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Anno 1524.


Here likewise are interred, Amy his se 91 Another by Endy. Porter. cond wife, with the two youngest chil. dren, John and Elizabeth, who both This decent urn a sad inscription wears died in their infancy.

Of Donne's departure from us to the

spheres, 86. In Westminster Abbey. And the dumb stone with silence seems O Rare Ben Johnson !

to tell

The changes of this life, wherein is 87. On Cardinal Poole: by himself. well Depositum Poli Cardinalis. Exprest a cause to make all joy to

cease, 89. At Farlam, near Naworth Castle. And never let our sorrows more take Yohn Bell, broken-brow,

ease ; Lies under this stean,

For now it is impossible to find Fovr of mine een sons

One fraught with virtues to enrich a

mind. Laid it on my weam. I was a man of my meat,

But why should death, with a promisMaster of my wife;

cuous hand, I lived on my own land,

At one rude stroke impoverish a land? With mickle strife.

Thou strict attorney unto stricter Fate,

Didst thou confiscate his life out of hate 89.

To his rare parts? or didst thou throw All the Nuns in Holywel,

thy dart Pray for the soul of Sir Thomas Lowel, With envious hand at some plebeian He died the 25th of May at Enfield,

heart, And he with pious virtue stept between,

To save that stroke, and was killed un90. On Dr Donne, by Dr Corbet, Bishop of Oxford.

By thee? O!'twas his goodness so to do, He that would write an epitaph for thee,

Which human kindness never reach'd

unto. And do it well, must first begin to be Such as thou wert ; for none can truly Thus the hard laws of death were satisknow

fy'd, Thy worth, thy life, but he that hath And he left us like orphan friends, and

dy'd. liv'd so: He must have wit to spare and to

Now from the pulpit to the people's hurl down, Enough to keep the gallants of the Whose speech shall send repentant sighs

and tears? town:

Or tell me, if a purer virgin die, He must have learning plenty ; both the laws,

Whu shall hereafter write her elegy? Civil and common, to judge any cause ;

Poets! be silent; let your numbers sleep, Divinity great store above the rest,

For he is gone that did all fancy keep,

Time hath no soul but his exalted verse, Not of the last edition, but the best. He must have language, travel, all the

Which with amazements we may now

rehearse. arts ; Judgement to use, or else he wants thy

92. Another. parts : He must have friends the highest, able Here lies Dean Donne! Enough; those to do,

words alone Such as Mecaenas and Augustus too ; Shew him as fully as if all the stone He must have such a sickness, such a His church of Paul's contains were thodeath,

rough inscribid, Or else his vain descriptions come be. Or all the walkers there to speak him neath,

brib'd. Who then shall write an epitaph for None can mstake him, for one such as thee

he, He must be dead first, let it alone for Donne, Dean, or Man, more none shall



cyer see.




Not man? no ; tho' unto a sun each of black ashes from the mountain top, eye

which is 50 miles distant in a straight Were turn'd, the whole earth so to 0. line. These ashes, borne on a hard

verspy. A bold brave word; yet such brave gale of wind, showered into the town

in such quantities, that several cart spirits as knew This spirit, will say it is less bold than loads might have been collected from

the streets and house tops. They re93. Another, in St. Paul's Cathedral, deed, that an Irish soldier in the cita

sembled gunpowder, so much so, inby his own appointment.

del called out, " Blood and turf! the JOHANNES DONNE

wind has forced open the magazine Sac. Theol. Professor

doors, and here's all the powder blowPost vana studia quibus ab annis tener. ing about the barracks." rimis

Soon after daylight, an awful belt fideliter, nec infeliciter incubuit; Instinctu et impulsu Sp. Sancti, móni- lowing and horizontal shaking of the

mountain excited general alarm among tu, et hortatu Regis Jacobi, Ordines Sacros amplexus the inhabitants of its vast regions.Anno sui Iesu 1614; et suae aetatis 42.

Uncertain where the calamity might Decanatu hujus Ecclesiae indutus fall, many deserted their houses. 27 Novembris 1621.

This shock was immediately succeedExutus morte ultimo die Martii 1631.

ed by a furious eruption of ashes from Hic licet in occiduo cinere aspicit Eum the great crater, which formed imCujus nomen est Oriens.

mense clouds, and covered an ama94. In the Church-yard of Bryntly, zing extent of country :--so violent on a man who fell from his horse

was the discharge, that, in spite of and broke his neck.

the gale, a vast quantity overspread Man's life is like a vapour,

the country, many miles to windward And full of woes;

of the spot whence they issued. He cuts a caper, and

On the evening of the same day, Down he goes

an eruption of lava took place at a 95. On Robert Wallis, clerk of All. short distance below, whose terrible saints church, Newcastle.

stream flowed down the mountains a

bout three miles, and then divided inHere lies Robin Wallas,

to two branches. This volcano soon The king of good fellows. Clark of All-hallows,

ceased burning, and another broke out And a maker of bellows: next day, with greater fury than the He bellows did make till the day of his former, about five miles lower down, death;

at a place called Monte Negro. But he that made bellows could never This one displayed three vast columns make breath.

of flame and smoke, and its lava ex(To be continued.)

tended in a few days across the woody region, to the distance of three or four leagues.

