat, and that, externally, it has city is said to have been destroyed by these the appearance of real flesh covered with awful visitations. More than three thousand skin. persons were traversing the neighbouring Isle of Elba. Magnetism.Baron de plains, flying from the desolation which had Zach announces in his “ Correspondence,” been produced. It appears, according to vol. i. that the opinion long entertained, all the accounts, that the inhabitants had that the Isle of Elba, from the quantity of time to save their lives, but only their livese iron ore found on it, and especially Mount

Petrified City. The enterprizing travel Calamita, (supposed to be a solid mass of ler, Mr Ritchie, who proceeded, some time loadstone,) has a sensible effect on the mari. since, with an expedition from Tripoli, ner's compass, is unfounded. Mr Charles for the purpose of exploring the interior of Rumker in 1818 could not find, at the disAfrica, writes as follows.

is As one of my

tance of two or three or four nautical miles, friends desired me to give him, in writing, the declination of his needle affected in the an account of what I knew touching the pe- least by the action of the island. trified city, situated seventeen days journey Mean Temperature of the Earth.--Acfrom Tripoli by caravan to the south-east, cording to Laplace, any actual diminution and two days journey south from Ouguela, of the mean temperature of the earth would I told him what I had heard from different be detected by a diminution of the length of persons, and particularly from the mouth of the day. It appears by computation, that one man of credit, who had been on the one degree of Fahrenheit's Thermometer spot ; that is to say, That it was a spacious would make an alteration of nearly one secity, of a round form, having great and cond in the length of a day, and four or five small streets therein, furnished with shops, ininutes in that of a year. with a large castle magnificently built: Comparative Strength of Europeans and That he had seen there several sorts of Savages. M. Peron, the naturalist

, has had trees, the most part olives and palms, all occasion to observe, that men in a savage of stone, and of a blue, or rather lead colour : state are inferior in strength to men civilized ; That he saw also figures of men, in pos and he bas demonstrated, in a very evident tures of exercising their different employ manner, that the improvement of social ments ; some holding in their hands staffs, order does not, as some have pretended, deothers bread; every one doing something ; stroy our physical powers. The following is even women suckling their children; all of the result of experiments which he has made stone: That he went into the castle by three on this subject with the Dynamometer of different gates, though there were many M. Regnier (described Phil. Mag. Vol. I.) more: That there were guards at these gates, Comparative Experiments on the Strength with pikes and javelins in their hands. In

of Europeans and Savages. short, that he saw in this wonderful city, many sorts of animals, as camels, oxen, horses, asses, and sheep, and various birds, all of stone, and of the colour above-men. tioned.”

Of Diemen's Land 50.6 Mineral Animal Matter. Zoogene. Savages New Holland...

Timor ......... Sig. Carlo di Gimbernat has discovered a pe

French........... culiar substance in the thermal waters of Baden and of Ischia, of which he gives the following description in the Geornale di Fi. Conversion of Wood, &c. into Sugar.com sica.

This substance covers, like an inte. Dr Vogel, Member of the Royal Academy gument, many rocks in the valleys of Sena. of Sciences, has submitted to a careful exagalk and Negroponte, at the fort of the ce mination, in the laboratory of the Academy

lebrated Epomeo, beneath which mountain of Munich, the surprising discovery of Mr the poets confine Typhon. It is remark Braconnot of Nancy, of the effects of conable, that in this very place should be found centrated sulphuric acid on wood and linen. a substance very similar to skin and human

He has not only fully confirmed this discoflesh. One portion of this mountain, that very, so as to lay before the Academy af was found covered with this substance, mea. essay on the subject, and show the products

sured 45 feet in length by 24 in height. It resulting from the original experiments, but yielded, by distillation, an empyreumatic also extended his own experiments

, with oil; and, by boiling, a gelatine, which would equal success, to other similar vegetable have sized paper. I obtained the same re- substances such as old paper, both printed sults at. Bader. It may therefore bei con and written upon, and cut straw. By disidered as confirmed that an animal matter luting the sulphuric acid with a due addiis present in these thermal springs, which, tion of water, saw dust, cut linen, paper, being evaporated, becomes condensed in

&c. were converted into gum and saccharine

Force. With With Hands. Traces.

