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841 Animadversions on Remarks on Passages of Scripture.842

Let the man tremble who will still him, may have everlasting life, and I hold eternal election of certain indivi- will raise him up at the last day.” Is duals to glory, in opposition to such it possible that our Lord would have evidence to the contrary.

Z. made these remarks, if he had alluded Aberdeen, Jith October, 1820.'

only to the temporal gift of discipleship? or did he mean to convey the

idea that eternal life was to be conAXIMADVERSIONS ON REMARKS ON PASSAGES OF SCRIPTURE."

ferred in consequence of this gift, independently of his own atonement and

sovereign grace? EDITOR.

Your correspondent, after having ŞIR,Your correspondent Z. (col.375) quoted the following passage, “All thinks that many passages of Scripture that the Father giveth me shall come are perverted by pious well-meaning to me,” observes, "Giveth being in the persons, and he bas attempted to point present tense, does not favour the idea out the sources from whence their er- of an eternal gift: no stress is to be roneous views proceed. I allow that laid on the shall; the context must Scripture may be perverted from its determine whether the word in the original meaning: still, however, I original must be translated shall or cannot agree with him in his explana- will come; the following clause, And tion of those passages which he has him that cometh to me, I will in no adduced as being liable.

e to misinter- wise cast out,' clearly determines pretation.

that it should be translated will come, Your correspondent supposes that forif the will of the comer were not free, the

passage, “No man can come unto the latter clause of the verse would be me, except the Father, which hath sent entirely inappropriate.” Here it is me draw him," is to be rendered thus: presumed that the latter clause of the “ No Jew would come to be the Lord's verse is independent of the former; if disciple, unless he were previously pre- however we examine the original, we pared by a knowledge of him as the shall find that the conjunction couples promised Messiah;" and he adds, that the clauses, rendering them iusepa

Such persons as became Christ's rable. The verse must be rendered disciples, were said to have been given thus, “ All that the Father giveth me, by the Father to him. It appears to shall come to me; and him that cometh, me, that we have no authority for li- or the person coming to me, (who is miting this assertion of our Lord: if thus given,) I will in nowise cast out.' it had reference merely to those who If we require any further evidence in were to become his disciples, he would support of the term shall, in its most have made it inore specific; he would positive sense, we need only refer to have declared that no Jew could come the words already quoted, " And this to him, except his Father drew him. is the will of him that sent me, that of Besides, upon this principle of limit- all which he hath given me, I should ation, we might do away with all our lose nothing.". If every individual Lord's instructions: if this passage is was to be left entirely to the guidance confined to those ouly who were his of his own will, I conceive this passage followers, there would be no difficulty would have been unnecessary, Qur in proving that all his doctrines, and Lord declared that none of those wbo precepts, yea, even his atonement and were given to him, should be lost: his mediation, should be understood in honour and power are both engaged the same limited sense. That this on behalf of his people; to suppose passage relates to something more therefore that any who are really githan a temporal gift, is evident from ven to him, shall be lost, is to limit the latter clause of the verse, and from his power, and reflect upon his honour. the 39th and 40th verses of the sanie It may be argued, that Judas was chapter

And I will raise him up at given. That Judas was gifted with the the last day. And this is the Father's Office of the discipleship, I allow; but will which hath sent me, that of all that he was not given in the sense in which he hath given me I should lose which our Lord expressed himself in nothing, but should raise it up again the 6th chapter of John, is evident from at the last day. And this is the will the 64th aud 65th verses of that chapof him that sent me, that every one ter, where it is said, But there are which seeth the Son, and believeth on some of you that believe not.. For Je. No. 31.- Vol. III.

3 H

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843
The Stayed Man.-Answer to a Query.

844 sus knew from the begioning who they flections, during his long and much vawere that believed not, and who should ried life, he having been tutor and betray him. And he said, Therefore chaplain to Charles II. when Prince said I unto you, that no man can come of Wales, whom he accompanied durunto me, except it were given unto him of ing bis exile. At the restoration he my Father."

was appointed Dean of Westminster, Your correspondent remarks, that afterwards promoted to the Bishopric the passage,

"As thou hast given him of Worcester, and finally to that of power over all flesh, that he should Salisbury, where he died in 1665, unigive eternal life to as many as thou versally esteemed and regretted. He hast given him," refers only to the was a man of a very mild and gentle disciples. If so, why was the first temper, which even the sufferings and clause of the verse introduced ? the persecutions he endured, during the introduction of that clause clearly tyrannical usurpation of Cromwell

