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ull of extravagance, that 'they have some principles relative to the human made no disciples, though they con understanding, on which Berkley tain a number of ingenious aod pro and Hume have founded a system of found thoughts, of just observations, scepticism. In 1785, Dr Reid puband learned researches The works lished “ Essays on the intellectual of this celebrated Scotchman are; powers of man,' in one volume 4to. " The Origin and progress of lan and a year after, " Essays on the acguage," in four vols. 8vo. andisk An. tive powers,” in one volume 410, cient Metaphysics,” in 5 vols. 4to. He refers the first to the understand? In this last work he maintains that ing, and the second to the will, esthe orang outang belongs to the sential and distinct faculties of our human species, and is destitute of soul. Dr Reid is at once a good speech only through mere accident : moralist and a sound metaphysician. he attempts also to prove that the Beattie, in his " Essay on the syrens, the cyclops, the satyrs, men immutability of truth,"? proposes to with eyes in their breast, men with refute Hume; he follows the princi. the heads of dogs, &c. arę noc fäbu- ples of Reid, whose disciple he is, lous beings; that Egypt was, in an- and combats'the sceptics still mure cient times, governed and taught by successfully than his master. His demons, &c.

“Essay on the Theory of Language,'! Dr James Hutton, lately dead, is has the merit of being written in a well known on the continent as a very clear and agreeable manner ; buc natural philosopher, particularly by contains little novelty. It has been his. Theory of the Earth, in 2 vols. remarked, that in many of his essays, 8vo.; but he deserves still more cele particularly those on memory and brity by his great metaphysical work, imagination, he has been sometimes entitled, " Inquiry into the Princi led astray by the fear of meeting with ples of Knowledge and the Progress Hume, which is neither just nor phiof Reason, &c. 3 vols. 4to. 1796. losophical. He there treats, l. Of the natural Dr James Gregory, who had the progress of knowledge, or of the faculo honour of succeeding the illustrious ties of instinct which lead to science. Cullen as professor of medicine in 2. Of science, or of the principles the university of Edinburgh, cultiwhich conduct to wisdom. 3. Of vates philosophy and literature with wisdom or philosophy, or of the pro. no less success. His philosophical and per end of science, and of the means literary essays prove him to be a of happiness. Under these three good writer and a profound thinker ; divisions, Dr Hutton treats all the he has applied, in a new manner, maquestions which relate to the human thematical demonstration to meta. understanding; he shews much sa- physics; his opinions upon the liberty gacity and depth, and strikes out and necessity of human actions have many new and original ideas. '* Some given occasion to long and animated principles of his theory are contrary discussions. No family perhaps has to that of Locke, and seem to ate produced a greater number of learned tack the theological system. men than that of Dr. Gregory. For

Among living metaphysicians we two centuries, it has constantly conmay distinguish Mr Thomas Reid, tained celebrated mathematicians and Professor of Moral Philosophiy in medical practitioners ; : his father, the university of Glasgow." His first well known in the learned world, by work, entitled, “. Inquiry into the hué medical works, which have contribuman“ mind upon the principles of ted to the fame of the university of common sense,” is intended to refute Edinburgb ; is also the author of a


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moral work, translated into almost essay; and on his return expressed in
all languages, entitled “ A Father's person his obligations to Mr Clerk.
Legacy to his daughters.".

It is probable that this classical work
The“ Elements of the Philosophy will be soon translated into French,
of the Human Mind," by Mr Du- and that we will avail ourselves of
gald Stewart, another professor in the Mr Clerk's ideas.
university of Edinburgh, will trans-

(To be continued.)
mit his name to posterity as a man,
who, with profound metaphysical
genius, combines faucy and taste , Anecdotes of the Life of Mr Fox.
whose knowledge embraces the whole
circle of philosophy and literature,

'HE family of Fox was original-

ly scated in Wiltshire, and Wilwho is acquainted with the under

liam Fox, of Farley, in that county, standing and passions, who considers

is the first of whom any mention has
the character of man in his general na,

been made. His youngest son, Sir
ture, and such as it is presented by the
manners existing in imodern society.

