Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

shions, and productions, of every other ciples of liberty, while his assertion

country in Europe than his own. It that the voice of the people was *** will be scarcely supposed, by those only to be heard in the House of

who have seen Mr Fox, or examined Commons," was controverted by the his dress at any time during the last whole tenor of the larter part of his

twenty years, that he had been once life. 191-997.in 1,911s - celebrated as a beau garcon; but the : On the death of Lord Holland, ia

fact is, that at this period he was one 17/74, a new land meníorable epoch w of the most 'fashionable young men occurred in the life of his son. At rabont town, and there are multitudes the age of it wentysix, he now felt I now living who still fecollect his char bimself completely freed from all re.

peau bras, his red-heeled shoes, and his straint, in the possession of an ample - blue hair-powder.

patrimony *, to which was added the 951Meanwhile, his father, still keep. reversion of a profitable place t. 1 4 ing the original object in view, deter? The reign of the passions now com.

* *** gmined to inspire him with a taste for menced,cand swept away his fortune

public business, and accordingly, in in the torrent, he was also doomeda

the beginning of 1768, he was re- nearly at the same time, to be dewinkturned for Midburst, in the county prived of his employment for hav.

O of Susses. Two thives are remarking given offence to Lord North, viable on this occasion, the first is, who was then: First Lord of the

chat, like the celebrated Waller, he Treasury and Chanceilor of the Exbecame a Member of the House of chequer; that nobleman formed a new Commons before he attained the le Board, and sharing mentioned this gal age: the second, that Midhurst eircumstance in a laconic note, add

was one of those very boroughs which ed, isomewhat ironically, " that he @ike himself seetis afterwards to bave did not see Mr Fox'g nanae in the lisé considered a npisance in a free coun- of members."

not ETY.

Anterior to this period, the extraL'Asi Lord Holland possessed the ordiсary talents of Mr Fox had only -> favour of Lord Bute, and enjoyed been known to his particular friends,

the confidence of his present Majesty, but: a field: was, from this momect, > the career of public entployments lay opened for their display, which final. open to his son. Accordingly, he had ly led to the most astonishing results been only two years in parliament Happily, he had not pledged him. when, on the 13th of February, 1770, self on the grand colonial question he became a member of the Admisal." "respecting kaxation independent of ty Board, at the time when the cele representation,,so that he rose in the brated Admiral Sir Edward, after House of Commons to debate on the wards Lord Hawke, presided there. subject of the American war fres On May 6, 1772, he resigved that and wniocunsbered. He had hither. situation, and on the Ith of January, to but little studied the nature and 2773, was nominated a Commission

de end er of the Treasury.

Winter At this period his political ptineiples appear to have been in * The chiet part of it, situated at upjson with those of and Kingsgate, Dandelion, and Queiks, ira

his father,

the video of Thune, he was often afterwards reminded by

sold to Me his adversaries, that the doctrines ad. Poset, hb tad being a place under his vanced by him in the case of the The ciérkškip of the parts in Ireprinters who had been imprisoned, land; thissinecure was purchased by th: were rather kofavourable to the prin present Earl of Liverpool

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

V: Vf

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

father

[ocr errors]

end of a free goverv ment, in a politi- cause, on the present occasion, origi. cal point of view ; and on this occa- nated in friendship to the Duke of sion the author of the Sublime and Portland, then a very popular nobleBeautiful,” then in the zenith of his man, whose exclusion had produced talents, was kis monitor..

the most fatal jealousies among the Mr Fox obtained the office of Se. best friends of liberty. cretary for Foreign Affairs, in the Mr Fox now resumed his old seat, spring of 1782, while the Marquis of facing the Treasury bench, while his Rockingham, the most uniform, ho. former colleague, the Earl of Shel. nest, and upright statesman, whom we burne, was busied in concluding a have possessed since the revolution, peace with France, Spain, Holland, was nominated First Lord of the and the United States of America. Treasury. Much was expected from, This nobleman, although possessed

