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direction of those who called themselves pro- Italy, in the territory of the church, with a phets. Montanus, in conjunction with Pris. bishop's see. It is seated on a mountain, near cilla and Maximilla, was at the head of the sect. the lake Bolsena, 12 miles S.W. of Orvietto,
MONTARGIS, a considerable town of and 45 N.W. of Rome. Lon. 12. 4 E. Lat. France, in the department of Loiret and late 42. 26 N. province of Orleanois. Its mustard and cut- Monte-LEONE, a town of Naples, in Calery are excellent; and from the river Loing labria Ulteriore. It was ruined by an earthis a navigable canal hence to the Seine. It quake in 1638, and is 12 miles N.E. of Niis seated near a fine forest, 15 iniles S. of cotera. Nemours, and 62 S. by E. of Paris.
MONTE-MARANA, a populous town of NaMONTAUBON, a commercial town of ples, in Principala Ulteriore, seated on the France, in the departınent of Lot, lately the Calore, 18 miles S. of Benevento. Lon. 15 episcopal see of the province of Querci. "The 0 E. Lat. 40.48 N. inhabitants amount to 40,000; and have ma- MONTE-Peloso, an episcopal town of Nanufactures of silk stockings and stuffs, serges, ples, in Basilicata, seated on a mountain, near shalloous, &c. This town was taken from the ihe river Basiento, 14 iniles E. of Cirenza. Huguenots in 1629, and the fortifications were Lon. 16. 28 E. Lat. 40. 46 N. demolished. It is seated on an eminence, on MONTE-PULCIANO, a town of Tuscany, the river Tarn, 20 miles N. of Toulouse, and with a bishop's see. It is seated on a moun30 S. of Cahors.
tain, near the river Chiana, in a country MONTBAZON, a town of France, in the noted for excellent wine, 25 miles S.E. of department of Indre and Loire and late pro- Sienna, and 50 S. by E. of Florence. Lon. vince of Tourainc, seated at the foot of a hill, 11.49 E. Lat. 43. 10 N. on which is an ancient castle, 135 miles S.W. MONTE-SANCTO, formerly Mount-Athos, of Paris. Lon. 0. 45 E. Lat. 47. IN. a mountain of Turkey in Europe, on the gulf
MONTBELLIARD, a strong town of of Contessa. It is called Monte Sancio, or France, capital of a principality of the Ger- Holy Mount, because there are 22 monasteries man empire, of the same naine, between the thereon, in which are 4000 monks, who never department of Doubs and that of Upper Rhine. suffer a woman to come near them. It is 17 It is seated at the foot of a rock, on which is miles S. of Salonichi. Lon. 24. 39 E. Lat. a citadel. It was taken in 1674 by the French, 40.27 N. who demolished the fortifications; but it was MONTE-Santo, a town of Portugal, in restored to the prince. It is seated near the Beira, 6 miles N. of Idanha a Velha, Alaine and Doubs, 33 miles W. of Basle, and MONTEGO, a seaport, on a bay of the 45 N.E. of Besancon. Lon, 6. 50 E. Lat. same name, on the N. side of the island of 4. 31 N.
Jamaica. In June 1795 a fire consumed an MONTBLANC, one of the highest moun- immense quantity of stores, and great part of tains of the Alps, in Savoy, so called from its the town. Lon. 78.5 W. Lat. 18. 40 N. uncommonly white appearance. It is 15,662 MONTELIMAR, a commercial town of feet above the level of the sea, which is 414 France, in the department of Drome, with an feet higher than the peak of Teneriff. The ancient citadel. The inhabitants, in the 16th summit was deemed inaccessible till 1786, century, were the first to embrace the reformed when Dr. Paccard ascended it. The French religion. It is seated in a fertile plain, 25 have given the name of this mountain to the miles S. of Valence, and 325 S. by E. of Paris. conquered duchy of Savoy, as an eighty-fourth Lon. 4. 55 E. Lat. 44. 33 N. department of France.
MONTEMOR-O-NOVO, a town of PorMONTBLANC, a town of Spain, in Cata- tugal, in Estremadura, 50 miles E. by S. of lonia, 15 miles N. of Tarragona. Lon. 1.5 E. Lisbon. Lon. 15. 0 E. Lat. 38. 42 N. Lat. 41. 10 N.