Stephen, appears to have 'resided

abroad during the exile of the Stuart MATHEMATICS, &c.

family; and when the restoration
The university of Edinburgh, which took place, his merits and services
has been rendered illustrious by the were not overlooked. He attained
Maclaurins, the Gregories, and the the honour of knighthood, then not
Napiers, now contains few mathema. so lavishly bestowed as at present,
ticians of distinguished merit: Mr and became, in succession, a clerk of
Jahn Playfair is one of the number; the Green Cloth, a Lord of the
ke has published Elements of Geometry Treasury, &c. but the most remark-
containing the six first books of Euc. able incident of his life, perhaps, is
lid, in the view of adapting the prin. the circumstance of his becoming a
ciples of ancient geometry to the ac. father when almost an octogenarian ;
tual'state of the mathematical sciences, for at this late period he married a
and to shew the advantages of the second time, and was not only the
modern calculas. Mr Play fair has also founder of his own fortune, but also
written " Memoirs upon the astrono- of two noble houses--those of blches-
my and trigonometry of the Bramios," ter and Holland. Nor ought. it to
where he shews that these people must be forgotten, that Chelsea Hospital,
have made great progress in calcula. chat noble and munificent asylum for
tion from the most remote antiquity, our soldiers, is chiefly indebted to

Mr John Clerk is the author of the him for its existencer
best work on naval tactics which has Such was the grandfather of the
been written in England ; it is entit. subject of this memoir. Henry Fox,
led, " Essay, systematical, historical, his father, embarked at an early pe-
and praetical, upon Naval Tactics," riod of life in the ocean of politics,
in 2 vols. 400.; the first volume ap. and made prizes of some of the best
peared in 1782, and was repriated offices in the gift of the crown. He
with additions in 1790: the second was Secretary at War, Secretary of
appeared in 1797. The celebrated State, and then Paymaster General
Rodney set the greatest value upon

of the Forces ; the last of which em.
this work, and even wrote sume re ployments rendered him obnoxious to
marks upon the first volume, which censure, for being unpopular on ac-
he con:municared to the author. count of his parliamentary conduct,
Admiral Duncan, in the action which which was of a high Tory complex-
he had in 1798 with the Dutch fleet, ion, the city of London was pleased
followed a plan marked out in this to term him, in one of its addresses,


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" the defaulter of unaccounted mil

. the dead languages, ay an early period lions." Henis vaHowed, however, td of his life, so it was the wish of Lord have been a man of great talents and Holland (For he had obtained a peerclegiience, and it is but justice to obd age soon after the accession of his server that the immense emoluments present Majesty that his,

his son should “which he derived from his' situation be instructed at one and the same being, on one hand, restricted by no two living one is be was acpositive law, and, on the other, coun. '

ingly taughe French from hiscra. tenanced by uniform custom, weré dle, and spoke it while a boy, with generally considered as the fair and still greater fluency than English. regular perquisites of office *.

As be was intended for public life, Charles James Fox, the third son so he received a public education, of Henry Fox, afterwards Lord Ilol- and was sent to Eton, whes that land t, by. Georgina, eldest daughter school had attained a high degree of of the late Duke of Richmond, was celebrity, under the auspiges of Edborn on the 13th of January, 0. S. ward Barnard, M. A. who became in the year 1749. From his birth head master 17541d det he was the darling of his father, and At the age of thirteen he distin- . the family having just lost his elder guished himself by bisexercises, which brother Henry, he, of course, expe reflect great credit on his precocious rienced much indulgence. Indeed, talents,

and some of his juvenile friends this partiality was carried to a great; even chen contemplated him as a fuand perhaps an unpardonable length; ture statesman and orator as 250, for nothing was refused to him, and From Eton Mr Fox,removed to all the servants of the family were at Hertford College, Oxford, where he length accustomed to pay the most also distinguished himself, by abis taobsequious' obedience to his com- lents; and Dr Newcome this intor, mands, however whimsical or cảpri. was afterwards rewarded with the