Hitherto we have heard of Particular Account of the late Eruption no guide bold enough to conduct the

of Mount Etna; in a Letter from curious traveller as far as either of a British Officer in Sicily.

these eruptions, because of the vast

and deceitful heaps of snow and ashes Messina, April 24, 1809. scattered about the two upper regions N the morning of the 27th March of the mountain ; nor has any person,

as eruption of Etna were conveyed hi- cend higher than one which broke out ther by a very swift courser, a cloud 2 hours after the first alarm, about 12

miles below Monte Negro, and eight The double crater appeared completewest of Lingua Grossa, a town on the ly isolated by the lava of the others. north-east side, near the foot of Etna. Just below it, all the lavas uniting, This eruption has formed a row of cra- formed one grand stream of various ters within a space of about two miles, breadths, fram half a mile to 50 yards, forming, with the others, an irregular which, leaving the fir wood, pursued line, running in a north-east direction its destructive course down a rocky from the top of the mountain. part of the mountain interspersed

From the dark bosom of a wood of with oaks, until, about five miles be{all firs and huge oaks, spread over low the double crater, it entered some steep craggy hills and close valleys, vineyards, after dividing into two conceive twelve craters, or inouths, branches; the principal one of which two unceasingly, and the rest at in- advancing a mile farther, directly tervals, with a noise like a tremendous threatened the house of Baron Carri. chorus of several thousand cannons, Within 200 yards of this house, it enmuskets and sky-rockets, discharging tered a hollow way, which it was hoframe, and showers of burning rocks ped would turn its course ; but, going of various forms and all magnitudes, on, according to the direction of the from several yards in diameter down impelling fluid behind, its loose rocks to the smallest pebble, which, accord- rolling off the main body, soon filled ing to their weight and bulk, ascend up the small ravine, and formed a from 200 to 1000 feet. The two causeway for itself to pass. The ofore-mentioned craters (or rather dou- ther branch took the direction of Linble crater) the lowest of the row down gua Grossa, and arrived very near the the mountain, formed the principal Baron Cagnone's house, whose inhabiobject of this awful and magnificent tants, as well as those of the town, scene :--they were the only craters were trembling for their property, which did not seem to labour. Their when the eruption ceased. joini emissions had encompassed them The stream sometimes branched off with a black oblong hill of ashes and and joined again, forming islands as it lava-stones ; eighty yards above the flowed along. Sometimes its banks top of which their mingling flames fu were formed by the sides of ravines ; riously ascended in one immense blaze, but where the country was open,

it which seemed 100 yards in breadth. formed its own, which, from the poAmidst this blaze, vast showers of rous nature of the lava, imbibed the rocks rising and falling, were conti- cool air, and soon hardened into black nually passing each other. About and lofty banks of many feet in thickthe middle of the whole line of craters. ness. It gradually thickened in adwas situated one, which laboured the vancing, until about four miles from most, and made the loudest, the hea- the crater, when it began to assume viest, the highest, and the most dan the appearance of a vast rugged mound gerous discharges; from the rocks of of black rocks, or stones, and cinders, which our party twice narrowly esca- moving almost imperceptibly along. ped; one or two, of very considerable By day light the general appearance size, falling within a pace of us :-I of this amazing stream, or moving think the lava flowed only from a few mound, was black, and might be comof the chief craters, particularly the pared to a long tract of ploughed double one. During the emissions of ground, moving and smoking along, rock and flame, the burning matter raised on banks from 15 to 40 feet was seen, in low undulating waves is high. The end of it, however, preeuing thrcugh the sides, close to the sented a bold front of vivid fire, aLottom of the black hills of ashes. bout 15 or 16 feet high, and 80 pa


ces in extent. While it moved for The country about Lingua Grossa, ward in a body, the loose stones and Pie Monte, and other places on that cinders presenting less resistance to side of the mountain, now lies covered. the stream behind, impelled in a con- with ashes, 3 or 4 inches depth. tinual succession from the top, rolled Though some lands have suffered by cracking down its rough sloping sides lava, many have been manured by aand front, advancing before the main shes, and the whole island is freed from body, and burning the grass, the weeds, the dread of earthquakes for some time and

grape vines; like light troops skir, to come. Thus we find mishing on the front and flanks of an army marching in solid column.