MONTEMOR-o-Velho, a town of PorMONTBRISON, a town of France, in tugal, in Beira, with a castle, 10 miles S.W. the department of Rhone and Loire and late of Coimbra, and 83 N. Lisbon. Lon. 8.9 W. province of Forez, seated on the Vezize, 40 Lat. 40. 5 N. miles W. of Vienne, and 250 S.E. of Paris. MONTESA, a strong town of Spain, in Lon. 4. 27 E. Lat. 45. 32 N.
Valencia, which is the seat of an order of MONTECCHIO, a considerable town of knighthood of ihe same name. It is five miles Italy, in the duchy Reggio, 10 miles S. E. N.W.of Xativa. Lon.0.30 W. Lat.39.0 N. of Parma, and 8 N W. of Reggio. Lon. 15. MONTESQUIEU (Charles de Secon54 E. Lat. 38. 8 N.
dat), baron, a most illustrious Frenchman MONTE-FALCO, a town of Italy, in the descended from an ancient and noble faterritory of the church and duchy of Spalatto: mily of Guienne, was born at the castle of seated on a mountain near the river Clitundo, La Brede, near Bourdeaux, in 1689. The 12 miles west of Spalatto. Lon, 12. 40 E. greatest care was taken of his education ; and Lat. 42. 58 N.
at the age of 20 he had actually prepared mateMonte-Falcone, a town of Italy, in rials for his Spirit of Laws, by well digested Venetian Friuli, with a castle, near the river extracts from those immense volumes of civil Ponzano, 12 miles N.W. of Triest. Lon. law which he had studied, not barely as a 13. 0 E. Lat. 46. 4 N.
civilian, but as a philosopher. He became a MONTE-FIASCONE, a populous town of counsellor of the parliament of Bourdeaux in
1714, and was received president a mortier two conversation. Though he lived with the great, years after. In 1721 he published his Persian he retired whenever he could to his estate Letters; in which, under the screen of Ori- in the country, and there met his books, his ental manners, he satirized those of France, philosophy, and his repose. Surrounded at and treated of several important subjects by his leisure hours with peasants, after having delicate and transient glances : he did not avow studied man in the comin:erce of the world, he this publication; but was no sooner pointed studied bim in those simple people, solely out as the author, than zeal without know. instructed by nature. With them he cheerledge, and envy under the mask of it, united fully conversell; he endeavoured, like Socrates, at once against the Persian Letters. He was to find out their genius, and appeared as happy received into the French Academy in 1928; with them as in the most brilliant assemblies ; and having previously quitted his civil employ- especially when he reconciled their differences, ments, he entirely devoted himself to his ge- and by his beneficence relieved them from nius, and was no longer a magistrate, but a their distresses.” man of letters. Having thus set himself at The following interesting story we present liberty, he travelled through Germany, Italy, on the authority of Mr. Muirhead of Glasgow, Swiizerland, Holland, and England, in which in his Travels in the Low Countries : last country he resided three years, and con- • A young man, named Robert, sat alone in tracted intiinacies with the greatest men then his boat, in the barbour of Marseilles. A alive; for Locke and Newton were dead. The stranger had stept in and taken bis seat near result of his observations was, that Germany him, but quickly rose again ; observing, that, was fit to travel in, Italy 10 sojourn in, Eng- since the master had disappeared he would land to think in, and France to live in. On take another boat. This, Sir, is mine,”— his return he retired for two years to his estate said Robert, -" would you sail without the at La Brede, where he finished his work On harbour?" “ I meant only to move about in the Causes of the Grandeur and Declension of the bason, and enjoy the coolness of this tine the Romans; which appeared in 1734. The evening.—But I cannot believe you are reputation acquired by this last work only sailor." “ Nor am 1-yet on Sundays and cleared the way for his greater undertaking, holidays I act the bargeman, with a view to the Spirit of Laws, which was printed at Ge- make up a sum.”—". What! covetous at your neva in 2 vols. 410. !750. This was imme- age !—your looks had almost prepossessed me diately attacked by the adversaries of his Per- in your favour.”