' and much, it must be owned, was of great talents, forgot to adopt the performed by a ministry, the most most obvious means for ensuring his respectable of any that has been seen own safety. In the first place, he in England during the present reign. did not call a new parliament, and in But the sudden death of the poble. the next, he omitted to secure the man just mentioned, at once afflicted immense advantages resulting from the nation and divided the friends of the press, which, is a free country, liberty: while the ex-minister and his

will always
influence, if

not govern, adherents knew how to derive advan. the nation. But even as it was, he tage from the storm, and reap benefit would have triumphed, but for a most from the dismay that unhappily en: adious as well as impolitic coalition, sued.

supposed to be bottomed on ambi. A dispute, as had been foreseen, tion alone, and destitute of

any immediately took place about who mon principle of union. should succeed as First Lord of the The political success of Mr Fox Treasury. The candidates were, Lord and Lord North was, however, cpheShelburne, afterwards Marquis of meral. While they agreed in no one Lansdowne, and the present Duke of great measure for the common good, Portland; the favour of the King the nation seemed to unite as one made the interest of the former pre- man against them; and the King ponderate, and a schism having ensu. having become jealous of his prero ed, Mr Fox retired in disgust. As gative, on the introduction of the the Earl of Chatham was accustom- 6 East India Bill,"; they were obli. ed to observe “ that he would never ged to retire, but not until means had be responsible for actions which he been resorted to, which no friend of did not direct ;" so the Secretary of the constitution could either advise State, when he withdrew, remarked, or practise. " that he had determined never to Mr Pitt now came into power ; connive at plans in private, which he while Mr Fox placed himself at the could not publicly avow."

head of the opposition, and a long What those plans may have been, contest took place between these twe we are left to guess.

We have reaa

illustrious rivals. The events of the son to believe, that the only ostensi. subsequent part of Mr Fox's life are so ble dispute in the cabinet was rela. public, and so recent, that there can tive to the independence of America, he little occasion for recalling them

be which Mr Fox wished to grant as a "to the recollection of our readers. boon, while Lord Shelburne desired Ina1788, Mr. Fox, worn out, and to confer it in the manner of a bar- perhaps disgusted with public busigain : the secret, and perhaps leadingness, repaired to the continent, in

com.

com.

1

:

1

niar.

1780.

more

company with the lady who has As the political life and opinions since been acknowledged as his wife, of Mr Fox are so well known, it may and after spending a few days with be proper to say something of him Gibbon to the historian, at Lousame, as a man of letters.

His magnum entered the classic regions of Italy. optes, which bad engaged his attention But he was suddenly recalled, in con. for years, was a History of the pe: sequence of the alarining illness of the riod which immediately preceded and King, and the business of the Regency followed the Revolution ; a subject Bill.

alike congenial to his feelings and his habits. We understand that he

was offered a very large sum of moWe understand that he was ried to Mrs Arnistead in

ney for it, by a spirited bookseller, # Copy of a letter from Mr Gibbon about three years since ; but it was to Lord Sheffield :

then, and is still, we fear, in an un$6 Lausanne, Oct. 4. 1788. finished state. A The Man of the People, escaped The materials are said to have from the tumult, the bloody tumuit of been nearly completed, but little or the Wesiminster election, to the lakes and mountains of Switzerland, and I

no progress made in the composition. was informed that he was arrived at the We have understood, on good aus Lion d'o I sent à compliment; be thority, that Mr Fox had, in the answered it in person, and settled at my course of his researches, been led to house for the remainder of the day. I form a favourable opinion have eas and drank, and conversed and than is generally entertained, of the sat up all night with Fox in England; conduct of the unfortunate monarch but it never happened, perhaps it never can happen again, that I should enjoy had at least formed no systematic de

James II. ; -and to suppose that he him as I did that day, alone, from ten in the morning till ten at night. sign of subverting the liberties of his

