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Commercial Report.


WHALE FISHERY.-Sir W. Con- | lat. 74. 40. long. 14. W.; amongst ice greve having, at his own expense, and fish.—Sir Wm. Congreve will, no sent out some of his rockets on board doubt, rejoice, nay leap mast high, of the Fame whaler, Captain Scoresby, on hearing that the advantages to the under the idea that they might be ren- nation are likely to be very great, on dered extremely important in the account of his rocket being employed whale fisheries; the following brief in killing the whale; it succeeds beyond communication of the success of the expectation. The results will be exexperiment, just received, cannot but plained on the arrival of his be interesting to the public :-“ Ship “ Most obedient humble servant, Fame, all well, 24th of June, 1821,


COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, JULY 25, 1821. Since the publication of our last, no circumstance has occurred, to produce any change of moment in our market; the demands for the home trade are steady and regular, while the export trade continues extremely depressed : indeed we hardly remember so much inactivity to have pervaded our port, as has latterly been the case; a continued series of easterly winds has prevented arrivals, until within these last few days past. Vessels are now pouring in from every quarter, and we hope we may see a very good Autumnal trade.

The sales of Cotton were last week on a very limited scale, and are comprised in about 3600 packages, as under :1318 Bags Upland, from 94d. to 114d.

50 Mina Geraes, 10d. 305 Orleans, 94d. to 12d.

204 Demerara, 11d. to 131d. 40 Tennessee, 9 d.

10 West India, 9d. 190 Sea Islands, 14 d. to 20d.

131 Carthagenas, 7 d. 176 Pernams, 13d.

70 Surat, 7 d. to 7 d. 410 Balias, 11 d. to 12 d.

313 Bengal, 640 to 6 d. 340 Maranhams, 12 d. to 12 d. The market is very steady, and the prevailing opinion seems in favour of further improvement, grounded on the short supply received this year, whilst the consumption is on the increase. 870 bags of Cotton, imported from Peru direct, were offered by public sale on the 20th, but withdrawn, as no higher a price than 89d. per lb. was offered.

The public sales of British Plantation Sugars have gone off without much change in prioe; however, brown qualities may be reckoned something lower; the demand is fair though not lively. Coffee is a shade lower; yet the continental markets are particularly brisk for this article. Good ordinary Jamaica Coffee has sold here at 117s. per cwt. Pimento rules at 8d. the imports of this article are now abundant. Still have we to record a great dulness in Spirits : 200 puncheons of Jamaica Rum have been sold to a dealer at about 2s. per gallon, for 16 O. P. an unprecedented low price; common Leewards will not command more than 1s. 4d. to 1s, 5d. per gallon. Geneva is offered at 1s. 8d. to 1s. 9d. per gallon, without tempting purchasers. Carolina Rice finds a regular demand at from 13s. to 18s. per cwt.

In Hides, nothing of moment has occurred; the market is steady ; several arrivals from Buenos Ayres will be in course of sale very speedily. The supply of Ashes is very considerable; the attention of purchasers has been chiefly directed to Montreal Pots, at 34s., and United States Pearls, at 40s. 6d. to 41s. per cwt. Dyewoods, generally, are in little request; a parcel of Nicaragua Woods has been sold at £36. per ton; and holders now demand £40. per ton; this article must maintain its value so long as Brasil Wood is unattainable. Dutch and German Oak Bark arrive here to some extent, and find ready sale by their cheapness; the former, at £7.5s. to £7. 15s., and the latter, at £6. per ton of 2400 lb. Brimstone sells at £23. 5s. to £29. 58. per ton. A parcel of Sicily Shumac, to arrive, has been sold at 20s. per owt. Naval Stores support their prices ; however, a large lot of very ordinary Turpentine, from New York, sold at 11s. to 11s. 3d. per cwt. Common American Tar, at 13s. 9d. per barrel. Swedish Tar will not fetch above 17s. per barrel