—“ Alas! Sir, did you know sian Leiters, in a multitude of anonymous my situation you would not blame me."pamphlets, containing all the reproaches to “Well-perhaps I am mistaken-let us take which a liberal mind is exposed froin craft and our little cruize of pleasure, and acquaint me ignorance. M. Montesquieu drew up a de. with your history." fence of this work ; which for truih, modera- • The stranger having resumed his seat, the tion, and delicacy of ridicule, may be regarded dialogue, after a short pause, proceeded thus : as a model in its way. This great man was -“I perceive, young man, you are sadpeaceably enjoying ihat fulness of esteem what grieves you thus?” My father, Sir, which his great inerits had procured him, groans in feiters, and I cannot ransom him. when he fell sick at Paris, and died on the He earned a livelihood by petty brokerage, but, 10th of February 1755.–The following cha- in an evil hour, embarked for Smyrna, to suracter of this great man is drawn by lord perintend in person the delivery of a cargo, in Chesterfield : Ilis vir:ues did honour io hu- which he had a concern. The vessel was capman nature, his writings justice. A friend tured by a Barbary corsair, and my father was to mankind, he asserted their undoubted and conducted to Tetuan, where he is now a slave. unalienable rights with freedom, even in his They refuse to let him go for less than 2000 own country; whose prejudices in matters of crowns, a sum which far exceeds our scanty religion and government he had long lamented, nieans. However we do our best—my mother and endeavoured, not without some success, and sisters work day and night-i ply hard at to remore. He well knew, and justly ado my stated occupation of a journeyman jeweller, mired, the happy constitution of this country, and, as you perceive, make the most I can of where fixed and known laws equally restrain Sundays and holidays. I had resolved to put monarchy from tyranny, and liberty from li- myself in my father's stead; but my mother, centiousness. His works will illustrate his apprized of iny design, and dreading the double name, and survive him, as long as right reason, privation of a husband and only son, requested moral obligation, and the true spirit of laws, the Levant captains to refuse me a passage.”shall be understood, respected, and main- Pray, do you ever hear from
father? tained.” As to his personal qualities, we are under what name does he pass ?-or what told by his eulogist, M. d'Alembert, that “he is his master's address?"-" His master is was of a sweei, gay, and even temper. His overseer of the royal gardens at Fez—and my consersation was spirited, agreeable, anů in- father's name is Róbert at Tetuan, as at Mara structive. Nobody told a story in a seilles.”—“ Robert--overseer of the royal garlively manner, or with more grace and less deus ?”—“Yes, Sir."_“I am touched with affectation. He had frequent absence of mind; your misfortunes--but venture to predict their but always awakened from it by some onex- termination." pected stroke that re-animated the languishing • Night drew on apace. The unknown, upon landing, thrust into young Robert's hand a MONTESQUIEU, a town of France, in the purse containing eight double louis d'ors, with department of Upper Garonne, 15 miles S.S.E. ien crowns in silver and instantly disappeared. of Toulouse.
• Six weeks had passed since this adventure, MONTESQUIOU, a town of France, in and each returning sun bore witness to the the department of Gers, 11 miles W.S.W, of unremitting exertions of the good family. As Auch. they sat one day at their unsavoury meal of MONTETH. s. (from the name of the bread and dried almonds, old Robert entered the inventor.) A vessel in which glasses are apartment, in a garb little suited to a fugitive washed. prisoner, tenderly embraced his wife and chil- MONTE VELINO, a mountain of Italy. dren, and thanked them with tears of grati- supposed to be the most lofty part of the Aptude for the fifty louis they had caused remit to pennines, and 8397 feet above the level of the him on his sailing from Tetuan, his free pas- Mediterranean. It is 46 miles N.E. of Rome, sage, and a comfortable supply of wearing MONTE-Verde, a town of Naples, in apparel. His astonished relatives eyed one an- Principato Ulteriore, with a bishop's see, 60 other in silence. At length, madame Robert miles E. of Naples. Lon, 15. 42 E. Lat. suspecting her son bad secretly concerted the 40. 