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-tent of half a dozen years. It ought general use of Coffee. It is raised by to be stored in a very dry place, and our fellow subjects, and paid for by taken out of the package two or three our manufacturers. Tea, on the contimes a year, to be properly aired. trary, is principally paid for with mo3d, Before roasting, it ought to be ney.' From whence it
that carefully picked, and the cominon sort whatever may be the taste of our mawill be found to contain about one- nufacturers, their wives, and daugheighth part of refuse, which is fit for ters, it is most certainly their interest nothing. This refuse greatly injures to prefer Coffee to Tea. the flavour and quality of the Coffee, Let every man consider what he when prepared for drinking.
would be likely to do if trading as an 4th, Great care must be taken not individual--He would probably give to over-roast the bean, as too much of a preference to the goods of that perthe fire destroys the flavour ; but a son who bought goods from him. competent knowledge of the proper The very same rule applies to general anethod of roasting can be obtained trade, and comes home as directly, only from practice and observation. though perhaps not so apparently at
5th, The Coffee, immediately after first view, to every individual. If we roasting, ought to be put into a dry wish the West India Colonies to take vessel, well stopped until used, which our manufactures, we must take their should be as soon after roasting as produce; they cannot take ours opossible. The stopping it up tight is therwise. material to prevent the flavour from I shall only further state Dr Foescaping
thergill's opinion, that our West In6th, By those who have delicate dia Coffee, if kept as long as the Mostomachs, Coffee ought to be used cha Coffee, would probably be as with as little sugar as the taste will good. It requires several years to allow, otherwise it may create acidity. bring that from Mocha into consump
7th, Tea is hurtful to many sto- tion, which is greatly in its favour; machs, especially at breakfast, and whereas the Coffee from the West Dr Fothergill not only prefers the use Indies is generally used when very of Coffee at that meal, but favours us Coffee has been raised in hotwith the following recipe, which he houses in England far superior to any adopted himself with great success, that ever came from Mocha, which finding that tea disagreed with him :- Dr Fothergill ascribes to the great at“Let Coffee be made in the usual tention that was paid to its culture. manner, only a third part stronger ; If care, in a stove in this country, has let as much boiling milk be added to such an effect on the quality of Coffee, the Coffee, before it is taken from the what would a little attention effect in fire, as there is water ; let it settle; such a soil and climate as the West drink it with or without cream, as may Indies. It is to be hoped the repeal be most agreeable.” The Doctor ob- of the duties, by inducing greater conserves, that this preparation is much sumption, will direct the planters' more more nourishing and beneficial than particular attention to the cultivation the wretched beverage of ordinary of the article, and that, in a few years, teas.
we shall be able to produce as good I conclude with an extract from Dr Coffee in our own colonies as that so Fothergill's tract: treating of Tea and much vaunted of from Mocha. Coffee, the Doctor says, 66 There is
I am, Şir, yours, &c. one material difference, which ought
A.B. to turn the scale in favour of the more
Recollections in SCOTLAND, milton of Philip-Haugh, which the
inhabitants still point out. To the Editor.
Descending from the height to the SIR,
westward of this town, a finely varieI ;
the recollection of which still yields whose scenery and antiquities might me inexpressible pleasure. My road employ the pencil of a Runciman to lay from Edinburgh to Linlithgow, delineate, or the poetic talents of a Falkirk, Stirling, Dumblane, Perth, Thomson to describe. Under you is and Dundee ; a tract of country which, the fertile Carse of Falkirk, and the I dare say, cannot be surpassed, whe- wide extended Forth, studded with ther it be considered in an agricultural, towns on its banks, and ships on its commercial, archæological, or pic- surface; an extensive plain, stretching turesque point of view. I would re- out to the north-west, and bounded commend it to those whose accupa- by distant and lofty mountains. In tions are sedentary, as well for their the park of Culloden, is to be seen a bodily as mental recreation, to make part of the Roman Vallum still very this tour in the month of August, entire, one of the greatest antiquities when the country appears to the great in Scotland, forming part of the faest advantage, and they may either mous pretenture, commonly called walk or ride as may suit the state of Graham's Dyke. In the church yard their finances, or by way of variety, of Falkirk are the sepulchral monuthey may do both alternately. Had ments of the gallant Sir John Graham the surly Johnson taken this tour, he and Colonel Monroe. To the northa might have formed a different opinion of the town is the field where Wallace of ancient Caledonia, but the truth is, fought, and Graham, his faithful Ahis gloomy soul, instead of relishing chates, fell, and to the south, the muir the scene, would most probably hav on which the rebels were victorious in been busied in collecting materials to · 1745. A mile west of Falkirk you feed his spleen, or give scope to his pass the aqueduct bridge to Camelon, satirical propensity.
a Roman station, and the Pictish meIn this direction one can hardly tropolis. The beautiful banks of the travel a furlong till his attention is canal are skirted with pleasure bouses, arrested by some new and interesting and on the far-famed banks of the object. I shall point out a few which Carron are situated the extensive ironfell under my observation, as leading works, the exterior of which is a grand marks to others who may take the same spectacle, though a view of the interout, for to do justice to the whole rior is with difficulty obtained. TQ would fill a volume.