51.8 58.7 69.2 71 4

0.0 14.8 16.2 29. 1 23.8

ropeans }' English

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matter. It must excite great interest in all authors anterior to the Christian era, and to
reflecting minds, to see an indissoluble, the school of Alexandria. The authors
tasteless substance, like the filaments of quoted, are one hundred and forty in num.
wood, converted, by chemical re-action, in-' ber, whose writings have been lost, or are
to two new bodies, and chemistry thus exer- entirely unknown. The manuscript, how-
cise a power, which, but lately, appeared to ever,

does not contain the Iliad entire, but
belong to nature alone, and in particular to only the fragments which relate to the
Vegetation. For this artificial formation of pictures.
sugar and gum, now discovered, must not Death of Ritchie the African Traveller.
be confounded with the extraction of these We lament to state, that Ritchie, the Enga
two substances from bodies in which they lish gentleman employed by the African
already existed, a process which has been Association, bas fallen a sacrifice to the cli-
known from time immemorial. What has mate of Africa a few weeks after his depar.
now been discovered, is a transformation, a ture from the coast. We trust the African
metamorphosis, of which the most ingenious Society will henceforth abandon all future
chemist had previously no idea ; and it af attempts in this quarter, and employ those
fords a new proof of the boundless extent of willing to embark in their desperate al-
the domain of practical chemistry. A paper though highly meritorious undertakings in
upon Dr Vogel's repetition and investiga. some other part of Africa, where the climate
tion of Mr Braconnot's experiments, and is less fatal, and the chance of success
those added by himself, is promised in one greater.
of the next numbers of the Journal of Arts New kind of Bank Note which cannot
and Manufactures, published by the Bava- be Forged. Among the improvements of
rian Polytechnic Society.

the day, not one appears to attract more
Dry Rot. This destructive enemy of notice than the Siderographic Art, which
buildings, which generally commences its has been introduced into this country, by
ravages in the cellars, may be prevented, Messrs Perkins and Fairman.
or its progress checked, by white-washing The principal object to which this inven.
them yearly, mixing with the wash as much tion has been applied, is to secure paper
copperas as will give it a clear yellow hue. currencies from forgery; and, we believe,

New Rockets. Capt. Schumacher, bro. the most sanguine expectations of the inven-
ther of Professor Schumacher, astronomer tors have been realized, as in no one in.
royal at Copenhagen, has invented a new stance has a successful attempt been made
kind of rocket, which is said greatly to sur to counterfeit their most simple notes.
pass the Congreve rockets, both in their A short account of the invention will il-
force and in the accuracy with which they lustrate the value which is attached to it,
may be thrown. The king of Denmark and the advantages that will result from its
has established a new corps of artillery introduction into this country.
(Roketer corps), commanded by Captain The chief merit of this invention consists
Schumacher, whose business is to throw in its power to multiply engravings of the
these rockets. They ascend to a very great most exquisite, as well as those of inferior
height in the air, and when they have reach- kinds, and substituting steel in place of cop-
ed the highest point, a globe of fire makes perplates in certain cases.
its appearance, which is so vivid, that it

· This process of stereotyping the fine arts,
may be seen at the distance of 70 miles. is simple, and easily understood, and is ef-
From an experiment made with them in fected in the following manner : -Steel
the island of Hjelm, they were seen dise blocks or plates are prepared in a peculiar
tinctly by his brother at Copenhagen, a dis- way, of sufficient softness to receive the tool
tance of 17! German miles.

of the engraver, who is able to produce upon Ancient Copy of Homer. There has re. them even better and sharper work than cently been discovered in the Ambrosian upon copper. This block or plate is then Library at Milan, a manuscript copy of the hardened by a new process, without injury Iliad of Homer, of the fourth century, with to the most delicate lines. A cylinder of sixty pictures, equally ancient. The cha- steel, of proper diameter and width, is then racters are square capitals, according to the prepared to receive the impression on its usage of the best ages, without distinction periphery in relief. This is effected by beof words, without accents or the aspirates ; ing applied to a singularly constructed press, that is to say, without any sign of the mo- invented expressly for the purpose. The dern Greek orthography. The pictures are cylinder is then hardened, and fac-similes upon vellum, and represent the principal may be produced upon steel or copper-plates circumstances mentioned in the Iliad. M. ad infinitum ; and in this way, bank note ANGELO MAIO, professor at the Ambro- plates may have the talents of the most sian College, has caused the manuscript to eminent artists in England transferred to be printed in one volume, with the engra. them. The great advantage of this inven. vings from the pictures, and the numerous tion, as applied to secure bank notes from scholia attached to the manuscript. These forgery, is, that it produces perfect identity new scholia fill niore than thirty-six pages in all the notes, and admits of a test, where in large folio ; they are all of a very ancient by each note may be identified, as all the period, and the greater part of them are by notes may be perfectly alike, except the

