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expected, that from the total stagnation glass of French brandy, with a slice si of trade, and the increased price of sub- bread; for dinner, half a pound of meat, sistence, the lower orders will not be one pound and a half of bread, with veable to maintain themselves ; and that getables in proportion, and a bottle of the greatest disorder will prevail in a beer; and for supper, a slice of bacon or city, the population of which extends beef, with bread, and a bottle of beer. 10 120,000 souls. The famine threaten- If the soldier should not be satisfied ed at Berlin is to be alleviated by sup with this supply, the burghers are direc. plies from the garrison at Hamburgh, 'ted to complain to Col. Bazancourt, the which is another cause of anxiety, under Commandant." the immediate necessities and difficul. “ In pursuance of Mortier's Proclama. ties with which this unfortunate city tion, requiring all Bankers and Merhas to contend. I am sorry to present chants, having British funds and manu. before you so melancholy a picture, and factures in their possession,,to give in I should with more reluctance inake correct statements, the Commercium, or any comment upon it, as affecting ilie Chamber of Commerce, at Hamburgh, interests of the great commercial city in requested, by public notice, that these which you reside, and the manufaciurn complying with the proclamation shouid ing towns throughout the Britishi ein- also furnish them with copies, and at the pire.--Unfortunately the destruction of same time send an estimate of the losses war is not contined to those who perish they shall be subject to, should the mea. in the field; it is brought home to the sures enjoined be carried into effect, in fire-sides of those who are the best consequence of reprisals by the Britis friends to the peace, order, and happi. Government. The great object intended ness of society.”
by this estimate is to shew, by a peti. Hamburgh, Nov. 21. tion to Bonaparte, that the plan of cor. “ The Senate yesterday received a let. fiscation must be ultimately more fater from Marshal Mortier, which, after vourable to Great Britain than to the instating the grounds on which his Majes. terests of Hamburgh. The underwrit. ty the French Emperor finds himself ers were also desired to state, as far as compelled to make reprisals on Eng. they were able, the injury they would land, contains an order to seize and sustain by the capture of Hamburgh and place under sequestration all the Eng- other vessels, in order that a fair balish commodities which may be found lance might be made out. A meeting in this city and its territory. The com- of the Underwriters was accordingly munication then proceeds as follows :- held at Borsen. Halle, but the result had “ Within 24 hours from the present no- not transpired.” tification, every banker or merchant, Mr Thornton, our late Minister at having English manufactures ur funds Hamburgh, arrived in London on the in his possession, arising from the sale 6th Dec. He has brought the intelliof English manufactures, whether be. gence of all the British merchants in longing to the English or others, shall Hamburgh having been declared by give in a statement of the same in writ. Bonaparte prisoners of war! Report ing, to be copied into a register at the says, that they, and all the British resiresidence of the commandant. In order dent at Hamburgh, have been sent off to verify these declarations, domiciliary under a strong escort for Paris and Ver. visits shall be made, both to those who dun. A letter from a passenger in a give in and those who do not give in vessel arrived at Yarmouth states as fole such declaration, for the purpose of as- lows: certaining their good faith, and inflicting “ I have only time to say I am just the pains of martial law in all instances arrived here from Hamburgh, which we of fraud, if such should take place." were obliged to leave at a few mo
“ The Senate issued a decree yesterday ments notice, after a decree making all for carrying the above order into effect. the English there prisoners of swar.. BoAnother decree of the Senate, of the naparte's last proclamation is to this efsame days regulates the provisions to be fect: Thar British property of every furnished by the inhabitants to the description is to be confiscated—England French soldiers quartered upon them. declared in a state of Blockade, and all Each soldier is to have for breakfast a British subjects, who may be found in
the countries occupied by the French, right of conquest, which is only appli.
not a single ship of war, although a The French entered Bremen on the place cannot be considered as blockad20th Nov. and troops were put on
ed, unless it be so invested that it can. board all vessels in the port, to prevent not be approached without imminent their sailing, until it was ascertained danger: whether they had British goods on That she also declares in a state of board. No mails for Hamburgh or Bre. blockade, places that her whole united men are to be forwarded from this coun- force would be incompetent to blockade, try until further orders.