. The consumers of Tar seem willing purchasers, their stocks being low; but the dealers in Tar reluotantly meet the sellers. Spirits of Turpentine are saleable at 64s. per cwt. Olive Oil fetches £70. per ton. Accounts from Greenland við Bremen, bring very promising accounts of the success in that branch of the fishery, which rather unsettles the market for Whale Oil. Pale Seal Oil has been sold at £25. per ton. Tallow finds purchasers at 49s. to 50s. for Y. C. Hemp is scarce, and early arrivals will sell well: the best price was £41. per ton. Irish Flax has experienced some demand, and a corresponding improvement in price. Fine Timber goes off steadily. Good Hard Wood and Elm are wanted. Deals would also meet with ready sale.

Grain.-Our Corn market does not exhibit symptoms of much energy; the supplies of Wheat from Ireland rather exceed the immediate demand. Oats are scarce, and there latterly has been evinced a desire to speculate in Spring Corn, in consequence of the late unfavourable parching weather. American Flour in Bond, goes off rather at higher prices ; the attendance at yesterday's market was extremely thin, and very little business was done.


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Imperial Magazine ;







their growth. When we walk in the With a Catalogue of all really British wood, or by the hedge, our ears are

frequently saluted by a sudden snap, Plants, as they come into Flower.

caused by the bursting of the seedvessel of the Furze, through the heat

of the sun; which causes its oblique The general warmth of the season, fibres to contract, whereby the seeds with the cold frequently experienced are scattered in all directions. The at night, operate together to acce- legume of the pea kind is opened in lerate the perfection of different kinds a similar manner; the membranous of seeds, as the means whereby the lining of the cavity, the fibres of which vegetable races are to be perpetuated. are oblique, becomes twisted, and In this necessary process, two objects the seeds are permitted to drop through are chiefly kept in view : the first is, the opening. In the pod, which is a to produce in sufficient perfection that long seed-vessel of two valves, somewhich is to continue the species, in what like a legume, but with the which we include the intention of de- valves separated by a receptacle along positing it in a proper situation: the which the seeds are ranged; the opensecond is, to provide food for man ing and consequent dispersion of the and animals; which is sometimes ef- seeds is effected by the extremities fected simply by means of a surplus rolling back. Some plants, as the quantity of seed, as in the different Dandelion, have the seeds attached to species of corn; sometimes by adding a light downy substance, by means of to the seed something not absolutely which they float about in the air, until necessary to its perfection as a seed, a drop of water, by rendering the but at the same time adapted to the down less buoyant, fixes them to the nourishment of animals, as the pulp earth. Winged seeds, as of the Ash surrounding stone fruit, and that and Sycamore, cannot wander so far; which forms the chief bulk of the ap- but as they are most usually separated ple and pear. In the instances here from their place by a smart breeze, mentioned, the latter part of both the expanded membrane prevents intentions are included in one; for their dropping immediately to the when the fruit is devoured, the seeds, earth, and thus assists in their diswhich are indigestible, pass through semination. The seeds of the Burdock, the body uninjured, and fall to the and different species of Galium, (cleaground, mixed with a manure well vers) adhere to the coats of animals, adapted to their future growth. and by them are carried to situations

The Misletoe is singular in this most adapted for them; for they are respect; it grows only on trees, to observed to thrive best in a rank soil. which its seeds are distributed by The Acorn and Hazel-nut are hoarded birds (generally the thrush kind) which in the ground by the squirrel; and, as devour them, and pass the prolific many of them are never recovered by part through their intestines unhurt. the little animal, they are thus planted The mucus with which they are cover- in a favourable situation, which othered, causes them to adhere to the wise they might never have reached. branches until the plant has time to The shell of the nut, as also the stone fasten itself by the roots.

of the Cherry and Plum, are calculated In nothing is the wisdom and good to resist violence as they lie on the ness of the Allwise more apparent to ground, but they open spontaneously the naturalist, than in the different to give exit to the germ in spring. plans which are used to disperse the Many valuable seeds are conveyed seeds of plants, and to convey them to distant regions by means of the to such situations as are best fitted for currents of the ocean; and No. 31.-VOL. III.