, evinces the propriety of giving an un- failed to destroy. It was said of him, limited interpretation to the remaining a short time after his decease, “That part of the verse: and certainly it fol- since Mr. Richard Hooker, none has lows, that Christ died for none but his lived whom God had blessed with more disciples, if this passage is to be un- innocent wisdom, more sanctified derstood as relating only to those who learning, or a more pious primitive were his followers upon earth: for, by temper, than he.” the same inference, we might limit the It is scarcely possible that a work passage, This is my body which is like the Imperial Magazine can ren. broken for you; this do in remem. der more service to the literary world, brance of me. We have as much than by occasionally publishing exauthority for doing so in the one case tracts from meritorious works, which, as we have in the other.

like Bishop Earle's, are not generally But if we allow that these passages known, together with brief sketches had reference to the disciples only, it of their authors. I therefore hope to cannot be denied, that by the agency see many such extracts in the Imperial of the Spirit of God, they were given Magazine. to the Son; and that in consequence

I have been informed that you numof this gift, none of them should be ber among your readers, several who lost, but that every one should indeed have resided at, or visited New Zeaobtain everlasting life.

land, or who are in possession of inI am, Sir,

formation relating to that interesting Your obedient servant, country. If so, I hope they will seize H. B. this opportunity to lay their informa

tion before the public through the medium of your Magazine. So little, comparatively speaking, is known in

England respecting these fertile and MR. EDITOR.

beautiful islands, that I am certain SIR,-I observed in your May num- any remarks upon their climate, soil, ber, col. 426, an article entitled, “The animal and vegetable productions, hyStayed Man," which is there errone- drography, minerals, harbours, or inously attributed to Mr. Edward habitants, will excite much interest, Blount, who, in fact, as he quaintly and greatly gratify many of your reasays, “only played the midwives' ders, but none more so than, part, bringing into the world an

Your's, &c. 11 other's offspring." The real author LONDON: was Dr. John Earle, Bishop of Salis- June 8, 1821. bury, a most pious, learned, and vigilant prelate. Microcosmograpbie, An Answer to the Query proposed by

. or a Piece of the World Discovered, in

Scriptor,on the « Abolition of essays and characters (from whence

Jewish Ceremonies," inserted in col. the character of the “Stayed Man" is 584. extracted,) has passed through many editions, but has now become scarce. MR. EDITOR. This work is generally esteemed, by I cannot but admire the practice literary antiquaries, to be the result of adopted in your valuable Magazine, the author's own observations and re- of proposing questions on various

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845
Reply to a Query.

846 subjects to be answered by any per- from the scriptural purport of the son who may read your work. The Mosaic sacrifices, and the express practice is, I think, calculated to pro- spirit of scripture declarations on the duce permanent usefulnesss, in eli- point. citing from those who, perhaps, ne- The writer of the Epistle to the ver entertained the most remote idea Hebrews has clearly shewn, that the of communicating their sentiments to sacrifices under the law should cease the world, many useful observations, when the great atonement for sin was and in opening to them a path for lite- made. “The lawof ceremonies “hav. rary pursuits.

ing only the shadow of good things Your correspondent, Scriptor," to come, and not the very image of inquires, Upon what authority the things, could not make the comers Jewish customs are abolished among thereunto perfect;” and when Christ us, since Christ and his disciples con- came, he said, “ Sacrifices, and burntformed to many, such as the Passo- offerings, and offerings for sin, which

are offered by the law, thou wouldst The Jewish ceremonies were, doubt-not, neither hadst pleasure therein." less, most interesting and splendid. “Lo I come to do thy will, O God!” Their fascinations were so irresistible, “He taketh away the first” (the Jewthat we find many of them obtained ish ceremonies) “ that he may estaamong some of the primitive profes- blish the second,” (the sacrifice of sors of Christianity, and they are still himself.) In the same epistle, the embraced by some churches profess- great atonement for sin is distinguishedly Christian. The attachment shewned from the sacrifices of the law, by to these customs by the church of its being once offered. “ After he had Rome, is too manifest to need remark; offered one sacrifice," "he for ever sat and it has, perhaps, more than any down at the right-hand of God,” thing besides, contributed to effect its “there being no more sacrifice for apostasy.

sin." It is not, however, my present in- Jesus and his disciples did, indeed, tention to inquire, whether these cere observe many of those rites which monies are calculated to assist or im- Moses had commanded. He “ came pede the influence of Christianity on not to destroy the law, but to establish the minds of its professors; but that the law," by performing all its requithey are disallowed by what are call- sitions, and he taught his disciples to ed orthodox Christians, is a well- do likewise, because the time was not known fact; indeed, your querist then come for him to perfect that law grounds his inquiry upon the circum- by his sufferings. It was, therefore, stance that these ceremonies are abo- quite consistent with the Saviour's lished amongst us.'}!

