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“ is an assured truth, and a conclusion of experience, “ that a little or superficial knowledge of philosophy * may incline the mind of man to atheism, but “ a further proceeding therein doth bring the “ mind back again to religion ; for in the entrance “ of philosophy, when the second causes, which are “ next unto the senses, do offer themselves to the
“ mind of mam, if it dwell and stay there, it may in** duce some oblivion of the highest cause ; but when
“ a man passeth on farther, and seeth the depend
** ence of causes, and the works of Providence, then,
“ according to the allegory of the poets, he will
** easily believe that the highest link of nature's
** chain must needs be tied to the foot of Ju
* piter's chair.
§ 3. THE COLOURS OF GOOD AND EVIL.
This tract was published by Lord Bacon in 1597,* and has been repeatedly published by different editors. It was incorporated in the treatise on rhetoric, in the advancement of learning,f and 1more extensively in the treatise “ De Augmentis.” The dedication, of which there is a MS.j in the British Museum, to the Lord Mountjoye, is copied from * The Remains," published by Stephens.§
* “ Of the Coulours of good and evill a fragment. 1597." At the end, and after the word ** Finis,” in this old edition is, “ Printed at London by John Windet for Humfrey Hooper. 1597.” f See vol. 2, page 218. f Harleian 6797, and there is a page or two of the work itself. § But I do not find it prefixed to the work.
§ 4. PRAISE OF KNOWLEDGE. This tract ** In Praise of Knowledge,” of which
there is a MSS. in the British Museum,* is a rudiment both of the ** Advancement of Learning,” and of the ** Novum Organum.” This will appear from the following extracts:
PRAISE oF KNOWLEDGE, PAGE 25 1 OF THIs voL.
“ The truth of being, and the truth of knowing, “is all one : and the pleasures of the affections “ greater than the pleasures of the senses. And are “ not the pleasures of the intellect greater than the “ pleasures of the affections ? Is it not a true and “ only natural pleasure, whereof there is no satiety ? “ Is it not knowledge that doth alone clear the mind “ of all perturbations ?"
ADvANcEMENT OF LEARNING, PAGE 85 OE VOL. II.
“ The pleasure and delight of knowledge and “ learming far surpasseth all other in nature ; for, “ shall the pleasures of the affections so exceed the “ senses, as much as the obtaining of desire or vic“ tory exceedeth a song or a dinner ; and must not, “ of consequence, the pleasures of the intellect or “ understanding exceed the pleasures of the affec“ tions? We see in all other pleasures thereis a satiety, “ and after they be used, their verdure departeth ; “ which sheweth well they be but deceits of plea“ sure, and not pleasures ; and that it was the no“ velty which pleased, and not the quality: and
* Harleiam MSS. 6797.
“ therefore we see that voluptuous men turn friars. * and ambitious princes $#*í of “ knowledge there is no satiety, but satisfaction and “ appetite are perpetually interchangeable."
PRAISE OF KNOWLEDGE, PAGE 955 OF THIS VOL.
“ Printing, a gross invention ; artillery, a thing ** that lay not far out of the way ; the needle, a “ thing partly known before : what a change have “ these three things made in the world in these “ times ; the one in state of learning, the other in ** state of the war, the third in the state of treasure, “ commodities, and navigation ?"
NOVUM ORGANUM, PART I. APH. 199.
* Rursus, vim et virtutem et consequentias Re“ rum inventarum notare juvat: quæ non in aliis “ manifestius occurrunt, quam in illis tribus, quæ “ Antiquis incognitæ, et quarum primordia, licet re“ centia, obscura et ingloria sunt: Artis nimirum “ Imprimendi, Pulveris Tormentarii, et Acus Nau** ticæ. Hæc enim tria, rerum faciem et statum “ in Orbe terrarum mutaverunt: primum, in Re ** Literaria ; secundum, in Re Bellica : tertium, in “ Navigationibus : Unde innumeræ rerum muta“ tiones sequutæ sunt, ut non imperium aliquod, “ non Secta, non Stella majorem efficaciam et quasi ** influxum super res humanas exercuisse videatur, “ quam ista Mechanica exercuerunt."*
* Shaw's translation. “ Again, it may not be improper to observe the power, the“ efficacy, and the consequences of inventions, which appear no
§ 5. VALERIUS TERMINUS. This too is clearly a rudiment of the * Advance“ ment of Learning,” as may be perceived almost in every page : for instance, by comparing,
Of this Volume. Of Volume II.
It is also a rudiment of the * Novum Organum." In page 285 of this volume, he says, “Let the effect “ to be produced be whiteness; let the first directiom “ be, that if air and water be intermingled, or broken “in small portions together, whiteness will ensue, “ asin snow, in the breaking of the waves* of the sea, “ and rivers, and the like." In the * Novum Organum," under the head of travelling instances, he says, “ To give an example “ of a travelling instance ; suppose the nature in“ quired after were whiteness, an instance advancing “ to generation is glass, whole, and in powder ;
“ where plainer, than in those three particulars, unknown to the “ ancients, and whose origins, though modern, are obscure and “inglorious, viz. the art of printing, gunpowder, and the com“pass, which have altered the state of the world, and given it “ a new face; 1. With regard to learming ; 2. With regard to “ war; and, 3. With regard to navigation. Whence number“less vicissitudes of things have ensued, insomuch that no em“ pire, no sect, no celestial body, could seem to have a greater “ efficacy, and, as it were, influence over human affairs than “ these three mechanical inventions have had.”
* I have ventured in this preface to substitute “ waves” for ways.
“ and again, simple water, and water beat into “ froth ; for whole glass, and simple water, are “ transparent bodies, not white ; but powdered glass, “ and the froth of water, are white, mot transparent."
§ 6. FILUM LABYRINTHI. The tract entitled “ Filum Labyrinthi,"* of which there is a MSS. in the British Museum,* seems to have been the rudiment of the tract in Latin in Gruter's collection, entitled “ Cogitata et Visa,”; the three first sectioms containing the same sentiments in almost the same words. That it is a rudiment of the ** Advancement of “ Learning" is manifest, as will appear by comparing the beautiful passage in page 16 of vol. ii. with the following sentence in page 313 of this volume, * He thought also, that knowledge is almost ** generally sought either for delight and satisfaction, ** or for gain or profession, or for credit and orna** ment, and that every of these are as Atalanta's * balls, which hinder the race of invention." It is also a rudiment of the Novum Organum. Speaking of universities, he says, in page 319 of this volume, ** Im universities and colleges men's studies ** are almost confined to certain authors, from which « if any dissenteth or propoundeth matter of redar« gution, it is enough to make him thought a person
* « Scala Intellectus, sive Filum Labyrinthi," is the title of the fourth part of the ** Instauratio."
+ Catalogue Harleian, vol. iii. page 897. Art. 6797.
f These will be explained hereafter.