entire coasts and a whole empire. The French took possession of Cux- 5. That these monstrous abuses of haven on the 24th Nov. but we are the right of blockade, have no other obhappy to say that they did not succeed ject than to prevent the communication in capturing a single British ship in any between nations, and to exalt the trade port in the Elbe. The Convoys from and industry of England upon the ruin the Thames, Hull, and Leith, had arriv. of the industry and commerce of the ed out. All the Masters were ashore Continent: when the French made their appear. 6. That such being the evident cuject ance, but they all made their escape on of England, whatever Continental Power board their respective vessels, immedi. carries on a trade in English merchanately set sail, and have mostly arrived dize, in so doing favours her designs, in our ports. They had very valuable and becomes her accomplice : cargoes on board. The Prince William, 7. That this conduct of England, arrived at Grimsby with one of the highly worthy of the early larbarous Convoys, on the passage took six prizes, ages, has been attended with advantage with goods from Bourdeaux to Ham- to that power, and with detriment to all burgh.
others : "IMPERIAL DECREE.
8. That the law of nature justifies the
employing against the enemy, the arms Extract from the Minutes of the Office of which he makes use of, and to fignt him the Secretary of War.
in the same manner that he fights, when From our Imperial Camp at Berlin, the liberal sentiments resulting from
he violates all ideas of justice, and all Nov. 21.
human civilization : Napoleon, Emperor of the French, We have come to a determination to and King of Italy, considering,
apply to England, the principles which 1. That England does not admit the she has concentrated in her maritime sight of nations, universally followed by code, all civilized countries :
The regulations of the present De2. That she considers as an enemy cree shall be regarded as a fundamental every person belonging to the state law of the Empire, until England shall with which she may be at war, and, in have recognized that the law of war is consequence, takes as prisoners of war, one and the same by sea and by land; not only the crews of armed vessels, that it cannot be applied either to any but also the crews of merchantmen, and property whatsoever, or to individuals even factors and merchants travelling not bearing arms ;, and that the right of on business :
blockade ought to be restricted to forti. 3. That she applies to vessels, mer- fied places actually invested by a suffichandize, and private property, the cient force. Dec. 1806.
We have in consequence decreed, and XI. Our Ministers for Foreign Affairs, do decree as follows:
of Wai, Marine, Finance, Police, and Art. J. THE BRITISH ISLANDS ARE the Directors General of our Posts, are DECLARED IN A STATE OF BLOCKADĘ. severally charged with whatever regards
II. All trade and correspondence with the execution of the present decree. the British Islands are prohibited. In
(Signed) NAPOLEON consequence, all letters and packets ad. dressed to England, or to an English Note presented, Nov. 24, to the Senate of mari, or written in English, shall not be
Hamburgh, by his Excellency M. Bourią transmitted by the Post Office, but shall
enne, along with the Imperial Decree. be seized.
The undersigned Minister PlenipoIII. Every subject of England, of tentiary of his Majesty the Emperor of whatever degree or conditiva, who shall the French, and King of Italy, to the be found in any of the countries occu.
States of Lower Saxony, has received pied by our troops, or those of our al- the orders of his Sovereign to make the lies, shall be made Prisoners of War. following communication to the Senate
IV. All warehouses, merchandize, and of the city of Hamburgh :property of any kind whatever, belong- That England, in not admitting the ing to a subject of England, shall be de. right of nations followed by all civilized clared lawful prize.
people; V. All trading in English merchan- In taking as prisoners of war persons dize is prohibited; and every such ar- not bearing arms; ticle, belonging to England, or coming In seizing and confiscating private from her colonies, or of her manufacture, property ; is declared lawful prize.
In holding places in a state of bloc. VI. Half of the produce resulting from ķade which cannot be lawfully so, such the confiscation of the merchandize and as unfortified ports, havens, and the property declared to be lawful prize by mouths of rivers ; the preceding articles, shall be applied In declaring places to be blockaded to indemnify the merchants for the los, which really are not so, or which cannot ses which they have sustained by the be naturally so; captures of merchant yessels made by Has reduced' France to the necessity English cruizers.
of applying to the British isles, to Vil. No vessels coming directly from English subjects, and to their property, England, or the English colonies, or of every kind soever, found in the terwhich has been there since the publica- ritories, cities, or ports, which are, or tion of the present decree, shall be ad. may be, occupied by the French armies mitted into any port.