the west lies the fine valley of DuniLeaving behind the noise and tu- pace, generally interpreted Hills of mult, the palaces and towers of the Peace, but which appear unquestionfar-famed Edina, you travel through ably, both from their structure and a country naturally fertile and highly name, to be grave hills, or sepulchral cultivated, interspersed with woods, tumuli, as your correspondent Milo farm-houses, and gentlemen's seats, well observes. and arrive at Linlithgow, an ancient To the east of Falkirk you traverse burgh, where the principal objects of a rich and beautiful country, in which attention are the ancient palace, over- are situated the thriving towns of looking a fine lake, and the site of Grangemouth and Carronshore. To the house whence Earl Murray the the north lies the Torwood, the haunt regent of Scotland was shot by Han of the renowned Wallace, interspersed Jan. 1809.
with ruinous castles and towers, the Danes, in which the latter were comquondam residence of Caledonia's pletely defeated, and an ancient obes doughty chieftains. Passing through isk about two miles to the westward the Torwood you arrive at Bannock of the scene of action, marks the seburn, where a handful of Scots, ani- pulchre of their General, Camus, who mated with the ardour of liberty and fell ia the engagement You next independence, triumphed over the ty- rich the pleasant and healthy town rannical and perfidious Edward. Hav-' of Arbroath, where the ruins of the ing refreshed yourself at Stirling you ancient ahbey will arrest your attenmay ascend to the castle, and from tion, and fill your mind with nelanthence contemplate the beautiful and choly reflections on the instability of sublime of Nature's works. You next all human grandeur and magnifi ence, proceed to Dumblane, and there view
Ian, Sir, a huge gothic pile, still venerable from
Yours, &c. the extent and entire state of its ruin. Arbroath, On the Sherriff muir, hard by, in 1715, 28th Sept. 1808. the whigs and tories fought and fled. At Ardoch you behold the deep intrenchments and extensive area of a Roman encampment, the most entire Description of EDINBURGH : with an of any in Britain. Thence you pass
Account of the present State of its through a country, barren, yet not un
MEDICAL School. interesting, from the many bloody en. From the German of Frank, (Reisen nach, counters of our doughty ancestors. • Paris, London, &c, 2 vols. i 2010. Vierte Along the banks of the Erne it is plea- na, 1805.) sant and fertile; and arriving at Perth,
(Continued from our last, p. 910 ) your thoughts will be directed into a new channel, and almost lose the re- Practice of Medicine. Dr Gre collection of what is past. You here
gory. From 9 to 10. see neat and crowded streets, coaches, Although this learned man gave no Jiveries, elegant houses, and shewy lectures during the time I was in shops. In short, Perth may be termed Edinburgh, yet his particular gooda second metropolis, Passing along ness afforded me many opportunities' the bridge, you descry the old palace of enjoying his learned and agreeable, of Scoon, modernized by its present society. However much I believe owner, and the Omnis terræ Tumulus, such a man exalted above my praise, or Mote-hill, so famous in the annals I shall merely write down what the of Scotland. Directing your course general opinion, which a traveller can eastward, you traverse the pleasant and beșt trace out, says of him. Dr Grefertile carse of Gowrie, which may gory's extraordinary abilities excite justly be termed the garden, as well universal astonishment. The studious * as the granary of Scotland. You next youth attend his lectures with enthuarrive at Bonny Dundee, a name which siasın. The public value him as a disappears to be almost a literal tran- tinguished practical physician. slation of the ancient Allectum. It One of the first questions which however hardly merits this name, as Dr Gregory put to me was, Whether the situation is low and unhealthy, I placed great confidence in the power and the streets crooked and irregular. of the medical art? “ According to Leaving this large town, you traverse circumstances," was my answer : “ In a rich fertile district. The sands of many cases I'esteemit less than formerBarry and Penbride were the scene of 'ly'; and I employ fewer active remea bloody battle betwixt the Scots and dies, than in the beginning of my
practical career.” Dr Gregory agreed Gregory is, with reason, very indiga with me, and made the remark, that nant at the author of such a book. this is the case with almost all physi- He promises us soon a work of his cians.
own, under the title, Prospectus Mer He did not consider Dr John Brown dicina Practicæ ; till then, he hopes as at all a physician, and frankly own- that an intelligent public will not ed, that he had not read his work , judge of the talents of the Edinburgh but that he knew, however, his theo- professors from such poor productions ry, from the many theses which, as as the book called Edinburgh Praxisi censor, he was obliged to read.