mission, for him to observe all those : It is generally admitted that the institutions which were appointed as Passover, like other ceremonies among types of himself: but when the death the Jews, was typical of that great of our blessed Redeemer occurred, event, which, in the fulness of time, the whole book of Jewish rites was should take place---the redemption of closed; and when Jesus uttered, “ It mankind. It can, therefore, be easily is finished,that dispensation was supposed, that all the prefigurations abolished” which, for ages, had, of this great event should continue in like John the Baptist, directed the full exercise, until the thing which Jewish nation to the Lamb of God they all represented should itself be which taketh away the sins of the fully accomplished. But when this world.” redemption was effected by the atone- June 20, 1821.

B. B. ment of Jesus Christ, it was to be expected, that those observances which typified it, should at once cease ; in- Reply to a Query:-In Answer to this deed, the end of their office would be

Question, Which are the most va

luable, NATURAL ON ACQUIRED abilifully accomplished when the event to which they pointed was brought to

ties?we have received the following pass. It must, therefore, be obvious,

observations from Iven. admitting this view of the ceremonies, that the “authority upon which they As you have not been very explicit in are abolished among us," is derived specifying whether physical or mental 847 Natural or acquired Abilities.-A Parody. 848 abilitics are intended, I had in a fit 2nd, They are derived from a higher of what you may, perhaps, call per- source-they are the gifts of nature: verseness, chosen to apply it in the and here it may be proper to premise, former sense; but as, upon cooler con- that, as this is not intended for a relisideration, i think the frivolity of gious essay, the term nature is not those remarks would expose me to used in a religious sense; nor yet in your just censure, 1 now beg to con- strict accordance with heathen philosider it as applying to mental abilities, sophy. We shall not then proceed to and shall, therefore, not trouble you deify nature ; but while we consider with my previous lucubrations. As I man as a rational and intelligent creaintend to be as brief as possible, it ture, we shall trace the origin of all will not be necessary to enter into any his mental powers to the “ First Great description of the different powers of Cause and Grand Intelligence ;' and the mind, as they will be more readily having taken this view of the subject, conceived of than expressed, and as it will scarcely be necessary to assert they do not form the principal subject the superiority of this source, and of inquiry

that the gifts must consequently, in a The object of your question, I take measure, possess the perfection of then to be the comparative value of their high origin. natural and acquired abilities; and I 3rd, They involve a greater degree of shall endeavour to make my remarks responsibility.--As man is an accountapply equally to the individual pos- able being, having received from the sessor, and to society at large. highest possible source numerous

I am of opinion, then, that natural mental powers and faculties; he neabilities are the most valuable in both cessarily becomes responsible for the cases, for the following reasons- exercise and improvement of those

1st, Because natural abilities lie at talents, and hence their value is enthe very foundation of all acquired ; and hanced above any other powers he here I am almost inclined to affirm, may possess, supposing him to be able that, strictly speaking, there are no to originate in his own mind any casuch things as acquired abilities, inde sual or permanent capacities. pendently of natural; but as I do not

4th, They are better calculated to inwish to get rid of the subject so unce- sure success.-Though it is not inremoniously, I shall leave it with you tended, that persevering application to specify a few instances of that de- will not surmount many difficulties, scription. It appears to me, how and ultimately enable a person of but ever, that the case of an idiot is scanty intellectual powers to arrive at strictly in point here; he has no na- a good degree of knowledge, and pertural mental abilities; and, I ask, can haps to some degree of literary emihe acquire any? But in those cases

nence; yet it must be allowed, that apparently favourable to the acquire where great natural genius is enjoyed, ment of talents, may it not rather be and where, likewise, perseverance and considered as the eliciting, or im- due application (as the question adprovement, of talents already possess- mits an equal degree of industry in ed, or the directing of them into a both parties) are in exercise, enlarged different channel, than the implanta- success and unfading glory will be tion of a new principle by any efforts the result of the right improvement of of our own? I grant that most or all | natural abilities. of our mental powers may be improved by culture, of which the memory is a remarkable instance; but this is widely different from the attainment of any new and independent faculty: The following lines by Dryden, conI know that many great men have re- tain, perhaps, one of the finest.comferred their success in the attainment pliments paid to Milton, that this asof a knowledge of the arts and scien- tonishing poet ever received ; a com ces, &c. to their persevering applica-pliment which even the genius of tion; butcould they have persevered, if Dryden could never surpass. they had not possessed natural powers of mind; and if those powers had not

Three poets, in three distant ages born,

Greece, Italy, and England, did adorn ; been suited, and naturally formed ca- The first in softiness of thought surpast, pable of such particular exercise ? The next in majesty, in both the LAST:

A PARODY.