51 N. whole plan, recounted the various instances of MONTEZUMA, the last emperor of his zeal. “ Six thousand livres,” continued Mexico, was a prince of noble qualities. He she," is the sum we wanted and we had opposed the invaders of his country with firm. already procured somewhat more than the half, ness; but at last was seized by Cortes, who owing chiefly to his industry. Some friends, forced him to acknowledge himself a vassal no doubt, have assisted him upon an emer- of Spain. An insurrection taking place gency like the present.” A gloomy suggestion among the Mexicans, Cories brought forth crossed the father's mind. Turning suddenly Montezuma dressed in his royal robes with to his son, and eyeing him with the sternness a view to appease them. The unhappy moof distraction, “Unfortunate boy," exclaimed narch received two mortal wounds from arhe," what have you done? How can I be in- rows, of which he shortly after died. He debted to you for my freedom, and not regret left two sons who embraced the Christian it? How could you effect my ransom, without religion, and Charles V. made the eldest Count your mother's knowledge, unless at the expence de Montezuma, and gave him a considerable of virtue? I tremble at the thought of filial estate, affection having betrayed you into guilt. Tell MONTFAUCON (Bernard de), a very the truth at once-and let us all die if you learned Benedictine of the congregation of have forfeited your integrity:". “ Calm your St. Maur, singularly famous for his knowledge apprehensious, my dearest father,” cried the in pagan and ecclesiastical antiquities, was son, embracing him,—"no, I am not un- born of an ancient and noble family in Lanworthy of such a parent, though fortune has guedoc, in 1655. He served for some time denied me the satisfaction of proving the in the army; but the death of his parents full strength of my attachment-I am not your mortified him so with regard to the world, deliverer-but I know who is.—Recollect, mo- that he commenced Benedictine monk in ther, the unknown gentleman who gave ine 1675, and applied himself intensely to study. the purse. He was particular in his enquiries. Though Montfaucon’s life was long, healthy, Should I pass my life in the pursuit, I must retired, and laborious, his voluminous publiendeavour to meet with him, and invite him cations seem sufficiently to have employed the to contemplate the fruits of his beneficence." whole ; exclusive of his greatest undertaking, He then related to his father all that passed in for which he will be always memorable. This the pleasure-boat, and removed every distress- was his Antiquité expliquée, written in Latin ing suspicion.
and French, illustrated with elegant plates, Restored to the bosom of his family, Ro- in 10 vols. folio; to which he added a supbert again partook of their joys, prospered in plement of 5 vols. more. He died at the his dealings, and saw his children comfortably abbey of St. Germain in 1741. established. At last, on a Sunday morning, as MONT-FERRAND. See CLERMONT. his son sauntered on the quay, he recognized MONTFERRAT, a duchy of Italy, boundhis benefactor, clasped his knees, and entreated ed on the E. by the Milanese and the territory him as his guardian angel, as the saviour of a of Genoa, on the N. and W. by Piedmont, father and a family, to share the happiness of and on the S. by the territory of Genoa, from his own creation. The stranger again disap- which it is separated by the Apennines. It peared in the crowd--but, reader, this stranger is very fertile and well cultivated, abounding was Montesquieu.'
in corn, wine, oil, and silk; and is subject to Besides the works above-mentioned M.Mon- the king of Sardinia. Casal is the capital. tesquieu wrote several small pieces, as the MONTFORT, a town of France, in the Temple of Gnidus, Lysimachus, and Essay department of Seine and Oise, 16 miles W. upon Taste, which is left unfinished. His works of 'Versailles. Lon. 2. 50 E. Lat. 48. 45 N. have been collected since his death, and printed MONTFORT, a town of France, in the at Paris in a splendid edition, in quarto.' They department of Isle and Vilaine, 12 iniles W. have likewise all of them been translated into of Rennes. Lon. 1.58 W. Lat. 48. 8 N. English.
MONTFORT, a strong town of the United
Provinces, in Utrecht, with an ancient castle, ing a sheep, a cock, and a duck, and conseated on the Yssel, seven miles S. by E. of veyed them through the air in safety to the Utrecht. Lon. 5. 0 E. Lat. 52. 4 N. distance of above ten thousand feet. Ema
MONTPORT, a town of Suabia, capital boldened by this success, M. Pilatre de Ro. of a country of the same name, subject to zier first offered himself to undertake the hathe house of Austria. It is 16 miles S. of zardous adventure of an aerial navigation in Lindau and the lake of Constance. Lon. a new machine of Montgolfier's, of still larger 9.51 E. Lat. 47. 22 N.
dimensions. After first ascending alone to MONTFORT-DE-Lemos, an ancient town the height of eighty-four feet, he again seated of Spain, in Galicia, with a magnificent himself in the car with the marquis d'Arcastle, seated in a fertile country, 25 miles landes, when they gave all Paris the astonishN.E. of Orense, and 55 S.E. of Compostella. ing spectacle of hovering in the air over that Lon. 7.9 W. Lat. 42. 28 N.