With the greatest interest, I saw at Dr Currie's method of treating fe Dr Gregory's, the picture of his, in vers, by the affusion of cold water, every respect, valuable and memora meets Dr Gregory's approbation, al- able father. The acquaintance of Dr though he has hitherto contented him- Gregory's sister, Mrs Alison, awaken: self with merely washing his patients ed in me the recollection of the work with it. He would also have no scru: which her father left behind him, for ple, according to Currie's advice, to her use, under the title of Legacy; a employ it in scarlet fevers. On this work, which I have formerly perused subject I shall say more in the se- with great pleasure, and which I would quel.
wish to see in the hands of every Dr Gregory has no experience, of young lady. the uses of Digitalis Purpurea in con- Clinical Lectures. All the profesa sumption ; and yet this remedy is of- sors of medicine in this University ten of remarkable service in certain have a right to give clinical instruca cases. Tobacco, according to Dr Gre- tions ; a right of which they avail gory, operates nearly in the same man- themselves, with the exception of Dr ner as the digitalis; and its operation Hope. In Winter, two professors is even more speedy. He praises the give always clinical lectures ; that is; Nicotiana, especially in the Cynanche each three months. During the Sum Trachealis.
mer, a third supplies their place. In Consumption occurs very frequent- this manner, the professors exchange ly in Scotland. It is almost always with each other. During the time I from a scrophulous origin. Dr Gre- was in Edinburgh, this office fell to gory places his sole confidence in the the lot of Dr Duncani
. Before I speak use of a warmer atmosphere, and in of the method which he employs, it the avoiding of every thing which can must be known, that the clinical lecexcite cough. In general, with regard ture-room is in the public hospital, of to scrophulous diseases, he is convin- which I shall speak fully hereafter. ced of the pernicious influence of cold, No medical student is allowed to atand of the benefits of heat.
tend, till he has first paid a fee This · Dr Carmichael Smith's funigations consists, the first year, of three gui. with saltpetre appear to Dr Gregory neas. The second year, they give onvery useful. Stil he places his chief ly two guineas. The third, only one, confidence in the observance of clean- Afterwards, the class is open to them liness.
gratis. During the above-mentioned Among the books which have late- period, the students have permission, ly appeared in England, he is remark- not only to attend the clinical lectures, ably pleased with Dr Heberden's but also to accompany the physicians Praxis. A work, which has appeared and surgeons of the hospital in their under the title of Edinburgh Praxis, visits to the sick. The chamber apconsists merely of a poor compilation, pointed for clinical lectures is confindrawn up by indigent students. Di ed and low. The number of sick of both sexes amounts to twenty. The writes down their cases himself : he is clinical lecturer chuses two of his trus- drilled to the formulary, and has, lastty scholars, who then perform the of. ly, an opportunity to shew his capacifice of assistant physicians. One of ty and knowledge before the profes. these attends the men, the other, the sor. True it is, that all hearers must women. These assistants draw up ac- not be admitted to the management of counts of the cases, and read them in the sick; that privilege can be granted presence of the professors, and of the only to those who have already atother hearers, in Latin. They also tended one year as mere spectators. state to the professor the daily report A thing, on the contrary, which upon the state of the patients. In all pleased me much in the clinical estabfeverish diseases, not only the quick- lishment of Edinburgh, is, that all ness of the pulse is given, by means of hearers are in possession of the cases a watch which indicates seconds, but of the patients, and have even an opalso the degree of heat is given, by portunity given them of accompanythe thermometer. The lecturer then ing these cases with remarks. This, puts some questions respecting the pa- indeed, may very well be done in tients, and dictates to his audience a other clinical establishments, and is description of the symptoms of the dcne, perhaps, by a few of the most disease. Then, without farther inqui- industrious students. The greater numry, he explains the method of cure.- ber, however, (who doubtless have The visit to the patient is then at an themselves to blame,) take as small an end. The clinical lectures are given account as possible of the cases of the twice a week. In one of these, the patients whom they have an opportuclinical professor treats of the patients nity of visiting. In Edinburgh, on who have been newly admitted ; in the contrary, the students are in a the other, he speaks of those dismissed, manner forced to keep a diary respector dead. By this means the hearers ing their patients. have before them the descriptions writ. It may be objected, that much time ten at the sick-bed, accompanied with is spent in dictating the cases. This remarks, which are here communicat: objection would not be without founed to them.
dation, if the time, which is spent in This method certainly has its ad- thoroughly explaining and rendering vantage. Still it appears to me hurt- useful a subject of such importance, ful in this respect, that the young phy. could be considered as lost. Still, it sician has too little share in the clini- is certainly better, when clinical stucal employments. The same fault is dents attend only a few patients, and observable in the infirmary at Paris. examine thoroughly into their cases ; So long as young physicians are mere than when, from the great number, spectators at a sick-bed, they will sel- they are forced to go over them only dom feel the same interest in their pa- superficially. tients, as when they themselves take a It is asked, whether it is better to share in their management. The me- give the whole clinical instruction at thod established at Pavia, Vienna, the sick bed, or to communicate it to Wurtzburg, Wilna, and elsewhere, of the students, afterwards assembled, in giving to every student one or more a separate lecture-room? In my opipatients to attend under the direction nion, each method has its advantage, of the professor, is, without doubt, far and its disadvantage. Instruction at more useful. The young physician is the sick bed infallibly makes a deeper thụs trained to the difficult art of impression on the hearers. The view making observations himself ; he learns of the patients also awakens many attentively to question his patients, and ideas in the mind of the lecturer, which,