Primacy of Ireland for his services Notwithstanding this, his

educa on this occasion, After remaining tion was not neglected ; and as Mos there some time, he was immediately taigne's father was particularly anxié sent on his travels, according to the ous that he should be instrucied in absurd custom

an Englisbrann pound to be bet,

acquainted with the Henry Fox, Lord Holland, like his a

i 2003 son Charles, cultivated the Mises, and we have seen “ Verses to a Lady with 7 Lord Catlistes auguries may ba an artificial Rose;" which do bim great considered as strictly prophetical, and it credit.---The following is the first stan

qught not to be forgotten, that, unlike

some other prophecies, they were pro. *“ Fair copy of the fairest forver,

nounced long anterior to the eventsoteThy colours equal Nature's power;

corded: Thou-bast the Rose's blushing hue,

w How will my Fox, alone from strength

of parts, Art full as pleasing to the view:

Shake the foudSenate, animate the hearts Go thou to Chloe's lovely breast, Whpse sweetness can give all the Of fearful Statesınen! (vkile around you

stand og i 1$'is rest," &c.

Both Peers and Commdas diss'ning your Lady Georgina Carolina Fox was command.was_0950 2t w created Baroness of Halland in 1767. What praise to Pitt, to Townshend .cler and her husband Baron Holland, of Fox

. : 6, ey, in the courty of Wilts, April 16, In future times, my Fox, shall sait on 1763 .


ustom of that day, by which


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shions, and productions, ofevery other ciples of liberty, while his assertion

country in Europe than his own. It "sthat the voice of tlie people was ice will be scarcely supposed, by those only to be heard in the House of

who have seen Mr Fox, or examined Commons," was controverted by the
his dress at any time during the last whole tenor of the laiter part of his
twenty years, that he had been once life. 19.99 27.10.!.913
celebrated as a beau garcon; but the

On the death of Lord Holland, ia fact is, that at this period he was one 1774, a new land mentorable epoch w of the most fashionable young men oecurred in this life of his son. At abont town, and there are multitudes the age ofią wenty-six, ke now felt I now living who still fecollect his char bimself completely freed from all re. peau bras, his red-heeled shoes, and his straint, in the possession of an ample blue hair-powder.

patrimony to which was added the 957 Meanwhile, his. 'father, still keep reversion of a profitable place to I ing the original object in view, deter... The reign of the passions now com: mined to inspire him with a taste for menced, and swept away his fortune public business, and accordingly, in in the tortent ; he was also doomedo

the beginning of 1768, he was re- nearly at the same time, to be de* turned for Midbarst, in the county prived of his employment : 'for hav.

O of Sussex. Two things are remarking giver offence to Lord North,
wable on this occasion, the first is, who was then First Lord of the
i chat, like the celebrated Waller, he Treasury and Chanecilor of the Ex-

became a Member of the House of chequer, that nobleman formed a new
Commons before he attained the le Board, and having mentioned this
gulay at the second, that Midhurst eircumstance in a laconic note, add-
was one's
e of those

very boroughs which ed, somewhat wonically, that he @ike himself seets afterwards to bave did not see Mr Fox's nanae in the lisé

considered a nuisance in a free coun- of members."

Anterior to this period, the extra LoAs Lord Holland possessed the ordinary talents of Mr Fox had only 12 favour of Lord Buite, and enjoyed been known to his particular friends,

the confidence of his present Majesty, but“ a field was, 'from-tbis momeet,
> the career of public enployments lay opened for their display, which final.
open to his son. Accordingly, he had ly led to the most astonishing results,
been only two years in parliament Happily, he had not pledged him.
when, on the 13th of February, 1770, self on the grand colonial question
he became a member of the Admiral. ' respecting taxation independent of
sy Board, at the time when the cele. representation, so that he rose in the
brated Admiral Sir Edward, after House of Commons to debate on the
wards Lord Hawke, presided there. subject of the American war fres
On May 6, 1772, he resigned that and wniocunsbered. He had hither.
eitnation, and on the Ith of January, to but little studied the nature and
*1773, was nominated a Commission-

end er af the Treasury.