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nomination ; and every individual who will substitute for stone bridges, (the enormous. take the trouble to furnish himself with an expense of which renders the construction of original impression from any one of the test an adequate number impracticable,) bridges dies, may, by comparison, determine whe. of wrought iron, which are as strong as ther the note is genuine or not.

stone bridges, and may be built at oneThis invention appears capable of putting fifth of the expense. If, instead of conan entire stop to the forgery of all paper se structing these iron bridges on stone piles, curities, of whatever description.

wood were substituted for the stone, the We understand with pleasure, that the expense would be diminished one-half; proprietors of this patent have formed a and thus we might have ten wooden connexion with Mr Charles Heath, an emi- bridges for one of stone. The principal nent engraver of this metropolis, and intend advantages of the bridges are: 1. Great to have an extensive and permanent estab- strength; each arch bearing the weight lishment in London, for the purpose of exe- of a million of killogrammes, (984 tons, cuting work for public or private Banking 7 wt.), without the necessity of conInstitutions, and also all engravings of structing abutments for the support of which a great number of impressions are the last arch. 2. The piles may be raised required, which will enable them to furnish at the distance of thirty or forty metres, the work of the best artists at the price paid (98 to 130 feet,) from each other, which for that of a very inferior kind.

must of course diminish expense, and fac Messrs Perkins and Fairman, it was ge- cilitate navigation. 3. The bridge may nerally expected, would have had the con be constructed with great expedition, betract with the Bank of England for fur cause the iron is wrought in the usual way, nishing their new notes. Their plan has and only a slight scaffold is requisite for received the approbation of the most emi- raising it. 4. It may be repaired without nent artists of this country, who have signed obstructing the foot.path or carriage-way. a testimonial of its excellence and its capa- 5. It may be raised or lowered at pleasure, bility of answering the end proposed. leaving only the piles standing, which must

The report, however, from the Commis prove a vast advantage on frontier rivers in sioners appointed by his Majesty, precludes time of war. 6. A portion of the bridge that hope for the present.

may be raised between two piles, sufficient Iron Bridges. A memorial of some in- for the passage of ships.” terest has been presented to the French Shower of Black Dust. During the night Chamber of Deputies, on the subject of of Tuesday, 16th November, there fell, in wrought-iron bridges, by M. Poyett, the township of Broughton, North America, architect to the Minister of the Interior, on the south shore, so great a quantity of a and to the Chamber, and a member of black powder, as completely to cover the the Institute. “ I propose," says he,“ to snow which was then on the ground.

WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.

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the press.

LONDON. THE Memoirs of the late Richard Lovell An Essay on the Evils of Popular Igna. Edgeworth, which will soon appear, are by rance ; by Mr Forster, author of Essays on himself, and continued by Miss Edgeworth the Decision of Character, &c. In a former Number it was erroneously A new edition of Bisset's Reign of George stated, that they were written entirely by III. in seven octavo volumes. that distinguished Female.

In great forwardness, at the Lithographic The Third and Fourth Cantos of Don Press, a series of characteristic Portraits of Juan are advertised by Mr Murray as in the Cossacks attached to the Russian army

in 1815 and 1816, with ample details of the Picturesque Illustrations of Buenos Ayres history, manners, and customs of the diffeand Monte Video, with twenty-four colour rent tribes to which they belonged, in one ed views; by E. E. Vidal, Esq.

volume, imperial octavo. Two additional Books of the Historical Mr Sharon Turner's third edition of the Memoirs of Napoleon, by himself, may be History of the Anglo-Saxons, in three vosoon expected.

lumes octavo, is nearly ready. It will con. Coronalia; or an Historical Account of tain an addition of several observations and Crowns and Coronations ; by Mr Scott, au- dialogues of our King Alfred on the subthor of the Digest of Military Law, &c. jects discussed by Boethius-ma fuller analy.

A new and uniform edition of the Works sis of the heroic poem on Beowulf a larger of Dr Jeremy Taylor, in fourteen octavo view of the Witena-geinot or Anglo-Saxon volumes, with a life; by the Rey. Reginald Parlianient and a detail of the population Heber, A. M.

of the Anglo-Saxons.