to the vessels which, coming from the VIII. Any vessel, which, by means of islands or British colonies, may enter a false declaration, shall violate the a. those ports, and to those which may atbove regulation, shall be seized, and the tempt to do so from the ports of Brivessel and cargo confiscated, as if it were tain, the same regulations which Eng. English property.
landinhas established in her maritime IX, Our prize court at Paris is au- code. thorised to pronounce final judgment in That, in consequence, his Majesty suits which may arise in our Empire, or the Emperor and King, after having dein the countries occupied by the French clared the British islands in a state of army, in consequence of the present de. blockade, has ordered, with respect to cree. Our prize Court at Milan is au- English subjects, their property, or the thorised to pronounce final judgment, vessels coming from the British islands in such cases as may arise within the or possessions, or endeavouring, to go compass of our kingdom of Italy. there, the measures which the right of
X. The present decree shall be com- natural defence authorizes. municated by our Minister for Foreign That his Majesty the Emperor and Affairs to the Kings of Spain, Naples, King has not taken this resolution out Holland, and Etruria, and to our other of mere regard for France; that he alallies, whose subjects, as well as ours, so had in view, and has considered it as are the victims of the injustice and bar- a duty, to endeavour to protect the conbarity of the English maritime laws. tinent, from the misfortunes with which
it is threatened the violence practised require ; considering besides, that the by England having evidently for its multiplied occupations of the commanobject to interrupt the communication dant of the place do not permit him between nations, and to raise her indus- to perform the business with which he try and trade upon the ruin of the indus. is charged, in keeping the register of try and trade of the continent; from inspection, enjoins every individual, have which it results, that whoever on the ing in his possession merchandize becontinent trades in English merchan. longing to the English, or produced dize favours the designs of England, from English manufactures, to present and ought to be considered as her ac- himself within 48 hours, dated from complice.
Monday the 24th November 1806, to That, as a considerable number of in. the inspector of reviews, per interim, of habitants of Hamburgh are included in the 28th division of the grand army, this observation, being notoriously de- where they will make declaratiu? nd voted to the cause of England, bis Ma- inscription in a register opened for that jesty the Emperor and King has, with purpose, marked by the General in regree, been compelled to cause this Chief of the Staff, of all merchandize in city to be occupied, and to order the their possession, belonging is above statexecution of the measures rendered ne- ed to the English; or the produce of cessary by the reasons above expressed, English manutactures. measures which the undersigned has " At the expiration of 48 hours, dobeen charged to notify in the following miciliary visits will be made, and all terms:
those who act contrary to the piesent 1. All the English Merchandize in order will be militarily punished. the ports or territory of Hamburgh, to “Every merchant or trader, having whomsoever it belongs, is confiscated. already made a declaration, must pre
II. Every subject of Eugland, in the sent himself again, and reiteraie his incity, port, or territory above mentionscription with the inspector of reviews, ed, is a prisoner of war.
at No. 66, Groninger Street.”
Whether the above hard measures will subject to England, is confiscated. be executed with the threatened-severity,
IV. No vessel coming from England, is uncertain. The merchants at least exor having touched there, can be admit. pected that the restraints upon their ted into the said city, or port,
commerce would be greatly alleviated, V. Every vessel which, by means of and that Hamburgh would even be des a false declaration, shall attempt to go clared a free port, with the exception of to England from the said city or port, course of Great Britain. It is stated that shall be confiscated.
Bonaparte had declared that the operaVI. No courier or mail from England ţions of the Bank there would suffer no shall be received in the city or territory interruption, Mr Parish, the most emi. of Hamburgh, or allowed to pass thro' it," nent English merchant there, had retir
The undersigned embraces this oppor. ed to Altona, but the French Gen. sent sunity of renewing to the Senate the as. him word, that if he did not return, he surance of his consideration.
would retaliate on his wife and children.
BOURIENNE. Mr Parish returned. We are told that PROCLAMATION.