city for about nine minutes at the height of MONTGOLFIER (Stephen James), in three hundred and thirty feet. This brilliant biography, famous as the inventor of aerostatic experiment caused the annual prize of the balloons, was born at Annonay, thirty-six Academy of Sciences to be awarded to M. miles from Lyons, and there carried on an Montgolfier, and from that era, October 19, extensive manufacture of paper, in conjunc- 1783, the atmosphere has been a new field of tion with his brother Joseph. They were disa human daring. The firt principle of ascent, tinguished for their ingenuity in this branch, however, though applied in various succeeding and were the first in France who made the instances, gradually gave way to the safer and beautiful vellum paper. It is said, that the more efficacious one of a gaseous Auid permaincident of covering a coffee-pot, in which nently lighter than the air. In one unfortuwater was boiling, with a spherical cap of nate instance the two modes were combined, paper, which rose in the air as the water and the result was, that the balloon caught heated, first gave him the idea of an air-bal- fire, and occasioned the death of the first adloon. Others affirm, that reflecting on the venturer, Pilatre de Rozier, and his compaascent of smoke and clouds in the atmosphere nion Romain. Montgolfier was rewarded for suggested the hint. However this were, it his discovery by admission into the Academy appears that Stephen, in the middle of No. of Sciences, the cordon of St. Michael, and a vember, 1782, made an experiment at Avignon pension of two thousand livres. He died in with a bag of fine silk, of the shape of a 1799. parallelopipedon, and of forty cubic feet in MONTGOMERY, the capital of a county capacity, to the aperture of which he applied of the same name in North Wales, 158 miles burning paper till it was filled with a kind from London, took its name from Roger de of cloud, when it ascended rapidly to the Montgomery earl of Shrewsbury, who built ceiling. This experiment was repeated by the castle; but it is called by the Welsh Tre the two brothers at Annonay, with a success Valdwin, that is, Baldwin's town; having that induced them to form a machine of the been built by Baldwin, lieutenant of the capacity of six hundred and fifty cubic feet, marches of Wales, in the reign of William I. which filled in like manner with smoke, as- The Welsh, after having put the garrison cended to the height of six hundred feet. They to the sword, demolished it in 1095; but proceeded enlarging the experiment, till they Henry III. rebuilt it, and granted it the privihad constructed a globe of linen, lined with leges of a ee borough, with other liberties. paper, of the capacity of twenty-three thou. It is a large and tolerably well built town, in sand four hundred and thirty cubic feet, which, a healthful situation and fertile soil. It sends infiated with the smoke of straw and chopped a member to parliament, and has the title of wool, rose to an elevation of about six thou- an earldom. It had formerly a tower and kand feet. This power of ascent M. Mont- castle; but they were demolished in the civil golher attributed not merely to the rarefaction
It has a weekly market and four fairs. of the air from the heat (which appears to Lon. 3.5 W. Lat. 52. 26 N. be the true cause), but to a species of gas
MONTGOMERYSHIRE, a county of specifically lighter than the common air, sup- North Wales, 36 miles long, and nearly the posed to be disengaged from the burning sub- same broad; bounded on the N. by Merionethstances. When the event of these experi- shire and Denbighshire, on the N.E. and E. ments was reported at Paris, the philosophers by Shropshire, on the S. by Radnorshire, on of that capital immediately thought of apply- the S.W. by Cardiganshire, and on the W ing, for the purpose of inflation, a gas which by Merionethshire. "It contains five marketthey knew to be eight or ten times lighter towns, and 47 parishes, nearly 50,000 inhabithan common air, namely inflammable air, tants, and sends two members to parliament. and trials were immediately made upon that Though barren and mountainous in many principle, which have proved highly success- parts, it has a greater mixture of fertile vale ful. In the mean time Montgolfier conti- and plain than several of the Welsh counties. pued to extend his plans, and on September Its riches proceed from its sheep and wool, 19, 1783, he exhibited before the king and the hilly tracts being almost entirely sheepfoyal family at Versailles a grand machine, walks ; and the flocks, like those of Spain, near sixty feet bigh, and forty-three in dia- are driven from distant parts to feed on them meter, which ascended with a cage, contain- during the summer. This county ako afforde
mineral treasures, particularly lead; and it feast of the new moon,” resounded amongst the abounds with slate and lime; but there is no people. coal. Its principal rivers are the Severn,
The ancient Hebrew months were of thirty days Vyrnew, and Tannat, which are remarkable each, excepting the last, wbich consisted of thirtyfor salmon.