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A Picturesque Tour over Mount Semp- history of their manners and fortunes, by lon, from Geneva to Milan, in one volume Martin Dobrishoffer, a German Jesuit, who royal octavo, with thirty six coloured en devoted the prime of his years to the task of gravings.

converting them, and in old age, after the Cromwell ; or the Adventurer ; by Mr extinction of his order, found consolation in Corry.

recording the knowledge which he had so Sketches from St George's Fields ; by painfully acquired, and the labours which Giorgioni di Castel Chiuso, with twenty vig- had been so miserably frustrated, is, of all nettes.

books relating to savage life, the most curiRemarks on the Church and Clergy; by ous, and, in every respect, the most interestMr J. E. Shuttleworth.

ing.”-SOUTHEY's History of the Brazils. The Christian Family Assistant ; by H. Royal Military Calendar, Army Service L. Popplewell; with An Historical Essay Book, and Military History of the Last on Prayer, by Ingram Cobbin.

Century. Containing the Services of all the A second edition of Dr Aikin's Annals of General and Field Officers of the Army, George III. brought down to the present time. Narratives of all the Battles and Sieges of

The third and fourth volumes of the Rev. the last Century, Biographies of deceased Robert Stevenson's Scripture Portraits, will and retired Officers, &c. &c. By Sir John appear in the Course of the spring.

Philippart, Librarian to H.R.H. the Duke A new edition of Mr Jolliffe's Letters of Kent. Third Edition. 5 vols 8vo. from Palestine, will soon be ready.

In the press, Memoirs of his late Majesty The final volume of Mr Morell's Studies George III. ; by John Brown, Esq. author in History, will be published in April. of the Northern Courts.

The Rev. J. Gibbart of Dublin, will The Orientalist; or, Electioneering in shortly publish a series of connected Lece Ireland; a Novel ; in two volumes. tures on the Holy Bible.

A Treatise on the Nature of Scrofula, in An edition of Cicero's Works, complete which an attempt is made to account for in 11 volumes ; by Dr Carey, Editor of the the Origin of that. Disease, on new prinRegent's Pocket Classics.

ciples, illustrated by various Facts and Ob. The History of the Zodians; a fictitious servations, explanatory of a method for its narrative, designed to illustrate the natural complete Eradication, &c.; by William origin of public institutions; by the Rev. J. Farr, (Member of the Royal College of SurClark, author of the Wandering Jew. geons, London) Half Moon Street, Picca.

A Series of Portraits of the most eminent dilly.
Foreign Musical Composers, with a short Early in the month will be published,
Biography, No 1. 7s. Proof impressions of Chevy Chace, the second edition, with other
the plates, 9s. each.

Poems.
The personal history of King George III.

In the press, and speedily will be pubundertaken with the assistance of persons lished, a Visit to the Province of Upper officially connected with the late King; and Canada, in 1819 ; by James Strachan, dedicated, by permission, to his present bookseller, Aberdeen. Majesty ; by Edward Hawke Locker, Esq. Dr Charles Hastings, physician to the P. R. Š., handsomely printed, with por. Worcester Infirmary, has in the press, traits, fac-similes, &c. in 4to.

in I vol. 8vo, a Treatise on Inflammation The Fall of Jerusalem, a Dramatic Poem; of the Mucous Membrane of the Lungs, by H. H. Milman, M. A. author of Fazio, to which is prefixed, an Experimental In8vo.

quiry into the General Nature of InflammaAn account of the Abipones, an eques tion, and the Contractable Power of the trian people in the interior of South Ameri Blood Vessels. ca, translated from the original Latin of In the course of the month will be pubMartin Dobrishoffer, one of the Ex-Jesuits, lished, the First Part of a History of Eng. twenty-five years a Missionary in Paraguay, land, during the reign of George VII. The 2 vols 8vo.

work will be written with the strictest im" The Abipones have been in one thing partiality, and embellished with numerous fortunate above all otl»er savages ; for the Portraits and other Engravings.

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EDINBURGH. THE Abbot, by the Author of the Monas- ing its origin and progress--the leading tery, we understand, is already in the press. Doctrines and forms of Ecclesiastical Polity

An Account of the Fishes found in the that have been founded on it, and the effect River Ganges and its Branches, with En- which it has produced upon the moral and gravings, executed in the best manner, from political state of Europe. The work will be original Drawings; by Francis Hamilton, comprised in 3 vols 8vo. M.D. F.R.S. Lon. and Edin. 4to.

The History of the Indian Archipelago. Dr Cook, Laurence Kirk, has for several By John Crawfurd, Esq. F.R.S. Late Briyears been preparing, and has now nearly tish Resident at the Court of the Sultan or ready, for the press, " A General and Hise , Java. 3 vols 8vo. With illustrative Map torical View of Christianity,” comprehend- and Engravings. Vol. VI.

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