Mrs Parish and her two daughters after“ His Excellency the Marshal of the wards got away to Husum, from whence Empire, Mortier, with respect to the they have since reached England in safeaccount which has been rendered to ty. In the mean time, it is clear that all him, having remarked that the distribu. intercourse betwixt Britain and the north tion hitherto made of the possession of Germany is shut up ;--a circumstance of English merchandise does not offer a which must add to the general anxiety satisfactory result; considering that the of this country in another point of view, merchants who have delivered in ac- as all our intelligence of the further imcounts ay have acted with too much portant events which are likely to enprecipitation, and have given such de- sue on the Continent, musime by claration, without applying to them all the circuitous route of Petersburgh the attention and reflection which they Stockholm, and Gottenburga,
armed brig and two feluccas, under a The London Gazette contains a dis- tremendous fire from the forts, vessels, patch from Lord Collingwood, inclosing and the shore, without the loss of a two letters from Capt. Livingstone, of man on our part. his Majesty's ship Renommee, in sub- A letter from Admiral Dacres an. stance as follows:
nounces the capture by the Elk brig, “ On the 21st of October, the four cat- Capt. Morris, of the Alliance French ters belonging to the Renommee gal. privateer, of 5 guns and 75 men. lantly entered the port of Colon, in the A letter from Capt. Rushworth, of Island of Majorca, and notwithstanding the Superieure sloop, to Admiral Dacres, the fire from the vessels in the harbour, dated Isle of Pines, Sept. gth, states as and also of that from the tower, they
follows: boarded and captured one tartan, moun
“ I have the honour to acquaint you, ting four guns, and two settees, one of that after leaving his Majesty's sloop them mounting three guns, Spaniards, Stork on the ist of August off the Isle deeply laden with grain. On the 22d of Pines, it took us to the 2d of this of October, the same cutters brought month to get off Barabano, when I an. off, from under the fire of the tower of chored with the Flying Fish and Pike Falconara, a Spanish settee, mounting Schooners; at midnight weighed, and two guns. In performing this service stood for Barabano, to be off that place our people were much annoyed by mus. before break of day, but owing to bafketry from behind the bushes, which fling winds it took us till day-light. I wounded one man. To put a stop to thought it expedient to land, which I this, Sir William Parker landed with a accordingly did, with 12 men from the few marines and seamen; and having Stork, 35 from the Superieure, and 10 killed one Spaniard, and driven the rest from the Flying Fish, to guard the boats; off, rejoined the ship without any other but after landing two miles to wind loss.'
ward of the battery, the marshy irręgu. A letter from Lieut. Foote, of the lar ground so impeded our march, and Queen gun-boat, transmitted by Lord the enemy perceiving it, sent a party of Collingwood, of date October 30, states, soldiers to way-lay us in the thick bush. that when the convoy which sailed es; but the most forward of my party from England under Admiral Duck- charged, and completely put them to the worth, first appeared in the Streights, route, after leaving two killed, and one Admiral Purvis, who was at Gibbadly wounded. At that period a geraltar, sent out the ships and gun neral alarm had spread, the militia had boats there. The Queen attempting to joined the stationary regulars in the rescue a captured vessel, unfortunately front, aided by the men from the ship. found the one which had her in tow so ping in the Bay. Our retreat being much superior, that, after a contest thus cut off, we were obliged to rush highly honourable to herself and crew, forward to gain the fort, which I am she was obliged to surrender. She had happy to say was completely carried in 8 men killed or drowned, and 11, in three minutes; the enemy retreated in cluding her Captain, wounded.
all directions, after firing two guns and A letter from Capt. Chambers, of the a volley of small arms, towards the path Port Mahon sloop, states, that a Spanish we were obliged to pass.--The battery letter of marque had been cut out of consisted of six long 18-pounders mount, the intricate Harbour of Banes, by her ed on travelling carriages, which we boats, under a heavy fire of great guns spiked, and then proceeded to take and small arms, from the vessel and bats possession of the vessels, which consistteries, to which she was moored by a ed of one felucca, pierced for 14 guns, line. Not a man was hurt on our side, having one 18-pounder and 12 blunder. although the boats were much damaged busses on board; a schooner, pierced for in rowing to the attack.
12; a French privateer for 12 ; a French A letter from Capt. Dacres, of his privateer of 4, and three other Spanish Majesty's ship Bacchante, announces vessels, with one gun each ; six other the cutting out of the harbour of St smaller with cargoes, which were saved, Martha, by the boats of that ship, of an and the vessels burnt, not having suffi.