five; so that the year contained 365 days, with an MONTH, in chronology, one of the twelve intercalary month at the end of 120 years, which, parts into which a year is divided. In its proper conclusion of each year, brought it back nearly to
by absorbing the odd hours which remained at the acceptation, it is that space of time which the moon takes up in passing from any certain point borrowed from the Egyptians.
its proper place. This regulation of the year was to the same again, which is called a periodical
2. The months of the Athenian year, as we have month; or it is the space of time between two conjunctions of the inoon with the sun, which is nine or thirty days. The first month, according
before observed, consisted alternately of twentycalled a synodical mouth. That space of time
to Meton's reformation of the calendar, began with which the sun takes up in passing through one sign, or twelfth part of the zodiac, is also called the first new moon after the summer solstice and
was called hecatombæon, answering to the latter (but improperly) a month. So that there are two sorts of months ; lunar, which are measured by order of the months, with the number of days in
half of June, and the former half of July. The the moon; and solar, which are measured by the şun. The lunar periodical month consists of 27 each, are as follows: days, 7 hours, 43 minutes, 5 seconds: the lunar
30 synodical month is 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes,
29 3 seconds, and 11 thirds. A solar month contains,
30 upon a mean calculation, 30 days, 10 hours, 29
4 Mæmacterion, minutes, 5 seconds.
30 The Jews, Greeks, and Romans, made use of
29 lunar synodical months; but, to avoid fractions,
30 they consisted alternately of 29 or 30 days. The
29 former the Romans called cavi, and the Greeks
30 2012.01; the latter were termed pleni and winpas.
29 1. The Hebrew months were ranged differently
30 in their sacred and in their civil year.
12 Scirrophorion, Order of the sacred year.
Each month was divided into three decades of 1 Nisan
days, called dexquage. The first was called Myvos 2 Jiar
apxoplive or içap.78, or the decade of the beginning 3 Sivan
of the month; the second was Myvos persvios, or 4 Thammuz
the decade of the middle; and the third was Mmos 5 Ab
φθινονθος, σαυομενε οι λεγονloς, the decade of the ex6 Elul Answering August
piring month. 7 Tisri
September The first day of the first decade was termed 8 Marschevan
Neonvice, because the first month began with the 9 Casleu
November new moon; the second day was devleza 15a Jite; 10 Thebet
the third s;in 152 perve, &c. The first day of the 11 Sebat
January second decade was wpwin pessylos, the second devlega 12 Adar
February MEGUVlos, &c. The days of this decade were also Order of the civil year.
called πρωτη επι δεκα, διευθερια επι δεκα, &c. The first
day of the third decade was woln in' Elmadı; the 1 Tisri
October 2 Marschevan
second was devise sm'sinad, &c. i. e. the first, se
cond, &c. after twenty, because the last decade 3 Casleu
began on the twentieth day. This decade was 4 Thebet
also counted by inversion thus; qdovoylos asxaly the 5 Sebat
January 6 Adar Answering
twenty-first; poivovlos eyvaly the twenty-second; February
09.vovlos oydon the twenty-third; and so of the rest 7 Nisan
to the last day of the month, which was called syn 8 Jiar
wret vec, the old and the new, because one part of 9 Sivan
that day belonged to the old and the other to the 10 Thammuz
new moon; but after the time of Demetrius, the 11 Ab
last day of the month was called from him Anjumpa 12 Elul
Τριας; it sometimes was named τριακας. 'These months, being lunar, cannot exactly an- The Grecian months, thus consisting of twentyswer to our solar months; but every Jewish month nine and thirty days alternately, fell short of the must be conceived to answer to two of ours, and solar year 11 days 6 hours. To remedy this defect partake of both. As these twelve lunar months the cycle of four years, called Telpaiimpes, was inconsisted only of 554 days, the Jews, in order to vented. In this cycle, after the first two years, bring it nearer to the true year, took care every they added an intercalated month, called tp bonecase three years to intercalate a thirteenth month into consisting of twenty-two days; and again, after the number, which they called veadar, or the se- the expiration of two years more, they inserted cond adar. The new moon was always the be- another month of twenty-three days, the fourth ginning of the month; and it is said the Jews had part of a day having in the space of four years people posted on elevated places, to give notice to amounted to a whole year. See YEAR. the Sanhedrim as soon as she made her appear- 3. The Roman year under Romnulus consisted ance. After this, proclamation was made by sound of ten months only, and began with March, which of trumpet, and the feast of the new moon, the contained thirty-one days; then followed, April,