FU At this period his political ptinci. ples appear to have been strictly in * The chiet part of it, situated at anison with those of his father, and Kingsgate, Dandelion, and Quiks, in he was often afterwards reminded by the of Tine, was sold to M1 his adversaries, that the doctrines ad Poet, 1:5 134 page under his vanced by him in the

the elérkškip of the Paris in Ire. printers who had been imprisoned, land; this sinecure was purchased by the were rather anfavourable to the prin present Earl of Liverpool

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end of a free goverv iment, in a politi. cause, on the present occasion, origical point of view ; and on this occa- nated in friendship to the Duke of sion the author of the Sublime and Portland, then a very popular nobleBeautiful,” then in the zenith of his man, whose exclusion had produced talents, was his monitor.;

the most fatal jealousies among the Mr Fox obtained the office of Se. best friends of liberty. cretary for Foreign Affairs, in the Mr Fox now resumed his old seat, spring of 1782, while the Marquis of facing the Treasury bench, while his Rockingham, he most uniform, ho. former colleague, the Earl of Shel. nest, and upright statesman, whom we burne, was, busied in concluding a have possessed since the revolution, peace with France, Spain, Holland, was nominated First Lord of the and the United States of America. Treasury. Much was expected from, This nobleman, although possessed and much, it must be owned, was of great talents, forgot to adopt the performed by a ministry, the most most obvious means for ensuring his respectable of


that has been seen own safety. In the first place, he in England during the present reign. did not call a new parliament, and in But the sudden death of the poble. the next, he omitted to secure the man just mentioned, at once afflicted immense advantages resulting from the nation and divided the friends of the press, which, in a free country, liberty: while the ex-minister and his will always influence, if not govern, adherents knew how to derive advan. the nation. But even as it was, he tage from the storm, and reap benefit would have triumphed, but for a most from the dismay that unhappily ca. odious as well as impolitic coalition, sued.

supposed to be bortomed on 'ambi. A dispute, as had been foreseen, 'tion alone, and destitute of any comimmediately took place about who mon principle of union. , should succeed as Firsi Lord of the The political success of Mr Fox Treasury. The candidates were, Lord and Lord North was, however, cpheShelburne, afterwards Marquis of meral. While they agreed in no one Lansdowne, and the present Duke of great measure for the common good, Portland; the favour of the King the nation seemed to unite as one made the interest of the former

pre man against them; and the King ponderate, and a schism having ensu. having become jealous of his preto ed, Mr Fox retired in disgust. As gative, on the introduction of the the Earl of Chatham was accustom. 64 East India Bill,%; they were obli. ed to observe " that he would never ged to retire, but not until means had be responsible for actions which he been resorted to, which no friend of did not direct ;" so the Secretary of the constitution could either advise State, when he withdrew, remarked, or practise. " that he had determined never to Mr Pitt now came into power ; connive at plans in private, which he while Mr Fox placed himself at the could not publicly avow.”

head of the opposition, and a long What those plans may have been, contest took place between these two we are left to guess.

We have reaa illustrious rivals. The events of the son to believe, that the only ostensi. subsequent part of Mr Fox's life are so ble dispute in the cabinet was rela. public, and so recent, that there can tive to the independence of America, be little occasion for recalling them which Mr Fox wished to grant as a 'to the recollection of our readers. boon, while Lord Shelburne desired In.1788, Mr. Fox, worn out, and to confer it in the manner of a bar- perhaps disgusted with public busigain : the secret, and perhaps leading ness, repaired to the continent, in


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