“ Poor Deyverdun, before his acci. country. We are hence led to sup. dent, wanted spirits to appear, and has pose that this work would have been regretted it since. Our conversation distinguished, as much by its can never flagged a moment: and he seemdour, as by its ability. ed thoroughly pleased with the place

His Letter to the Electors of and with his company, We had little politậcs : though he gave me, in a few Westminster,” published in 1793, and words, such a character of Pitt, as one

which passed through no less than great man should give of another, his thirteen editions wichin a few months, rival : many of books, from my own, may be in some measure considered on which he flattered me very pleasant. as a legacy to posterity, as it can. ly, to Homer and the Arabian Nights; tains a full and ample apology for his much about the country, my garden conduct during the former war with (which he understands far better than

France. I do,) and, upon the whole, I think he envies me, and would do so were he Of his compositions while at Eton, minister. The next morning I gave the whole have been edumerated in him a guide to walk him about the town chronological order ; and in respect and country, and invited some company to his fugitive poetry, we shall here to meet him at dinner. The following affix a list of such articles as have day he continued his journey to Berne been seen by us. ond Zurich, and I have heard of him by

1. His Verses to Mrs. now Lady, various means.

“ The people gaze on him as a pro. Crewe, beginning with,
digy, but he shews little inclination to
converse with them.”

« Where the loveliest expression to feature 410. Ed. Vol. 1. of Mems. p. 192.

is joined," &

a

a

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

!

2. An Invocation to Poveriy; a new Writ for Tavistock, on the. “O Poverty of pale consumptive hue," &c. 16th of March, 1802.

3. Lines addressed to a lady who In the character of Mr Fox, the declared that she did not eare three mostconspicuous part was that franked skips of a lee for me.” We do nessy oricandour, which distinguished not recollect the arst line, but the him from most other men, and from point is, that“ the lady of course had all other politicians Bold and teso, in her mouth what was always run "hute in public; in private life-ke was ning in her bead.". ang

peculiarly mild and gentle, bland in 4. Verses addressed to Mrs Foxy his manners, and captivating in his on his attaining the age of fifty: conversation. Thus, while in St. these are highly complimentary to Stephen's Chapel he assailed corrups that lady.

tion with Stentorian voice and Here And, 5. Vetses inscribed to his culean energy ; at St Anne's hill be nephew, Lord Holland. 365 exhibited all the urbanity, and cul.

Of his single sperches, published tivated all the blandishments, of dor we rather suppose without his cog. mestic retirement.'

1. nizance or revision, the following is Possessed of a sanguine tempera. she best list we have been able to ment, his follies at one period of hia procure ;

; life, like his virtues at asother, were 1. Speech to the Electors of West, carried to extremes. He sacrificed minster, July 17, 1782.

his nights and days, huis health and 2. Speech in Parliament on the fortune, to the worship of the blind East Iudia Bill, 1783.,

goddess: and not content with his 3, Speech on the Irish Resolutions, triumphs in St Stephen's Chapel, he' 1784.

aspired to give ławs to Newmarket! 4. Reply to Mr Pist.

His keen and penetrating-eye would 5. Two Speeches in behalf of a red follow a favourite courser from these peak of the Test and Corporation Starting post to the goal; his heart. Acts, March 2. 1790.

would pant with expectation as the 6. Speech on Mr Whitbread's mo. race drew towards a cooclusion ; and tion on the Russian Armamert, Mar. that voice (fated to be more honour1. 1792

ably and more usefully employed, in 7. Speech at the Wbig

Club, Dec, regulating the interests of an empire) 4. 1792.

was then prodigally wasted in cheer. 8. Speech at the opening of Par. ing the foaming steeds and skapplauda liament Dec. 13. 1792. :

ing the victorious riders At length, 9. Speech on the King's Message abjuring the follies of the day, he to the House of Comnions, on the began to use the arms, and practise execution of Louis XVI. January 31, the arts of a great statesman. 1797.