849

Flour.-Review: Mexican Revolution.

850

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The force of nature could no farther go, On examining the military chest, it To make a THIRD, she join'd the other two!”

was found to contain about 18,000 dolThese lines have given rise to the lars. What thus remained of the speParody which is subjoined. It was cie, together with some sparearms and occasioned by the meeting of an au- artillery, was buried in the fort. thor, very shabbily dressed in an old

Every thing being in readiness, the garrison velvet waistcoat, on which he had prepa’ed to evacuate the fort. A distressing sewed embroidery of a later date. scene then took place. The necessity of aban.

doning the unfortunate wounded, whom, from Three waistcoats in three distant ages born,

the nature of the barranca over which it was The bard with faded lustre did adorn.

necessary to pass, it was impossible to carry The first in velvet's figured pride surpast;

out, was imperious. The hospital was filled

with these victims, the majority of whom were The next in 'broidery; in both the last;

the officers and men who had accompanied His purse and fancy could no farther go, Mina from Soto la Marina: they were incapable To make a third, he join'd the former two. of bodily exertion; the limbs of most of them

being broken. Parting with such men, who bad fougbt so bravely, and who were so devoted

to the cause they had espoused, filled every To Ascertain the Purity of Flour. breast with unutterable agony. Some antici

pated the fate that awaited them, and entreated

their friends to terminate their existence; some THE purity of flour may be partly as- indulged hopes of mercy from the Spaniards; certained, by grasping a handful, and spair, covered their faces, and were unable to squeezing it for half a minute, when, bid what they considered a final adieu. if laid even roughly on a table, it will proceeded with the division to the appointed preserve its form: if adulterated, it will spot, whence the sally was to be made. The soon fall down ; especially if the adul- route chosen was through the barranca before teration, instead of whiting, beground was any chance of escape. On arriving at the stones, bones, or plaster of Paris. rendezvous, Colonel Bradburn was surprised to 2. Dip the fore-finger and thumb

find that Don Pedro, who had reached there

first, bad imprudently permitted the women and into a little sweet oil, and take up a children to precede the march. They snon got small quantity of flour between them; the enemy, and thus apprised them of hat was if pure, it may be rubbed for any in agitation. length of time, and it will not become barranca presented, it was impracticable for adhesive; but if it be mixed with whi- the troops to remain formed in their march;

and bence, in the darkness of the night, they ting, it soon becomes putty: if pure, soon dispersed, every one exploring his path, it also, becomes dark-coloured, but if and endeavouring to take care of himself.

“In the bottom of the barranca, the picquets impure, it is very little altered by the

and sentries of the enemy were encountered; oil.

with whom a continual skirmishing prevailed. 3. Lemon-juice, or vinegar, will also Many of the fugitives dropped down from

weakness; others were shot by the random fire detect the presence of whiting, by the of the enemy. The screams of the women, the agitation produced in the flour ; pure those who fell

, the groans of the wounded, and

reports of the enemy's musquets, the cries of flour produces no particular effect with the intense darkness which reigned around, these fluids.

gave to the scene indescribable horror. Some few, particularly of the females, were so dismayed, tbat they returned to the fort; preferring

the chance of a pardon to the risk of that deReview.-Memoirs of the Mexican struction which then seemed inevitable.

greater part, however, by the dawn, had gained Revolution, &c.

the opposite summit of the barranca. Here, (Concluded from col. 759.)

many of them flattered themselves the danger

was over; but the foreigners, being ignorant Two attempts were afterwards made of the topography of the place, were uncertain by the besiegers to carry the fort by every step might place them in the power of

which way to direct their course, fearing that storm; but the resistance of the brave the enemy. They marched on as chance di. defenders, reduced as they were

rected them, in parties of two, three, or six. through famine and desertion, com

Soon after day-light, they were beset by parties

of the enemy's cavalry, who had been ordered pelled them to retreat with loss. By along the summit of the barrauca, as soon as the last shot which the besiegers fired, the fort. Another scene of horror began :-the Colonel Young was deprived of life. enemy's cavalry, rushed in among the flying On his death the command of the fort and kneeling individuals. No quarter was given. devolved on Lieut. Col.Bradburn, who, lances, the greater part of the fugitives were on discovering that the enemy 'mani- destroyed. The few who escaped, among whom fested no inclination to raise the siege, tion to the dense and foggy state of the atmoand finding their own provisions and sphere. The clothes and money found on the ammunition quite exhausted, deter- victims, were looked upon as prizes by the mined forthwith to evacuate the place. killing to making prisoners of them; for if they

The

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