3 D


Monthly Observations.

780 from America they are annually con- | the rivulets swell, and with the equinox veyed to the British shores in a pro- we have an anticipation of winter. lific state. Most of the British plants Insects more especially feel the altershed their seeds through the heat; the ation; they lose their strength of other requisite, moisture, being rare- wing, and at the same time the wings ly long deficient : but it is worthy of themselves become soiled and ragged ; notice, that in the sandy desarts of so that, disabled by age and hardship, Africa there are plants whose seed- they soon fall a prey to their advervessels open only in rainy weather; saries. This is the month in which it at any other period they would be shed is usual to rob Bees of their honey, to their own destruction. The capsule either by transferring them from one of the Poppy, when ripe, becomes per- hive to another; or, as is most comvious at the top; at which time a little mon, by depriving them at the same motion from birds or animals causes time of their lives. Those who follow them to be dispersed in all directions. the pleasures of angling, lay up their The Blackberry is now ripening, and tackle until another season: marine forms a favourite food of various spe- fishes retire to the deep; and the harcies of birds. It is the only British dy fisherman, complying with necesvegetable which displays blossoms sity, employs himself in getting his and green and ripe fruit, at the same materials in order, that he may be time. This berry, though usually ready to meet the tribes which he exneglected, is capable of being con- pects shortly to visit the shores. When verted to useful purposes: the vinegar trees have parted with their fruit, made by the fermentation of its juice, which is almost universally the case is not inferior to that which is prepar- | by the end of this month, a new proed from the best wine.

cess commences in the formation of Gregarious birds now congregate ;| the embryo, which is then kept wraplarks assemble in the stubble fields ; ped up in the bud, to be in readiness and linnets and others are observed against the return of spring: in places where downy seeds are ri- Come into flower in September:-Safpening, these being, at this time, their fron, Crocus sativus; Oval-fruited Corn principal food. When birds are de- Salad, Valeriana dentata ; Field Genvouring seeds, and more especially tian, Gentiana campestris; Garden berries, they assist considerably in Angelica, A. Archangelica; Grass of dispersing them; as, for one that is Parnassus, Parnassia palustris; Audevoured, many are separated from tumnal Squill, Scilla autumpalis; the plant, and, amidst the universal Meadow Saffron, Colchicum autumplenty, the plunderers will not stoop nale; Biting Persicaria, Polygonum to the ground for them.

hydropiper; Small Creeping P., P. miThose birds which reside in winter nus; Strawberry tree, Arbutus unedo; in places different from those which Fragrant sharp-leaved Mint, Mentha they frequent in summer, now change acutifolia; Tall red M., M. rubra ; their quarters; and in performing Penny-royal, M. pulegium; Sand the necessary journey, often become Rocket, Sisymbricum murale ; Nodcaptives to the bird-catchers. We have ding Bur Marygold, Bidens cernga; already noticed the departure of the Small Fleabane, Inula pulicaria ; Swift, the largest of the swallow tribe; Jointed Pipewort, Ericaulon septanthe other species leave us about the gulare; Unarmed Hornwort, Ceramiddle or towards the end of this tophyllum submersum ; Ivy, Hedera month; but sometimes small flocks Helix. are seen passing off in October, and even so late as November. It is sup-l on tHE APPROXIMATION TOWARDS THE posed, upon pretty good authority,

POLES, AND ON THE POSSIBILITY that they take up their winter residence

REACHING THE NORTH POLE. in Africa. Towards the end, the weather be

From a Paper in the Wernerian Society's comes overcast, the sky at intervals Transactions, by William Scoresby, Jun. Esq. assumes a deeper blue, the wind blows F. R. S. E. &c. chill, all nature anticipates a change, which, though necessary in the economy of divine wisdom, still all dread. Navigator, we gave a portrait in the

Of this enterprising and scientific At last the winds howl, rains descend, Imperial Magazine for June, 1821,


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