« All partial evil universal good.” I never saw a painting which gave Except the inhabitants likely to any thing like a correct idea of lava, suffer, little concern or curiosity was yet it appears no difficult task. I could expressed by the Sicilians. Even the discern nothing of the fluid part of the Baron Carri, whose house was so much stream ; yet, until somewhat cooled by in danger, with superstitious obstinacy, flowing several miles, it must be li- rejected, for a long while, every proquid immediately underneath the thin posal of the British Officers, for relight crusted surface. Just after issu-moving his property.-“No no," he ing from the crater, I should think it always replied, “ Let it be as God flowed at the rate of four miles an hour; wills it.” At length, however, self half way down the stream, (whose interest prevailed, and solitary walls awhole extent, when the eruption cea- lone remained. But when the lava sed, was about six miles) a mile and a had arrived within 200 yards of this half an hour; and so on, gradually de deserted habitătion, the eruption ceacreasing in velocity to the most advan- sed, to the great joy of the natives, ced part, where its progress was a few who attributed this mercy to the mehundred yards a-day:

rits and interference of their Patron The night view of the eruption and Saints, whose images were daily brought stream of lava was truly grand and ter- from Castiglione, (a distance of three rific. The rocks emitted from the miles) in procession during the procraters displayed a white heat, and the gress of this calamity, and placed' while fames an intense red. When the ad- mass was performed, amidst the tears jacent hills and valleys were covered of a wretched multitude, a few yards in by a shower of rocks, they appeared, front of the slow advancing fire.-for a time, beautifully spangled with This procession was composed of the stars, whose silver brightness, as well miserable and ragged natives of both as that of the burning trees, formed a sexes and all ages, crying and sobbing, no less admirable contrast to the flames beating their breasts, tearing their hair, of the crater, than did the evening and flogging their backs in penance, songs of the birds to the bellowing of while their Priests were calling on all the mountain. The lava was a fan- their Saints to assist them. On their cied infernal fire, streaked black and way to the lava, they stopped at the red, presenting a horrid contrast to the Baron's house, from the balcony of dark surrounding scenery. Here, down which the Chief Priest, with the most the rocky slopes it rolled a cataract violent gestures of grief, delivered a of fire ; there, it displayed floating short Sermon, in which he told them, mounts crowned with imagined fortres- the Eruption was 'a judgment upon ses. · Trees were seen as if growing their sins, and recommended them to from the fire, whose parched branches mend their lives, and pray to all the and burning trunks, exhibited the idea Saints to intercede for them. Every of desolation in all its horrors.


of this discourse was filled with Nov. 1809.

a ge"

a general burst of tears, beating of - With the ordinary phrase, perhaps
breasts, tearing of hair, and flogging of rather more than ordinary sincerity, I
backs. I was never more affected by am, dear Sir, ever yours, &c.”
any scene of public distress.

Mosgiel, Tuesday noon,
Sept. 26, 1786."


ceive it with the honest,

Hospitable HAVING observed, in the Inver

Original Letter of BURNS. (MS. in possession of a Gentleman in Mo- Answers to Queries concerning the trose.)


To the Editor, “ MY DEAR SIR,


ness Journal of the 27th of Oct, warmth of a friend's welcome, ult. a very distorted and disagreeable whatever comes


wakens als picture of the United States of Amea ways up the better blood about my rica, I herewith send you a picture, heart which your kind little recollec- drawn by a masterly hand, of the tions of my parental friend carries as same United States, which I have reaa far as it will go. 'Tis there, Sir, that son to believe is extremely correct. man is blest! 'tis there, my friend, It has always seemed to me to be man feels a consciousness of something good policy in Britain, to cultivate within him above the trodden clod! the affections of her American off

-the grateful reverence to the hoary, spring, and I am persuaded the Amea earthly author of his being,—the burn- ricans of the United States are not at ing glow when he clasps the woman of all desirous of decoying any of our his soul in his bosom, the tender discontented people to cross the Atyearnings of heart for the little angels lantic and settle in their country. A to whom he has given existence. These, population of more than six millions nature has poured in milky streams a in their primary States, with doubling bout the human heart ; and the man their numbers in the course of twenty who never rouses them to action, by years, can afford no cause for the Uni, the inspiring influences of their proper ted States to wish før British emiobjects, loses by far the most pleasur- grants; nor can a Dog in a Mangeable part of his existence.

Jelousy in Britain, with respect to “My departure is uncertain, but I the Americans or any foreign nation, do not think it will be till after har- promote either her interest or her ho, vest. I will be on very short allow. nour. ance of time indeed, if I do not com I am, Sir, ply with your friendly invitation

Your humble servant, When it will be I don't know, but if

ALBANICUS I can make

my wish good, I will endeavour to drop you a line sometime

1. Are the public lands selling as well, before. My best compliments to Mrs and in as great quantities as usual ?

-; I should [he] equally mortified The increase of the sale of lands has should I drop in when she is abroad progressed to an extent unexpected by but of that I suppose there is little the most sanguine ; and such is the dechance.

mand, that government has had more u What I have wrote heaven knows, difficulty in restraining the purchase I have not time to review it : so accept than in any other respect ; this has aof it in the beaten way of firiendship risen out of the very prosperity of the

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