In his person and manner, Mr Fox 10. Speeck on the declaration of somewhat resembled the sage of war by France, Feb. 10, 1793. Ithaca : he was short and corpulent,

11. Speech on Mr. Gray's motion bis chest was capacious, luis shoulders for a Reform in Parliament, May 7,

+2 3. Sá broad, 1793.

12 On the State of the Nation A porview of the race ground is acMarch 24, 1795.

tually called the F. C. or Fax Course, And, 13. A Sketch of the cha. in this place, however, that Mr Fox al

at this day. It ought not to be omitted facter of the late Most Noble Francis says withdrew his name from Brookes's, Duke of Bedford, as delivered in his the moment he accepted of any exoploy. Introductory Speech to a Motion for ment.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

broad, his hair dark and thick, his fellow the Earl of Carlisle hailed the eye-brows black and bushy, his com- dawning talents of his youth; the plexión tinged with a yellow hue. classical pen of Dr Part offered a sinIn tvis" youth he was celebrated for cere tribute to the wonders of his his agility ; but of late years he had be. maturer age; the Duchess of Devoncome obese and unwieldy, while his shire, surrounded by the Loves and lower extremities sometime past be- Graces, hailed him as the brightest gan to 'exhibit the diagnostics of that ornament of his age'; while the disease which proved fatal to him, at - Duku of Bedford installed his bust six oclock on the afternoon of Saturs in the unfioisbed Temple dedicated day the 13th of September, 1806, by bim sto Liberty, and requested without pain, and almost without a mof his successor, on his death-ted, struggle, in the fifty ninth year of that it might be completed for its his age. 3

reception *. He expired at the house of his et His corpse, entombed with our friend the Duke of Devonshire, in cking states inen, and heroes, will rethe arms of bis nephew, Lord Hold pose within the precincts of that city tand, at Cheswick House, hitherto which bc so long represented. celebrated as one of the masterpieces as it

Reof Palladio's art ; but which will :

est
henceforth be viewed with a new de-
gree of interest by Englishmen, as.

* Verses by the Duchess of Devon-
the spot witbin the -saljctuary of shire, inscribed under the bust of Me
which a Fox uttered bis last sigh. Fox, at Woburn.
His faces and figure will be long

" Here, 'midst the friends hę loy'd, recollected for there was something

the man behold, uncommon in both. His bust has In truth unshaken, and in virtue böld: been repeatedly carved by the chisse! Whose patriatu zeal and uncorrupted of Nollekens, the last labours af Sir mind Joshua were bestowed on his por, Dard to assert the freedom of mankind; trait while Jones is supposed to :

And whilst extending desolation far, have excelled in a megzotintolikeness,

Ambition spread the baleful flames of and Smith and Opie is whole lengths: Fearless of blame, and eloquent to save, these are the more transitory emes 'Twas heo'twas Fox, the warping couna blems of the person is for to whom a

sel gaye ; is it given; to depict the animated ?Midst jarring conflicts stemm'd the tide flashes of his eye in the course of an

of blood,

And to the menac'd world a sea-mark argument, or the menacing action of

stood!
his haud during debate, to describe !
the wisdom of his-head, the kindness

« Oh's had his coice in Mercy's cause of his hşart, or the-cloqueace jof be what grateful millions had the States,

prevail'd,

„ tongue ?

man hail'd : No man has ever been more ready Whose wisdom bade the broils of nato bestow praise on oilers; and in

tions cease, return he trimself has-been gratified. And taught the world humanity and with the eulogiums of almost every

peace! distinguished person of the present z But though he faid, succeeding ages

here age. The great Lexicographer, 'a!* though pepsioned by the Ring, and The vain set pious effort shall fevere

Boast in their annals his illustrious unfriendly to bis principles, avowed e' namen his attachment to his person, and his Uphold his greatness, and confrn his admiration of his genius. His school- famé." Oct. 1806.

war ;

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »